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Comparative Politics

2013

Articles 1 - 30 of 75

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Do Political Parties Matter For Turnout? Number Of Parties, Electoral Rules And Local Elections In Brazil And Bolivia, Carew Boulding, David Brown Dec 2015

Do Political Parties Matter For Turnout? Number Of Parties, Electoral Rules And Local Elections In Brazil And Bolivia, Carew Boulding, David Brown

David C. Brown

Does the number of political parties influence voter turnout in developing democracies? Some scholars argue that large party systems facilitate matching voter preferences with a specific party, increasing turnout. Others argue multiparty systems produce too many alternatives, decreasing turnout. In developing democracies, there is debate over whether these institutions matter at all. We argue that party systems do matter for turnout in developing countries, but the relationship between turnout and the number of political parties is conditional on the electoral formula. Under proportional representation systems, large numbers of parties increase turnout. Under winner take all systems, large numbers of parties ...


Open Government Partnership En México Y Brasil: La Transparencia Como Responsabilidad Compartida, Juan Jaime Mesina Nov 2013

Open Government Partnership En México Y Brasil: La Transparencia Como Responsabilidad Compartida, Juan Jaime Mesina

Juan Jaime Mesina

Con base en el enfoque del nuevo institucionalismo histórico, el autor se propone elaborar un análisis comparado de México y Brasil. La lógica detrás de esta selección de casos reside en sus condiciones sociales, políticas y económicas similares, las cuales permite el control de variables clave en el estudio. Específicamente, se analizan las instituciones encargadas de la transparencia en ambos países: el Instituto Federal de Acceso a la Información Pública y Protección de Datos (IFAI) en México y la Controladoria-Geral da União (CGU) en Brasil. La investigación realiza una evaluación de la influencia que ejercieron las instituciones, los actores políticos ...


La Congruencia De Los Partidos Y Los Sistemas De Partidos Multinivel En AméRica Latina: ConceptualizacióN Y EvaluacióN De Algunas Herramientas De MedicióN, Tomas Dosek, Flavia Freidenberg Nov 2013

La Congruencia De Los Partidos Y Los Sistemas De Partidos Multinivel En AméRica Latina: ConceptualizacióN Y EvaluacióN De Algunas Herramientas De MedicióN, Tomas Dosek, Flavia Freidenberg

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Evaluación Estudiantil. Sistemas Político Ii. Maestría De Ciencia Política, Daniel Chasquetti Nov 2013

Evaluación Estudiantil. Sistemas Político Ii. Maestría De Ciencia Política, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

No abstract provided.


Examining The Distinct Effects Of Emotive Triggers On Public Reactions To International Terrorism, Cigdem V. Sirin, Nehemia Geva Oct 2013

Examining The Distinct Effects Of Emotive Triggers On Public Reactions To International Terrorism, Cigdem V. Sirin, Nehemia Geva

Cigdem V. Sirin

In recent years, a growing body of research has set out to examine the role that emotions play in shaping political attitudes and behaviors regarding terrorism. However, one major issue that is generally overlooked is whether the thematic relevance of emotive triggers leads to differential effects on people's reactions to international terrorism. Specifically, does anger—regardless of its source—tend to drive people towards supporting an aggressive foreign policy option to counter terrorism, or do the thematic underpinnings of anger (i.e., the specific contents that trigger this particular emotion, such as watching a news story about a recent ...


Turkey-Egypt: Turkish Model, Political Culture And Regional Power Struggle, Zenonas Tziarras Oct 2013

Turkey-Egypt: Turkish Model, Political Culture And Regional Power Struggle, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

This paper argues that although, during the governance of the Muslim Brotherhood, the promotion of the Turkish model through political and economic support was welcomed in Egypt, it is not compatible with the country and cannot be emulated, while there are also different perceptions about the matter on the elite and mass political culture levels. Moreover, based on the political culture(s) of the county, it is very likely that future governments in Egypt would want to assume a greater regional role. Ultimately this means that the Turkish model would have failed as a means of soft power and hegemony ...


Turkey, Islamic Politics And The ‘Turkish Model’, Mehmet Ozkan Sep 2013

Turkey, Islamic Politics And The ‘Turkish Model’, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Don’T Be Silly: Lawmakers “Rarely” Read Legislation And Oftentimes Don’T Understand It . . . But That’S Okay, Brian Christopher Jones Sep 2013

Don’T Be Silly: Lawmakers “Rarely” Read Legislation And Oftentimes Don’T Understand It . . . But That’S Okay, Brian Christopher Jones

Brian Christopher Jones

During the debate over the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare"), the reading and understanding of legislation became one of the most controversial issues mentioned in Congress and throughout the media. This led many to state that lawmakers should “read the bill,” and led one academic to propose a read-the-bill rule for Congress, where legislators would not vote or vote “no” if they had not read the full text of the legislation. My essay argues that in contemporary legislatures such proposals are unfeasible, and would ultimately produce lower quality legislation. In doing so, the piece uses interviews with legislative ...


Fragmentación Legislativa, Jose Luis Sardon Aug 2013

Fragmentación Legislativa, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

Fragmentación legislativa compromete funcionalidad de la democracia.


Legislative Turnover And Institutional Reforms: Evidence From The Bolivian Case, Miguel Centellas Aug 2013

Legislative Turnover And Institutional Reforms: Evidence From The Bolivian Case, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Despite increased attention to Latin American legislatures, we know little about legislative candidate selection—particularly in countries that underwent institutional reforms. This paper analyzes candidate selection in Bolivia’s lower legislative chamber using database of candidate & legislator biographical data. Bolivia is an interesting case because it significantly altered its electoral system (from list-PR to MMP). Using legislative candidate biographical data (winners and losers), the paper observes effects in changes in candidate recruitment across pre- and post-reform periods. In addition to common indicators (age, gender, professional association, etc.), the paper focuses on three key candidate dimensions: “localness” (connection to electoral district ...


Organization, Mandate, Performance: Pacs In The Asian Region, Riccardo Pelizzo, Sruti Bandyopadhyay Jul 2013

Organization, Mandate, Performance: Pacs In The Asian Region, Riccardo Pelizzo, Sruti Bandyopadhyay

Riccardo Pelizzo

the paper investigates the organization, the mandate and the performance of public accounts committees in Asia. The evidence presented here can easily be summarized in the following terms: PACs from Asia are bigger, better staffed and more likely to be chaired by an opposition MP than PACs in the rest of the world. These three characteristics are offset by the fact that in Asian PACs opposition parties are not represented nearly as well as they are in the rest of the world. In terms of mandate, PACs in Asia have on average a much wider mandate than they do elsewhere ...


El Fracaso Brasileño, Jose Luis Sardon Jul 2013

El Fracaso Brasileño, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

Protestas masivas en Brasil deben alertar sobre un modelo económico y político equivocado.


Os Mecanismos Institucionais Da Ditadura De 1937: Uma Análise Das Contradições Do Regime De Interventorias Federais Nos Estados, Adriano Codato Jul 2013

Os Mecanismos Institucionais Da Ditadura De 1937: Uma Análise Das Contradições Do Regime De Interventorias Federais Nos Estados, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

The aim of this article is to analyze the political intervention regime in states through the study of Federal Interventorship mechanisms. We center our attention on the "Estado Novo" and do not take into account any particular Interventoria, nor any specific struggle between a political faction in a given state with new leaders of the National State. The focus, throughout the discussion of evidence from some singular states (São Paulo, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais), collected both in historiography and at Getulio Vargas archive, is in the analysis of the main difficulties that the Vargas ...


Public Accounts Committees In The Pacific Region, Riccardo Pelizzo Jun 2013

Public Accounts Committees In The Pacific Region, Riccardo Pelizzo

Riccardo Pelizzo

the paper analyzes the organization, the powers, the functioning and the performance of Public Account Committees in the Pacific region. In doing so the paper highlights some of the factors have contributed to making PACs from the Pacific island states work effectively.


Evaluación Estudiantil. Curso Instituciones 1. Licenciatura Ciencia Política, Daniel Chasquetti Jun 2013

Evaluación Estudiantil. Curso Instituciones 1. Licenciatura Ciencia Política, Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

No abstract provided.


The Diaoyu/Senkaku Dispute As An Identity-Based Conflict: Toward Sino-Japan Reconciliation, Zheng Wang Jun 2013

The Diaoyu/Senkaku Dispute As An Identity-Based Conflict: Toward Sino-Japan Reconciliation, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


Perception Gaps, Identity Clashes, Zheng Wang Jun 2013

Perception Gaps, Identity Clashes, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


Elección Individual, Jose Luis Sardon Jun 2013

Elección Individual, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

La gran transformación del Perú ocurrirá cuando la elección por lista sea sustituida por la elección individual de los congresistas.


4ª Ed. Premio Latinoamericano De Administración Pública, “Gobierno Abierto” (1st Place), Juan Jaime Mesina Jun 2013

4ª Ed. Premio Latinoamericano De Administración Pública, “Gobierno Abierto” (1st Place), Juan Jaime Mesina

Juan Jaime Mesina

Latin American Prize of Public Administration (fourth edition), in its corresponding topic on the concept "Open Government" award by the National Institute of Public Administration (INAP-Mexico), the Latin American Group for Public Administration (LAGPA) and the International Institute of Administrative Sciences (IIAS / IISA) in conjunction with Schools and Institutions of Public Administration of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Spain. The award-winning research is titled: "Open Government Partnership in Mexico and Brazil: Transparency as shared accountability".
Premio Latinoamericano de Administración Pública (cuarta edición), en su temática correspondiente en torno al concepto de "Gobierno Abierto" que otorga el Instituto ...


A Turkish Spring Even If Different From The Arab Spring, Ahmed Souaiaia Jun 2013

A Turkish Spring Even If Different From The Arab Spring, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The wide-spreading protest movement in Turkey is bringing up the irresistible analogy: Taksim Square is for Turkey what Tahrir Square is for Egypt. Considering that Tahrir Square events were the extension of the protest movement that started it all from Tunisia, it follows that the turmoil in Turkey is similar to the so-called Arab Spring. But most observers and media analysts are dismissing Taksim Square movement arguing that Turkey’s uprising is not similar to the Arab Spring because Erdoğan and his party are democratically elected and that Erdoğan has governed over a period of unprecedented economic prosperity.


Explaining Prolonged Silences In Transitional Justice: The Disappeared In Cyprus And Spain, Iosif Kovras Jun 2013

Explaining Prolonged Silences In Transitional Justice: The Disappeared In Cyprus And Spain, Iosif Kovras

Iosif Kovras

The article examines why some postconflict societies defer the recovery of those who forcibly disappeared as a result of political violence, even after a fully fledged democratic regime is consolidated. The prolonged silences in Cyprus and Spain contradict the experience of other countries such as Bosnia, Guatemala, and South Africa, where truth recovery for disappeared or missing persons was a central element of the transition to peace and democracy. Exhumations of mass graves containing the victims from the two periods of violence in Cyprus (1963–1974) and the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) was delayed up until the early 2000s ...


Reforming The Judiciary By Election: Assessing The Role Of Candidate Demographics In Bolivia’S 2011 Judicial Elections, Miguel Centellas, Laura Suaznabar Jun 2013

Reforming The Judiciary By Election: Assessing The Role Of Candidate Demographics In Bolivia’S 2011 Judicial Elections, Miguel Centellas, Laura Suaznabar

Miguel Centellas

Since 2005 election of Evo Morales, Bolivia has been undergoing an unprecedented process of reforms aimed at increasing citizens’ direct access to political power. Among the reforms is the 2011 direct election of high court justices—a first among contemporary democracies. This paper analyzes the results of that unique election. Unlike partisan elections, candidates (who were pre-selected by the legislature) were not allowed to campaign and media coverage of candidates was highly restricted. Instead, the country’s electoral organ was charged with disseminating information about the candidates as part of its mission to educate voters about the judicial elections. Lower-than-average ...


The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas May 2013

The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Using hierarchical cluster analysis, a new measure of democracy, the DCC index, is proposed and constructed from five popular indices of democracy (Freedom House, Polity IV, Vanhanen's index of democratization, Cheibub et al.'s index of democracy and dictatorship, and the Cingranelli-Richards index of electoral self-determination). The DCC was used to classify the regime types for twenty-four countries in the Americas and thirty-nine countries in Europe over a thirty-year period. The results indicated that democracy is a latent class variable. Sensitivity and specificity analyses were conducted for the five existing democracy indices as well as the newly proposed Unified ...


Examining Citizenship Discourses In A Post-Washington Consensus, Gabriela Hoberman Apr 2013

Examining Citizenship Discourses In A Post-Washington Consensus, Gabriela Hoberman

Gabriela Hoberman

No abstract provided.


French Intervention In Mali: Implications And Consequences, Mehmet Ozkan Mar 2013

French Intervention In Mali: Implications And Consequences, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


The Dangers Of Diversity: Ethnic Fractionalization And The Rule Of Law, Michael Touchton Mar 2013

The Dangers Of Diversity: Ethnic Fractionalization And The Rule Of Law, Michael Touchton

Michael Touchton

Research linking ethnic cleavages to economic underdevelopment is a hallmark of recent efforts to explain economic growth. Similarly, the rule of law as a credible commitment to property rights and contract enforcement is also identified with economic development. Rather than treating these factors as rival explanations for economic development around the world, I propose the rule of law as the causal mechanism through which ethnic fractionalization (EF) influences growth in many countries. I argue ethnic diversity negatively impacts the rule of law due to the prevalence of ethnically-based patronage networks in developing countries. Public officials, I argue, face greater incentives ...


Do Political Parties Matter For Turnout? Number Of Parties, Electoral Rules And Local Elections In Brazil And Bolivia, Carew E. Boulding, David Brown Mar 2013

Do Political Parties Matter For Turnout? Number Of Parties, Electoral Rules And Local Elections In Brazil And Bolivia, Carew E. Boulding, David Brown

Carew E Boulding

Does the number of political parties influence voter turnout in developing democracies? Some scholars argue that large party systems facilitate matching voter preferences with a specific party, increasing turnout. Others argue multiparty systems produce too many alternatives, decreasing turnout. In developing democracies, there is debate over whether these institutions matter at all. We argue that party systems do matter for turnout in developing countries, but the relationship between turnout and the number of political parties is conditional on the electoral formula. Under proportional representation systems, large numbers of parties increase turnout. Under winner take all systems, large numbers of parties ...


Governability And Accountability In Brazil: Dilemma Of Coalitional Presidentialism, Taeko Hiroi Feb 2013

Governability And Accountability In Brazil: Dilemma Of Coalitional Presidentialism, Taeko Hiroi

Taeko Hiroi

This article seeks to answer an important puzzle in Brazilian politics: What explains the legislative struggles and defeats by a president who holds a large congressional base? In the post-democratization period, most Brazilian presidents have amassed large congressional bases of support by forming governing coalitions comprised of various legislative parties. Conventional wisdom would indicate that large legislative bases would facilitate presidents to pursue their legislative agenda. However, successive presidents have faced legislative obstruction, gridlock, and defeats in Congress. This article shows how Brazil’s political institutions engender the perpetual need for presidents to create multiparty coalitions to navigate through the ...


Egypt’S Foreign Policy Under Mohamed Morsi, Mehmet Ozkan Feb 2013

Egypt’S Foreign Policy Under Mohamed Morsi, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.