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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Reassessing Legislative Relationships: Capturing Interdependence In Legislative Position Taking And Votes, Emily Ursula Schilling Jul 2015

Reassessing Legislative Relationships: Capturing Interdependence In Legislative Position Taking And Votes, Emily Ursula Schilling

Theses and Dissertations

Since Woodrow Wilson's (1885) analysis of Congress, researchers assumed that members of Congress look to one another for information, cues, and advice on unfamiliar policy areas. The amount of time and effort that each legislator and their staffers would have to put in to make all of these voting decisions would be insurmountable. Fellow legislators are a resource to turn to for guidance or assistance. Legislators are able to influence their colleagues above and beyond each of their individual preferences. The members of Congress that are most influential will not necessarily be the same for every bill. The significant ...


Seeing The Sausage Made: How Compromise Works In Large Groups And Representative Bodies, James E. Crawford Jr. Jan 2014

Seeing The Sausage Made: How Compromise Works In Large Groups And Representative Bodies, James E. Crawford Jr.

Theses and Dissertations

Inspired by the lack of Congressional compromise during the 2013 federal shutdown, I explore how compromise works in large groups and representative bodies. An on-line survey, personal interviews, and a discourse analysis of the Congressional Record yield a diverse collection of data, including personal and public stories of compromise. I examine the stories and other data through an eclectic mix of contemporary scholarship, borrowing literary theory from the Russian critic Mikhail Bakhtin, socio-linguistic concepts from American linguist James Paul Gee, and moral philosophy from Israeli thinker Avishai Margalit. I also incorporate the work of political scientists Amy Gutmann and Dennis ...


Shifty Characters: Ideological Shifting And Electoral Outcomes In U.S. Senate Elections, Clayton Clouse May 2013

Shifty Characters: Ideological Shifting And Electoral Outcomes In U.S. Senate Elections, Clayton Clouse

Theses and Dissertations

Very little research has investigated how a two-stage electoral process (a primary election to nominate the party candidate, and a general election where the parties' candidates face off) affects candidate behavior. Here I argue that candidates are attracted to the median voter position of the electorate in which they are running. And that differences between the ideological positions of the primary median voter and the general election median voter means that candidates have incentive to shift their ideological positions to align with the relevant median voter. I test for the presence of candidate ideological shifting in U.S. Senate elections ...


Strategic Oversight And The Institutional Determinants Of Legislative Policy Control, Robert Joseph Mcgrath Jul 2011

Strategic Oversight And The Institutional Determinants Of Legislative Policy Control, Robert Joseph Mcgrath

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation seeks to explain variation in legislative strategies to control policymaking across institutional contexts. Of these many strategies, I focus particularly on the use of statutory language meant to direct agency action and on the use of oversight hearings. I argue that while low levels of oversight activity need not imply that a legislature is helplessly abdicating policymaking responsibility to unelected agencies, this may be the case in some circumstances. With the goal of establishing when the lack of oversight may mean such normatively problematic abdication, I develop a signaling model of delegation and oversight which proposes that oversight ...