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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Proyecto De Investigación: La Primera Agencia Espacial Mexicana: La Comisión Nacional Del Espacio Exterior (1962-1977), J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Dec 2010

Proyecto De Investigación: La Primera Agencia Espacial Mexicana: La Comisión Nacional Del Espacio Exterior (1962-1977), J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


Proyecto De Investigación: Los Mexicanos En Las Operaciones De La Segunda Guerra Mundial, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Dec 2010

Proyecto De Investigación: Los Mexicanos En Las Operaciones De La Segunda Guerra Mundial, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


The Coevolution Of Networks And Political Attitudes, David Lazer, Brian Rubineau, Carol Chetkovich, Nancy Katz, Michael Neblo Nov 2010

The Coevolution Of Networks And Political Attitudes, David Lazer, Brian Rubineau, Carol Chetkovich, Nancy Katz, Michael Neblo

David Lazer

How do attitudes and social affiliations co-evolve? A long stream of research has focused on the relationship between attitudes and social affiliations. However, in most of this research the causal relationship between views and affiliations is difficult to discern definitively: Do people influence each other’s views so that they converge over time or do they primarily affiliate (by choice or happenstance) with those of similar views? Here we use longitudinal attitudinal and whole network data collected at critical times (notably, at the inception of the system) to identify robustly the determinants of attitudes and affiliations. We find significant conformity ...


Earthquake Anxiety May Be Indicator Of Future Trouble, Cari Bourette Apr 2010

Earthquake Anxiety May Be Indicator Of Future Trouble, Cari Bourette

Cari Bourette

No abstract provided.


Opinion Polls And Presidential Campaign In Colombia, Fernando Estrada Mar 2010

Opinion Polls And Presidential Campaign In Colombia, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The polls, these surveys do not withstand any rigorous testing. And contrary to expand the formation of public opinion, impaired. To overcome this defect should propose means fewer surveys and more discussions. Presidential campaigns should seek democratic enlargement, and a less massive media exposure to foot the surveys. Simplify


Reconstruction Of Concept Of Paradigm In Thomas S. Kuhn, Fernando Estrada Mar 2010

Reconstruction Of Concept Of Paradigm In Thomas S. Kuhn, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article aims to discuss an evaluation of the concept of paradigm of T. Kuhn in his representative work: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions ERC, [Ku96] and the complementary version by W. Stegmüller, Structure and dynamics of theories EDT, [Steg83]. This refined interpretation of the concept of paradigm allows for a more complete set of central Kuhnian concept.


Democracy In Dangerous Places: Colombia. Vote With Paramilitary Preferences, Fernando Estrada Mar 2010

Democracy In Dangerous Places: Colombia. Vote With Paramilitary Preferences, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This paper discusses the problem of paramilitary violence in Colombia and its effects on democracy. The elections were part of the purpose of self defense and constituted a disguised form to retain its drug trafficking economy. The impacts on institutional technology have been negative: representative democracy, the electoral system and voting, they were not the same. With paramilitary violence changed the electoral map in areas contested by the traditional political parties. Voting with paramilitary preferences mean the biggest challenge is constitutional democracy in Colombia.


Antinomies Of Capitalism (Review Of Globalization Its Discontents Joseph Stiglitz, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Antinomies Of Capitalism (Review Of Globalization Its Discontents Joseph Stiglitz, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

We present the central arguments of the critics on the limits and scope of globalization on the work


Carnap Model (Cm) Visual Field, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Carnap Model (Cm) Visual Field, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The present paper proposes an interpretation theoretical model of the Aufbau of Rudolf Carnap, this interpretation contributes to upgrade the project original carnapiano, in the sense of conferring to the constitutional program of construction logical, less committed analytic equipment with an ontology or clearly defined epistemology. The setting in phenomenal logical reconstruction practice is elaborated for the visual field as a model whose potential user is a fellow ideal percipient, and, a subject epistemic that operates in the same way that a scheduled computer when he has been given basic phenomenal information and some algorithms logical


Facts And Nature Of Scientific Discovery. Ludwick Fleck And Thomas Kuhn, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Facts And Nature Of Scientific Discovery. Ludwick Fleck And Thomas Kuhn, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

Studies of L. Fleck, T. S. Kuhn, N. R. Hanson on the nature of scientific development and thus of a scientific fact, despite their differences, has raised new questions in fields as diverse as the history of science, sociology of science and philosophy of scientific language. At the same time, have pointed unfounded assumptions underlying the current ideas about what are 'facts', and have suggested alternative ways to focus the epistemology of scientific knowledge. Let us identify some detail the implications that flow from our study in this chapter for the proposed research as hypotheses


The Tragedy Of Forced Displacement, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

The Tragedy Of Forced Displacement, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

o far in 2009, due to the intensification of armed conflict, approximately 15 thousand Colombians crossed some border areas of Colombia with Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela. The Lower Putumayo (Putumayo), area of application of Plan Colombia, was the region most affected by armed confrontation and thus it presented a greater number of Colombians uprooted. From this region generated the most significant exodus to Ecuador (about 7 million people).


Diagrams Of Argumentation, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Diagrams Of Argumentation, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article is aimed at viewing the evidence in the legal and political debate. A relatively little attention in the literature expert. Relying on the philosophy of science and a little less in legal theory, we note that the explanations under inductive legal and political knowledge, and the arguments about evidence and proof, connections are based on probabilistic and assumptions rebuttable and not on speculations embodied theoretical goal. The support base to represent the legal debate - now has strong political component of formal logic and empirical research.


Marx E Seu Legado Para A Teoria Contemporânea Do Estado Capitalista, Renato Perissinotto, Adriano Codato Jan 2010

Marx E Seu Legado Para A Teoria Contemporânea Do Estado Capitalista, Renato Perissinotto, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

The purpose of this essay is to identify some ideas outlined by Marx in his 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonparte that became fundamental for the development and establisment of the marxist theory of the State between the years 1960-1980. Although the importance of this work for the improvement of marxist theory of the state has been largely recognized by many authors, there are no, if we are not mistaken, studies dedicated to sistematically identifying the thematical links between Marx's analysis and the the works of social scientists and economists published during the second decade of the last century whose ...


Ler Marx, Hoje: Um Programa De Pesquisa E De Interpretação, Adriano Codato, Renato Perissinotto Jan 2010

Ler Marx, Hoje: Um Programa De Pesquisa E De Interpretação, Adriano Codato, Renato Perissinotto

Adriano Codato

This study presents a project of reading and interpretation of Marx s texts about the French politics. The greater purpose that inspires this project is the desire to make Marx s thoughts a normal social science in two very precise ways: as a type of scientific knowledge, rather than a normative theory and/or social view of the world; and as an interpretative genre, which consists on connecting the actions and political institutions to their social dimension. This posture necessarily implies a comprehension different from the works of Marx that are more interested in his analytical operations than in the ...


Marxism And Elitism: Two Opposite Social Analysis Models?, Adriano Codato, Renato Perissinotto Jan 2010

Marxism And Elitism: Two Opposite Social Analysis Models?, Adriano Codato, Renato Perissinotto

Adriano Codato

The purpose of this article is to contrapose the propositions on power, class and political domination presented by a particular interpretation of Marxism - structuralist Marxism - through a critical dialogue with one of its most paradigmatic authors: Nicos Poulantzas. The article states, against Poulantzas suggestions, that the insertion of the concept of "élite" in theoretical Marxism may produce positive effects on it, specially making the classist analysis of politics scientifically manageable.


Reseña De "Bringing In The Future: Strategies For Farsightedness And Sustainability In Developing Countries" De William Ascher, Javier Martín Reyes Jan 2010

Reseña De "Bringing In The Future: Strategies For Farsightedness And Sustainability In Developing Countries" De William Ascher, Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

Review of Ascher, William "Bringing in the Future: Strategies for Farsightedness and Sustainability in Developing Countries" Chicago, Chicago University Press, 2009, 328 pages.


Concept Formation In Political Science, Andreas Schedler Jan 2010

Concept Formation In Political Science, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

Concepts are central to the enterprise of political science. The concepts we use shape the world we see. Without solid conceptual foundations, the edifice of political science is insecure. If we fail to develop clear and precise concepts, our theoretical insights and empirical discoveries will fail to be clear and precise, too. This entry reviews major pitfalls for conceptual analysis as well as the fundamental challenges to concept formation and conceptual innovation in the study of politics.


Inclusión Digital Y Políticas Públicas En Argentina: Un Marco De Análisis, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince Jan 2010

Inclusión Digital Y Políticas Públicas En Argentina: Un Marco De Análisis, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince

Lucas Jolías

La inclusión digital es uno de los principales desafíos de los gobiernos en los próximos años, pero para cumplir con éste objetivo se debe prestar atención a las particularidades de la adopción de TIC en nuestra región, contemplando las diferencias socioeconómicas, culturales y motivacionales. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la inclusión digital en Argentina, prestando atención al contexto latinoamericano. La hipótesis más importante es que los niveles de inclusión digital en la actualidad son en gran medida producto del mercado y la capacidad económica y de consumo de las clases medias y altas, pero que para conectar a ...


Public Policies For Information Society. A Template, Susana Finquelievich, Adrian Rozengardt, Alejandra Maria Davidziuk, Daniel Gustavo Finquelievich Jan 2010

Public Policies For Information Society. A Template, Susana Finquelievich, Adrian Rozengardt, Alejandra Maria Davidziuk, Daniel Gustavo Finquelievich

Susana Finquelievich

No abstract provided.


Paul A. Samuelson (1915 - 2009): Memories Of Friedrich Von Hayek (1899 - 1992) Spanish Translation: Fernando Estrada And Andrea Trujillo, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Paul A. Samuelson (1915 - 2009): Memories Of Friedrich Von Hayek (1899 - 1992) Spanish Translation: Fernando Estrada And Andrea Trujillo, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

In this report Professor Samuelson staff prepares a tour of the work and thought of highlighting the contributions of Hayek Austrian economist and showing the world within which they took power broadly two contradictory paradigms of economic thought. This testimony intellectual frontline is extraordinary, given the recent death of Professor Samuelson


Recent Changes In The Armed Conflict In Colombia, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Recent Changes In The Armed Conflict In Colombia, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

Analyst in the strategy and operations of guerrillas and paramilitaries, have suggested that the Colombian conflict analysis should show the differences between clusters paramilitary. Not only because after the 80s, drug trafficking has played a decisive role, but because the geography of territories and control combinations have not been studied sufficiently. Geography of armed conflict should also provide tools to understand the impact of war on natural resources, for example. We sustain that while the drug economy has filtered the structure of semi-groups, promoting market competition and private security protection, drug trafficking does not explain absolutely all sources of violence ...


Pain And Human Dependence (Dolor Y Dependencia Humana), Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Pain And Human Dependence (Dolor Y Dependencia Humana), Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This paper is a study of medical philosophy. The subject is studied from the author's own experience. On the basic sources of inspiration the works of Fernando Pessoa, Karl Kraus and Friedrich Nietzsche, raise the limits and scope of medical knowledge and experience of pain and disease.


Pierre Bordieu From Latin American, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Pierre Bordieu From Latin American, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This brief paper is a tribute of the French thinker Pierre Bordieu. Plot some political economy issues and relate aspects of the remarkable influence thinker.


Financial Theory Has A Paradigm A La Kuhn?, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Financial Theory Has A Paradigm A La Kuhn?, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article aims to discuss two issues relatively linked. The first is an evaluation of the concept of paradigm of T. Kuhn in his representative work: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions ERC, [Ku96] and the complementary version by W. Stegmüller, Structure and dynamics of theories EDT, [Steg83]. This refined interpretation of the concept of paradigm allows for a more complete set of central Kuhnian concept. The second objective is to analyze the scope of the Kuhnian concept of models to evaluate financial explanation. Is explored preliminarily proposed fractal models / multifractal (F / M) of Mandelbrot [Mand97, 82, 02, 05]. This second ...


Paramilitary Language In The Colombian Armed Conflict, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Paramilitary Language In The Colombian Armed Conflict, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The war in Colombia presents, among other characteristics, a high content of oratorical and rhetoric; the different armed actors are disputed, besides territories, the power of the public opinion, with what each violent action is usually accompanied by a discursive or symbolic justification. The present rehearsal offers an analysis of the paramilitary speech, starting from the declarations and interviews to Carlos Castaño, main boss of the selfdefenses. The paramilitary rhetoric is studied here from the theory of the speech acts of Austin-Searle, the theory of the argument of Chaïm Perelman, and the recent works has more than enough Metaphors of ...


Uses Of Arguments And Negotiation, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Uses Of Arguments And Negotiation, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

In the recent literature on conflict resolution tends to underline negotiation model based on the argument or dialogue. Exchange between different styles of argument some trends have emerged in the rhetoric applied to the law, especially in procedural law. During the last decade researchers have recognized the value of the argument to understand various problems of jurisprudence in cases of conflict and strife. This paper proposes a complementary design to the analysis of the negotiation process based on debate and dialogue. It advocates a theory of argumentation in negotiation processes for instances where rational agents use strategies unpredictable with incomplete ...


The Names Of The Leviathan, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

The Names Of The Leviathan, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This book is designed to offer an interpretation of armed conflict in Colombia using analytical tools from the philosophy of language (Perelman, Lakoff Facounnier). It addresses the civil war in Colombia taking into account the work of Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan


Fear Of Arabness, Henriette Dahan Kalev Jan 2010

Fear Of Arabness, Henriette Dahan Kalev

henriette dahan kalev

In this paper I discuss the fear of Arabness of the Jews of European and American origin, often called in Hebrew Ashkenazim, and its impact on the Jews of Arab and origin and Moslem countries who live in Israel and often called Mizrahim. I shall explore the Mizrahim's reaction to fear of Arabness directed towards them and the Moslem Arabs who remained in Israel after the establishment of the state. I shall examine the fear of Arabness as it was discussed in post Zionist and postcolonial critic of Arab-Jewishness.


Bargaining With Spiritual Patriarchy: The Women In The Shas Movement In Israel, Henriette Dahan Kalev Jan 2010

Bargaining With Spiritual Patriarchy: The Women In The Shas Movement In Israel, Henriette Dahan Kalev

henriette dahan kalev

In this article the strategies of gender bargaining with the spiritual and political patriarchy will be explored through the case study of the women in Shas Movement. Shas is a Jewish ultra orthodox Sephardic patriarchal community in Israel. Shas's community life, beliefs and culture are rooted in the Jewish religion. Patriarchal codes of behavior whose legitimacy rests on the religious legacy and the Bible, the Halakha and the writings of the Sages. The rules and the gender relations are translated into codes of behavior that are implemented by forces of patriarchy which work through social network that function similar ...


Most Claims Settle: Implications For Alternative Dispute Resolution From A Profile Of Medical Malpractice Claims In Florida, Mirya R. Holman, Neil Vidmar Jan 2010

Most Claims Settle: Implications For Alternative Dispute Resolution From A Profile Of Medical Malpractice Claims In Florida, Mirya R. Holman, Neil Vidmar

Mirya R Holman

The public image of medical malpractice cases is one of a courtroom, with an injured plaintiff, lawyers, and a judge. However, the reality of malpractice claims is very different. Approaching the study of alternative dispute resolution methods for medical malpractice claims with an eye towards identifying those contexts by which the claims are resolved, this article focuses on the institutional and informal processes of resolving disputes. These processes include both statutory procedural requirements and informal settlements, many of which occur prior to the filing of a lawsuit. A profile of medical malpractice claims in Florida from 1990 through 2008, indicates ...