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Selected Works

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2003

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 78

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that Aristotle could not be a fore-runner to liberalism, because his view of humanity is that human beings are constituted by a community and achieve self-fulfillment only as so constituted. Thus, Aristotle endorses a unique position that defends the freedom and self-development of the individual within the parameters of a social order.


Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2003

Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article extols the virtues of Liberal Islam and argues for the strategic compatibility of Liberal Islam and Liberal Democracy.


Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford Nov 2003

Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

In recent years, many governments have embraced new modes of economic governance that rely on public-private partnerships. These forms of governance effectively devolve authority and responsibility from the state, and instead rely on the policy networks found in civil society. This article argues that despite the general enthusiasm for such decentralized collaboration, there is significant variation in its meaning and practice. Comparing the public-private partnership strategies of two governments in Ontario in the 1990s, the article analyzes the origins and progress of two distinctive governance paradigms, looking for signs of economic innovation. The case studies demonstrate that each of the ...


Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke Nov 2003

Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke

Brian Newman

Since the 1930s, polling organizations have asked Americans whether they "approve or disapprove of the job [the incumbent] is doing as president." In the early 1970s, John Mueller started an academic industry by asking what drives these evaluations. American politics and the tools available to examine it have changed dramatically since then, inspiring a burst of research on presidential approval in the 1990s. We review this new body of literature, arguing that it builds on but differs importantly from earlier approval studies. Since Mueller's writing, scholars have expanded his relatively simple model, taking account of presidents' goals and personal ...


Bifurcations And Patterns In Compromise Processes, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner Nov 2003

Bifurcations And Patterns In Compromise Processes, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

Eli Ben-Naim

We study an opinion dynamics model in which agents reach compromise via pairwise interactions. When the opinions of two agents are sufficiently close, they both acquire the average of their initial opinions; otherwise, they do not interact. Generically, the system reaches a steady state with a finite number of isolated, noninteracting opinion clusters (``parties''). As the initial opinion range increases, the number of such parties undergoes a periodic sequence of bifurcations. Both major and minor parties emerge, and these are organized in alternating pattern. This behavior is illuminated by considering discrete opinion states.


Out Of The Blue? Democracy And Privatization In Post-Communist Europe, John A. Gould Oct 2003

Out Of The Blue? Democracy And Privatization In Post-Communist Europe, John A. Gould

John A Gould

No abstract provided.


Estado Militar, Política Económica Y Representación De Intereses: Dificultades De La Transición Democrática En El Brasil En Los Años Ochenta, Adriano Codato Oct 2003

Estado Militar, Política Económica Y Representación De Intereses: Dificultades De La Transición Democrática En El Brasil En Los Años Ochenta, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This article discusses some of the institutional formats utilized by the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985) in order to regulate the influence of large commercial interest groups on economic policy. It focuses particularly on the conflicts between the directors of the dominant social class groups and high-level state bureaucratic leaders on decisory priorities in the context of the politics of redemocratização during the Figueiredo government (1979-1985).


The Strategic Importance Of U.S.-South Korea Economic Relations, Marcus Noland, Taeho Bark Oct 2003

The Strategic Importance Of U.S.-South Korea Economic Relations, Marcus Noland, Taeho Bark

Marcus Noland

Due to the still critical nature of the United States-Republic of Korea (U.S.-ROK) alliance, diplomatic and economic relations between the two nations assume larger than usual importance. This fourth NBR Special Report examines whether economic ties could diffuse conflict in other aspects of the bilateral relationship, or whether economic irritants might be a source of further bilateral tensions. In the Foreword, Stephen W. Bosworth, former Ambassador to the Republic of Korea and current Dean of the Fletcher School at Tufts University, places the importance of United States-Republic of Korea relations in the broader context of ongoing changes in ...


Kapitalizmus És Szocializmus Bibó István Gondolatrendszerében [István Bibó On Capitalism And Socialism], Peter Cserne Oct 2003

Kapitalizmus És Szocializmus Bibó István Gondolatrendszerében [István Bibó On Capitalism And Socialism], Peter Cserne

Péter Cserne

Although István Bibó’s (1911–1979) reputation in Hungary is based on his political and historical essays, he has written much on economic and social issues as well. As an anti-speculative thinker, he formulated his views each time in the context of actual economic and social problems. Starting from the critique of modernity and a sort of elitism in the 30’s, his interest turned toward the serious deformations of Hungarian social structure, especially the situation of the agrarian population. His great private lecture on The Meaning of the Development of European Society (1971–72) treated the history of Europe ...


How City Hall Causes Sprawl - A Case Study, Michael E Lewyn Sep 2003

How City Hall Causes Sprawl - A Case Study, Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

A book review addressing the city of Atlanta's pro-sprawl transportation, zoning and urban renewal policies.


Response Piece, Ananya Vajpeyi Sep 2003

Response Piece, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Medias Verdades, Jose Luis Sardon Sep 2003

Medias Verdades, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

No abstract provided.


Informed Discussion In Information Technology Survey Courses, Amber Settle, André Berthiaume, Evelyn Lulis, Abdulrahman Mirza, Saudi Arabia Sep 2003

Informed Discussion In Information Technology Survey Courses, Amber Settle, André Berthiaume, Evelyn Lulis, Abdulrahman Mirza, Saudi Arabia

Amber Settle

Structured debates have been suggested as a way to help students understand the basic ethical, so"cial, and legal issues inherent in information technology. In this paper, we present evidence that a form of less structured debates we call informed discussions provide equal benefits. As with debates, informed discussions allow for a high-level of participation, demand that students conduct significant research, and provide an interactive environment. However, informed discussion is more engaging for certain populations. Our work is based on debates and informed discussions conducted in three courses. Two of these courses are at the undergraduate level and one is ...


Entry Point: Comment On W. Brown, Howard J. Sherman Aug 2003

Entry Point: Comment On W. Brown, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This article discusses where the researcher should begin an analysis of any political, social, or economic, problem in a given society.


Institutions And The Business Cycle, Howard J. Sherman Aug 2003

Institutions And The Business Cycle, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Feudal European political-economic institutions included a self-sufficient manor with very little market exchange, barter rather than money, and production motivated only by the need of the manor rather than a profit. All of these institutions meant that a business cycle was impossible, though there were many other problems. Capitalist institutions include production only for market exchange, a monetary economy, and production motivated only by profit. All of these institutions make possible the business cycle--since a contraction may occur if there is insufficient monetary demand to buy the supply at a price including a profit.


Teaching Globalization, Muqtedar Khan Aug 2003

Teaching Globalization, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article provides helpful conceptual guidelines for teaching Globalization.


How Relevant Is Jury Rationality?, David A. Hoffman Jul 2003

How Relevant Is Jury Rationality?, David A. Hoffman

David A Hoffman

This essay reviews "Punitive Damages: How Juries Decide" by Cass Sunstein, et al. The book provides a good example of a recent trend: the use of behavioralist research to justify surprisingly paternalistic legal reforms. While critics of behavioralism often contend that its theoretical foundations are weak, this approach is unlikely to prove an effective rejoinder in the new debate about what kinds of paternalism are made permissible by human "irrationality". A better approach: (1) notes the lack of a nexus between behavioralism and the supposed emergent necessity of paternalist reforms; and (2) suggests that juror unwillingness to apply cost-benefit formula ...


Progressing Towards Governance For Sustainability At Parkfield School: Making Connections Through Dialogical Design, Sandra Wooltorton, Alan Kidd Jun 2003

Progressing Towards Governance For Sustainability At Parkfield School: Making Connections Through Dialogical Design, Sandra Wooltorton, Alan Kidd

Sandra Wooltorton

No abstract provided.


El Voto De Los Mexicanos En El Extranjero. Contexto, Dilemas E Implicaciones, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte May 2003

El Voto De Los Mexicanos En El Extranjero. Contexto, Dilemas E Implicaciones, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Tesis de Licenciatura en Ciencias Políticas y Administración Pública, México, UNAM, 2003. En este trabajo de investigación la hipótesis central es: el proceso de creación de mecanismos legales que posibiliten el voto de los mexicanos en el extranjero, su implementación en un futuro cercano, el desempeño de los partidos políticos, las autoridades gubernamentales y otros actores al respecto, sus factibles resultados, así como la posición que asuma frente a este proceso el gobierno estadounidense, pueden incidir significativamente en el desarrollo de la política interna de México, generando impactos políticos, sociales y económicos inesperados a corto y mediano plazo afectando negativamente ...


Political Realities And Unintended Consequences: Why Campaign Finance Reform Is Too Important To Be Left To The Lawyers, Kenneth R. Mayer May 2003

Political Realities And Unintended Consequences: Why Campaign Finance Reform Is Too Important To Be Left To The Lawyers, Kenneth R. Mayer

Kenneth R Mayer

A review essay on Ian Ayres and Bruce Ackerman, Voting With Dollars, and an exploration of the political and legal foundations of campaign finance regulation.


Party Positions Or Party Direction?, Riccardo Pelizzo Apr 2003

Party Positions Or Party Direction?, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The use .f the party manifesto data (PMD) to identqy parties’ position in the political space provida a rather distorted picture of the Italian party syJlern. Three possible explanations fbr this are explored, namely that the Italian party system is exceptional, that there are jlaws in [he data and there might be flaws in the methodology. The article argues that none of these explanations is jully satisJuctory and advances the hypothesis that the PMD left-right scores do not indicate parties’ posilions but instead indicate parties’ direction, that is how (and how much) parlies move to adjusl to changing political conditions ...


Law Enforcement Cooperation As A 'Transnational Factor' In Cross-Taiwan Strait Relations, Jason A. Blatt Apr 2003

Law Enforcement Cooperation As A 'Transnational Factor' In Cross-Taiwan Strait Relations, Jason A. Blatt

Jason A Blatt

In recent years, political disputes have constantly prevented governments in China and Taiwan from working with each other on important issues of mutual concern. However, cooperation between law enforcement authorities on both sides of the Taiwan Strait has steadily increased over the past decade and a half, regardless of ups and downs in political relations. While governments on both sides are still not speaking to each other, law enforcement authorities are boosting cooperation by sharing information on criminal cases, deporting each other's fugitives, exchanging visits of high-ranking police officials and participating in seminars on cross-strait crime-fighting. Successful cross-strait law ...


Review Of Sheryl Grana, Women And (In)Justice: The Criminal And Civil Effects Of The Common Law On Women’S Lives, Rose Corrigan Mar 2003

Review Of Sheryl Grana, Women And (In)Justice: The Criminal And Civil Effects Of The Common Law On Women’S Lives, Rose Corrigan

Rose Corrigan

No abstract provided.


La Vida En Las Colonias De La Frontera/Life In Colonias On The Border, Irasema Coronado Feb 2003

La Vida En Las Colonias De La Frontera/Life In Colonias On The Border, Irasema Coronado

Irasema Coronado

No abstract provided.


Evolutionary Economics From A Radical Perspective, Howard J. Sherman Feb 2003

Evolutionary Economics From A Radical Perspective, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This is a review article on David Hamilton, Evolutionary Economics: A Study of Change in Economic Thought. New Brncwick: Transaction Publishers, 1953, 1970, 1991, 1999.


Novos Paradigmas Do Ensino E Sistemas Integrados De Informações Em Engenharia: Uma Convergência Na Melhoria Da Aprendizagem, Eloi Martins Senhoras Feb 2003

Novos Paradigmas Do Ensino E Sistemas Integrados De Informações Em Engenharia: Uma Convergência Na Melhoria Da Aprendizagem, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Os Autores E Suas Idéias: Um Estudo Sobre A Elite Intelectual E O Discurso Político Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato, Walter Guandalini, Jr. Jan 2003

Os Autores E Suas Idéias: Um Estudo Sobre A Elite Intelectual E O Discurso Político Do Estado Novo, Adriano Codato, Walter Guandalini, Jr.

Adriano Codato

This paper is an analysis of Estado Novo´s political ideology, through the study of the magazine Cultura Política: revista mensal de estudos brasileiros, government s official periodic. After having read selected articles, concerning the political organization instituted in Brazil by the Golpe de 37, it was possible to examine intellectuals rationalizations for the building of a strong and centralized national state in Brazil. At the end we could verify the role played by the magazine on the authoritarian regime, realize the burocracy s importance as producers of this ideological discourse, and distinguish some of its characteristics.


“‘Indians’ And Ailing National Culture In Brazil Under Vargas”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Jan 2003

“‘Indians’ And Ailing National Culture In Brazil Under Vargas”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


The Transformation Of The Greek Party System Since 1951, Takis S. Pappas Jan 2003

The Transformation Of The Greek Party System Since 1951, Takis S. Pappas

Takis S Pappas

This study is about party-system change in modern Greece and has two chief aims. First, it seeks to make sense of and explain the evolution of that country’s party system from its early post-war years until today. Far from being ‘frozen’, the Greek party system has displayed continuous transformations from a system featuring significant party fragmentation into another characterised by the high concentration of its political forces. Second, the paper proposes a classification of the changes that took place during the development of the Greek party system. This classification will yield three distinct types of party system which developed ...


Evolution Of Credit Union Philosophy, Matthew Wilburn King Jan 2003

Evolution Of Credit Union Philosophy, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

This paper explores the history and evolution of credit union philosophy. The evolution of credit union philosophy spans nearly 150 years. It’s a story that begins in the middle of 19th century Europe as it was emerging from a long history of feudal relations and tyrannical rule that created “the miserable economic conditions of the period and the realization that people would have to take action themselves if their lives were to improve.”1 The democratic ideals that were so eloquently articulated by classical liberal philosophers such as John Locke and Thomas Hobbes began to be increasingly institutionalized during ...