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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Political Consequences Of Party System Change, Riccardo Pelizzo, Zim Nwokora Aug 2015

The Political Consequences Of Party System Change, Riccardo Pelizzo, Zim Nwokora

riccardo pelizzo

This article engages one of the important gaps in the literature on party system effects: the consequences of party system change. We discuss how existing empirical approaches to party system change do not actually capture the changeability of patterns of party competition, which is the most direct understanding of the term “party system.” We propose a measure that does exactly this: the index of fluidity. Applying this measure to countries in South East Asia, we show that party system change is associated with harmful effects, including lower foreign direct investment and deterioration of the rule of law


Introduction: Perspectives On The World's Search For Stable Democracy, Rodney A. Smolla, Darlene P. Bradberry Jul 2015

Introduction: Perspectives On The World's Search For Stable Democracy, Rodney A. Smolla, Darlene P. Bradberry

Rod Smolla

No abstract provided.


The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas May 2013

The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Using hierarchical cluster analysis, a new measure of democracy, the DCC index, is proposed and constructed from five popular indices of democracy (Freedom House, Polity IV, Vanhanen's index of democratization, Cheibub et al.'s index of democracy and dictatorship, and the Cingranelli-Richards index of electoral self-determination). The DCC was used to classify the regime types for twenty-four countries in the Americas and thirty-nine countries in Europe over a thirty-year period. The results indicated that democracy is a latent class variable. Sensitivity and specificity analyses were conducted for the five existing democracy indices as well as the newly proposed Unified ...


Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2012

Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2012

Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

Although there is a lively academic debate about contemporary populism in Europe and Latin America, almost no cross-regional research exists on this topic. This article aims to fill this gap by showing that a minimal and ideological definition of populism permits us to analyse current expressions of populism in both regions. Moreover, based on a comparison of four prototypical cases (FN/Le Pen and FPÖ/Haider in Europe and PSUV/Chávez and MAS/Morales in Latin America), we show that it is possible to identify two regional subtypes of populism: exclusionary populism in Europe and inclusionary populism in Latin America.


Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

This paper makes an assessment of the technical and social motivations that drive some governments to promote and implement e-voting mechanisms. Success stories mentioned, especially those in Latin America, and contrasted with those cases where e-voting implementation has failed, as has happened in some European countries. Finally, the relationship between new technologies that promote e-voting and the nature of the elections as a part of democracy is analyzed. It could be argued that voting is not solely a technical exercise, it is an element that merges different political and social elements that e-voting promoters should not ignore.


Shadows From The Past: Party System Institutionalization In Asia, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Allen Hicken Feb 2011

Shadows From The Past: Party System Institutionalization In Asia, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Allen Hicken

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Le Virtù Del Clientelismo, Riccardo Pelizzo Jan 2011

Le Virtù Del Clientelismo, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The paper provides a critical discussion of Simona Piattoni's Le virtù del clientelismo.


Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde Dec 2010

Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Many observers of European politics warn that democracy on the continent is in peril. Conservative authors argue that European governments are threatened by a spineless surrender to “Islamofascism,” while liberals fret that Europe is being overtaken by “ghosts of a tortured past,” that is, parties on the “far Right.” Whereas the Islamofascism argument lacks empirical substance and is mostly based on (Islamo)phobia, the “tortured past” claim is largely the result of conceptual confusion and an exaggeration of reality. Neither contem- porary European democracies nor the contem- porary “far Right” groups are similar to their “equivalents” in the 1930s. The ...


Thailand Unravelling, Erik Martinez Kuhonta May 2010

Thailand Unravelling, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


From Undemocratic To Democratic Civil Society: Japan's Volunteer Fire Departments, Mary Alice Haddad Jan 2010

From Undemocratic To Democratic Civil Society: Japan's Volunteer Fire Departments, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How do undemocratic civic organizations become compatible with democratic civil society? How do local organizations merge older patriarchal, hierarchical values and practices with newer more egalitarian, democratic ones? This article tells the story of how volunteer fire departments have done this in Japan. Their transformation from centralized war instrument of an authoritarian regime to local community safety organization of a full-fledged democracy did not happen overnight. A slow process of demographic and value changes helped the organization adjust to more democratic social values and practices. The way in which this organization made the transition offers important lessons for emerging democracies ...


Garrison’ Democracy In Nigeria: The 2007 General Elections And The Prospects Of Democratic Consolidation, Shola J. Omotola Apr 2009

Garrison’ Democracy In Nigeria: The 2007 General Elections And The Prospects Of Democratic Consolidation, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

This paper undertakes a critical analysis of the 2007 Nigeria’s general elections, with emphasis on the ‘garrison’ process and its implications for the consolidation of democracy. It is argued that garrisoned electoral processes represent a powerful source of democratic instability that can threaten the consolidation of democracy. The paper illustrates these processes and concludes that much will, however, depend on how ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ manage their successes and failures, respectively. The greatest threats to the consolidation of democracy in the aftermath of the garrisoned elections relate to the handling of post-election issues, especially election petitions, tribunals and court processes ...


Apathy And The Birth Of Democracy: The Polish Struggle, David S. Mason Mar 2009

Apathy And The Birth Of Democracy: The Polish Struggle, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Apathy, from the Greek words meaning "w ithout feeling," is at once a term denoting an individual's impassivity or indifference and a form of collective political behavior. Our concern is the la tter form of apathy in Poland from the Solidarity period of 1980-81 to the present.


The Choice Of Political Institutions, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2008

The Choice Of Political Institutions, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

No abstract provided.


Does The Constitutional Process Matter?, Zachary Elkins Dec 2008

Does The Constitutional Process Matter?, Zachary Elkins

Zachary Elkins

Constitution-making is a ubiquitous but poorly understood phenomenon. There is much speculation but relatively little evidence about the impact of different design processes on constitutional outcomes. Much of the debate reduces to the question of who is involved in the process and when. We consider two central issues in this regard. The first is the problem of institutional self-dealing, or whether governmental organs that have something to gain from the constitutional outcome should be involved in the process. The second has to do with the merits of public involvement in the process. Both of these concerns have clear normative implications ...


Partidos, Gobierno Y Congreso: Chile Y Perú, 1965-2005, Jose Luis Sardon Jan 2008

Partidos, Gobierno Y Congreso: Chile Y Perú, 1965-2005, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

En el presente artículo se argumenta que las diferencias en los niveles de desarrollo alcanzados por Chile y Perú en los últimos 40 años se explican no solo por las reformas económicas emprendidas en uno y otro país sino también por la reforma política realizada en Chile en 1988, mediante la cual se sustituyó el sistema de representación proporcional por un sistema binominal para la elección del Congreso. Esto habría brindado incentivos para la consolidación del sistema de partidos y la estabilización del proceso democrático en Chile. Por el contrario, Perú, al haber persistido y aún profundizado la proporcionalidad de ...


Toward Responsible Sovereignty: The Case For Intervention, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

Toward Responsible Sovereignty: The Case For Intervention, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


The Paradox Of Thailand's 1997 "People's Constitution": Be Careful What You Wish For, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

The Paradox Of Thailand's 1997 "People's Constitution": Be Careful What You Wish For, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


A Research Note On The Middle Class And Democracy In Thailand, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Jan 2008

A Research Note On The Middle Class And Democracy In Thailand, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Democracy And Constitutionalism In Nigeria Under The Fourth Republic, 1999-2007, Shola J. Omotola Dec 2007

Democracy And Constitutionalism In Nigeria Under The Fourth Republic, 1999-2007, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

No abstract provided.


Democracy On Stilts: Bolivia's Democracy From Stability To Crisis, Miguel Centellas Apr 2007

Democracy On Stilts: Bolivia's Democracy From Stability To Crisis, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Bolivia’s recent political crisis starkly contrasts to the preceding two decades of relative democratic stability. Though a unique system of “parliamentarized” presidentialism together with lingering consensus on the national project inherited from the 1952 Revolution supported democratic stability, using qualitative and quantitative methods, this study shows that seemingly benign changes in institutional design made in the 1990s contributed to the acceleration of already existing tendencies towards divisive sectoral, regional, and ethnic politics. A key observation is that successful long-term democratization requires institutions for adequately channeling and representing social demands as well as a shared vision of a political “imagined ...


Walking A Tightrope: Democracy Versus Sovereignty In Asean's Illiberal Peace, Erik Martinez Kuhonta Sep 2006

Walking A Tightrope: Democracy Versus Sovereignty In Asean's Illiberal Peace, Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


La Reforma Política Pendiente, Jose Luis Sardon Jan 2006

La Reforma Política Pendiente, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

El presente artículo identifica las claves institucionales que explican las repetidas frustraciones políticas del Perú. Argumenta que existen problemas de diseño tanto en el sistema de gobierno como en el sistema de representación. El Perú tiene un sistema de gobierno seudopresidencial, en el cual predomina un Congreso fragmentado e irresponsable, debido a que es elegido a través de un sistema de representación proporcional. Para tener bases políticas propicias para el desarrollo de los mercados, se requiere una reforma de tales instituciones políticas.


Thaksin Triumphant: The Implications Of One-Party Dominance, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Alex Mutebi Jan 2006

Thaksin Triumphant: The Implications Of One-Party Dominance, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Alex Mutebi

Erik Kuhonta

No abstract provided.


Uma História Política Da Transição Brasileira: Da Ditadura Militar À Democracia, Adriano Codato Nov 2005

Uma História Política Da Transição Brasileira: Da Ditadura Militar À Democracia, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This article discusses Brazilian political history, from the military-political coup in 1964 through Fernando Henrique Cardoso´s second presidential term. Written in the form of an explanatory summary, three themes are joined in a narrative on the transition from a military dictatorship to a liberal democratic regime: the military, the political and the bureaucratic. We seek to establish causal inferences linking content, methods and the reasons for and meaning of political change beginning in 1974 with the quality of the democratic regime as it emerged during the 1990s. Our explanation is premised on the need to analyze two different but ...


Democracia De Masas Y Democracia Constitucional En El Perú Contemporáneo, Jose Luis Sardon Dec 2004

Democracia De Masas Y Democracia Constitucional En El Perú Contemporáneo, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Civil Society, Cas Mudde Dec 2002

Rethinking Civil Society, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Most studies of civil society are mainly normative, both in their conceptualization and in their theoretical assumptions. We suggest a new, or better revised, research agenda of the study of civil society, which should include (at least) these four points. First, the concept of civil society should be seen as a heuristic device. Second, the separation between ‘civil society’ and ‘uncivil society’ makes sense only in a normative framework, and then exclusively with uncivil society defined as a sub-set of civil society. Third, empirical research on civil society should study the nature of the relationship between civil society organizations and ...


Antipolitics: Closing Or Colonizing The Public Sphere, Andreas Schedler Jan 1997

Antipolitics: Closing Or Colonizing The Public Sphere, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

No abstract provided.


Elections In Jakarta, Robert Cribb Jun 1984

Elections In Jakarta, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

No abstract provided.