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Selected Works

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Selected Works

2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 59

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad Nov 2006

Civic Responsibility And Patterns Of Voluntary Participation Around The World, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

This article seeks to explain why different types of volunteer organizations are prevalent in different countries. It hypothesizes that patterns of volunteer participation are a function of citizen attitudes toward governmental and individual responsibility for caring for society. Those countries (e.g., Japan)—where citizens think that governments should be responsible for dealing with social problems—will tend to have higher participation in embedded volunteer organizations, such as parent-teacher associations. Those countries (e.g., the United States)—where citizens think that individuals should take responsibility for dealing with social problems—will tend to have more participation in nonembedded, organizations, such ...


The Eu Challenge: A View From The Turkish Grand National Assembly, Neophytos Loizides, Elif Ersin Nov 2006

The Eu Challenge: A View From The Turkish Grand National Assembly, Neophytos Loizides, Elif Ersin

Neophytos Loizides

No abstract provided.


Religião, Direitos Humanos E Educação, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2006

Religião, Direitos Humanos E Educação, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não admira que haja atritos, incompreensões, entre as religiões e os poderes. Porque, antes de mais, foi preciso a uns e a outros comprimirem-se para darem lugar (espaço, mesmo) ao outro tipo de normatividade e de poder. Em muitos casos históricos se terá começado com um poder de índole teocrática. E só com o tempo e o progresso social e político se passaria a admitir a cisão do mando, num ramo secular e num ramo sacral. O grande problema do tratamento da questão religiosa do ponto de vista dos Direitos Humanos, é que se trata, no limite, de pôr uma ...


Neoliberalism, Institutional Change And The Welfare State: The Case Of Britain And France, Basak Kus Nov 2006

Neoliberalism, Institutional Change And The Welfare State: The Case Of Britain And France, Basak Kus

BASAK KUS

No abstract provided.


The Private Military Firm—Subcontracting Sovereignty: The Commodification Of Military Force And The Fragmentation Of The State’S Authority, Jackson N. Maogoto Nov 2006

The Private Military Firm—Subcontracting Sovereignty: The Commodification Of Military Force And The Fragmentation Of The State’S Authority, Jackson N. Maogoto

Jackson Nyamuya Maogoto

This Article has as its central theme the decentralization of the state’s control over legitimate military force with the consequential diffusion of governmental control that stands to fragment state sovereignty. It argues that the increasing centrality of Private Military Firms (PMFs) to the prosecution of war is creating a changed national security landscape with PMFs increasingly influencing governmental policy both overtly and covertly.


Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman Nov 2006

Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman

Emma R. Norman

This paper offers a few preliminary reflections on some ethical implications stemming from the disconnect between the moral rhetoric and the reality of the War on Terrorism. I suggest that the Bush Administration certainly shares a large part of the responsibility for constantly attempting to justify a war that, by the standards of traditional just war theory, is almost impossible to see as just. However, I also suggest that part of the responsibility lies with a public that demands high ethical standards of its public officials, but appears to be ultimately unprepared to face the full consequences of acting ethically ...


Surprising Trends In Land Invasions In Metropolitan Lima And Quito, Paul Dosh Oct 2006

Surprising Trends In Land Invasions In Metropolitan Lima And Quito, Paul Dosh

Paul Dosh

No abstract provided.


On Homo-Diplomacy, Costas M. Constantinou Oct 2006

On Homo-Diplomacy, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

This article explores alternative cultures of diplomacy that have been neglected in diplomatic studies
and global politics. It is concerned firstly with the human dimension of diplomacy, that is to say,
the interpersonal dealings of the homo sapiens, or the experimental and experiential diplomacy of
everyday life. It is concerned secondly with the spiritual and transformative potential of diplomacy,
a form of diplomacy that engages in heterology to revisit and rearticulate homology, whose mission
is not only, not just, the knowledge and control of the Other but fundamentally the knowledge of
the Self and this knowledge of the Self as ...


Die Uno Steckt In Einer Doppelkrise, Beat Habegger Oct 2006

Die Uno Steckt In Einer Doppelkrise, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Eritrea: Challenges And Crises Of A New State, Assefaw Bariagaber Sep 2006

Eritrea: Challenges And Crises Of A New State, Assefaw Bariagaber

Assefaw Bariagaber

No abstract provided.


Who Exploits Who?, Karl Widerquist Sep 2006

Who Exploits Who?, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Weltdiplomat, Beat Habegger Sep 2006

Weltdiplomat, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Der Unmöglichste Job Der Welt: Zur Wahl Eines Neuen Uno-Generalsekretärs, Beat Habegger Sep 2006

Der Unmöglichste Job Der Welt: Zur Wahl Eines Neuen Uno-Generalsekretärs, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Ecological Literacy: An Australian Perspective, Sandra Wooltorton Aug 2006

Ecological Literacy: An Australian Perspective, Sandra Wooltorton

Sandra Wooltorton

As I begin to write this paper it is a still, windless autumn day in the tuart woodland in the south-west of Western
Australia. Rain is falling gently and in the bushes and trees there is a musical ensemble of rufous whistlers,
pee-wits, wrens, robins and wagtails. Occasional old jarrah trees spread their grey pin-striped trunks and
branches to display their brown, well-worn possum tracks, revealing use by the brush-tails in the safety of
night. The comparatively youthful peppermint and huge old tuart trees host the endangered ringtail possums that
come out in the dark, when the quenda scurries about ...


Alliance And Conflict: The World-System Of The Inupiaq Eskimos - Book Review, Jon D. Carlson Jun 2006

Alliance And Conflict: The World-System Of The Inupiaq Eskimos - Book Review, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Lion In Winter – Tomás Moro Na Nossa Estação. Diálogos Com O Direito Constitucional, O Cristianismo E A Utopia Social, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha May 2006

Lion In Winter – Tomás Moro Na Nossa Estação. Diálogos Com O Direito Constitucional, O Cristianismo E A Utopia Social, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Três tópicos sintetizam as preocupações da presente leitura de Tomás Moro: antes de mais, o direito constitucional e a polémica constitucional que acabou em crime político sob forma penal – a decapitação de Moro por traição; depois (mas apenas por comodidade depois, porque está antes de tudo em Moro), o cristianismo, mola propulsora da vida, do pensamento e da obra desta figura; finalmente, a utopia social, o seu contributo para a filosofia política, numa clave que normalmente não é a da maioria dos expoentes recentes do pensamento cristão – e daí, também, a sua originalidade.


When Presidents Commit War Crimes, Justice Is The Final Victim, Gil J. Villagran May 2006

When Presidents Commit War Crimes, Justice Is The Final Victim, Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

Could there be a lesson for President George W. Bush in the expected prosecution of Mexican President Luis Echeverria, charged with genocide 38 years after his crimes against humanity?


Information, Misinformation, And Political Participation, Kenneth M. White, Michael Binder, Richard Ledet, Richard Hofstetter Mar 2006

Information, Misinformation, And Political Participation, Kenneth M. White, Michael Binder, Richard Ledet, Richard Hofstetter

Kenneth White

This research addresses the extent to which political participation is a function of misinformation. A large body of work links information with participation, but relatively few authors have addressed the relationship between misinformation and participation. We use data from a 1997 random-digit-dial survey of 810 adults in San Diego to test the hypothesis that misinformation (confident beliefs in false facts) is associated with political participation even after controlling for other explanations, including information. We find that while both misinformation and information tend to increase participation levels, their specific impacts vary. This research ends a period of speculation by presenting empirical ...


A Participatory Approach To Learning Sustainability Feb 2006

A Participatory Approach To Learning Sustainability

Sandra Wooltorton

I contend that for progress towards a sustainable future, we need an understanding of sustainability as having a core of reconnective learning as an inbuilt ‘driver’. Many writers such as Sterling (2001: 19) call for the elaboration of a new, lived paradigm of sustainable education and learning sustainability. In this chapter, I use notions of primary and secondary meaning and Heron’s (1996) and Reason’s (2004) framework of experiential, presentational, propositional and practical knowledge to propose a transformative, reconnective process for learning sustainability. I articulate a holistic, relational ontology and a participatory epistemology as the basis of the participatory ...


Palestinian Refugees: Dethroning The Nation At The Crowing Of The 'Statelet', Randa Farah Dec 2005

Palestinian Refugees: Dethroning The Nation At The Crowing Of The 'Statelet', Randa Farah

Randa R Farah Dr.

The Oslo agreements proposed a two-state solution for the Palestinian-Israeli conflict: a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza existing alongside Israel. However, the refugees’ right of return and claims to land and property expropriated by Israel during the 1948 were removed from the equation, although they represent the core issues in the conflict. Based on the territorial divisions that preceded the 1967 war, or the ‘green line’, the agreements implicitly rendered the 1948 war and its consequences for the majority of the Palestinian population a non-negotiable historical reality. In a manner of speaking, the crowning of the ‘state ...


Conceptualizing And Measuring White House Staff Influence On Presidential Rhetoric, Justin Vaughn, José Villalobos Dec 2005

Conceptualizing And Measuring White House Staff Influence On Presidential Rhetoric, Justin Vaughn, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

Scholars have debated extensively the impact of presidential rhetoric on public opinion and congressional behavior, but have largely ignored the determinants of what the president actually says. This inattention is partly the result of the difficulty of acquiring systematic observations of presidential speech crafting. We devise a method of quantifying White House staff influence over the composition of rhetoric that captures the multistage negotiations between the president's speechwriters and his policy advisors and provides a framework for future studies on the determinants of presidential rhetoric. We employ our method to study influence over the writing of President George H ...


Making Meaning Of Megan’S Law, Rose Corrigan Dec 2005

Making Meaning Of Megan’S Law, Rose Corrigan

Rose Corrigan

This study of Megan's Law contrasts scholarly narratives that describe and analyze sexual predator laws with a case study of implementation in New Jersey. A critical feminist perspective shows that Megan's Law employs a radically underinclusive notion of sexual violence that conflicts sharply with feminist arguments about the cultural and institutional roots of sexual violence. The law excludes many of the most common offenders from reach of the law, thus deflecting attention away from assaults committed by family and friends in favor of reviving stereotypes about deviant strangers. The most significant effect of Megan's Law is not ...


Adf Training In Australia's Maritime Environment, Chris Rahman, Robert J. Davitt Dec 2005

Adf Training In Australia's Maritime Environment, Chris Rahman, Robert J. Davitt

Chris Rahman

No abstract provided.


Public Policy And Foreign Policy: Divergences, Intersections, Exchange, Howard H. Lentner Dec 2005

Public Policy And Foreign Policy: Divergences, Intersections, Exchange, Howard H. Lentner

Howard H. Lentner

Policy studies tend to be divided between domestic matters and foreign affairs. Scholars seldom employ one another’s literature, and they largely draw on different traditions within political science. This article explores the potential for cross-fertilization and calls for greater integration of these related subfields. The argument considers the case for unity, parallelism, and overlap between domestic public policy studies and foreign policy studies. It examines the reasons for the divide and surveys a variety of attempts to find solutions for the problem of intersection at the boundary between national life and the international environment. It places the dichotomy in ...


Syllabus For Interest Groups, Richard M. Skinner Dec 2005

Syllabus For Interest Groups, Richard M. Skinner

Richard M. Skinner

No abstract provided.


Punctuated Equilibrium In Limbo: The Tobacco Lobby And U.S. State Policy Making From 1990 To 2003, Michael S. Givel Dec 2005

Punctuated Equilibrium In Limbo: The Tobacco Lobby And U.S. State Policy Making From 1990 To 2003, Michael S. Givel

Michael S. Givel

Since the mid-1980s, U.S. tobacco policy has been an intense and acrimonious issue between antitobacco advocates and the tobacco industry. In the United States, the tobacco industry has responded to heightened state antitobacco litigation, adverse public opinion, and public health advocacy by aggressively mobilizing against tobacco taxes and regulations. This article examines whether these tobacco policy trends can be generalized to punctuated equilibrium theory ideas that policy monopolies are stable over long periods and usually change because of sharp and short-term exogenous shocks to the policy system. From 1990 to 2003, there was a sharp mobilization by health advocates ...


Cloture Reform And Party Government In The Senate, 1918 To 1925, Gregory Koger Dec 2005

Cloture Reform And Party Government In The Senate, 1918 To 1925, Gregory Koger

Gregory Koger

Why does filibustering persist in the U.S. Senate? This article analyzes senators' preferences toward majority cloture from 1918 to 1925, a crucial period in Senate history. I find that majority party members were more likely to support stricter cloture rules, but support for cloture reform diminished within both parties for senators far from the party median. I find little evidence that support or opposition to cloture reform was linked to seniority, prior House experience, legislative activism, or state size. These findings are consistent with the micro-level claims of conditional party government theory.


Regional Ocean Governance: The Perils Of Multiple-Use Management And The Promise Of Agency Diversity, Josh Eagle Dec 2005

Regional Ocean Governance: The Perils Of Multiple-Use Management And The Promise Of Agency Diversity, Josh Eagle

Josh Eagle

The U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy and the Pew Oceans Commission reports contain a range of suggestions aimed at legislatively or administratively improving current ocean management structures. In this paper, I critique one of the major recommendations common to both reports, that is, the call for “regional ocean governance.” Although each commission’s plan for implementing a regional approach is different, their rationales and design concepts are quite similar: After explaining that present institutions are too narrow in their geographic and substantive scope, the reports go on to advocate for the establishment of larger scale, more “comprehensive” management bodies ...


The Washington Party Networks And The Future Of American Politics, Richard M. Skinner Dec 2005

The Washington Party Networks And The Future Of American Politics, Richard M. Skinner

Richard M. Skinner

Political parties today can best be understood as matrices of relationships between political actors, rather than merely as formal institutions. This notion allows us to better understand today’s intensely partisan environment. The Washington party networks consist of professionals involved in party politics; some of these individuals hold public office or work for party committees; many others pursue careers as lobbyists, consultants or interest group representatives. As they move from job to job, they remained ensconced in webs of partisan relationships.


Liberal Islam And 'Islam And Human Rights': A Sceptic's View, Anthony Chase Dec 2005

Liberal Islam And 'Islam And Human Rights': A Sceptic's View, Anthony Chase

Anthony Chase

Liberal Islam has become increasingly prominent in academic discourse with its argument that Islam is the necessary foundation to human rights in the Muslim world. This article argues that this theoretical premise is misguided. Instead of whether or not the rights regime makes sense given political, economic, and social context in Muslim-majority states, in a liberal Islam paradigm the question becomes whether or not there are convincing doctrinal arguments regarding the place of human rights in Islamic law. This accepts, in essence, the need for literalist religious justifications for human rights, making an argument for rights a dispute over religious ...