Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

PDF

1998

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Prospects For Associative Governance: Lessons From Ontario, Canada, Neil Bradford Nov 1998

Prospects For Associative Governance: Lessons From Ontario, Canada, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

The writer considers the prospects for the strategic construction of associative governance in liberal politics and capitalistic economies, taking as an example Ontario, Canada, which is one of North America's leading associative democratic laboratories. He examines innovative dynamics in three discrete but interrelated fields that constituted the policy foundation of an effort undertaken between 1985 and 1995 to build a new partnership-based governance regime mandated to put in place a diversifies quality production restructuring project. The fields that he explores are occupational health and safety, labor market training, and industrial development. He points out that the outcome of Ontario ...


Constructing Identity In "Glocal" Politics, Muqtedar Khan Oct 1998

Constructing Identity In "Glocal" Politics, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

The article describes how Muslim identities are constructed inside out and outside in conditions of glocalization.


The Birth Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Michael Cooper Sep 1998

The Birth Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Michael Cooper

Michael D. Cooper, Esq.

This short article, written for an audience of U.S. based social science teachers, reviews the historical circumstances surrounding the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which the United Nations General Assembly adopted on December 10, 1948. The narrative focuses attention on the negotiating process and, in particular, Eleanor Roosevelt’s role as Chair of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, which drafted the landmark document.


El Proceso De Incorporación Política De Los Sectores Indígenas En Ecuador. Pachakutik, Un Caso De Estudio, Flavia Freidenberg, Francisco Sánchez López Jul 1998

El Proceso De Incorporación Política De Los Sectores Indígenas En Ecuador. Pachakutik, Un Caso De Estudio, Flavia Freidenberg, Francisco Sánchez López

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


An Unfit Standard-Bearer:An Unfit Standard-Bearer: Bill Clinton And The Social Order Expectations Of The Religious Right, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr Apr 1998

An Unfit Standard-Bearer:An Unfit Standard-Bearer: Bill Clinton And The Social Order Expectations Of The Religious Right, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr

Douglas J. Swanson, Ed.D APR

This paper deals with the rift between the social order of the so-called Religious Right and the perceived social order established and held by President Bill Clinton as he entered his first term in office. The author, applying Duncan's "social order model," suggests Clinton's age, family history, educational background, work experience, domestic life, social circle, and leadership role--in sum, his symbolization of the presidency, presented to the public through the media--represented an unacceptable and irreconcilable affront to "traditional" Christian expectations for the office.


Les Points Communs Entre Marx Et Locke, Eric A. Engle Jan 1998

Les Points Communs Entre Marx Et Locke, Eric A. Engle

Eric A. Engle

L'article expose les points communs entre Marx et Locke.


The Genius Debate And Jeremy Bentham, James E. Crimmins Jan 1998

The Genius Debate And Jeremy Bentham, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


More Smoke Than Fire: The 1997 'Haze' Crisis And Other Environmental Issues In Indonesia', Robert Cribb Jan 1998

More Smoke Than Fire: The 1997 'Haze' Crisis And Other Environmental Issues In Indonesia', Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

Reports on the 1987 haze crisis, analyses the four explanations put forward for the crisis and speculates on political consequences for the Suharto government.


La Universidad Latinoamericana Contemporánea: Las Encrucijadas De Una Transición, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1998

La Universidad Latinoamericana Contemporánea: Las Encrucijadas De Una Transición, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Panorama de las transformaciones de la educación superior en América Latina en el periodo de 1960 a 1995. Se proponen relaciones conceptuales entre los modelos de desarrollo económico y político de los países de la región y las opciones de cambio educativo en los sistemas universitarios. Se explora y discute la hipótesis de convergencia de modelos de cambio universitario.


Integración Regional Y Educación Superior, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1998

Integración Regional Y Educación Superior, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Se analiza la coyuntura y contexto político de la integración latinoamericana a finales de la década noventa, y se discute en qué aspectos dicho contexto representa una oportunidad para emprender o profundizar dinámicas de integración universitaria en América Latina.


Expansión Del Sistema Educativo Superior En México 1970-1995, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1998

Expansión Del Sistema Educativo Superior En México 1970-1995, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

En el marco de un balance sobre las principales orientaciones de política pública que se han desarrollado en el ámbito de la enseñanza superior en México en los últimos 30 años, el presente documento explora las líneas que definieron la expansión universitaria en el país. El texto incluye una presentación de las pautas de crecimiento de las instituciones y de la matrícula escolar; asimismo se aborda el análisis de la distribución de la población escolar con respecto a los principales componentes de la matrícula: diseminación territorial, modalidades y niveles del sistema educativo superior y áreas de conocimiento. Por último, se ...


Recompas Y Recontras. Un Análisis De La Violencia Política En La Nicaragua Posrevolucionaria., Salvador Marti I Puig Jan 1998

Recompas Y Recontras. Un Análisis De La Violencia Política En La Nicaragua Posrevolucionaria., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

Las promesas hechas a los combatientes nicaragüenses desmovilizados una vez acordada la pacificación, no se materializaron pese a que era un aspecto esencial del proceso democratizador. Y fue lo que activó el surgimiento de recontras y recompas, ya no como grupos políticos armados sino como contingentes de desesperados. Se puso así de manifiesto la irresponsabilidad política y moral de las élites del país. Sólo la unión de las víctimas y desprotegidos podrá moderar los efectos de las políticas en curso, regresivas pese a la retórica democrática.


Spinoza And Marx, Eugene W. Holland Jan 1998

Spinoza And Marx, Eugene W. Holland

Eugene W Holland

This essay explores what replacing Hegel with Spinoza as a philosophical source might do for contemporary Marxism.


Fragmentación Política Y Gobierno En Uruguay: ¿Un Enfermo Imaginario?, Daniel Buquet, Daniel Chasquetti, Juan A. Moraes Jan 1998

Fragmentación Política Y Gobierno En Uruguay: ¿Un Enfermo Imaginario?, Daniel Buquet, Daniel Chasquetti, Juan A. Moraes

Daniel Chasquetti

En un trabajo publicado en 1992, Carlos Pareja utilizaba la metáfora de Moliére del enfermo imaginario para referirse al sistema político uruguayo. La idea central del autor era que, a pesar de un cúmulo de diagnósticos negativos, los desempeños de los partidos y las instituciones democráticas nacionales no tenían porqué ser deficitarios. En este trabajo, continuando la línea de reflexión anotada, se propone establecer de forma empírica las performances de nuestro sistema político y los constreñimientos institucionales que las determinan. El sistema político uruguayo, en una de sus más agudas caracterizaciones, ha sido descrito como una “partidocracia” (Caetano, Rilla y ...


The Constitution Of Interests: Institutionalism, Critical Legal Studies And New Approaches To Sociolegal Scholarship, John Brigham Jan 1998

The Constitution Of Interests: Institutionalism, Critical Legal Studies And New Approaches To Sociolegal Scholarship, John Brigham

John Brigham

No abstract provided.


Ontario's Experiment With Sectoral Initiatives: Labour Market And Industrial Policy, 1985-1996, Neil Bradford Dec 1997

Ontario's Experiment With Sectoral Initiatives: Labour Market And Industrial Policy, 1985-1996, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

No abstract provided.


“Migrations Of Ethnic Unmixing In The New Europe, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1997

“Migrations Of Ethnic Unmixing In The New Europe, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

To the extent that ethnicity or nationality has been relevant to the study of migrations to, from or within Europe in the last century and a half, the focus has been on migration as a 'heterogenizing' process, one important consequence of which has been to introduce or increase ethnic or national heterogeneity in the receiving countries. This article addresses a different, and neglected, link between migration and ethnicity or nationality in Europe. It explores migrations of "ethnic unmixing" or "ethnic affinity."


Myths And Misconceptions In The Study Of Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1997

Myths And Misconceptions In The Study Of Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Ethnic And Nationalist Violence, Rogers Brubaker, David Laitin Dec 1997

Ethnic And Nationalist Violence, Rogers Brubaker, David Laitin

Rogers Brubaker

Work on ethnic and nationalist violence has emerged from two largely nonintersecting literatures: studies of ethnic conflict and studies of political violence. Only recently have the former begun to attend to the dynamics of violence and the latter to the dynamics of ethnicization. Since the emergent literature on ethnic violence is not structured by clearly defined theoretical oppositions, we organize our review by broad similarities of methodological approach: (a) Inductive work at various levels of aggregation seeks to identify the patterns, mechanisms, and recurrent processes implicated in ethnic violence. (b) Theory-driven work employs models of rational action drawn from international ...


The Party Family And Its Study, Cas Mudde Dec 1997

The Party Family And Its Study, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Although the notion of the party family, with the various cross-national and cross-temporal similarities it implies, underlies much of the standard work on comparative party politics, it nevertheless remains one of the most undertheorized and least specified approaches to the general classification of parties. Four of the principal approaches that are used to identify party families are discussed: origins and sociology, transnational links, policy and ideology, and party name. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are assessed, as are some of the more generic problems that may be associated with all four approaches. The two approaches that appear best ...


Critique Of The Critique: Analysis Of Hodgson On Marx On Evolution, Howard J. Sherman Dec 1997

Critique Of The Critique: Analysis Of Hodgson On Marx On Evolution, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Hodgson claims that Marxism is incompatible with Darwinian biological evolution. That was true of earlier Socialist and Communist theories of economic determinism, but it is not true of the contemporary generation of critical Marxists.


Before The Summit: Representations Of Sovereignty On The Himalayas, Costas M. Constantinou Dec 1997

Before The Summit: Representations Of Sovereignty On The Himalayas, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

Politics of representation and contested claims to sovereignty


Dalla Simbologia Giuridica A Una Filosofia Giuridica E Politica Simbolica ? Ovvero Il Diritto E I Sensi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 1997

Dalla Simbologia Giuridica A Una Filosofia Giuridica E Politica Simbolica ? Ovvero Il Diritto E I Sensi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

La prima conseguenza della nostra cultura giuridica dell'audizione che è anche cultura dell'oralità, del discorso e della scrittura (di tutto ciò che serve per parlare e fissare quello che può essere detto) è la volontaria atrofia degli altri sensi: il tatto, il gusto, l'olfatto e la vista. Il Diritto quasi non tocca le cose. Le concepisce mentalmente, le dice, però, anche se con i guanti deve toccare il corpo del delitto.


Political Theory, Steven Alan Samson Dec 1997

Political Theory, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Structure As A Limitation On The Scope Of The "Law Of Nations" In The Alien Tort Claims Act, Donald J. Kochan Dec 1997

Constitutional Structure As A Limitation On The Scope Of The "Law Of Nations" In The Alien Tort Claims Act, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Jurisdiction matters. Outside of the set of jurisdictional constraints, the judiciary is at sea; it poses a threat to the separation of powers and risks becoming a dangerous and domineering branch. Jurisdictional limitations serve a particularly important function when the judiciary is dealing with issues of international law. Since much of international law concerns foreign relations, the province of the executive and, in part, the legislature, the danger that the judiciary will act in a policy-making role or will frustrate the functions of the political branches is especially great. The Framers of the Constitution were particularly concerned with constructing a ...


"Public Use" And The Independent Judiciary: Condemnation In An Interest-Group Perspective, Donald J. Kochan Dec 1997

"Public Use" And The Independent Judiciary: Condemnation In An Interest-Group Perspective, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This Article reexamines the doctrine of public use under the Takings Clause and its ability to impede takings for private use through an application of public choice theory. It argues that the judicial validation of interest-group capture of the condemnation power through a relaxed public use standard in Takings Clause review can be explained by interest group politics and public choice theory and by institutional tendencies inherent in the independent judiciary. Legislators can sell the eminent domain power to special interests for almost any use, promising durability in the deal given the low probability that the judiciary will invalidate it ...


Pages Per Term In The United States Reports And Converting Supreme Court Citations To Term Announced: A Statistical Research Tool, Donald J. Kochan Dec 1997

Pages Per Term In The United States Reports And Converting Supreme Court Citations To Term Announced: A Statistical Research Tool, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This short article presents a valuable statistical research tool for those involved in analysis of U.S. Supreme Court opinions. Researchers are made available the data regarding the number of pages that the Supreme Court has written each term and provides an easier basis for identifying this page count with the term announced, which is not otherwise immediately evident from the volume number of the U.S. Reports.