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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Bypassing The Legislature: How Direct Democracy Affects Substantive And Symbolic Representation, James Allen Rydberg Jul 2010

Bypassing The Legislature: How Direct Democracy Affects Substantive And Symbolic Representation, James Allen Rydberg

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation demonstrates that the presence of the initiative process alters voting behavior in the selection of candidates. By allowing constituents to bypass their elected officials to directly select policy, the availability of the initiative leads to substitution between voters' concern over substantive versus symbolic representation. In states with heavy use of the initiative, votes for candidates depend less on the policy positions of the candidates but more on personal characteristics like integrity, attractiveness and descriptive representation. Predictions are derived from a formalization of the theory and are empirically tested using diverse types of data. I demonstrate diminished concern over ...


Panethnicity Among Asian Americans And Latinos: Panethnicity As Both A Dependent Variable And Independent Variable, Tae Eun Min Jul 2010

Panethnicity Among Asian Americans And Latinos: Panethnicity As Both A Dependent Variable And Independent Variable, Tae Eun Min

Theses and Dissertations

What leads Asian Americans and Latinos to develop panethnicity? What are the political consequences of panethnicity? In answering these two questions, I first define panethnicity as a sense of solidarity beyond different ethnic or national origins. My emphasis in defining panethnicity as a sense of solidarity shared among Asian Americans and Latinos is on differentiating the concept panethnicity from panethnic self-identification and group consciousness. Then, I theoretically discuss the nature of panethnicity, drawing on the ethnic studies literature. I identify two important groups of theories on ethnicity: culturalism and instrumentalism. Building on instrumentalism as an underlying theory of panethnicity, I ...


A Rationalist Explanation Of Terrorist Targeting, Stephen Charles Nemeth Jul 2010

A Rationalist Explanation Of Terrorist Targeting, Stephen Charles Nemeth

Theses and Dissertations

Why do terrorists select the targets that they do? Existing explanations only provide a partial account. Here, I argue that terrorist organizations are concerned with two competing needs: that of public support and the achievement of their objectives. The interplay between these competing needs then helps to determine the selection of one of two types of targets, civilian or non-civilian. Following previous literatures, I place the terrorist organization in a bargaining interaction with a targeted government. I then condition this model by considering the role of three factors that can influence this interaction: government attributes, public support, and the group ...


Private Incentives, Public Outcomes: The Role Of Target Political Incentives In The Success Of Foreign Policy, Amanda Abigail Licht Jul 2010

Private Incentives, Public Outcomes: The Role Of Target Political Incentives In The Success Of Foreign Policy, Amanda Abigail Licht

Theses and Dissertations

When do foreign influence attempts succeed in obtaining concessions from targeted states, and why do they so often fail? Powerful states employ a broad range of foreign policy tools in their dealings with other countries, but their ability to successfully exert power varies. This project seeks an explanation for the patchy record of foreign aid and economic sanctions in the political incentives of targeted leaders. Understanding the process of foreign policy success and failure requires considering both the effect of intervention on leader survival and the domestic cost of providing concessions. In both respects, the type of sanction interacts with ...


The Strategy Of Presidential Campaigns, Jonathan Paul Day Jul 2010

The Strategy Of Presidential Campaigns, Jonathan Paul Day

Theses and Dissertations

Do campaigns have an effect on the outcome of elections? This question is usually answered using one of two methods. The first method is when political pundits examine the two opposing campaigns and judge which one had a greater impact on the polls. The second method is when political scientists use statistical methods to analyze whether a campaign had an effect on the election outcome. Both methods fail to consider the factors influencing campaign strategies and the effect these campaign strategies have on the election outcome.

A third method, which I present in this dissertation, uses a formal model. This ...


District Characteristics And The Representational Relationship, Daniel Christopher Bowen Jul 2010

District Characteristics And The Representational Relationship, Daniel Christopher Bowen

Theses and Dissertations

Districts are intermediary legislative institutions that structure the relationship between constituents and legislatures. Situated between citizens and their elected representatives, districts mediate citizen-legislator interaction, and may have wide-reaching effects on the representational relationship. By creating a political community, defining its interests by delineating its scale and boundaries, and structuring interaction between constituents and their elected representatives, districts shape the representational relationship. District characteristics alter the representational experience for constituents with very real consequences for trust in government, evaluations of legislative institutions and representatives, perceptions of responsiveness, and the degree and type of constituent-legislator communication.

Three district characteristics are examined: the ...


Unpacking Descriptive Representation: Examining Race And Electoral Representation In The American States, Christopher Jude Clark May 2010

Unpacking Descriptive Representation: Examining Race And Electoral Representation In The American States, Christopher Jude Clark

Theses and Dissertations

This research aims to understand how black descriptive representation comes about and why black descriptive representation matters, at the state level. What distinguishes this research from previous works is its simultaneous analysis of different forms of descriptive representation at the subnational level, rather than in Congress or at the local level. This research argues black descriptive representation can take four different forms: dyadic, collective, parity and caucus. An important and understudied mechanism for black descriptive representation is the formation of state legislative black caucuses and their potential to influence policy and behavior. Subnational descriptive representation need not have negative tradeoffs ...


Understanding The "New Nativism": Causes And Consequences For Immigration Policy Attitudes In The United States, Benjamin Richard Knoll May 2010

Understanding The "New Nativism": Causes And Consequences For Immigration Policy Attitudes In The United States, Benjamin Richard Knoll

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation seeks to further understand the relationship between nativism, the opinion that the American way of life needs to be protected against foreign influence, and the immigration policy preferences of the American public. It is argued that nativism is theoretically distinct from immigration policy preferences and should be operationalized and modeled accordingly. Disentangling nativism from its related policy preferences is essential for better understanding the role of nativism in driving immigration policy attitudes in comparison to other important factors such as economic threat, racism, and ideological conservatism. A variety of methods are employed in this analysis, including cross-sectional survey ...