Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

PDF

Economics

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 631

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Where Concerned Citizens Perceive Police As More Responsive To Troublesome Teen Groups: Theoretical Implications For Political Economy, Incivilities And Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Ralph B. Taylor, Christopher Kelly Oct 2019

Where Concerned Citizens Perceive Police As More Responsive To Troublesome Teen Groups: Theoretical Implications For Political Economy, Incivilities And Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Ralph B. Taylor, Christopher Kelly

Christopher Salvatore

The current investigation extends previous work on citizens' perceptions of police performance. It examines the origins of between-community differences in concerned citizens' judgments that police are responding sufficiently to a local social problem. The problem is local unsupervised teen groups, a key indicator for both the revised systemic social disorganization perspective and the incivilities thesis. Four theoretical perspectives predict ecological determinants of these shared judgments. Less perceived police responsiveness is anticipated in lower socioeconomic status (SES) police districts by both a political economy and a stratified incivilities perspective; more predominantly minority police districts by a racialized justice perspective; and in ...


Aggregate Data Yields Biased Estimates Of Individual Voting Preferences, Corey Lang, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz Sep 2019

Aggregate Data Yields Biased Estimates Of Individual Voting Preferences, Corey Lang, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz

Corey Lang

Individual voting preferences are often estimated using aggregated voting data matched with census demographics. However, results from aggregate models may be biased due to two data issues that we examine in this paper: mismeasured voting population and omitted spatial variables. To assess bias, we use both Monte Carlo simulation and a case study regarding a statewide referendum for which we have collected aggregate data and individual exit poll data. We find large differences in regression estimates between aggregate and individual models, validate the two sources of bias, and conclude that using aggregate data could lead to incorrect assessment of efficiency ...


Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

A great deal of skepticism toward administrative agencies stems from the widespread perception that they excessively or even exclusively cater to business interests. From the political right comes the accusation that business interests use regulation to erect barriers to entry that protect profits and stifle competition. From the political left comes the claim that business interests use secretive interactions with agencies to erode and negate beneficial regulatory programs. Regulatory “capture” theory elevates many of these claims to the status of economic law. Despite growing skepticism about capture theory in academic circles, empirical studies of business influence and capture return ambiguous ...


Tale Of A Manuscript, Rowan Cahill May 2019

Tale Of A Manuscript, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

An account of the origins, contexts, and fate of a 'lost' manuscript by Australian historian/civil libertarian Brian Fitzpatrick (1905-1965), produced during the early years of the Cold War, titled 'The Seamen's Union of Australia: A Short History'.


What Is The Use Of The Colonial Model (Or, Better Yet, The Concept Of Coloniality) For Studying Appalachia?, Jacob L. Stump Dec 2018

What Is The Use Of The Colonial Model (Or, Better Yet, The Concept Of Coloniality) For Studying Appalachia?, Jacob L. Stump

Jacob Stump

No abstract provided.


A Tale Of Two Democrats: How Authoritarianism Divides The Democratic Party, Julie Wronski, Alexa Bankert, Karyn Amira, April A. Johnson, Lindsey C. Levitan Sep 2018

A Tale Of Two Democrats: How Authoritarianism Divides The Democratic Party, Julie Wronski, Alexa Bankert, Karyn Amira, April A. Johnson, Lindsey C. Levitan

April Johnson

Authoritarianism has been predominantly used in American politics as a predictor of Republican identification and conservative policy preferences. We argue that this approach has neglected the role authoritarianism plays among Democrats and how it can operate within political parties regardless of their ideological orientation. Drawing from three distinct sets of data, we demonstrate the impact of authoritarianism in the 2016 Democratic Party’s primaries. Authoritarianism consistently predicts differences in primary voting among Democrats, particularly support for Hillary Clinton over Bernie Sanders. This effect is robust across various model specifications including controls for ideology, partisan strength, and other predispositions. These results ...


Corruption Perceptions In North Cyprus: 2017 Report, Omer Gokcekus , Sertac Sonan Sep 2018

Corruption Perceptions In North Cyprus: 2017 Report, Omer Gokcekus , Sertac Sonan

Omer Gokcekus

No abstract provided.


Economic Development And Democracy: A Disaggregated Perspective, Carl Henrik Knutsen, John Gerring, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jan Teorell, Matthew Maguire, Michael Coppedge, Staffan I. Lindberg Aug 2018

Economic Development And Democracy: A Disaggregated Perspective, Carl Henrik Knutsen, John Gerring, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jan Teorell, Matthew Maguire, Michael Coppedge, Staffan I. Lindberg

Matthew Maguire

In recent decades, modernization theory has been challenged. Studies have found that richer countries are more likely to maintain democratic rule, but that the initial transition to democracy is unrelated to economic development, or that even the former relationship is spurious, disappearing once country fixed-effects are accounted for. Others counter that the relationship between development and democracy is restored if historical data stretching back to the nineteenth century is incorporated, if different estimators are used, or when conditioning the relationship on institutional or leadership changes taking place. Thus, the modernization debate, at present, rests upon a complex set of modeling ...


Political Competition In Legislative Elections, Stefan Krasa, Mattias K. Polborn May 2018

Political Competition In Legislative Elections, Stefan Krasa, Mattias K. Polborn

Mattias K Polborn

We develop a theory of political competition in legislative elections based upon the notion that majority  party legislators collaboratively influence policy.
Because of this team aspect, a candidate's party label  matters for voters, in addition to his own policy positions.  In equilibrium, candidates may be unable to escape the burden of their party association, and primary voters in both parties can often nominate extremist candidates and still win.
We also show that gerrymandering affects the equilibrium platforms not only in those districts that become more extreme, but also in those that ideologically do not change.


Environmental Factors Affecting Transboundary Conservation Strategies For Endangered Salish Sucker In British Columbia And Washington, James M. Helfield, Nathaniel S. (Nathaniel Stuart) Lundgren Mar 2018

Environmental Factors Affecting Transboundary Conservation Strategies For Endangered Salish Sucker In British Columbia And Washington, James M. Helfield, Nathaniel S. (Nathaniel Stuart) Lundgren

James M. Helfield

Effective policies for the conservation of endangered species must be informed by robust scientific study. In cases where endangered fish and wildlife species move across international boundaries, conservation policy requires transboundary cooperation and collaboration among researchers as well as regulatory agencies. The Salish sucker (Catostomus sp.) is one such species, an endangered fish found in river systems surrounding and crossing the Canada – U.S. border in southwestern British Columbia and northwestern Washington (McPhail 1987). Despite its limited geographic distribution, the Salish sucker’s range encompasses a variety of land uses and differing habitat threats on either side of the border.


Bilateral Cooperation And Bounded Sovereignty In Counter-Terrorism Efforts, Bidisha Biswas Feb 2018

Bilateral Cooperation And Bounded Sovereignty In Counter-Terrorism Efforts, Bidisha Biswas

Bidisha Biswas

The ‘Global War on Terror,’ led by the United States, emphasizes the role of international alliances in tackling terrorist threats. By their very nature, international counterterrorism efforts challenge state sovereignty by requiring changes to both foreign and domestic policies. This, in turn, creates complex sovereignty issues and raises some interesting questions for closer examination. How has cooperation in counterterrorism altered the perceptions and behavior of allies of the United States? Has the post-9/11 security environment constrained the sovereignty of other nations? This paper will analyze Canada’s cooperation with the US in order to explore these questions. The study ...


International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson Jan 2018

International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson

Shannon Gleeson

This paper challenges the inward looking perspective of recent immigration research by situating migration to the United States within a global and historical context. This macro-stratification perspective breaks out of the confines of national contexts to explore how international migration is shaped by global power divides. We argue that in order to fully understand international migration, it is necessary to account for both the emergence of global power structures and the historical domination of Europe. We develop our argument by first outlining the significance of global power divides, with a particular focus on the United States. We then demonstrate how ...


A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2018

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018) Dec 2017

Syllabus Cpo 3103 (Rvbb): Politics Of Western Europe (Summer B 2018)

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Govt 332 – Politics Of Europe (2018), Steven Alan Samson Dec 2017

Govt 332 – Politics Of Europe (2018), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

A survey of the political systems of Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, comparing how various forms of government provide for the requirements of their citizens and the tasks of governing.


Marketing An End To War: Constructive Engagement, Community Wellbeing, And Sustainable Peace, Clifford J. Shultz Sep 2017

Marketing An End To War: Constructive Engagement, Community Wellbeing, And Sustainable Peace, Clifford J. Shultz

Clifford J Shultz

Markets and marketing are integral to human welfare and survival. When used however for the purposes of war and other systemically violent conflict, they can be devastating and pose an existential threat to humanity. Drawing on experience in war-ravaged and recovering economies, the author examines a stream of research on marketing systems disrupted or destroyed by war. Some underlying conditions and predictors of war and its peaceful resolution are introduced, including social traps and their mitigation or elimination. An argument is revisited for marketing as a form of constructive engagement, which must be implemented to affect and to develop equitable ...


I Share, Therefore It's Mine, Donald J. Kochan Apr 2017

I Share, Therefore It's Mine, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Uniquely interconnecting lessons from law, psychology, and economics, this article aims to provide a more enriched understanding of what it means to “share” property in the sharing economy. It explains that there is an “ownership prerequisite” to the sharing of property, drawing in part from the findings of research in the psychology of child development to show when and why children start to share. They do so only after developing what psychologists call “ownership understanding.” What the psychological research reveals, then, is that the property system is well suited to create recognizable and enforceable ownership norms that include the rights ...


Behavioral Public Choice And The Law, Gary M. Lucas Jr., Slaviša Tasić Mar 2017

Behavioral Public Choice And The Law, Gary M. Lucas Jr., Slaviša Tasić

Gary M. Lucas Jr.

Behavioral public choice is the study of irrationality among political actors. In this context, irrationality means systematic bias, a deviation from rational expectations, or other departure from economists’ conception of rationality. Behavioral public choice scholars extend the insights of behavioral economics to the political realm and show that irrational behavior is an important source of government failure. This Article makes an original contribution to the legal literature by systematically reviewing the findings of behavioral public choice and explaining their implications for the law and legal institutions. We discuss the various biases and heuristics that lead political actors to support and ...


The Unexpected Effects Of Criminal Violence Along The Mexico-Texas Border, Gaspare M. Genna Dec 2016

The Unexpected Effects Of Criminal Violence Along The Mexico-Texas Border, Gaspare M. Genna

Gaspare M Genna

The violence and insecurity that Mexico suffered during former
President Calderon’s war on the Mexican drug cartels have
come at a grave economic cost to many cities. The criminal
violence had an impact on interdependent borderlands, which
are geographic areas that have a symbiotic link between cities
and communities of adjoining territories. Mexican business
people and consumers that live in cities along the shared
border with the United States have the ability to shift their
economic transactions away from their insecure environments
and to US border communities. In addition, US residents that
would normally travel south for economic transactions ...


Govt 405 – Political And Economic Development (2017), Steven Alan Samson Dec 2016

Govt 405 – Political And Economic Development (2017), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

An analysis of the common problems of less developed countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America with a survey of theories of development.


Govt 440 - Political Geography, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2016

Govt 440 - Political Geography, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

A study of the political, cultural, and economic dynamics of the international system with special attention given to their geo-strategic dimensions.


Govt 301 – Ancient Political And Economic Ideas (2017), Steven Alan Samson Dec 2016

Govt 301 – Ancient Political And Economic Ideas (2017), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Political and economic thought of pagan antiquity, contrasting the ideas of Greece and Rome with religious precepts. The political and economic organization of European feudalism will also be examined.


Govt 340 – International Relations (2017), Steven Alan Samson Dec 2016

Govt 340 – International Relations (2017), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Techniques for managing and resolving conflict in international relations. Emphasis is on current international issues like U.S. arms policy and U.S. policy in the Middle East.


Govt 302 – Modern Political And Economic Ideas (2017), Steven Alan Samson Dec 2016

Govt 302 – Modern Political And Economic Ideas (2017), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Survey of political and economic thought since the 16th century including the Christian influence on the development of modern Western freedom and justice. Emphasis will be placed on the emergence and scope of the disciplines of economics, political science, public administration and public policy.


Ppol 501 Foundations Of American Government Introduction To Public Policy (2017), Steven Alan Samson Dec 2016

Ppol 501 Foundations Of American Government Introduction To Public Policy (2017), Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

This course provides a broad study of the philosophical, intellectual, political, and cultural influences on Western Society and examines the manner in which those influences have been and are being reflected in American Public Policy. More specifically, it will examine the manner in which various worldviews affect American Public Policy, with particular emphasis on the contrast between the Judeo-Christian worldview and Secular Humanism, Marxism/Leninism, and Islamic Fundamentalism.


China's Contradictory Grand Strategy Manifestations: Examining The Rare Earths Export Restrictions And The One Belt, One Road Initiative, Lukas K. Danner Jun 2016

China's Contradictory Grand Strategy Manifestations: Examining The Rare Earths Export Restrictions And The One Belt, One Road Initiative, Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

In the past few years, China has exhibited a rising assertiveness in international relations, including trade, although its official grand strategy remains "Peaceful Development." Examples of this contradictory trajectory are China's rare earth elements export restrictions (assertive) and the One Belt, One Road initiative (peaceful). This article seeks to establish, on the one hand, whether or not these examples are conforming to or diverging from "Peaceful Development," and therefore actually a manifestation of the alleged rising assertiveness on China's part, and on the other hand, identify the reason why China is acting ambivalently. To accomplish this, this article ...


Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2016

Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

Weber considered the Protestant work ethic the foundation of modern capitalism. I extend Weber’s theory by arguing that states with predominantly Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim populations have had a stronger inclination toward underdevelopment and dictatorship than states with Protestant or Jewish majorities. This is the case because their respective religious collectives (monastery, tariqa) promote the hierarchical provision of common goods at the expense of market incentives. I define the aforementioned three religions as collectivist, in contrast to Protestantism and Judaism, which I define as individualist. I provide a historical overview that designates the Jewish kibbutz as the ...


Eco 112 - Economia Brasileira, Eloi Martins Senhoras Jan 2016

Eco 112 - Economia Brasileira, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


The Place Of Economics In Russian Identity Debates, Peter Rutland Dec 2015

The Place Of Economics In Russian Identity Debates, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

How economics is used in arguments over national interests and national identity in contemporary Russia.


An Examination Of Community Practice Social Workers As Social Intrapreneurs Or Social Entrepreneurs, Monica Nandan, Gokul Mandayam, Carol S. Collard, Rebekah Tchouta Dec 2015

An Examination Of Community Practice Social Workers As Social Intrapreneurs Or Social Entrepreneurs, Monica Nandan, Gokul Mandayam, Carol S. Collard, Rebekah Tchouta

Monica Nandan

Social entrepreneurs and social intrapreneurs are characterized as being socially innovative, proactive and willing to take calculated risks. Evidenced by their practices and behaviors, community practice social workers engage in social change in ways similar to those of social entrepreneurs and social intrapreneurs. This article describes the findings of an explorative study that used survey design methodology to understand the level of social entrepreneurship or social intrapreneurship behaviors of twenty-seven community practice social workers in a Midwestern state.  These findings have implications for training and educating community practice social workers, and social entrepreneurs and social intrapreneurs, as they attempt to ...