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Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Efficacy Of Gender Quotas In Politics: The United States And Europe, Emily Larson Apr 2019

The Efficacy Of Gender Quotas In Politics: The United States And Europe, Emily Larson

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

In the United States, along with most other nations, women are underrepresented in positions of political office. There are many reasons that help to explain why women are not running, and are not getting elected, such as socialization, stereotyping, and voter biases against gender. However, there must be more research not only on the reasons why we see these patterns, but also how the United States can solve the problem of the underrepresentation of women in national politics. As a representative democracy, the governing bodies of the United States should reflect its citizens, and so far, this has not been ...


Ticket-Splitting In Montana Elections, Andrew Matheison Apr 2019

Ticket-Splitting In Montana Elections, Andrew Matheison

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

My research used data gathered in the Carroll College Exit Polls of midterm and general elections to analyze the prevalence of ticket-splitting for different demographic and political groups. I sought to determine if any groups exhibited increased or decreased levels of ticket splitting. My hypothesis was that different demographics would show minimal differences in rates of ticket-splitting, while party affiliation would show greater differences in ticket-splitting rates. Specifically, I believed voters identifying with major parties would be less likely to split their ticket than voters not belonging to either major party.


Rural Resentment In Montana's 2018 Election, Aggie Putnam Apr 2019

Rural Resentment In Montana's 2018 Election, Aggie Putnam

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

In the 2016 presidential election, we saw stark partisan and rural divides. While Hillary Clinton easily won the Democratic vote in urban communities, the rural vote carried Republican candidate Donald Trump to the presidency. I wanted to learn whether or not these divides affected how Montanans felt about representation. To determine this, my Elections class and I conducted an exit poll on election day of 2018 where voters from Lewis and Clark County were asked how well they felt the government represented their values. These answers were then compared with whether the respondents identified as a Democrat or a Republican ...


Polytropic Socrates’ Implicit Defense Of Philosophy: Lying, Justice, And Sophistry In Plato’S Lesser Hippias, Samantha M. Trudeau Apr 2019

Polytropic Socrates’ Implicit Defense Of Philosophy: Lying, Justice, And Sophistry In Plato’S Lesser Hippias, Samantha M. Trudeau

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This paper offers an interpretation of Plato’s Lesser Hippias, about which I make several original claims. First, I contend that the dialogue takes place in front of an unnamed audience composed of Socrates’ students and the dialogue is therefore for their benefit, not that of Hippias or Eudicus. I then argue that Socrates juxtaposes himself to Hippias to show the superiority of philosophy to sophistry; I accomplish this through an examination of the cultural significance of Socrates’ physical description of Hippias at 368 and following. I also claim that the central argument of the dialogue is used to demonstrate ...


Rural Values In Montana, Hailey Kellum Apr 2019

Rural Values In Montana, Hailey Kellum

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Montana communities are difficult to classify as rural or urban. However, we often hear that rural values influence how Montanans vote. In this study, I seek to determine whether it is possible to define rural values of Montanans. I ask questions such as, “Are there specific words or phrases that people associate with the term ‘rural’?” and, “Are rural residents generally more or less confident in state or federal government than urban residents?” In response to these questions, I present two hypotheses: first, I posit that living in rural Montana leads to the development of rural values characterized by a ...


The Montana Energy Security Act, Kennedy Bahm Apr 2019

The Montana Energy Security Act, Kennedy Bahm

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Eliminating the use of coal-fired power nationwide has been a popular talking point in recent legislative debates in Washington, D.C. Despite obvious threats to the environment, investing in coal-fired energy offers considerable economic benefits to Americans. In Montana, this debate has been centered around the closure of the Colstrip Power Plant. The Montana Energy Security Act (HB 203), proposed by Representative Rodney Garcia, would permit the state of Montana to sell bonds to finance the $500m purchase of the Colstrip Power Plant. This case study offers a cost benefit analysis of the Montana Energy Security Act, comparing the societal ...


For Or Against The People? Republican Violence In Arendt And Machiavelli, Samantha Trudeau Apr 2019

For Or Against The People? Republican Violence In Arendt And Machiavelli, Samantha Trudeau

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This paper explores and analyzes Hannah Arendt's and Niccolò Machiavelli's treatment of violence in republics. It seeks to answer the question: what is the proper role of violence in republican governments? After an examination of the author's arguments, it concludes that violence should be avoided whenever possible and extremely limited in scope when it must be used. Given historical developments, Arendt's solution is judged superior to Machiavelli's.


Partisanship And Representation In Montana's 2018 Midterm Election, Caitlin Troyer Apr 2019

Partisanship And Representation In Montana's 2018 Midterm Election, Caitlin Troyer

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The basis of this research is the 2018 Carroll College Exit Poll. I utilized the results of the exit poll as well as research previously done on the topic of partisanship to explore the relationship between state and federal representation and partisanship. The 2018 Carroll College Exit Poll was conducted in Montana in Lewis and Clark County, Billings, and Great Falls. Polling locations were selected at random. Voters were surveyed and asked eleven questions, two of which were utilized in my analysis. The questions pertinent to my research were, “How well does the state government in Helena represent the values ...


Foreign Aid As An Influence On Foreign Public Opinion, Cierra Powell Apr 2018

Foreign Aid As An Influence On Foreign Public Opinion, Cierra Powell

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Countries have some ability to make other countries more likely to cooperate. Strategically, one way that this can be done is through building up a resource of what Joseph Nye calls “soft power.” In the summer of 2017, I conducted interviews around these topics in Ecuador, and came to the conclusion that monetary flowsremittances, inflows of monetary aid, importscan help to build up a resource of soft power that can influence the attitudes that foreign publics have about donor countries, possibly despite a detrimental colonial experience. In this paper I build upon this idea, that monetary flows can build up ...


More People, More Puppies And Less Latin American Rabies, Lizzy Younce Apr 2018

More People, More Puppies And Less Latin American Rabies, Lizzy Younce

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Since 1983 the countries of Latin America have come together as one to eliminate the fatal disease of rabies within the region. Through their international collaboration they have reduced human rabies case incidence by over 95%. There are political, economic, social, environmental and biological factors which contribute to this successful international public health campaign. With the oversight and collaboration of researchers at Washington State University (WSU) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), last summer I examined the various factors and their impact on postexposure vaccine usage. In this talk I will present our current findings, how we found them ...