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Selected Works

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2010

SelectedWorks

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Articles 1 - 30 of 195

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Predicting State Failure: A Classification Tree Approach, Atin Basu Choudhary, Jim T. Bang, William F. Shughart Ii Dec 2010

Predicting State Failure: A Classification Tree Approach, Atin Basu Choudhary, Jim T. Bang, William F. Shughart Ii

Atin Basu Choudhary

We deviate from standard practice in the literature on state failure to use classification tree methods to predict state failure. We argue that the rarity of state failure and simplicity of use and interpretation makes this approach more attractive. We determine simple decision rules, based on observable and measurable variables, to determine whether a country is likely to fail or not.


Proyecto De Investigación: La Primera Agencia Espacial Mexicana: La Comisión Nacional Del Espacio Exterior (1962-1977), J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Dec 2010

Proyecto De Investigación: La Primera Agencia Espacial Mexicana: La Comisión Nacional Del Espacio Exterior (1962-1977), J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


Proyecto De Investigación: Los Mexicanos En Las Operaciones De La Segunda Guerra Mundial, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Dec 2010

Proyecto De Investigación: Los Mexicanos En Las Operaciones De La Segunda Guerra Mundial, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


Mapping International Chaos, Dylan Kissane Dec 2010

Mapping International Chaos, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Mapping is inherently a subjective and exclusionary practice as the cartographer decides which elements of the world are included and which can safely be ignored. Similarly, when an international relations theorist describes a new theory it is necessary to define the elements which are essential to understanding the complexities of an international political system, explain why other elements have been excluded and justify why those decisions were made. The subjective nature of theorizing international affairs and the necessary exclusionary practices in which the theorist engages mean that the arguments supporting a new theory of international relations must be rather stronger ...


Revolution In Political Affairs, Dylan Kissane Dec 2010

Revolution In Political Affairs, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Extract:

"Recognising the marked impact of the internet on both practical politics and the practices of political scientists, it is not too large a step to paraphrase the US Department of Defence and decree the internet a Revolution in Political Affairs. Akin to its military phrase mate, the internet is effecting all areas of political discourse, exchange and public policy while, at the same time, forcing those who study and theorise politics to change their existing ways of thinking, working and imagining their chosen field..."


(Not So) Special Relationships: Explaining Alliance Behaviour In The English Speaking World [Relaţii (Nu Atât De) Speciale. Explicarea Comportamentului De Alianţă În Lumea Vorbitorilor De Limbă Engleză], Dylan Kissane Dec 2010

(Not So) Special Relationships: Explaining Alliance Behaviour In The English Speaking World [Relaţii (Nu Atât De) Speciale. Explicarea Comportamentului De Alianţă În Lumea Vorbitorilor De Limbă Engleză], Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

ENGLISH: Throughout the 20th century the major powers in the global Anglosphere often found themselves allies in armed conflict. These war-time alliances – sometimes temporary, more often part of a longer term cooperation – are sometimes held to arise because of common histories, common values, similar national ideologies and similar notions of international right and wrong. Indeed, the political rhetoric surrounding declarations of war has often cited such factors as colonial history, international friendship and “special relationships” as motivators for joining armed coalitions against third party states. Yet while there stand stark examples of these major English speaking powers acting entirely in ...


The Ethics Of Tax Evasion: A Quantitative Study Of French Bba Students, Dylan Kissane, Yuriy Barabantsev Dec 2010

The Ethics Of Tax Evasion: A Quantitative Study Of French Bba Students, Dylan Kissane, Yuriy Barabantsev

Dylan Kissane

The subject of ethical action in business has taken on special significance in recent years. With the business world rocked by ethical lapses and associated scandals at Enron, WorldCom and Tyco in the early part of the decade and then, in a time of global financial crisis, stunned again by multi-billion dollar frauds such as that at Société Générale, there is a new push to study the ethical and unethical behaviour of business people and future business people. While business schools have long been lauded for their preparation of students for the rigours of the world of business, finance and ...


“Nuevas Aproximaciones A La Frontera: El Caso De La Frontera Con Arizona”, Daniel Añorve Dec 2010

“Nuevas Aproximaciones A La Frontera: El Caso De La Frontera Con Arizona”, Daniel Añorve

Daniel Añorve

No abstract provided.


Handicap, Vrijheid En Overheersing: Een Republikeins Perspectief Op Het Gehandicaptenbeleid, Jurgen De Wispelaere, David Casassas Dec 2010

Handicap, Vrijheid En Overheersing: Een Republikeins Perspectief Op Het Gehandicaptenbeleid, Jurgen De Wispelaere, David Casassas

Jurgen De Wispelaere

This article outlines a republican perspective on disability policy. Committed to ensuring the freedom-as-nondomination of disabled citizens, such a republican perspective first offers a particular diagnosis of the injustice of disability disadvantage, both in relation to individuals (dominium) and the state (imperium). Next we argue that a republican perspective may be able to sidestep some perverse implications of social contract approaches to social justice, and capable of offering a robust philosophical foundation for a theory of justice for disabled citizens. Finally, we offer a brief outline of republican remedies, grounded in the twin principles of civic participation and democratic contestation ...


Inlichtingenondersteuning In Het Kader Van Bevordering En Handhaving Van De Internationale Rechtsorde, George Dimitriu Nov 2010

Inlichtingenondersteuning In Het Kader Van Bevordering En Handhaving Van De Internationale Rechtsorde, George Dimitriu

George Dimitriu

De auteurs beschrijven de ontwikkeling van de rol van inlichtingen bij militaire operaties in de periode 1992 - 2010.


(Not So) Special Relationships, Dylan Kissane Nov 2010

(Not So) Special Relationships, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

CEFAM Cutting Edge #1 (18 November 2010 / B-316 / 15h)

Do the English speaking countries have a special relationship? If one English speaking country becomes involved in a war do others rush to assist them? What explains why English speaking countries sometimes stand as one but other times stand alone? This presentation takes the 20th century as a case study of Anglophone (non)cooperation and explains why national interests will always override international friendship.


Competition Between Specialized Candidates, Stefan Krasa, Mattias K. Polborn Nov 2010

Competition Between Specialized Candidates, Stefan Krasa, Mattias K. Polborn

Mattias K Polborn

Opposing candidates for a political office often differ in their professional backgrounds and previous political experience, leading to both real and perceived differences in political capabilities. We analyze a formal model in which candidates with different productivities in two policy areas compete for voters by choosing how much money or effort they would allocate to each area if elected. The model has a unique equilibrium that differs substantially from the standard median-voter model. While candidates compete for the support of a moderate voter type, this cutoff voter differs from the expected median voter. Moreover, no voter type except the cutoff ...


The Emergence Of Indigenous Movements In Latin America And Their Impact On The Latin American Political Scene., Salvador Marti I Puig Nov 2010

The Emergence Of Indigenous Movements In Latin America And Their Impact On The Latin American Political Scene., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

The past two decades have seen the emergence of various political actors in Latin America for whom indigenousness is their basic social identity. The appearance of indig- enous movements at this time can be attributed to a change in the structure of political opportunities in response to globalization, which has created a situation in which policy making is no longer controlled by governments but increasingly the result of the interac- tion of a wide variety of actors. Indigenous peoples have been empowered by alliances with actors that have provided them greater capacity for applying pressure through rela- tionships, including churches ...


Anglosphere United? Examining And Explaining 20th Century Wartime Alliances In The English Speaking World, Dylan Kissane Oct 2010

Anglosphere United? Examining And Explaining 20th Century Wartime Alliances In The English Speaking World, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Throughout the 20th century the major powers in the global Anglosphere often found themselves allies in armed conflict. These war-time alliances – sometimes temporary, more often part of a longer term cooperation – are sometimes held to arise because of common histories, common values, similar national ideologies and similar notions of international right and wrong. Indeed, the political rhetoric surrounding declarations of war has often cited such factors as colonial history, international friendship and “special relationships” as motivators for joining armed coalitions against third party states. Yet while there stand stark examples of these major English speaking powers acting entirely in congress ...


Brasil 2011: Autoridade Legislativa Plena Aos Vencedores?, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr. Oct 2010

Brasil 2011: Autoridade Legislativa Plena Aos Vencedores?, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr.

Eduardo Meira Zauli

No abstract provided.


Contre La Digitalisation De La Vie Même, Éloge De La Récalcitrance, Antoinette Rouvroy Sep 2010

Contre La Digitalisation De La Vie Même, Éloge De La Récalcitrance, Antoinette Rouvroy

Antoinette Rouvroy

No abstract provided.


Piratas Y Corsarios En La Era Digital, Mario Šilar, Alejandro Néstor García Martínez Sep 2010

Piratas Y Corsarios En La Era Digital, Mario Šilar, Alejandro Néstor García Martínez

Mario Šilar

http://www.unav.es/nuestrotiempo/es/temas/piratas-y-corsarios-en-la-era-digital


The Santa Cruz Autonomía Movement: Preliminary Considerations On A Case Of Non-Indigenous Ethnic Popular Mobilization, Miguel Centellas Sep 2010

The Santa Cruz Autonomía Movement: Preliminary Considerations On A Case Of Non-Indigenous Ethnic Popular Mobilization, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

This paper discusses the recent autonomy movement in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, within a theoretical framework typically reserved for “ethnic” political or social movements. The paper begins with a brief chronology of the Santa Cruz autonomía movement as it developed into a powerful political oppositional movement during the rise of Evo Morales. In doing so, the movement’s leaders consciously adopted the organizational tactics and forms of discourse typically identified with traditional, indigenous-popular Bolivian social movements. As such, the Santa Cruz case both highlights the fluidity of multiculturalism and challenges our notions of how ethnic identity is publicly constructed.


Mission Creep And The Compromising Of Strategic Direction In United Kingdom Police Services. An Exploratory Study Of The Evidence., Gordon Marnoch, Gavin Boyd, John Topping Sep 2010

Mission Creep And The Compromising Of Strategic Direction In United Kingdom Police Services. An Exploratory Study Of The Evidence., Gordon Marnoch, Gavin Boyd, John Topping

Gordon Marnoch

This paper examines key problems facing United Kingdom police leaders face in meeting the service expectations of government and the public in a period of austerity. A central problem relates to the extent to which the police leader’s opportunity to pursue strategic actions appropriate to changing circumstances, has been compromised by ‘mission creep’. The empirical evidence presented here is based on a study of one large English police service supplemented by interviews conducted with senior officers in this and other police services. The paper concludes that mission creep and path dependency are inter-linked.


The Consequences Of Incremental Reform And Institutional Dynamics On The Effectiveness Of Performance Management In United Kingdom Police Services., Gordon Marnoch, Karl Mcvicker, Ruth Fee Sep 2010

The Consequences Of Incremental Reform And Institutional Dynamics On The Effectiveness Of Performance Management In United Kingdom Police Services., Gordon Marnoch, Karl Mcvicker, Ruth Fee

Gordon Marnoch

The paper argues that while performance management practices are much in evidence in contemporary police services, the perceptions and views of police officers and civilian staff discussed in this paper should give us pause in concluding that there has been a straightforward triumph of managerialist rationality over operational tradition in the use of policing resources. Evidence is drawn from an extensive study of police officers and civilian staff and their self-reported engagement with performance management systems in three large United Kingdom police services.


“La Reforma Política En América Latina. Reglas Electorales Y Distribución De Poder Entre Presidente Y Congreso”, Gabriel L. Negretto Sep 2010

“La Reforma Política En América Latina. Reglas Electorales Y Distribución De Poder Entre Presidente Y Congreso”, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

El cambio frecuente de instituciones políticas pone en entredicho la supuesta estabilidad que éstas tienen como reglas que estructuran el juego político y hace evidente la necesidad de explicar los procesos que les dan origen. Un paso previo para avanzar en esta investigación es establecer cuál es la frecuencia y el conteni- do de los cambios institucionales que ocurren tanto en el tiempo como entre países. El presente artículo analiza, en perspectiva histórica comparada, la extensión, contenido y dirección de las reformas políticas realizadas de 1978 a 2008 en América Latina en materia de reglas electorales y distribución de poder ...


The Dutch Coin Approach: Three Years In Uruzgan, 2006-2009, George Dimitriu, Beatrice De Graaf Sep 2010

The Dutch Coin Approach: Three Years In Uruzgan, 2006-2009, George Dimitriu, Beatrice De Graaf

George Dimitriu

Rarely has a military commitment led to such intense discussion in the Netherlands as the Task Force Uruzgan (TFU) mission in Afghanistan. In February 2010, the Netherlands' coalition government even collapsed after the two largest parties failed to agree on the withdrawal of Dutch troops from Afghanistan later this year. This article deals first of all with the difficult discussion over the Afghanistan mission of the TFU. The authors then subject three ISAF operations to close scrutiny. The authors provide some suggestions to help understand better this pivotal point in the execution of the whole operation and thus give a ...


“La Participación Rusa En El Consejo De Seguridad De Naciones Unidas 2009-2010: Convergencia Y Divergencias Con México", Daniel Añorve Sep 2010

“La Participación Rusa En El Consejo De Seguridad De Naciones Unidas 2009-2010: Convergencia Y Divergencias Con México", Daniel Añorve

Daniel Añorve

No abstract provided.


Decentralizing Culture: The Effect Of Digital Networks On Copyright And Music Distribution, Benjamin Gibert Aug 2010

Decentralizing Culture: The Effect Of Digital Networks On Copyright And Music Distribution, Benjamin Gibert

Benjamin Gibert

The advance of technology profoundly impacts how people interact with culture as the proliferation of digital networks transforms the effects of copyright in modern societies. This paper argues that the oligopolistic conditions of content markets and the legal discourse of intellectual property law have historically enabled copyright holders to promote a limited conception of art and obscure the complexities of copyright theory. While conceptual ambiguity is inevitable in the construction of aesthetic legal categories, current practices impose too many restrictions. The practical choices made concerning copyright in cyberspace will determine the evolution of culture in increasingly networked societies. The music ...


Barricading The Digital Frontier: Copyright, Technology And The War On Music Piracy, Benjamin Gibert Aug 2010

Barricading The Digital Frontier: Copyright, Technology And The War On Music Piracy, Benjamin Gibert

Benjamin Gibert

The Internet is changing the way vast numbers of people experience culture today. Providing tools to interact with, manipulate and freely redistribute content, technology is dissolving conventional divisions between creators and consumers of cultural artefacts. As new technological and legislative mechanisms are deployed to stop digital piracy, there is a need to reflect on the meaning of copyright, piracy and culture in the context of digital technologies. This paper discusses the relationship between copyright and cultural participation. It refers to the music industry in order to depict the changing patterns of consumption behavior precipitated by the rise of digital networks ...


Politiques Envers Les Migrants Hautement Qualifiés: Analyse Comparée Du Canada, Etats-Unis Et Union Européenne, Hristina Petrova Jul 2010

Politiques Envers Les Migrants Hautement Qualifiés: Analyse Comparée Du Canada, Etats-Unis Et Union Européenne, Hristina Petrova

Hristina Petrova

My Master’s thesis is among the few, if not the only work which examines in comparative perspective the public policies of Canada, USA and EU (EU level) in the field of highly skilled migration. I find that this type of migration is understudied, not supported by any of the migration-related organizations, most probably due to its business nature. The triple case study explores the Canadian federal points-based system and the Provincial Programs; the US Green Cards and the H-1B visas; and the EU directive concerning the Blue Cards. My original contribution to the field goes as far as I ...


From Energy Sector Inquiry To Recent Antitrust Decisions In European Energy Markets: Competition Law As A Means To Implement Energy Sector Regulation In Eu, Michael Diathesopoulos Jul 2010

From Energy Sector Inquiry To Recent Antitrust Decisions In European Energy Markets: Competition Law As A Means To Implement Energy Sector Regulation In Eu, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

This paper presents the conceptual path followed by European Union, European Commission and European Competition Network, after the Energy Sector Inquiry (2007) towards the realisation of the objective of an Energy Internal Market, fully functional and open to competition. Firstly, we examine the findings of Sector Inquiry and then we describe how the Third Energy Package - that followed - tried to address the issues highlighted by the Inquiry and how Third Energy Package introduces a promising but complex system, in order to develop sector rules. Following the above, we proceed to a brief but close examination of 10 recent -during or ...


Fragmentation And Performance: The Indian Case, Riccardo Pelizzo Jul 2010

Fragmentation And Performance: The Indian Case, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

While previous studies investigated the transformation of the Indian party system from a predominant party system to a highly fragmented multi-party system, less attention has been paid to the political consequences of this change. By analysing an original dataset, this paper investigates how the fragmentation of the Indian party system has affected the stability of Indian legislatures, their ability to legislate, and the quality of the law-making process. Our analyses reveal that as fragmentation increased, legislatures became more unstable, produced lower amounts of legislation, and the quality of the law making process declined. The paper further suggests that these changes ...


Capacity Development And Rural Territorial Dynamics (Rtd), Alfredo Ortiz Aragón Jul 2010

Capacity Development And Rural Territorial Dynamics (Rtd), Alfredo Ortiz Aragón

Alfredo Ortiz Aragón

The RTD program is based on a set of hypotheses and assumptions regarding the relationships between the development conditions that need to be in place for a rural territorial dynamics vision to be possible, actual rural territorial dynamics on the ground, and the intentions of this particular program to contribute to the emergence of those development conditions by stimulating territorial dynamics. The program characterizes itself as “a research-based policy advice and capacity-development program for rural economic growth, social inclusion and sound environmental governance”. The core objective of this specific short study is “to explore how “capacity building” is being understood ...


State Ideology And The Kurds In Turkey, Neophytos Loizides Jul 2010

State Ideology And The Kurds In Turkey, Neophytos Loizides

Neophytos Loizides

This article evaluates theories of nationalism by examining the formation of Kurdish nationalism in Turkey. It deals particularly with the various manifestations of contemporary Kurdish minority question and provides an account for the late development of Kurdish nationalism in Turkey. It situates the Kurdish experience within the broader experience of the post-Ottoman world and analyzes the awakening of Kurdish national identity among broader segments of the population. It provides an alternative to Ernest Gellner’s functionalist account of nationalism and industrialization by stressing the link between state policies and minority nationalism. It considers the political, social and other implications of ...