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Selected Works

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1999

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Executive Orders And Presidential Power, Kenneth R. Mayer May 1999

Executive Orders And Presidential Power, Kenneth R. Mayer

Kenneth R Mayer

This article reassesses the current paradigm of the presidential studies literature, which holds that presidents have limited capacity to act unilaterally or make policy decisions on their own. I explore how presidents have used executive orders as a way of implementing significant policies unilaterally.


Opinión Pública Y Comunicación Política: El Doble Flujo De La Comunicación Revisitado, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux Apr 1999

Opinión Pública Y Comunicación Política: El Doble Flujo De La Comunicación Revisitado, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Toward Universal Human Rights And The Rule Of Law: The Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis Mar 1999

Toward Universal Human Rights And The Rule Of Law: The Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis

Giulio M Gallarotti

A permanent international criminal court (ICC) was created by an international treaty signed on July 17, 1998 in Rome. This article is an analysis of the newly created ICC. In it we explore both the institutional weaknesses and strengths of the Court, as well as the sea of political realities within which the Court must navigate, and which ultimately will determine its effectiveness. Finally, we analyze the impact (i.e., advantages and disadvantages) of the Court on the U.S. national interest. As a nation which has the capacity to play a preponderant role in making the ICC either effective ...


Sanctions, U.S. Policy And The Caspian Basin, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Peter Rutland Jan 1999

Sanctions, U.S. Policy And The Caspian Basin, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Peter Rutland

Giulio M Gallarotti

No abstract provided.


Politics, International Justice, And The United States: Toward A Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis Jan 1999

Politics, International Justice, And The United States: Toward A Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis

Giulio M Gallarotti

At an address at Carleton University in 1995 Secretary General of the United Nations Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared the need for a “renaissance of international law” as nations face the new challenges of the post-Cold War world. According to Ghali, it is only through international law that the world can “secure a basis for cooperation” and “a lasting foundation for peace.”1 Aspirations for the realization of this lofty rhetoric have centered on the creation of a permanent international criminal court (PICC). The sentiment for a PICC emanates from dissatisfaction with the prevailing practice of international criminal law. Supporters of the ...


Project Appraisal For The Keynesian Investment Planner, Greg Hill Jan 1999

Project Appraisal For The Keynesian Investment Planner, Greg Hill

Greg Hill

This paper outlines a theory of project appraisal wherein the neoclassical premises of conventional cost-benefit analysis are replaced by their Keynesian counterparts. The paper shows how the social rate of return on investment, the private and social rates of discount, and other concepts used in cost-benefit analysis may be modified to take account of the income externalities generated by the multiplier, mark-up pricing, and the causal priority of investment over saving.


Las Comisiones Y La Pirámide: La Recentralización Conflictiva Del Poder En El Ife, Andreas Schedler Jan 1999

Las Comisiones Y La Pirámide: La Recentralización Conflictiva Del Poder En El Ife, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

Mexico’s Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) suffers from a dualistic and ambiguous internal structure. On the one hand, the electoral codes confers considerable powers to the Institute’s administrative organs. On the other hand, it endows the General Council, IFE’s superior body of governance and oversight, with legal responsibilities so fundamental, comprehensive, and open that they tend to subvert administrative autonomy. According to the institutionalist interpretation offered in the present essay (on the basis of a series of open-ended interviews with leading representatives of the Institute), the General Council tries to resolve these structural contradictions to its benefit by ...


Nation: Making Indonesia, Robert Cribb Jan 1999

Nation: Making Indonesia, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

No abstract provided.


The Limits Of Cultural Pluralism: An Israeli Perspective, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jan 1999

The Limits Of Cultural Pluralism: An Israeli Perspective, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

The primary aims of this paper are (a) to examine the importance of cultural norms and what part they play in requiring us to tolerate others out of respect, and (b) to formulate some guidelines designed to prescribe boundaries to liberty and tolerance conducive to safeguard the rights of individuals and, in turn, democracy. I argue that a liberal democracy can interfere in the business of its sub-cultures when some cultural norms subvert the basic principles upon which a liberal society is founded. Here I address, inter alia, the issues of female circumcision, murder for family honour, and blood feuds ...


La Universidad Latinoamericana En La Encrucijada Del Siglo Xxi, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1999

La Universidad Latinoamericana En La Encrucijada Del Siglo Xxi, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Con el propósito de discernir las tendencias de cambio en los sistemas de educación superior de la región latinoamericana, en este trabajo se pasa revista a las principales dinámicas de cambio que se han derivado de las relaciones entre los modelos de desarrollo económico, las modalidades de régimen político y las propuestas de reforma de la enseñanza superior. La revisión comprende las décadas de los años ochenta y noventa del siglo XX, y, a manera de comentario final, se proponen algunos retos que, a juicio del autor, se perfilan en el panorama de las instituciones y de los sistemas nacionales ...


Género Y Políticas De Educación Superior En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1999

Género Y Políticas De Educación Superior En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Las políticas de la educación superior en México y el género son, desde luego, un tema complejo, que ofrece varias y diversas posibilidades de aproximación, entre otras: ¿cuáles han sido las líneas de política pública en el ámbito de la educación superior proyectadas desde un enfoque de género?, ¿cuáles son los efectos de las políticas educativas gubernamentales sobre las oportunidades de acceso y promoción en la enseñanza superior?, ¿de qué manera se intersectan las políticas específicas que están orientando cambios en la educación superior con las formas de desigualdad de género prevalecientes?, ¿hasta qué punto podemos discernir analíticamente las dinámicas ...


Second-Generation Islamists And The Future Of The Islamic Movements: A Response To Shaykh Rashid Ghannoushi, Muqtedar Khan Jan 1999

Second-Generation Islamists And The Future Of The Islamic Movements: A Response To Shaykh Rashid Ghannoushi, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article is a dialogue with Shaykh Rashid Ghannoushi. It also develops and advances the concept of a Second Generation Islamist.


Medios De Comunicación Y Política. Un Estudio Del Efecto De Priming Durante Una Campaña Electoral, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux Jan 1999

Medios De Comunicación Y Política. Un Estudio Del Efecto De Priming Durante Una Campaña Electoral, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Winners, Losers And The Institutional Effects Of Privatization In The Czech And Slovak Republics, John A. Gould Jan 1999

Winners, Losers And The Institutional Effects Of Privatization In The Czech And Slovak Republics, John A. Gould

John A Gould

No abstract provided.


Tench Coxe And The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, 1787-1823, David B. Kopel Jan 1999

Tench Coxe And The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, 1787-1823, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Tench Coxe, a member of the second rank of this nation's Founders and a leading proponent of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, wrote prolifically about the right to keep and bear arms. In this Article, the authors trace Coxe's story, from his early writings in support of the Constitution, through his years of public service, to his political writings in opposition to the presidential campaigns of John Adams and John Quincy Adams. The authors note that Coxe described the Second Amendment as guaranteeing an individual right, and believed that an individual right to bear arms was ...


Capital Social Y Democracia: Una Revisión Crítica De Robert Putnam, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Alejandra Ríos Cázares Jan 1999

Capital Social Y Democracia: Una Revisión Crítica De Robert Putnam, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Alejandra Ríos Cázares

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


The Alliance Party Of Northern Ireland And Power Sharing In A Divided Society, Allan Leonard Dec 1998

The Alliance Party Of Northern Ireland And Power Sharing In A Divided Society, Allan Leonard

Allan Leonard

The government of Northern Ireland from 1920 to 1972 represented a one-party government, or more appropriately, a segmental majority of unionism; Nationalist parties were perpetually unable to, as well as restricted from, achieving control of government. Political processes since then have been to compel Unionists to share power with others. There is more than one way to apply power sharing, with consociational (Lijphart 1977) or integrative (Horowitz 1985; 1991) elements. The result can be a more or less integrated society (Sisk 1996).

My thesis is that with the achievement of the 1998 Agreement, Alliance’s pursuit of a Northern Ireland-integrative ...


The Manichean Myth: Rethinking The Distinction Between 'Civic' And 'Ethnic' Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1998

The Manichean Myth: Rethinking The Distinction Between 'Civic' And 'Ethnic' Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Innovation By Commission: Policy Paradigms And The Canadian Political System, Neil Bradford Dec 1998

Innovation By Commission: Policy Paradigms And The Canadian Political System, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

No abstract provided.


The Policy Influence Of Ideas: Interests, Institutions And Innovation In Canada, Neil Bradford Dec 1998

The Policy Influence Of Ideas: Interests, Institutions And Innovation In Canada, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

No abstract provided.


On The Ruins Of Empire: Ethnicity And Nationalism In The Former Soviet Union, Yury Polsky Dec 1998

On The Ruins Of Empire: Ethnicity And Nationalism In The Former Soviet Union, Yury Polsky

Yury Polsky

No abstract provided.


“Indigenous Identity And Identification In Peru: Indigenismo, Education And Contradictions In State Discourse”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 1998

“Indigenous Identity And Identification In Peru: Indigenismo, Education And Contradictions In State Discourse”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


The Geometry Of Unanimity Rule, Josep M. Colomer Dec 1998

The Geometry Of Unanimity Rule, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

A spatial analysis of decision-making by unanimity rule shows that outcomes largely depend on the initial state or status-quo. The closer the status-quo is to the ideal points of the actors, the more restricted, more biased and likely less socially efficient the set of decisions by unanimity tends to be. Calculations show that any point inside the Pareto-optimum set of alternatives bounded by the actors' ideal points can be reached only from a status-quo placed outside an area which is at least eight times larger than the area of the Pareto-optimum set. The social-utility optimum point which minimizes the sum ...


Watching Neighbors: The Cuban Model Of Social Control, Josep M. Colomer Dec 1998

Watching Neighbors: The Cuban Model Of Social Control, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

A model of neighbors' mutual vigilance is developed and applied to the Committees for the Defence of the Revolution (CDR) in Cuba. A game theoretical models shows strong incentives for 'complicity' among neighbors and for 'cheating' on citizens by CDR members, which can be avoided only by introducing external vigilance. A detailed historical and empirical survey, using hitherto unexploited sources, shows an increasing role of the political police and the army, thus bringing the actual practice of the Cuban system closer to the typical Soviet system of bureaucratic control.


The Single-Issue Party Thesis: Extreme Right Parties And The Immigration Issue, Cas Mudde Dec 1998

The Single-Issue Party Thesis: Extreme Right Parties And The Immigration Issue, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

This article examines the single-issue party thesis for the specific case of contemporary extreme right parties (ERPs) and the immigration issue. I define the single-issue party as (l) having an electorate with no particular social structure; (2) being supported predominantly on the basis of one single issue; (3) lacking an ideological programme; and (4) addressing only one all-encompassing issue. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis of electoral studies and party literature the single-issue party thesis is rejected on all counts. At best, immigration has been a catalyst for most ERPs in certain periods of time. Their ideology and broader ...


Assessing Threats Of Targeted Group Violence: Contributions From Social Psychology, Randy Borum, M. Pynchon Dec 1998

Assessing Threats Of Targeted Group Violence: Contributions From Social Psychology, Randy Borum, M. Pynchon

Randy Borum

No abstract provided.


The Batson Doctrine: The Supreme Court's Utter Failure To Meet The Challenge Of Discrimination In Jury Selection, Leonard Cavise Dec 1998

The Batson Doctrine: The Supreme Court's Utter Failure To Meet The Challenge Of Discrimination In Jury Selection, Leonard Cavise

Leonard Cavise

No abstract provided.


Introduction To "Religious Institutions And Minor Parties In The United States", Christopher P. Gilbert, David A. M. Peterson, Timothy R. Johnson, Paul Djupe Dec 1998

Introduction To "Religious Institutions And Minor Parties In The United States", Christopher P. Gilbert, David A. M. Peterson, Timothy R. Johnson, Paul Djupe

David A. M. Peterson

In the elections of November 1996 and November 1997, the residents of St. Peter, Minnesota, had the opportunity to consider two political newcomers. These candidates-Ruth Johnson and Dan Stratton-had much in common beyond the fact that neither had run previously for elected office. Both candidates had a strong and long-standing interest in politics and public affairs. Both sought prestige positions-Johnson wanted the vacant state legislative seat, while Stratton challenged for mayor of St. Peter. Both were relatively unknown to the general public. Finally, both candidates had connections to the local liberal arts college; Johnson was an alumnus serving in administration ...