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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Revolutions In History, Laina Farhat-Holzman Nov 2017

Revolutions In History, Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

I saw the Iranian Revolution of 1979 up close and personally-- a revolution against a modernizing authoritarian king. I watched otherwise clever intellectuals deceive themselves that they would emerge the rulers of a democratic Iran, while the crafty theocrats waited in the wings to seize power. How could all these leftists be so naïve about how revolutions work? The trajectory of revolutions should be no mystery. Crane Brinton’s The Anatomy of Revolution” spelled it all out in 1952, and his observations have stood the test of time.


J. D. Vance, Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir Of A Family And Culture In Crisis. Harpercollins, 2016., Laina Farhat-Holzman Nov 2017

J. D. Vance, Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir Of A Family And Culture In Crisis. Harpercollins, 2016., Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

The growing gap in the traditional trajectory from poverty to middle class may have less to do with color than with culture. We can see during this present election process the anger and distress of poor white men, flocking to the rallies of candidate Donald Trump. These men, who were once doing well during the post-WWII era, when our country was a manufacturing giant, are now victims of a changing economy.


Buried On Three Continents In Three Civilizations: A Jewish Fate, Yishai Shuster Nov 2017

Buried On Three Continents In Three Civilizations: A Jewish Fate, Yishai Shuster

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Comments On “Civilizational Analysis And Paths Not Taken”, Johann P. Arnason Nov 2017

Comments On “Civilizational Analysis And Paths Not Taken”, Johann P. Arnason

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, Comparative Civilizations Review Nov 2017

Front Matter, Comparative Civilizations Review

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note: A Banner Year For Iscsc And The Comparative Civilizations Review, Peter Hecht Nov 2017

Editor's Note: A Banner Year For Iscsc And The Comparative Civilizations Review, Peter Hecht

Comparative Civilizations Review

The past year has witnessed an enhanced level of dedication, by many volunteers, to the sustainability of our parent organization, the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilization, as well as to the continuing quality of the Comparative Civilizations Review. Costs are down, membership is up, our journal is more popular than it has been in years, the new website continues to amaze, and our 2017 conference was a success.


A Reply To Johann Arnason, Toby Huff Nov 2017

A Reply To Johann Arnason, Toby Huff

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


The Intrigue Of Paradigmatic Similarity: Leibniz And China, Yu Liu Nov 2017

The Intrigue Of Paradigmatic Similarity: Leibniz And China, Yu Liu

Comparative Civilizations Review

The cosmology of China is indeed strikingly similar to the metaphysics of Leibniz, but precisely where the two resemble each other, the former is unmistakably different from Christianity. Scholars of Leibniz have so far generally taken it for granted that he was ideologically aligned with Christianity, but his paradigmatic similarity to China should alert us of a surprisingly different story. Leibniz was indisputably “the greatest of the seventeenth century sinophiles” and key Chinese cosmological ideas were introduced to Europe long before he formulated his worldview. Together, these two facts can help us decide whether he “owes to Chinese organic naturalism ...


Narrativized Ethics And Hiroshima: Harry S. Truman, Homer, And Aeschylus, Michael Palencia-Roth Nov 2017

Narrativized Ethics And Hiroshima: Harry S. Truman, Homer, And Aeschylus, Michael Palencia-Roth

Comparative Civilizations Review

Discussions of the atomic bomb and Hiroshima have to be deeply troubling for anyone. The natural inclination is to turn one’s eyes away or to remain silent. Avoidance and silence, however, were not valid options immediately after the Second World War and are not valid options today. The decision – or decisions, for there were many – to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and later Nagasaki raises issues of profound importance for the human community. It compels us to ask who we are as individuals and as members of a society engaged in actions with such devastating consequences. We must ...


Civilizational Analysis, Political Discourse, And The Reception Of Western Modernity In Post-Soviet Russia, Yulia Prozorova Nov 2017

Civilizational Analysis, Political Discourse, And The Reception Of Western Modernity In Post-Soviet Russia, Yulia Prozorova

Comparative Civilizations Review

Official political discourse retains a special importance since the communicative practices of the political elites generate interpretations and meanings, which are able to become programmatic for the design and arrangement of the main societal domains. This paper considers civilizational analysis and associated multiple modernities theory as a promising framework for understanding of the post-Soviet Russians experience of modernity in Russia. It also provides a review of how contemporary Russian political discourse receives and interprets the Western modernity project.


The Challenge To Religious Tolerance: Fundamentalist Resistance To A Non-Muslim Leader In Indonesia, Hisanori Kato Nov 2017

The Challenge To Religious Tolerance: Fundamentalist Resistance To A Non-Muslim Leader In Indonesia, Hisanori Kato

Comparative Civilizations Review

It is important to question whether a long-standing tradition of religious tolerance in Indonesia has been overturned by the 2017 gubernatorial election. Equally important is that we explore the influence of religion in relation to the socio-political behavior of people. In the following parts of this paper, we attempt to find answers to these questions and to comprehend the meaning of this political event thoroughly.


Workplace Bullying Ii: A Civilizational Shortcoming Examined In A Comparative Content Analysis, Leah P. Hollis Nov 2017

Workplace Bullying Ii: A Civilizational Shortcoming Examined In A Comparative Content Analysis, Leah P. Hollis

Comparative Civilizations Review

According to Freud, civilization is meant to protect humans from the forces of nature, to protect human frailty; but then, paradoxically, it falls short of such protection by its lack of concomitant regulation (1991). In fact, civilized service to society, delivered via organizations, creates strife and anxiety. While civilization is a structure created to protect people from nature and to support a frail humanity, its rules and power structures yield aggression, spawning the need for people to control each other (Freud & Strachey, 1991).

Such control and the power structures that arise within organizations can be considered the root of workplace ...


Andrew Scull, Madness In Civilization: A Cultural History Of Insanity From The Bible To Freud From The Madhouse To Modern Medicine. Princeton University Press, 2015., Michael Palencia-Roth Nov 2017

Andrew Scull, Madness In Civilization: A Cultural History Of Insanity From The Bible To Freud From The Madhouse To Modern Medicine. Princeton University Press, 2015., Michael Palencia-Roth

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


William Egginton, The Man Who Invented Fiction: How Cervantes Ushered In The Modern World. Bloomsbury, 2016., Ernest B. Hook Nov 2017

William Egginton, The Man Who Invented Fiction: How Cervantes Ushered In The Modern World. Bloomsbury, 2016., Ernest B. Hook

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Johan Galtung, World Politics Of Peace And War. Hampton Press, 2015., Michael Andregg Nov 2017

Johan Galtung, World Politics Of Peace And War. Hampton Press, 2015., Michael Andregg

Comparative Civilizations Review

This 2015 book published by Hampton Press, New York, NY, has 192 pages of text in 12 chapters, an appendix on trends and predictions, an index, 5 figures and 22 tables. Its author is Johan Galtung, an undoubted world leader in development of “peace studies,” an emerging field, which I have watched emerge. The book is based on a series of lectures he taught at Princeton and other universities from 1985-2000. He has reflected deeply on his geopolitical theory of peace and war since then of course, in many venues not least the Transcend, Global, on-line Peace University, which he ...


Scott L. Montgomery And Daniel Chirot, The Shape Of The New: Four Big Ideas And How They Made The Modern World. Princeton University Press, 2015., Laina Farhat-Holzman Nov 2017

Scott L. Montgomery And Daniel Chirot, The Shape Of The New: Four Big Ideas And How They Made The Modern World. Princeton University Press, 2015., Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

Daniel Chirot is the Herbert J. Ellison Professor of Russian and Eurasian Studies in the University of Washington’s Henry Jackson School of International Studies. Chirot’s most recent book, co-authored with Scott Montgomery, is The Shape of the New: Four Big Ideas and How They Made the Modern World (Princeton University Press, 2015.) Chirot’s other books have been about genocide, ethnic conflicts, tyranny, social change, and Eastern Europe.


Comparative Civilizations Review Style Sheet, Comparative Civilizations Review Nov 2017

Comparative Civilizations Review Style Sheet, Comparative Civilizations Review

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


48th Annual Conference Of The International Society For The Comparative Study Of Civilizations, Comparative Civilizations Review Nov 2017

48th Annual Conference Of The International Society For The Comparative Study Of Civilizations, Comparative Civilizations Review

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


End Matter, Comparative Civilizations Review Nov 2017

End Matter, Comparative Civilizations Review

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Full Issue, Comparative Civilizations Review Nov 2017

Full Issue, Comparative Civilizations Review

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Michael Romann And Alex Weingrod, Living Together Separately: Arabs And Jews In Contemporary Jerusalem. Princeton University Press, 2014., Mary Tepfenhart Apr 2017

Michael Romann And Alex Weingrod, Living Together Separately: Arabs And Jews In Contemporary Jerusalem. Princeton University Press, 2014., Mary Tepfenhart

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Chess Game Of Civilizations, Ambassador Sallama Shaker Apr 2017

Chess Game Of Civilizations, Ambassador Sallama Shaker

Comparative Civilizations Review

The theory of civilization clash is applied to the situation in the Middle East which appears to be more the result of intra-regional rivals. The latter would include the Sunni-Shiite rivalry and the competition between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Currently, Syria is the overt demonstration of these intra-regional rivalries.


Ian Mcgilchrist, The Master And His Emissary: The Divided Brain And The Making Of The Western World. Yale University Press, 2009., Marek J. Celinski Apr 2017

Ian Mcgilchrist, The Master And His Emissary: The Divided Brain And The Making Of The Western World. Yale University Press, 2009., Marek J. Celinski

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note, Joseph Drew Apr 2017

Editor's Note, Joseph Drew

Comparative Civilizations Review

The editor of the Journal, Dr. Joseph Drew, summarizes the types of research that specialists in comparative civilization emphasize. These are qualitative, quantitative and a mixture of both. These types and their offshoots serve as models for future research. They are particularly recommended for the organization, the International Society for Comparative Civilizations which publishes the Journal.


End Matter Apr 2017

End Matter

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Civilizational Analysis And Paths Not Taken, Part Ii: The Great Divergence, Toby Huff Apr 2017

Civilizational Analysis And Paths Not Taken, Part Ii: The Great Divergence, Toby Huff

Comparative Civilizations Review

The current president of the Association and noted scholar in the foundations of modern science discusses the evolution of distinct civilization with stress on Islamic and Chinese civilizations. The article covers three encounters that have occurred in history between different civilizations. The first encounter was between Byzantium and the Islamic World in the 9th and 10th century; the second was the interaction between the West and Islam in the 12th century, and the third was between European missionaries and China after 1400. His conclusion is that despite cross-pollination in various areas, the basic features of the Islamic and Chines cultures ...


The Transformation Of The Information Wave Into Virtual Civilization And The Ethical Questions It Raises, Andrew Targowski Apr 2017

The Transformation Of The Information Wave Into Virtual Civilization And The Ethical Questions It Raises, Andrew Targowski

Comparative Civilizations Review

The purpose of this investigation is to define the main contents and issues of the impact of informing systems on the rise and development of Virtual Civilization. The methodology is based on an interdisciplinary big-picture view of the elements of development of virtual civilization and their interdependency. Among the findings are the following: Virtual Civilization has infrastructural characteristics, a world-wide unlimited, socially constructed work and leisure space in cyberspace, and it can last centuries/millennia—as long as informing systems are operational. Practical implications: The mission of Virtual Civilization is to control the public policies of real civilizations in order ...


The European Centre For Higher Education: A Unesco Effort To Reduce Cold War Tensions And To Promote Co-Operation In Higher Education In Europe, Leland Conley Burrows Apr 2017

The European Centre For Higher Education: A Unesco Effort To Reduce Cold War Tensions And To Promote Co-Operation In Higher Education In Europe, Leland Conley Burrows

Comparative Civilizations Review

The article examines the role that the European Centre for Higher Education (CEPES) played in fostering educational cooperation between East and West blocs in education during the Cold War. A unit of UNESCO and located in Romania, it later expanded its mandate to include North America, Turkey, and Israel in addition to its original European base. It existed between 1972 and 2012 and foundered in the latter year due to finances and less than full support.


Leveraging Diasporic Power For Nation Building, Uttam Gaulee Apr 2017

Leveraging Diasporic Power For Nation Building, Uttam Gaulee

Comparative Civilizations Review

This article examines the issue of brain drain vs brain gain. Specifically, the case of whether the loss of higher education professional departures from a lesser developed country(Nepal in this case) to a higher developed country is balanced by a return of these individuals with skills enhanced by education and training. So far, evidence does not appear to support this hypothesis.


Beyond Eurasia: Technology In Africa, The Americas, And Oceania In Pre-Modern Times, Norman Rothman Apr 2017

Beyond Eurasia: Technology In Africa, The Americas, And Oceania In Pre-Modern Times, Norman Rothman

Comparative Civilizations Review

This article traces the development of indigenous technology before the arrival of outsiders after the 15th century. It covers sub-Saharan Africa, pre-Columbian Americas, and Oceania. Under the first category, the role of Bantu-speakers in spreading technology is examined as are the evolution of advanced societies throughout Africa. In the second category, the achievements of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca are examined. In the third category, the role of the Austronesians and Polynesians are examined.