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Journal

1992

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Constitutionalism, Democracy And Foreign Affairs, Louis Henkin Oct 1992

Constitutionalism, Democracy And Foreign Affairs, Louis Henkin

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Perspectives On The World's Search For Stable Democracy, Rodney A. Smolla, Darlene P. Bradberry Oct 1992

Introduction: Perspectives On The World's Search For Stable Democracy, Rodney A. Smolla, Darlene P. Bradberry

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Laws Of A Nation: The Essential Formula For A Liberal And Democratic State, Yasutomo Morigiwa Oct 1992

The Laws Of A Nation: The Essential Formula For A Liberal And Democratic State, Yasutomo Morigiwa

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Ethiopia: Problems And Prospects For Democracy, Alemante G. Selassie Oct 1992

Ethiopia: Problems And Prospects For Democracy, Alemante G. Selassie

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Critical Choices Of Russia's Democracy, Svetlana A. Chervonnaya Oct 1992

Critical Choices Of Russia's Democracy, Svetlana A. Chervonnaya

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Transition To Democracy In Central And Eastern Europe: Experiences Of A Model Country - Hungary, Antal Visegrády Oct 1992

Transition To Democracy In Central And Eastern Europe: Experiences Of A Model Country - Hungary, Antal Visegrády

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Emergent New Democracies: The Case Of Spain, Santiago Sanchez Gonzalez Oct 1992

Emergent New Democracies: The Case Of Spain, Santiago Sanchez Gonzalez

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Elements Of Liberal Equality: Introduction To Kirp, Hochschild, And Strauss, Lawrence C. Becker Oct 1992

Elements Of Liberal Equality: Introduction To Kirp, Hochschild, And Strauss, Lawrence C. Becker

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley Sep 1992

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley

New England Journal of Public Policy

Four years ago, in the 1988 Summer/Fall issue of the New England Journal of Public Policy, we wrote,

"[The two] presidential candidates, Michael Dukakis and George Bush, [proved] themselves extraordinarily adept time and again at not addressing any of the excruciatingly difficult choices a new administration will have to make. But the realities the new president will face cannot be indefinitely obscured. The prosperity we enjoy, the unparalleled splurge in consumption during the 1980s, has been fueled by borrowing against the future. Although this observation is not especially new — and repetition has robbed it of urgency — what we have ...


A Moral Appeal To President George Bush, Jesse Jackson Sep 1992

A Moral Appeal To President George Bush, Jesse Jackson

Trotter Review

The following is the text of a letter written by Reverend Jesse Jackson to President George Bush dated May 1, 1991, as a plea for statehood for the District of Columbia, where 650,000 citizens are politically disenfranchised.


Race And Presidential Politics '92: The Challenge To Go Another Way, May Louie Sep 1992

Race And Presidential Politics '92: The Challenge To Go Another Way, May Louie

Trotter Review

At presidential election time in 1992, America is once again looking at limited political options for national leadership. The Republican party platform is its most conservative ever. The Democratic party ticket is dominated by southern Dixiecrats. And we who have marched and organized, and risked and sacrificed much for racial equality and political empowerment, must now match our sense of foreboding with our determination to meet the challenge before us. Jesse Jackson's 1984 and 1988 nation-shaking, agenda-setting presidential campaigns took us to places we had never been before and gave us a glimpse at the possibility of racial and ...


Black Women And The American Political System, Dorothy A. Clark Sep 1992

Black Women And The American Political System, Dorothy A. Clark

Trotter Review

Black women and politics—it is an association rarely made by the American electorate. As a group, black women have never been prominent players in the nation's political arena. In a system of decision making and power holding designed and dominated by white men, black women are an alien group in the formal political process. Their participation in that process has been limited—indeed often blocked—by a hierarchical system of race, gender, and class oppression that relegates black women to the lowest rungs of the political power ladder.


Voting Policy And Voter Participation: The Legacy Of The 1980s, Alex Willingham Sep 1992

Voting Policy And Voter Participation: The Legacy Of The 1980s, Alex Willingham

Trotter Review

It has been widely recognized, at least since the Selma march during the civil rights movement, that the interests of black citizens and other minorities are directly connected to their capacity to participate in the political process and to public policies that protect that option. The clear message of the Selma demonstration was that, for a people constrained by a broad range of oppressive racist structures, voting is a basic resource for protecting all other rights. Further, it was clear that those who control power will restrict access to the ballot as their main line of defense.


Introduction, James Jennings Sep 1992

Introduction, James Jennings

Trotter Review

This special issue of the Trotter Review is devoted to a broad range of topics related to race, power, and voting. Although voting is a critically important political tool for black America, the vote does not necessarily guarantee that a group will enjoy power in society. At the same time that we seek greater rates of voter registration and turnout at all levels of the electoral process, we must also continue to struggle towards an agenda that delivers power to the black community.

The issue opens with an explanation of why statehood for Washington, D.C., should be a key ...


Ron Daniels: Profile Of A Presidential Candidate, Harold Horton Sep 1992

Ron Daniels: Profile Of A Presidential Candidate, Harold Horton

Trotter Review

The mass media has said very little about it, but Ron Daniels, an African American, is a presidential candidate. In 1988, Daniels was the southern regional coordinator and deputy campaign manager for Jesse Jackson's campaign. Daniels, a veteran social and political activist as well as former director of the National Rainbow Coalition, declared his candidacy for president at a news conference October 14, 1991.

From 1974 to 1980, Daniels served as president of the National Black Political Assembly and in 1980, he was the chairperson of the founding convention of the National Black Independent Political Party. Daniels was the ...


Vote Dilution Research: Methods Of Analysis, Sheila Ards, Marjorie Lewis Sep 1992

Vote Dilution Research: Methods Of Analysis, Sheila Ards, Marjorie Lewis

Trotter Review

Why have issues which disproportionately affect African Americans not been brought to the policy forefront and given attention properly so that effective solutions can be found? Because of their roles as controllers of the government's budget, politicians and other policy makers decide which problems will be addressed. It is important, therefore, that African Americans elect political candidates of their choice. In the past, African Americans largely were outside the arena of public policy setting. Thus, solutions to problems which disproportionately affected African Americans were not pursued.


A Historic Moment: Black Voters And The 1992 Presidential Race, Clarence Lusane Sep 1992

A Historic Moment: Black Voters And The 1992 Presidential Race, Clarence Lusane

Trotter Review

November 2, 1991, may well be remembered as a watershed date in the unique and quixotic 1992 presidential race. On that day, stating that he would "not seek the nomination for the Democratic Party," Jesse Jackson backed out of the presidential campaign spotlight and started a chain reaction that has put the black vote in perhaps its least influential position since before 1984.

Extremely low black voter turnout was one of the most significant trends of the 1992 primaries. In the Democratic contests, Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton won an impressive percentage of black votes, about 70 percent. However, those votes ...


The Left, The Right, And Certainty In Constitutional Law, Gene R. Nichol May 1992

The Left, The Right, And Certainty In Constitutional Law, Gene R. Nichol

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Massachusetts At The Crossroads, Richard E. Ring Mar 1992

Massachusetts At The Crossroads, Richard E. Ring

New England Journal of Public Policy

Massachusetts is at a critical juncture in its care for homeless individuals. In the face of a charged political climate and with a governor bent on the "downsizing" and "privatization" of government services, decisions are being made that are of major importance to the welfare of homeless individuals in this state. Based on the choices of the state administration, Massachusetts can either solve its homelessness problem in the near future or relegate its homeless population to a lifetime spent on the streets or in shelters. In comparison to other states, Massachusetts has been relatively successful in caring for homeless people ...


Framing And Claiming The Homelessness Problem, David A. Rochefort, Roger W. Cobb Mar 1992

Framing And Claiming The Homelessness Problem, David A. Rochefort, Roger W. Cobb

New England Journal of Public Policy

Despite a recent upsurge of interest in the issue, homelessness is a problem of long standing in American society. This article traces how several forces catalyzed the problem's re-entrance onto the political agenda in the 1980s. It then reviews the ongoing debate over homelessness causes and cures as a struggle for problem ownership that has complicated the choices of public policymakers. The final section examines various descriptive attributes that figure into the dispute over how to define homelessness and influence the nature of the public policy response to it.


Society, Social Policy And The Ideology Of Reaganism, James Midgley Mar 1992

Society, Social Policy And The Ideology Of Reaganism, James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The complex historical and ideological themes which formed the basis for Reaganism in the 1980s are based on economic individualism, traditionalism and authoritarian populism. By creating an ideological formation which appealed to a wide constituency, right-wing activists sought to reverse the centrist consensus liberalism of the New Deal. These ideas also informed the Reagan administration’s social policies and, although not implemented as intended, have had a major impact on the American welfare state.


Changes In Poverty, Income Inequality And The Standard Of Living During The Reagan Years, Robert D. Plotnick Mar 1992

Changes In Poverty, Income Inequality And The Standard Of Living During The Reagan Years, Robert D. Plotnick

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The record of economic well-being in the 1980s belied Reagan's claim that Americans would be better off if they scaled back the welfare state and cut tax rates. Though the standard of living rose, its growth was no faster than during 1950-1980. Income inequality increased. The rate of poverty at the end qf Reagan's term was the same as in 1980. Cutbacks in income transfers during the Reagan years helped increase both poverty and inequality. Changes in tax policy helped increase inequality but reduced poverty. These policy shifts are not the only reasons for the lack of progress ...


Institutional Reform In Eastern Europe: Evolution Or Design?, Roman Frydman, Andrzej Rapaczynski Mar 1992

Institutional Reform In Eastern Europe: Evolution Or Design?, Roman Frydman, Andrzej Rapaczynski

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Searching For The Rule Of Law In The Wake Of Communism, George P. Fletcher Mar 1992

Searching For The Rule Of Law In The Wake Of Communism, George P. Fletcher

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Taiwan Re-Recognized: A Model For Taiwan's Future Global Status, Michael E. Mangelson Mar 1992

Taiwan Re-Recognized: A Model For Taiwan's Future Global Status, Michael E. Mangelson

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judicial Review And Hungary's Transition From Communism To Democracy: The Constitutional Court, The Continuity Of Law, And The Redefinition Of Property Rights, Ethan Klingsberg Mar 1992

Judicial Review And Hungary's Transition From Communism To Democracy: The Constitutional Court, The Continuity Of Law, And The Redefinition Of Property Rights, Ethan Klingsberg

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Fall Of The Industrial City: The Reagan Legacy For Urban Policy, David Stoesz Mar 1992

The Fall Of The Industrial City: The Reagan Legacy For Urban Policy, David Stoesz

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Reagan presidency reversed a half-century of federal aid to cities. Poor minority comnnunities were particularly hard-hit, since this was accompanied by a white flight to the suburbs and the replacement of better paying industrial jobs requiring little education with poorer paying service jobs requiring iore education. Meanwhile wealthy communities prospered. To address urgent social problems, urban politicians are advocating strategies such as industrial policy, public entrepreneurship, and guerrilla welfare.


Unhousing The Urban Poor: The Reagan Legacy, Beth A. Rubin, James D. Wright, Joel A. Devine Mar 1992

Unhousing The Urban Poor: The Reagan Legacy, Beth A. Rubin, James D. Wright, Joel A. Devine

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Reagan era was characterized by the popularity of individual level explanations and market based solutions for a range of social problems, including homelessness. We argue that such an approach was inadequate and may, in fact, have toorsened the housing situation. We claim that homelessness is fundamentally a housing problem linked to two key trends of the 1980s: the increasing rate of poverty and the declining supply'f low-income housing. Market approaches to housing policy have resulted in housing policies by default: gentrification, condo conversion and displacement as well as tax policies that explicitly favor the nonpoor. Those policies gehred ...


Introduction: American Social Policy And The Reagan Legacy, James Midgley Mar 1992

Introduction: American Social Policy And The Reagan Legacy, James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

With the retirement of Ronald Reagan from active political life; the long term effects of his policies and programs need to be addressed. This introduction to fire special issue on The Reagan Legacy and the. American Welfare State draws on the findings of the various contributors t"' provide an overview of the impact of Reagan administration's policies on various facets of the welfare stale, and an assessment of their likely longer term effects.


Income Maintenance Programs And The Reagan Domestic Agenda, Howard Jacob Karger Mar 1992

Income Maintenance Programs And The Reagan Domestic Agenda, Howard Jacob Karger

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Income maintenance programs are a key feature of the American welfare state. The impact of the Reagan administration’s social welfare policies are examined in this article, which also speculates about the long-term effects of his successes on the future of income maintenance programs. Specifically, this article provides a brief historical background of income maintanence programs, examines Reagan’s ideological and strategic approach to deconstructing the welfare state, evaluates the domestic successes of the Reagan administration, and explores the long-term impact of Reagan’s policies on the future of income maintenance programs.