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Undergraduate Honors Theses

2016

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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Servant Leadership In The United States And Latin America, Ismael Merino Dec 2016

Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Servant Leadership In The United States And Latin America, Ismael Merino

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this study, the subject matter evaluated is the difference between the United States and Latin America concerning the practice and acceptance of servant leadership. This research compares the practice and the acceptance of servant leadership between the United States of America and Latin America. In order to do this, a cross-cultural comparison was conducted between these two groups. The objective was to find the differences in the leadership styles of these two groups and subsequently analyze the results. The Hofstede’s cultural dimensions were used to be able to compare cultural differences, and understand why these differences appear in ...


Factors Affecting Climate Change Mitigation Policy Implementation, Kelly M. Anderson May 2016

Factors Affecting Climate Change Mitigation Policy Implementation, Kelly M. Anderson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Why do some states have policies that aggressively reduce carbon emissions, while others ignore the threat of climate change? In a world where increasingly extreme weather patterns threaten food production and species extinction, and where rising sea levels and frequent storms damage coastal infrastructure, it is now essential for states to mitigate these effects.

My paper analyzes the role of media attention on climate change and environmental association membership rates on the most recent climate change mitigation policies of South Africa, the United States, and Germany. It argues that media and environmental associations influence a population’s desire to reduce ...


Disgust: An Emotional Component Of Conservative Attitudes Toward Transgender Individuals, John Stuart May 2016

Disgust: An Emotional Component Of Conservative Attitudes Toward Transgender Individuals, John Stuart

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Though disgust is one of the most basic of human feelings, recent research (Schaich Borg, Lieberman, and Kiehl, 2008; Tybur, Lieberman, and Griskevicius, 2009) has provided new insights into the cognition of this emotion. The present work incorporates these new findings as it examines the political implications of different types of disgust motivated by evolutionary pressures to avoid pathogens, enhance reproductive success, and deter freeloading social behavior. Prior research has linked political conservatism, opposition to gay marriage, and disgust sensitivity (Smith et al. 2011). However, the role disgust plays in political attitudes toward transgender individuals has not been investigated previously ...


What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel May 2016

What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine the rise of the religiously unaffiliated in the United States. The Pew Research Center has recently reported on this phenomenon in their “America’s Changing Religious Landscape” demographic study. In this analysis, Pew has defined the unaffiliated to include atheists, agnostics and Americans who identify with “nothing in particular.” However, atheists and agnostics only make up about a third of the total population of religiously unaffiliated Americans. This means that a large portion of the religiously affiliated may be spiritual or even religious to some degree outside of organized religion. Who are the religiously unaffiliated ...


Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, & Angela Merkel: The Impact Of Female World Leaders Through Collaborative Negotiation, Alexandra Grace Phillips May 2016

Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, & Angela Merkel: The Impact Of Female World Leaders Through Collaborative Negotiation, Alexandra Grace Phillips

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper seeks to address the question, “How do women negotiate international crisis and what are their outcomes?” To do this, I derive hypothesis from both the realist and feminist theories to test in three case studies of prominent women leaders in the 20th-21st centuries. I analyze qualitative case studies on Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, and Angela Merkel, in which I test variation in negotiation style affecting outcomes. In addition to assessing their early influences and overall negotiating styles, I look at the specific cases of The Falkland Islands Crisis, the NSA Surveillance Crisis, and the Ukraine ...


Imposing Change: Analyzing Lustration Policies In Post-War Iraq And Germany, Michael Thomas Hamilton May 2016

Imposing Change: Analyzing Lustration Policies In Post-War Iraq And Germany, Michael Thomas Hamilton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis studies how different domestic level variables influence post-regime change personnel reform programs. It evaluates how regime affiliation, ethnic divisions, and democratic experiences with the target society can influence whether personnel reform programs succeed or fail. I generate three hypotheses about the effects of the three domestic level variables on policy effectiveness. The validity of these hypotheses are then tested through process tracing and two in depth case studies: de-Nazification in post-WWII occupied Germany and de-Baathification in post-2003 Iraq. An analysis of these case studies prompts future research and suggestions for policy direction based on the overall conclusion that ...


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


Do Birds Of A Feather Really Flock Together? Ideational Homophily And Development Policy Influence, Kristin Ritchey Apr 2016

Do Birds Of A Feather Really Flock Together? Ideational Homophily And Development Policy Influence, Kristin Ritchey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study focuses on Western and non- Western donors who provide foreign assistance and the conditions under which they effectively exert influence on the policy priorities of public- sector decision- makers in low- income and middle- income countries, finding that recipient states generally do not exhibit a preference for donors who share their regime type and economic policy orientation. Democratic, freemarket states, however, are an important exception to this rule.


Declaring War Or Sentencing Criminals? Assessing Short-Term And Long-Term Counterterrorism Success, Arielle Lehner Galston Apr 2016

Declaring War Or Sentencing Criminals? Assessing Short-Term And Long-Term Counterterrorism Success, Arielle Lehner Galston

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the aftermath of terror attacks, international leaders have come to respond using war rhetoric and actions. Public addresses are broadcast on a loop around the world, spreading fear and outrage. This article examines whether a war approach to countering terrorism is successful in the long-term or should governments treat terrorists as criminals. Success is defined as the decrease in terrorist violence. Four case studies are used, the Irish Republican Army (IRA), Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Each state’s counterterrorism policies are identified as either ...


A Few Good Men: A Quantitative Analysis Of High-Level People's Liberation Army (Pla) Promotion Patterns Under Xi Jinping, Jimmy Zhongmin Zhang Apr 2016

A Few Good Men: A Quantitative Analysis Of High-Level People's Liberation Army (Pla) Promotion Patterns Under Xi Jinping, Jimmy Zhongmin Zhang

Undergraduate Honors Theses

China’s “striving for achievement,” or fenfa youwei (奋发有为) foreign policy strategy challenges U.S. regional primacy, emphasizes Chinese leadership in foreign affairs, and vigorously promotes economic and strategic initiatives favorable to China. According to State Department analyst Elizabeth Hague, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) promotion patterns will most likely change in response to China’s new economic and strategic demands. However, there is currently little analysis on exactly how PLA promotion patterns are changing.

This thesis fills the gap by statistically analyzing how age, personal connections, education, professional experience, and foreign experience are associated with the grade promotions, not ...


Equitable Distribution Of Microfinance: How Language, Ethnicity, And Religion Affect Access To Microcredit Loans, Hallie Elizabeth Westlund Apr 2016

Equitable Distribution Of Microfinance: How Language, Ethnicity, And Religion Affect Access To Microcredit Loans, Hallie Elizabeth Westlund

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Microfinance consists of small loans or savings given in the form of microcredit to help foster the growth of small businesses and help those who do not have access to formal financial institutions. Scholarship is mixed on whether microfinance is successful or not in lifting people out of poverty, but microfinance has been shown to help individuals run more successful businesses. Microfinance loans are not distributed equally; some regions and countries receive far more loans than others. Additionally, women receive more loans than men. This research analyzes whether minority groups have equal access to microfinance loans; particularly whether ethnic, religious ...


Political Attitudes And The Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Josh Albertson Apr 2016

Political Attitudes And The Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Josh Albertson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Current research has suggested that facial expressions may not only be the result of emotional experiences, but they may also play a role in shaping emotion itself. This idea, known as the Facial Feedback Hypothesis, has been supported in a number of various areas of psychology. The weak version of the hypothesis tested in this study suggests that facial feedback may intensify or inhibit an underlying emotion already present. One area of psychology untouched by the facial feedback hypothesis appears to be political evaluations. We hypothesized that activation of the zygomatic major muscle in the face (normally present when expressing ...


United States Immigration: What’S Wrong And How To Fix It, Scott A. Halliday Jan 2016

United States Immigration: What’S Wrong And How To Fix It, Scott A. Halliday

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The main objective of this thesis is to identify the most beneficial ways to reform the current immigration system of the United States of America. To do so, this paper first identifies and explains how the current immigration system works. The thesis then analyzes how the current system is broken, and how this broken system has lead to the undocumented immigrant population. It explains that how the system is structured, incentivizes immigrants to enter unauthorized. Next it identifies the benefits and costs of the undocumented immigrant population to the United States. This is done to better understand what should be ...


A Feuding House: An Examination Of The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Bipartisanship In The United States Congress, Aaron Jackson Horner Jan 2016

A Feuding House: An Examination Of The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Bipartisanship In The United States Congress, Aaron Jackson Horner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Excerpt from Introduction

In October of 2016, a Gallup poll reported that Congress had an approval rating of 18%.[1] Compared to the President’s approval rating, Congress is seen as ineffective and too bipartisan for many Americans. While there has always been a natural tension between the opposing parties, it has magnified within recent years. Within Congress itself, many members are seeing their political opposition even more unfavorably today than their counterparts did two decades ago. Carol Doherty of the Pew Research Center claims that it is the “intensity of negativity that’s increased.”[2] The 2008 election marked ...


Drug Policy Along The U.S.-Mexico Border: How Gendered Experiences Rule Current Policy Ineffective, Michelle Sosa-Acosta Jan 2016

Drug Policy Along The U.S.-Mexico Border: How Gendered Experiences Rule Current Policy Ineffective, Michelle Sosa-Acosta

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper focuses on reevaluating current U.S. drug policy through the use of intersectional, feminist research.


The Relationship Between Power-Sharing And Separatism: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Aaron A. Barth Jan 2016

The Relationship Between Power-Sharing And Separatism: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Aaron A. Barth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

State borders on maps do not always correspond with how they exist in actuality. Regionalism and ethnonationalism complicate political and territorial dynamics within a state. In some cases, it appears that the federal arrangements of certain subnational territories within a larger state can threaten national stability. Some states have attempted to ease ethnic tension by adopting power-sharing policies. Consociationalism, in which political arrangements are designed to encourage inclusiveness and cooperation, has been touted as one approach to safeguarding stable democracy in multiethnic states. Its effectiveness is not entirely clear, and the scholarship present varying reports of how it affects support ...