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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2018

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2016

Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

Weber considered the Protestant work ethic the foundation of modern capitalism. I extend Weber’s theory by arguing that states with predominantly Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim populations have had a stronger inclination toward underdevelopment and dictatorship than states with Protestant or Jewish majorities. This is the case because their respective religious collectives (monastery, tariqa) promote the hierarchical provision of common goods at the expense of market incentives. I define the aforementioned three religions as collectivist, in contrast to Protestantism and Judaism, which I define as individualist. I provide a historical overview that designates the Jewish kibbutz as the ...


Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz Aug 2013

Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Why are most capitalist enterprises of any size organized as authoritarian bureaucracies rather than incorporating genuine employee participation that would give the workers real authority? Even firms with employee participation programs leave virtually all decision-making power in the hands of management. The standard answer is that hierarchy is more economically efficient than any sort of genuine participation, so that participatory firms would be less productive and lose out to more traditional competitors. This answer is indefensible. After surveying the history, legal status, and varieties of employee participation, I examine and reject as question-begging the argument that the rarity of genuine ...


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


Wage Regulation In The Private Sector In Europe, Maarten Keune, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Wage Regulation In The Private Sector In Europe, Maarten Keune, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2010 Et 2011, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2010 Et 2011, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Le Groupe d’analyse des conflits sociaux (GRACOS) est un collectif interdisciplinaire ayant pour objectif l’étude des principaux mouvements de grève et autres éléments de la conflictualité sociale qui jalonnent l’actualité de chaque année civile. Il se compose actuellement de dix chercheurs : A. Bingen, M. Capron, V. Demertzis, F. Dorssemont, A. Dufresne, J. Faniel, C. Gobin, E. Martinez, K. Vandaele et J. Vandewattyne. Dans le second de ses deux volumes sur l’année 2012, le GRACOS se penche tout d’abord sur divers événements représentatifs de l’évolution de la conflictualité sociale dans le secteur public. Trois domaines ...


Union Responses To Young Workers Since The Great Recession In Ireland, The Netherlands And Sweden: Are Youth Structures Re-Orienting The Union Agenda?, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Union Responses To Young Workers Since The Great Recession In Ireland, The Netherlands And Sweden: Are Youth Structures Re-Orienting The Union Agenda?, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This article analyses how youth structures at the confederal level of trade unions are influencing the union agenda in the face of the growing problem of youth unemployment in Europe. Five youth structures from union confederations in Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden have been studied. Although youth structures were already able to influence the union agenda in certain confederations before the crisis, the evidence demonstrates that youth issues have gained prominence today. A particular pattern discernible across countries is coalition-building between youth structures and student organizations for guiding the transition of the next generation of young workers from school to ...


Workers’ Rights, Worker Mobilisation And Workers’ Voice, Stefan Clauwaert, Aline Hoffmann, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Workers’ Rights, Worker Mobilisation And Workers’ Voice, Stefan Clauwaert, Aline Hoffmann, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

In his address to the European Parliament on 14 September 2011, ILO Director-General Juan Somovia declared that ‘respect for fundamental principles and rights at work is non-negotiable: not even in times of crisis when questions of fairness abound. This is particularly important in countries having to adopt austerity measures. We cannot use the crisis as an excuse to disregard internationally agreed labour standards.’ This warning is cleary not being heeded. As will be elaborated in the first section of this chapter, the labour reforms proposed or initiated by the EU and the Troika have indeed had detrimental effects on workers ...


Venezuela Y Las Incertidumbre Electorales, Augusto Reina May 2012

Venezuela Y Las Incertidumbre Electorales, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

Con trece años al frente del Poder Ejecutivo de Venezuela, Chávez es el presidente más longevo de América Latina. La inesperada noticia de su enfermedad es el sacudón que más incertidumbre ha introducido al proceso electoral venezolano que promete ser una de los eventos políticas más seguidos del año. La popularidad del presidente Chávez ha sido muy volátil desde que se dio a conocer su enfermedad. Una corriente de empatía inicial le ha reportado mejores niveles de imagen y aún conserva buena parte de su capital político. Pero ahora que dio a conocer una recaída y una vuelta a los ...


Estrategia Malvinas: Mantener La Llama Encendida, Augusto Reina Apr 2012

Estrategia Malvinas: Mantener La Llama Encendida, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

Una forma de analizar las estrategias de comunicación es según sus objetivos tanto de mínima como de máxima. ¿Cuáles de ellos se cumplieron?, ¿cuales falta cumplir?, ¿Que sucesos positivos-negativos se desencadenaron llevando a cabo la estrategia? En el presente artículo se desarrolla un análisis de la estrategia desarrollado por el gobierno argentino durante el 2012, para hacer notar su reclamo sobre la soberania de Malvinas.


¿El Cambio Está De Moda? Un Panorama Político Sobre América Latina., Augusto Reina Mar 2012

¿El Cambio Está De Moda? Un Panorama Político Sobre América Latina., Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

El cambio político es la tendencia europea pero no así en América Latina, lo que está comenzando a marcar todo un cambio de época. Parece ser que esta tempo-rada la moda europea no llega a América Latina. La ráfaga de movilizaciones socia-les y sacudones económicos, agilizaron los tiempos políticos del viejo continente. Los electores, frente al estancamiento económico y la percepción de falta de rumbo, han optado por el cambio en varios países que han realizado elecciones. Ni giro a la izquierda ni giro a la derecha, la apuesto al cambio ha sido la principal consigna.


Youth Representatives’ Opinions On Recruiting And Representing Young Workers: A Twofold Unsatisfied Demand?, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2012

Youth Representatives’ Opinions On Recruiting And Representing Young Workers: A Twofold Unsatisfied Demand?, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Unionization levels are far lower among young workers than for the workforce in general. How can trade unions become more responsive to their particular interests and needs? Union confederations, even in countries with decentralized union structures, have the potential to take effective initiatives to facilitate and support new organizing strategies targeted at young workers, for example by spreading knowledge, practical skills and vision of relevance for improving the representation and recruitment of young workers. Yet the survey findings reported here show that youth representatives across Europe find their confederations’ responsiveness and commitment to organizing to be inadequate. Their dissatisfaction confirms ...


Do Unions And Worker Representation Bodies Make For More Or Less Inequality?, Aline Conchon, Stefan Clauwaert, Romek Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stoltt, Kurt Vandaele, Sigurt Vitols Jan 2012

Do Unions And Worker Representation Bodies Make For More Or Less Inequality?, Aline Conchon, Stefan Clauwaert, Romek Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stoltt, Kurt Vandaele, Sigurt Vitols

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Mapping Unions In The ‘New Member States’ In Gardawski, J., Mrozowicki, A., Czarzasty, J., Country Report: Trade Unions In Poland. Report 123. Brussels, Etui, Pp.5-10., Kurt Vandaele Jan 2012

Mapping Unions In The ‘New Member States’ In Gardawski, J., Mrozowicki, A., Czarzasty, J., Country Report: Trade Unions In Poland. Report 123. Brussels, Etui, Pp.5-10., Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina Dec 2011

El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina

Augusto Reina

Luego de 8 años de gobierno, el kirchnerismo se apresta a cambiar la lógica de los ciclos políticos argentinos. Tres periodos consecutivos es algo que no pudo conseguir ningún espacio político en la historia argentina. Frente a esto, el análisis que adjuntamos comienza con una reconstrucción de los apoyos que obtuvo el gobierno en estos 8 años, identificando sus principales sostenes y cristalizando el relato de gobierno que mantuvo en los últimos años. Sostenemos que la consistencia con la cual el kirchnerismo ha logrado hilvanar diversas políticas dentro de un mismo relato es uno de los principales pilares de su ...


De La Primavera Árabe A Los Indignados. ¿Hacia Dónde Van Las Movilizaciones Sociales?, Augusto Reina Oct 2011

De La Primavera Árabe A Los Indignados. ¿Hacia Dónde Van Las Movilizaciones Sociales?, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

No abstract provided.


¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias Sep 2011

¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias

Augusto Reina

Cuando se plantea el tema de las reelecciones a nivel provincial emerge una idea directa y sencilla: esto es que las reelecciones son instituciones forzadas por los gobernadores para enquistarse en el poder. Y que, de forma consecuente, estos mecanismos permiten que ciertas oligarquías políticas provinciales se mantengan en el poder a su gusto. Pero, tal como queremos plasmar en el presente artículo, achacarle tantas cosas a la reelección es sobreestimar los efectos de la institución. Plantear el tema en términos tan simples pone de lado otros procesos políticos que facilitan la estabilidad de las elites en la cima del ...


Boletín De Política Comparada Volumen 3, Número 1, Augusto Reina Sep 2011

Boletín De Política Comparada Volumen 3, Número 1, Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

El
 artículo
 de
 Azpuru
 presenta
 una
 interesante
 reflexión
 comparativa
 sobre
 el
 uso
 de
 los
 distintos 
índices 
de
democracia 
aplicados 
a
 América
Latina.
 En 
él 
se 
destaca
 no
solo
 la 
gran
 diversidad
 de 
mediciones,
 sino
 las 
diferencias
en
 los 
resultados 
de 
cada 
uno 
y 
cristaliza
 la necesidad
 de
 una
 mayor
 convergencia
 conceptual
 para
 aproximarse
 a
 una
 medición
 del
 régimen
 democrático 
en 
la 
región. 

El 
artículo
 de
 Caldera
Ortega 
retoma
 uno
 de 
las 
clásicos temas
 del
 Boletín
 del
 Política
 Comparada,
 como
 lo
 es
 la
 reflexión
 sobre
 el
 método
 comparado,
 su
 evolución
 y
 su
 aplicación.
 El
 análisis
 mencionado
 se
 ocupa
 en
 esta
 oportunidad ...


Revolución En La Constitución: Procesos De Reforma Constitucional En Ameria Latina., Augusto Reina Jun 2011

Revolución En La Constitución: Procesos De Reforma Constitucional En Ameria Latina., Augusto Reina

Augusto Reina

No abstract provided.


Les Musulmans : Un Cauchemar Ou Une Force Pour L’Europe ?, Hichem Karoui, Arno Tausch Apr 2011

Les Musulmans : Un Cauchemar Ou Une Force Pour L’Europe ?, Hichem Karoui, Arno Tausch

Hichem Karoui

This is a comparative study related to European and Global Islam, based on documented- social- anthropological analysis, and quantitative data from the European Social Survey and the World Values Survey. Can we really say that Islam is not faulty as for the exclusion of European Muslims? Or is it only biased European policies toward Islam? How can we explain the radicalization of some European Muslims?


El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Jan 2011

El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

Se presenta una revisión de los títulos publicados hasta 2009 que han analizado la situación de la ciencia política en México o algún aspecto de ésta. Destaca el crecimiento y la diversificación de autores e instituciones, de las revistas publicadas y de los enfoques y temas recurrentes. Hasta fines de los años noventa se ven autores recurrentes y momentos de auge en las publicaciones asociados a coyunturas como congresos, procesos de modificación a planes de estudio, etc., Después de estos años hay la emergencia de nuevos autores y enfoques de estudio, y que el desarrollo de estos trabajos en su ...


How Much Does A Belief Cost?: Revisiting The Marketplace Of Ideas, Gregory Brazeal Jan 2011

How Much Does A Belief Cost?: Revisiting The Marketplace Of Ideas, Gregory Brazeal

Gregory Brazeal

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. is often credited with creating the metaphor of “the marketplace of ideas,” though he did not use the exact phrase and his argument for free speech was not based on distinctively economic reasoning. Truly economic investigations of the marketplace of ideas have progressed in step with developments and trends in the law and economics literature. These investigations have tended to be one-sided, with writers focusing primarily either on the production of ideas (for example, Posner) or their consumption (for example, behavioral law and economics), without considering in depth how producers and consumers interact. This may ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz Jan 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short nontechnical article reviews the Arrow Impossibility Theorem and its implications for rational democratic decisionmaking. In the 1950s, economist Kenneth J. Arrow proved that no method for producing a unique social choice involving at least three choices and three actors could satisfy four seemingly obvious constraints that are practically constitutive of democratic decisionmaking. Any such method must violate such a constraint and risks leading to disturbingly irrational results such and Condorcet cycling. I explain the theorem in plain, nonmathematical language, and discuss the history, range, and prospects of avoiding what seems like a fundamental theoretical challenge to the possibility ...


Employment Relations In Belgium And The Netherlands, Hester Houwing, Maarten Keune, Philippe Pochet, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2011

Employment Relations In Belgium And The Netherlands, Hester Houwing, Maarten Keune, Philippe Pochet, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


De Belgische Stakingsdata: Beperkingen En Mogelijkheden Voor De Studie Naar Het Stakingsverschijnsel, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2011

De Belgische Stakingsdata: Beperkingen En Mogelijkheden Voor De Studie Naar Het Stakingsverschijnsel, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Sustaining Or Abandoning ‘Social Peace’? Strike Development And Trends In Europe Since The 1990s, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2011

Sustaining Or Abandoning ‘Social Peace’? Strike Development And Trends In Europe Since The 1990s, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Judging Women, Stephen J. Choi, G. Mitu Gulati, Mirya R. Holman, Eric A. Posner Jan 2011

Judging Women, Stephen J. Choi, G. Mitu Gulati, Mirya R. Holman, Eric A. Posner

Mirya R Holman

Judge Sonia Sotomayor’s assertion that female judges might be better than male judges has generated accusations of sexism and potential bias. An equally controversial claim is that male judges are better than female judges because the latter have benefited from affirmative action. These claims are susceptible to empirical analysis. Primarily using a dataset of all the state high court judges in 1998-2000, we estimate three measures of judicial output: opinion production, outside state citations, and co-partisan disagreements. For many of our tests, we fail to find significant gender effects on judicial performance. Where we do find significant gender effects ...


Gender And Regime Politics In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman Jan 2011

Gender And Regime Politics In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The scholarship on urban politics often focuses on the political economy provided by regimes, or long-term coalitions between local politicians and private actors like the business community. Notably absent from the regime scholarship is any substantial investigation of the role that urban regimes play in the promotion of the interests of women living in urban areas. A comparison of the priorities of urban regimes with the interests of women in politics suggests substantial conflicts. The implications for women serving in urban governance are explored, as are the consequences for urban politics, women in politics, and democracy.


Evaluating Political And Environmental Behavior In The Face Of A Green Crisis: An Experimental Analysis, Mirya R. Holman, Travis G. Coan Jan 2011

Evaluating Political And Environmental Behavior In The Face Of A Green Crisis: An Experimental Analysis, Mirya R. Holman, Travis G. Coan

Mirya R Holman

Incidents such as the Japanese Nuclear Meltdowns and the British Petroleum oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico remind us that environmental issues can be central to activating political activity and influencing political opinions. While the literature suggesting a relationship between environmental risk and action is extensive, few scholars directly examine the relationship between perceived environmental threat and political behavior, and even fewer adopt research designs appropriate for making causal inferences. Building on a growing literature in political psychology that examines the effects of crises and emotions on political opinions, we examine the relationship between environmental threat and political behavior ...


Gender And Power In American Cities: Investigations Of The Effect Of Mayoral Gender On Deliberation, Representation, And Policymaking In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman Jan 2011

Gender And Power In American Cities: Investigations Of The Effect Of Mayoral Gender On Deliberation, Representation, And Policymaking In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The representation of historically marginalized groups in the democratic policy process serves many purposes, including introducing new and differing perspectives to the policymaking process, opening the policymaking process up to disenfranchised groups, and changing the deliberative process of urban policymaking. In this paper, I investigate the effect of gender on policy priorities and policy outcomes of mayors in U.S. cities. Using a combination of interview data and coded city council minutes, I examine the effect of mayoral gender on the discussion of issues of importance to female constituents, the nature of deliberation in city councils, and the engagement of ...