Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

PDF

2004

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 95

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

"We Did It For The Kids," Housing Policies, Race, And Class: An Ethnographic Case Study Of A Resident Council In A Public Housing Neighborhood, Tiffany Gayle Chenault Dec 2004

"We Did It For The Kids," Housing Policies, Race, And Class: An Ethnographic Case Study Of A Resident Council In A Public Housing Neighborhood, Tiffany Gayle Chenault

Tiffany Chenault

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) emphasizes the word "community" for building economic development, citizen participations, and revitalization of facilities and services in urban and rural areas. Resident Councils are one way to develop and build community among residents of public housing. This is a study of a resident council's role of community building. Despite HUD stressing community building in public housing and investing money and policies around it, there are some resident councils that are not fulfilling the expectations of HUD. The purpose of this research is to describe and explain the disjunctions between HUD's ...


The Aftermath Of The Annan Plan Referendums: Cross-Voting Moderation For Cyprus, Neophytos Loizides, Eser Keskiner Dec 2004

The Aftermath Of The Annan Plan Referendums: Cross-Voting Moderation For Cyprus, Neophytos Loizides, Eser Keskiner

Neophytos Loizides

This article examines recent developments in the Cyprus

negotiations and suggests a number of changes to the proposed electoral system. Specifically, cross-voting and other electoral methods that encourage coalition-building across ethnic communities might add significantly to the functionality of the Annan Plan. Combined with other innovative mechanisms already in the plan, cross-voting could force political parties to seriously take into account the interests and concerns of the two Cypriot communities, an element that is currently missing from

both the Turkish Cypriot (TC) and Greek Cypriot (GC) political systems. Special conditions on the island, as well as the way most political ...


The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield Nov 2004

The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield

Gillian K Hadfield

One of the fundamental contributions of transaction cost theory and institutional economics has been to focus attention on opening the "black box" of contract enforcement, drawing attention to the institutions required to achieve effective and low-cost contract enforcement. The idea that the effectiveness of contract law is critical to the growth of economic activity is widespread in the literature on development and transition economies. Recent studies attempting to document toe relative strength of contract enforcement in different settings (La Porta, et al., 19982; Djankov, et al., 2003), however, have focused on relatively abstract notions of "courts" and "legal systems" and ...


La Educación Superior Transnacional En México: El Caso Sylvan-Universidad Del Valle De México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Sep 2004

La Educación Superior Transnacional En México: El Caso Sylvan-Universidad Del Valle De México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

This paper discusses the impact of transnationalisation on Mexican higher education system in four steps: First, it examines the Mexican government position about the global international trade. Second, it exposes the general Mexican position about the educative transnationalisation. Third, it refers the Mexican legal frame about direct foreign investment in education. Fourth, it displays data about the volume of direct foreign investment in the Mexican educative sector. Finally, the attention turns to a specific case of transnationalisation: the presence of a partnership between Sylvan Learning Systems and the University of the Valley of Mexico, private institution that offers education of ...


Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2004

Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Why are some communities more civically engaged than others? Why do some communities provide services with volunteer labor whereas others rely primarily on government provision? When communities provide both volunteer and paid labor for the same service, how do they motivate and organize those volunteers? This article addresses these questions through quantitative tests of prevailing explanations for levels of civic engagement (e.g., education, TV viewing, urbanization) and qualitative analyses of case studies of three medium-sized cities in Japan, focusing particularly on the service areas of firefighting and elder care. The statistical analyses demonstrate that current explanations that rely on ...


America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke Jul 2004

America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke

Christopher H Hoebeke

No abstract provided.


Best Practices To Address The Demand Side Of Sex Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jul 2004

Best Practices To Address The Demand Side Of Sex Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Each year, hundreds of thousands of women and children around the world become victims of the global sex trade. They are recruited into prostitution, often using tactics involving force, fraud, or coercion. Criminals working in organized networks treat the victims like commodities, buying and selling them for profit. This modern-day form of slavery is called sex trafficking.

This report will describe efforts to address the demand side of sex trafficking. It will define the demand and describe its different components. It will describe laws, policies, and programs aimed at reducing the demand for prostitution in communities and entire countries. It ...


Theoretical And Empirical Implications Of Attitude Strength, Joanne M. Miller, David A. M. Peterson Jul 2004

Theoretical And Empirical Implications Of Attitude Strength, Joanne M. Miller, David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

Attitude strength is defined as the extent to which an attitude is stable, resistant to change, impacts information processing, and guides behavior. Several concepts, such as accessibility, ambivalence, and importance relate to the broader concept of strength. For many years, both social psychology and political science ignored the differences across these various concepts, though in different ways. Social psychologists treated them as interchangeable, as indicators of the same latent concept. Political scientists treated them in isolation, focusing on one type of strength and ignoring the other, possibly relevant types. Recent research in both fields, however, challenges these approaches. Indicators of ...


Ethical Regulation And Humanities Research In Australia: Problems And Consequences, Robert Cribb Jul 2004

Ethical Regulation And Humanities Research In Australia: Problems And Consequences, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

Examines problems created for humanities and social science research by the unthinking application of ethical prescriptions from bio-medical research.


Exportkreditagenturen Und Erneuerbare Energien: Chancen Und Herausforderungen, Marcus Schaper Jul 2004

Exportkreditagenturen Und Erneuerbare Energien: Chancen Und Herausforderungen, Marcus Schaper

Marcus Schaper

Erneuerbare Energien spielen im Kampf gegen die globale Erderwärmung eine Schlüsselrolle. Nur der verstärkte Einsatz von erneuerbaren Energien und die Steigerung von Energieeffizienz werden es ermöglichen, dass die durch klimaschädigende Gase bedingte Erderwärmung kein „gefährliches“ Ausmaß annehmen wird. Während das Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz (EEG), die Deutsche Energieagentur (dena) und andere Initiativen zu einem Boom im nationalen und europäischen Markt für erneuerbare Energien geführt haben und dadurch auch die Wirtschaftlichkeit dieser neuen Energieträger erhöht haben, sieht das Bild außerhalb der europäischen Grenzen weniger gut aus. Jedoch kann keine Klimastrategie ohne große Anstrengungen in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern erfolgreich sein ...


The Conscientious Congressman's Guide To The Electoral Count Act Of 1887, Stephen A. Siegel Jun 2004

The Conscientious Congressman's Guide To The Electoral Count Act Of 1887, Stephen A. Siegel

Stephen Siegel

No abstract provided.


Democracia Electrónica E Incertidumbre Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2004

Democracia Electrónica E Incertidumbre Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

¿Son realmente seguros los sistemas de voto electrónico?, ¿Qué retos suponen para la sociedad y la política los sistemas de votación electrónica?, ¿Cuáles son sus alcances, desventajas y dilemas?, ¿Qué aporte puede hacer la tecnología a la calidad de la democracia?, ¿Es realmente posible una democracia electrónica?


Constitutional Democracy As The Ordered Alternation Of Parties, Jose Luis Sardon Jun 2004

Constitutional Democracy As The Ordered Alternation Of Parties, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

No abstract provided.


Islam, Globalization, And Economic Performance In The Middle East, Marcus Noland, Howard Pack Jun 2004

Islam, Globalization, And Economic Performance In The Middle East, Marcus Noland, Howard Pack

Marcus Noland

The Middle East is a demographic time bomb. According to the United Nations De¬velopment Program’s (UNDP) Arab Human Development Report 2002, the population of the Arab region is expected to increase by around 25 percent between 2000 and 2010 and by 50 to 60 percent by 2020—or by perhaps 150 million people, a fig¬ure equivalent to more than two Egypts. Even under the UNDP’s more conserva¬tive scenario, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates will be the only Arab countries in 2020 with median ages above 30. These figures suggest that the region ...


The Political Impact Of Nafta On Mexico, Maxwell A. Cameron, Carol Wise Jun 2004

The Political Impact Of Nafta On Mexico, Maxwell A. Cameron, Carol Wise

Maxwell Cameron

This article revisits debates about the role NAFTA played in hastening Mexico's democratic transition. It finds that neither the advocates nor the critics of NAFTA anticipated the ruling PRI party's loss of control over the presidency in 2000. Although NAFTA may have contributed to hte various political crises that had been erupting since the 1970s, it was just one of serveral forces that shaped the country's democratic transition.


Political Economy Of Evolution, Howard J. Sherman May 2004

Political Economy Of Evolution, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

No abstract provided.


Food Based Approaches For A Healthy Nutrition In Africa, Mamoudou Hama Dicko May 2004

Food Based Approaches For A Healthy Nutrition In Africa, Mamoudou Hama Dicko

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

The latest estimates of the FAO demonstrate the problems of the fight against hunger. These problems are manifested by the ever-increasing number of chronically undernourished people worldwide. Their numbers during the 1999-2001 period were estimated at about 840 million of which 798 million live in developing countries. Sub-Saharan Africa alone represented 198 million of those. In this part of Africa the prevalence of undernourishment ranges from 5-34%, causing growth retardation and insufficient weight gain among one third of the children under five years of age and resulting in a mortality of 5-15% among these children. Malnutrition resulting from undernourishment is ...


The Real Face Of The New World Order, Qerim R. Qerimi Apr 2004

The Real Face Of The New World Order, Qerim R. Qerimi

Qerim QERIMI

The paper examines the main themes of the connections between globalization and terrorism that appeared in academic literature since the attacks of the September 11, 2001. The events of September 11, 2001 have had profound and far-reaching effects on the world. The fundamental issues about sovereignty and the consequences that the event of September 11th has brought to a crisis are to be addressed. The methodological principles arrived at through the discussion of contemporary theory and practice of the International Relations, which combines textual interpretation with the reference to the contemporary political developments in the world affairs. In concluding, it ...


Globalization And Terrorism, Muqtedar Khan Feb 2004

Globalization And Terrorism, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

No abstract provided.


Bandipora Redux: A Tale From Two Insurgencies, Ashok Agrwaal Feb 2004

Bandipora Redux: A Tale From Two Insurgencies, Ashok Agrwaal

Ashok Agrwaal

This artixcle is based upon my work on State impunity in the context of the guaranteed right to life, in Punjab and Kashmir. The Indian state has fought insurgencies almost throughout its independent history: from Nagaland to Punjab, Andhra Pradesh to Kashmir, from the early 1950s to date. Among the many different kinds of human rights violations that the Indian security forces have been charged with, is the recurring charge that they force local people to act as 'human shields' \with a view to minimising uniformed casualties. These reports have been denied by the authorities who routinely provide other reasons ...


Internationale Harmonisierung Von Umweltstandards Im Oecd-Rahmen: Standards Für Exportkreditagenturen, Marcus Schaper Feb 2004

Internationale Harmonisierung Von Umweltstandards Im Oecd-Rahmen: Standards Für Exportkreditagenturen, Marcus Schaper

Marcus Schaper

No abstract provided.


A Marcha, O Terço E O Livro: Catolicismo Conservador E Ação Política Na Conjuntura Do Golpe De 1964, Adriano Codato, Marcus Roberto De Oliveira Jan 2004

A Marcha, O Terço E O Livro: Catolicismo Conservador E Ação Política Na Conjuntura Do Golpe De 1964, Adriano Codato, Marcus Roberto De Oliveira

Adriano Codato

This essay discusses the political activity of the conservative groups in São Paulo and Paraná who supported the military coup of March 31, 1964. We analyze the "March of Families with God for Freedom" and conclude that, in the case of the march that was held in Curitiba (re-named "March for Educational Freedom"), priority was given to issues of "individual freedom", relegating traditional Christian values to a secondary concern. The issue illustrates the complexity of the ideological conjuncture that preceded the 1964 coup, the critical character of the initiatives taken by Goulart's government in carrying out its agenda of ...


Grandes Feitos Dos Grandes Homens: Generais-Estadistas E Estadistas-Generais Na Política Brasileira, Adriano Codato Jan 2004

Grandes Feitos Dos Grandes Homens: Generais-Estadistas E Estadistas-Generais Na Política Brasileira, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

The article analyzes and discusses the series of four books of journalist Elio Gaspari on the Brazilian military dictatorship published between 2002 and 2004.


O Golpe De 1964 E O Regime De 1968: Aspectos Conjunturais E Variáveis Históricas, Adriano Codato Jan 2004

O Golpe De 1964 E O Regime De 1968: Aspectos Conjunturais E Variáveis Históricas, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This paper analyses Brazil s political evolution during a specific moment. It discusses the processes of conversion of the post-1964 authoritarian regime to the post-1968 regime of military dictatorship. The article s principal aim is to examine the reasons for the issuing of Institutional Act 5, which meant the victory of the military s extreme right-wing and therefore the political defeat of opposition forces. The central issue informing the analysis is the question of whether it is possible to find an explanatory variable for the interpretation of this historical process that could account for the supremacy of the grupo palaciano ...


Nice Guys Finish First: American Unilateralism And Power Illusion, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jan 2004

Nice Guys Finish First: American Unilateralism And Power Illusion, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Giulio M Gallarotti

No abstract provided.


From Hayek To Keynes: G.L.S. Shackle And Our Ignorance Of The Future, Greg Hill Jan 2004

From Hayek To Keynes: G.L.S. Shackle And Our Ignorance Of The Future, Greg Hill

Greg Hill

G.L.S. Shackle stood at the historic crossroads where the economics of Hayek and Keynes collided. Shackle fused these opposing lines of thought in a macroeconomic theory that draws Keynesian conclusions from Austrian premises. In Shackle’s scheme of thought, the power to imagine alternative courses of action releases decision makers from the web of predictable causation. But the continuous stream of spontaneous and unpredictable choices that originate in the subjective and disparate orientations of individual agents denies us the possibility of rational expectations, and therewith the logical coherence of market equilibrium through time.


Cotton Crisis And Violence. Departament Of Cesar. Colombia, Fernando Bernal Castillo, Fernando Bernal Castillo Jan 2004

Cotton Crisis And Violence. Departament Of Cesar. Colombia, Fernando Bernal Castillo, Fernando Bernal Castillo

Fernando Bernal Castillo

This work describes the process of involution that underwent the department of el Cesar after the collapse of the cotton prices in de mid seventies. Along with the involution came along the paramilitary and guerrilla groups, and unprecedented manifestations of violence against the population of this region.


The First Independent Ukrainian Census: Myths, Miscoding And Missed Opportunities, Greta Uehling Jan 2004

The First Independent Ukrainian Census: Myths, Miscoding And Missed Opportunities, Greta Uehling

Greta Uehling

No abstract provided.


The Past And Its Passions: Writing History In Hard Times, Ananya Vajpeyi Jan 2004

The Past And Its Passions: Writing History In Hard Times, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


¿Qué Es La Rendición De Cuentas?, Andreas Schedler Jan 2004

¿Qué Es La Rendición De Cuentas?, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

No abstract provided.