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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Political Competition And Local Social Spending: Evidence From Brazil, Carew Boulding, David Brown Dec 2015

Political Competition And Local Social Spending: Evidence From Brazil, Carew Boulding, David Brown

David C. Brown

Electoral theories of democracy imply electoral competition insures accountability. Using data on local elections, socioeconomic factors, and municipal budgets from more than 5,000 municipalities in Brazil for the years 1996, 2000, and 2004, we find that municipalities with more competitive elections allocate less to social spending compared to municipalities with little political competition. We argue that previous theory on political competition and public goods obscures the critical role that financial resources play in shaping the dynamics of social spending and political competition. Municipalities with small budgets lack the resources necessary to engineer convincing electoral victories. Where resources are negligible ...


Contienda Electoral Y Rendimiento Democrático En México 2012, De Héctor Zamitiz Gamboa (Coord.), Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2014

Contienda Electoral Y Rendimiento Democrático En México 2012, De Héctor Zamitiz Gamboa (Coord.), Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Reseña del libro: "Contienda electoral y rendimiento democrático en México 2012", de Héctor Zamitiz Gamboa (coord.), México, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales-UNAM, 2013, 298 pp.


Erik Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn: The Intelligent American's Guide To Europe (1979) Study Guide, 2002-2014, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2014

Erik Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn: The Intelligent American's Guide To Europe (1979) Study Guide, 2002-2014, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Open Government Partnership En México Y Brasil: La Transparencia Como Responsabilidad Compartida, Juan Jaime Mesina Oct 2014

Open Government Partnership En México Y Brasil: La Transparencia Como Responsabilidad Compartida, Juan Jaime Mesina

Juan Jaime Mesina

Paper presentado en torno al libro de mi autoría "Open Government Partnership en México y Brasil: La transparencia como responsabilidad compartida" durante el XIX Congreso Internacional del Centro Latinoamericano de Administración para el Desarrollo (CLAD) sobre la Reforma del Estado y de la Administración Pública, Quito, Ecuador.


Citizen Confidence In The Public Service: An Examination Of Established And Emerging Democracies In North America And Eurasia, Nurgul Ryskulovna Aitalieva Oct 2014

Citizen Confidence In The Public Service: An Examination Of Established And Emerging Democracies In North America And Eurasia, Nurgul Ryskulovna Aitalieva

Nurgul R. Aitalieva, Ph.D.

How do levels of confidence in the public service differ across countries? Are these attitudes about the public service determined by similar individual-level attributes across countries? Do country-level correlates explain variation between countries in citizen attitudes toward the public service? Data from the 2005-2009 World Values Survey for 21 North American and Eurasian countries, in addition to aggregate-level measures of national context, are analyzed using multilevel binary logistic regression. The study shows that there is a significant amount of variation in the confidence attitudes not only within each country but also across countries. Citizens of Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, and Finland ...


Has Modernity Failed The Muslim World?, Muqtedar Khan Oct 2014

Has Modernity Failed The Muslim World?, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

Modernity had come to the Muslim World. But it did not deliver. There is no stability, no freedom, no real democracy and no earned prosperity and no scientific vitality in the Muslim World. Perhaps rather than continuing to ask the old question is Islam compatible with modernity, we need to ask has modernity failed Muslims.


Review Of "Human Rights In Asia: A Comparative Legal Study Of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France And The Usa", Su-Mei Ooi Jul 2014

Review Of "Human Rights In Asia: A Comparative Legal Study Of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France And The Usa", Su-Mei Ooi

Su-Mei Ooi

This article reviews Human Rights in Asia: A Comparative Legal Study of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France and the USA by Randall Peerenboom, Carole J. Petersen, and Albert H.Y. Chen.


Democratization And Instability In Ukraine, Georgia And Belarus, Robert Nalbandov Dr. Jun 2014

Democratization And Instability In Ukraine, Georgia And Belarus, Robert Nalbandov Dr.

Robert Nalbandov Dr.

No abstract provided.


Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan Jun 2014

Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

A regional coalition will make the struggle against extremism more potent, more durable and less expensive, but it will take more than deft diplomacy to achieve.


Ngos, Political Protest, And Civil Society, Carew E. Boulding Jun 2014

Ngos, Political Protest, And Civil Society, Carew E. Boulding

Carew E Boulding

This book argues that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have an important effect on political participation in the developing world. Contrary to popular belief, they promote moderate political participation through formal mechanisms such as voting only in democracies where institutions are working well. This is a radical departure from the bulk of the literature on civil society that sees NGOs and other associations as playing a role in strengthening democracy wherever they operate. Instead, Carew Boulding shows that where democratic institutions are weak, NGOs encourage much more contentious political participation, including demonstrations, riots, and protests. Except in extreme cases of poorly functioning ...


Political Competition And Local Social Spending: Evidence From Brazil, Carew E. Boulding, David Brown Jun 2014

Political Competition And Local Social Spending: Evidence From Brazil, Carew E. Boulding, David Brown

Carew E Boulding

Electoral theories of democracy imply electoral competition insures accountability. Using data on local elections, socioeconomic factors, and municipal budgets from more than 5,000 municipalities in Brazil for the years 1996, 2000, and 2004, we find that municipalities with more competitive elections allocate less to social spending compared to municipalities with little political competition. We argue that previous theory on political competition and public goods obscures the critical role that financial resources play in shaping the dynamics of social spending and political competition. Municipalities with small budgets lack the resources necessary to engineer convincing electoral victories. Where resources are negligible ...


México 2013: Acuerdos, Reformas Y Descontento, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte, Daniel Añorve Añorve May 2014

México 2013: Acuerdos, Reformas Y Descontento, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte, Daniel Añorve Añorve

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Se describen los eventos políticos más relevantes en México durante 2013, primer año del gobierno de la alternancia con la presidencia del Partido Revolucionario Institucional. La correlación de fuerzas fue favorable al PRI, partido que gobierna también la mayoría de los municipios y estados en el país, y que mantiene una mayoría relativa en ambas Cámaras del Congreso y en más de la mitad de las legislaturas locales. El “Pacto por México”, firmado por el Presidente y los líderes de los tres principales partidos, definió el rumbo de una serie de reformas en diversos ámbitos económicos y políticos, pero generaron ...


Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler May 2014

Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO Élites) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México entre seis sectores de élites: gobierno, políticos, academia, medios, empresarios y sociedad civil (N = 629). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adoptan las élites mexicanas hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe compara los resultados descriptivos principales entre los seis grupos de élite y entre ellos y la población general.


Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S Mixed-Member System: Determinants Of Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S 1993 And 1997 Legislative Elections, Miguel Centellas May 2014

Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S Mixed-Member System: Determinants Of Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S 1993 And 1997 Legislative Elections, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Mixed-member electoral systems became a popular choice for “electoral engineers” in the 1990s. Countries as diverse as Venezuela, Hungary, Lesotho, and Italy adopted the system. The assumption was that introducing single-member districts (SMDs) in countries that used list proportional representation electoral systems would introduce “constituency” oriented legislators who could be more easily held accountable to voters. This paper explores any changes associated with the adoption of a mixed-member electoral system in Bolivia. It does so through a candidate-level analysis looking at differences in candidate profiles between two elections (1993 and 1997) and between two tiers (list and nominal) in the ...


The Vital Role Of Ideas In Industrial Policy Changes In Ireland During The 1980s, John Hogan Dr, Brendan K. O'Rourke Dr Apr 2014

The Vital Role Of Ideas In Industrial Policy Changes In Ireland During The 1980s, John Hogan Dr, Brendan K. O'Rourke Dr

John Hogan

Employing a discursive institutionalist approach in the form of the critical juncture theory (CJT), this paper examines the nature of the changes to Irish industrial policy in the mid 1980s, a time when the country went through one of its worst economic crises. Did these policy changes, ushered in by the Telesis Report of 1982, constitute a transformation in industrial policy, or a continuation of a previously established policy pathway, and if so why? To answer this question the paper explores the roles played by various change agents, and their ideas, in altering the industrial policy that had been established ...


Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler Apr 2014

Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México (N = 2,400). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adopta la ciudadanía mexicana hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe resume sus hallazgos descriptivos principales.


El Debate En Torno A La Cientificidad De La Ciencia Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Mar 2014

El Debate En Torno A La Cientificidad De La Ciencia Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

En este breve ensayo se presentan y discuten algunos de los argumentos que han precedido el debate en torno al estatus y cientificidad de la Ciencia Política contemporánea. Desde principios del siglo XX quienes pusieron las bases de la disciplina tenían dudas sobre su grado de autonomía respecto de otras ciencias sociales, su objeto de estudio y la metodología que la distinguiera de otras ciencias sociales. La revolución conductista de los años 50 del siglo XX significó un parteaguas en el desarrollo de la Ciencia Política al poner los cimientos de su ...


Rechtsaußen, Die Große Rezession Und Die Europawahlen 2014, Cas Mudde Mar 2014

Rechtsaußen, Die Große Rezession Und Die Europawahlen 2014, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Far Right And The European Elections, Cas Mudde Feb 2014

The Far Right And The European Elections, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

While the warnings employed different terms and pointed to somewhat different groups of parties and politicians, they all shared at least two major messages: (1) the Great Recession has led to the rise of the far right, and (2) the far right is going to win big in the European elections of May 2014. Despite the broad consensus in the media on these two points, which by now are received wisdoms, the first is factually incorrect and the second is highly unlikely. As so often in politics, these ‘truths’ are based on a toxic mix of conceptual stretching, faulty generalizations ...


Comparaciones Peligrosas, Jose Luis Sardon Feb 2014

Comparaciones Peligrosas, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

Existen importantes diferencias entre el diseño constitucional del Perú y Francia.


Is ‘Human Rights’ The Right Approach For Protecting The Interests Of Forest-Dependent People?, Prakash Kashwan Feb 2014

Is ‘Human Rights’ The Right Approach For Protecting The Interests Of Forest-Dependent People?, Prakash Kashwan

Prakash Kashwan

Nature conservation is often promoted in the name of the greater good of humanity. However, in a large number of cases, nature conservation is associated with increased militarization of resource control (see the select bibliography below). International conservation organizations have responded to such concerns by developing proposals for what they refer to as ‘rights-based approaches to conservation’. Some of the biggest conservation organizations have also come together to form the Conservation Initiative on Human Rights (CIHR), which is a consortium of international conservation NGOs that seek to improve the practice of conservation by promoting integration of human rights in conservation ...


Capital Democrático, Jose Luis Sardon Feb 2014

Capital Democrático, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

La democracia es relevante para el crecimiento económico solo si es sostenida en el tiempo.


"Authoritarian Constitution Making: The Role Of The Military In Latin America", Gabriel L. Negretto Feb 2014

"Authoritarian Constitution Making: The Role Of The Military In Latin America", Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

During the twentieth century, military dictatorships produced the largest number of authoritarian constitutions in Latin America. Why would military rulers invest time and resources in drafting constitutions? I argue that military leaders engage in constitution making to introduce more effective transformations of the political order during their rule and to have influence over the functioning of democracy after leaving power. However, in order to achieve all these goals, military dictators must be able to mobilize popular and partisan support for the authoritarian regime. Since this condition is rarely met, military rulers often fail in their constitution making strategy. I provide ...


Public Accounts Committees In Eastern And Southern Africa: A Comparative Analysis, Abel A. Kinyondo, Riccardo Pelizzo Jan 2014

Public Accounts Committees In Eastern And Southern Africa: A Comparative Analysis, Abel A. Kinyondo, Riccardo Pelizzo

Abel Alfred Kinyondo

This article provides the first and most comprehensive analysis of Public Accounts Committees (PACs) from Eastern and Southern Africa building on the work of McGee, Jacobs, Stapenhurst, and Staddon. By analyzing an original set of data, this article shows that PACs in these two regions are bigger, have more staff members, and are more likely to be chaired by opposition Members of Parliament than they have in other countries and regions. Furthermore, the data show that Eastern and Southern African PACs are more active than their counterparts elsewhere. However, lack of political will and limits to the range of powers ...


O Que Os Congressistas Dizem E O Que Os Congressistas Fazem Sobre A Reforma Política?, Andréa Freitas, Patrick Silva Jan 2014

O Que Os Congressistas Dizem E O Que Os Congressistas Fazem Sobre A Reforma Política?, Andréa Freitas, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

No abstract provided.


The Greek Debt Crisis And Southern Europe: Majoritarian Pitfalls?, Iosif Kovras, Neophytos Loizides Jan 2014

The Greek Debt Crisis And Southern Europe: Majoritarian Pitfalls?, Iosif Kovras, Neophytos Loizides

Iosif Kovras

Although widely debated in broader socioeconomic terms, the Eurozone crisis has not received adequate scholarly attention with regards to the impact of alternative political systems. This article revisits the debate on majoritarian and consensus democracies drawing on recent evidence from the Eurozone debacle. Greece is particularly interesting both with regards to its potential ‘global spillover effects’ and choice of political system. Despite facing comparable challenges as Portugal and Spain, the country has become polarized socially and politically, seeing a record number of MP defections, electoral volatility and the rise of the militant extreme right. The article explains why Greece, the ...


Appraisal Of Nigeria's Pac In Global Perspective, Riccardo Pelizzo, Aminu Umar Jan 2014

Appraisal Of Nigeria's Pac In Global Perspective, Riccardo Pelizzo, Aminu Umar

riccardo pelizzo

This article investigates the public accounts committees from Nigeria in comparative perspective


Political Trust In Extremis, Antonis A. Ellinas, Iasonas Lamprianou Jan 2014

Political Trust In Extremis, Antonis A. Ellinas, Iasonas Lamprianou

Antonis A. Ellinas

The literature points out that political trust can have a major impact on democratic politics by affecting political participation, institutional effectiveness and policy choices. Given the significance of political trust for the functioning of democracy, it is important know how the way citizens relate with political actors and institutions changes in times of extraordinary shock. Using Greece as a case and data from successive rounds of the European Social Survey, this article shows that, during times of major distress, the way schools and hospitals are run – the “social” performance of government – has an important effect on political trust. This effect ...


Sustainable Governance Indicators. Country Report The Netherlands, 2014, Robert Hoppe, Henk Woldendorp, Nils Bandelow Jan 2014

Sustainable Governance Indicators. Country Report The Netherlands, 2014, Robert Hoppe, Henk Woldendorp, Nils Bandelow

Robert Hoppe

No abstract provided.


Comparing The Role Of Boundary Organisations In The Governance Of Climate Change In Three Eu Member States, Robert Hoppe, Anne Weselink Jan 2014

Comparing The Role Of Boundary Organisations In The Governance Of Climate Change In Three Eu Member States, Robert Hoppe, Anne Weselink

Robert Hoppe

No abstract provided.