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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Plato's Party-State: Evaluating China's Political System Through The Framework Of The Republic, Samantha Mashaal Feb 2019

Plato's Party-State: Evaluating China's Political System Through The Framework Of The Republic, Samantha Mashaal

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

China’s political system has long been perceived as a controversial one and as somewhat perplexing to Westerners. In an attempt to understand the stability and success of the system, I evaluate the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) post-Mao society by comparing it to the “just society” described in Plato’s Republic. Plato’s philosophy is an appropriate standard against which the Chinese system can be assessed, because Plato does not believe in democracy and thus does not entertain its “advantages.” What’s more, the Republic is classified as a utopia, meaning a place in which the state of things ...


The Middle-Class: Shouldering The Burden Of Corporate Tax Havens And The Encumberment Of Economic Globlization, Katherine Poole Feb 2019

The Middle-Class: Shouldering The Burden Of Corporate Tax Havens And The Encumberment Of Economic Globlization, Katherine Poole

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the ways in which corporate tax evasion and other vehicles of economic globalization may infringe upon the prosperity of the middle class. Corporate tax evasion has increasingly taken form in offshore financial centers, allowing wealthy individuals and corporations to engage in tax evasion, resulting in substantial losses in government tax revenues. While this loss is being compensated for by increased taxes upon the middle class, this demographic is also suffering from the slashing of programs and state-sponsored benefits due, in part, to the pervasive losses in government revenue. After exploring the effects ...


Cyberwarfare And Applied Just War Theory: Assessing The Stuxnet Worm Through Jus Ad Bellum And Jus In Bello, Carson Marr Feb 2019

Cyberwarfare And Applied Just War Theory: Assessing The Stuxnet Worm Through Jus Ad Bellum And Jus In Bello, Carson Marr

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act 2017, The Trump Administration And Bureaucratic Drift, Olivia Neistat Apr 2018

The Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act 2017, The Trump Administration And Bureaucratic Drift, Olivia Neistat

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew Nov 2017

Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the future of the marijuana legalization movement and the prospects of recreational marijuana legalization at the national level. While the marijuana movement has made tremendous strides at the state level over a very short period of time, there remains a debate over whether or not this progress will translate into success federally. First, this paper reviews the literature from the field, the majority of which focuses on whether marijuana ought to be legalized for recreational use in the first place. Despite extensive research, the evidence from the field is far from definitive ...


Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands Nov 2017

Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Questioning The Advances In Global Trade: An Assessment Of The Development Chapter In The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Alice Gerow Nov 2017

Questioning The Advances In Global Trade: An Assessment Of The Development Chapter In The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Alice Gerow

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The Trans-Pacific Partnership is on its way to becoming the largest trade deal ever made and proposes to write the rules for global trade. The TPP includes several novelties in trade negotiation such as a chapter specifically interested in issues surrounding development. This paper offers a content-based analysis of the TPP’s Development chapter to gauge the value of this symbolic addition. In order to make this assessment, the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development, the intergovernmental organization responsible for assisting developing nations in the negotiation of trade deals, serves as a reference point for the representation of developing ...


A Theoretical Account Of Electoral Reform In The Uk, Natalie Peelish Nov 2017

A Theoretical Account Of Electoral Reform In The Uk, Natalie Peelish

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The United Kingdom, a nation that utilizes the plurality electoral system of First Past the Post (FPTP), has proposed electoral reform twice over the past twenty years, in 1997 and 2011 respectively, under two different governments. Despite reaching a referendum in 2011, electoral reform was an utter failure on both occasions and FPTP prevails in the UK today. This article utilizes salient theories of electoral reform to provide an in-depth analysis of both occasions of reform proposition. The article ultimately concludes that given the complex circumstances under which reform initiation has occurred in the UK, electoral reform theories accounting for ...


Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran Nov 2017

Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Supreme Court Decision-Making: An Empirical Analysis Of 2013 Certiorari-Granting, Sam Gersten Nov 2017

Supreme Court Decision-Making: An Empirical Analysis Of 2013 Certiorari-Granting, Sam Gersten

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of The Effect Of Airline Mergers On Airfares: A Case Study Of Delta-Northwest And Continental-United, Avi Grunfeld Nov 2017

An Analysis Of The Effect Of Airline Mergers On Airfares: A Case Study Of Delta-Northwest And Continental-United, Avi Grunfeld

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper I analyze the effects of the mergers between Delta-Northwest and Continental-United on airfares. I use data from before the announcement of the mergers to model prices and then forecast what prices would have been after the mergers had the mergers not occurred.

By comparing the actual observed fares and the predicted fares, I find that fares are lower than predicted during the periods of the mergers’ announcements and higher than predicted afterwards. Overall, fares after the announcement of the merger are higher than predicted, and market power effects from the merger dominate efficiency gains. However, I find ...


A New Generation Of Voting: Promoting Youth Voter Turnout Through Applied Behavioral Economics, Jonathan Skekloff Nov 2017

A New Generation Of Voting: Promoting Youth Voter Turnout Through Applied Behavioral Economics, Jonathan Skekloff

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The American democratic system is fundamentally based on the idea of a government of the people. At the cornerstone of this system is voting. However, to date, voter turnout among the youth vote (citizens aged 18-29) is very low. This paper explores the historical data of youth voter turnout and subsequently addresses two core questions. First, why is youth voter turnout important? Second, what can we do to increase youth voter turnout in the 21st century? This paper argues that youth voter turnout is important for a number of reasons, from education levels to habitual voting. Primary among these is ...


Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee Nov 2017

Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Rethinking The Six Day War: An Analysis Of Counterfactual Explanations, Limor Bordoley Nov 2017

Rethinking The Six Day War: An Analysis Of Counterfactual Explanations, Limor Bordoley

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The Six Day War of June 1967 transformed the political and physical landscape of the Middle East. The war established Israel as a major regional power in the region, while the Israeli territorial acquisitions resulting from the war have permanently marred Israel’s relationship with its Arab neighbors. The May crisis that preceded the war quickly spiraled out of control, leading many to believe that the war was unavoidable. In this paper, I construct three counterfactuals that consider how May and June 1967 might have unfolded differently if a particular event or person in the May crisis had been different ...


Veering Off The Abolitionist Path In America: The Influence Of The Ambiguously Written Constitution, Avinash Samarth Nov 2017

Veering Off The Abolitionist Path In America: The Influence Of The Ambiguously Written Constitution, Avinash Samarth

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In the 21st century, capital punishment in the United States stands as a peculiar institution. Despite widespread international movements for its abolition, and widespread expert agreement on its ills, the death penalty still persists in the United States. America remains the only country in the Western world to retain the death penalty today. We use it frequently, executing approximately 52 people per year, a rate comparable to both Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The question of why the United States still retains the death penalty has been the subject of debate for decades. Countless historical explanations have been posited, ranging from ...


Institutional Trust: The Case Study Of Mexican State Institutions, Lorenzo Felipe Lagos Nov 2017

Institutional Trust: The Case Study Of Mexican State Institutions, Lorenzo Felipe Lagos

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The determinants of change in trust have long been a matter of debate in the social capital literature. An area of particular interest for political scientists has been trust in state institutions because of the possible consequences it could have on democratic life. In an attempt to generalize results, most studies have focused on large cross-sectional samples. However, these studies overlook the context in which citizens and state institutions find themselves. The case study of Mexico presented in this paper attempts to contribute to the literature by emphasizing context over generalizability. The case of Mexican state institutions supports the hypothesis ...


The Kyoto Protocol And Brazil: Effectiveness Of Clean Development Mechanism (Cdm) Projects, Erica Reicher Nov 2017

The Kyoto Protocol And Brazil: Effectiveness Of Clean Development Mechanism (Cdm) Projects, Erica Reicher

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou Nov 2017

Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Essay On Commerce Clause, Jae Bang Nov 2017

An Essay On Commerce Clause, Jae Bang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Sense And Insensibility In The Cuban Missile Crisis, Blake Gillman Nov 2017

Sense And Insensibility In The Cuban Missile Crisis, Blake Gillman

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Population Dynamics: A Computer Model Of Discrimination, Stefan Byrd-Krueger Nov 2017

Population Dynamics: A Computer Model Of Discrimination, Stefan Byrd-Krueger

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Accountability Is Not Always Good, Joe Russo Oct 2017

Accountability Is Not Always Good, Joe Russo

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.