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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Political Clout Of Government Bondholders: How Government Bondholders Expect And Affect States’ Conflictual Behaviors, Kyu Young Lee Aug 2017

Political Clout Of Government Bondholders: How Government Bondholders Expect And Affect States’ Conflictual Behaviors, Kyu Young Lee

Theses and Dissertations

How do government bond markets expect and affect states’ conflictual behaviors? Many assume that interstate disputes harm states’ credit; however, existing research on finance have sparingly investigated specifically through what channel international disputes disturb government bondholders and the extent of the effect. On the contrary, although government bonds have been used as primary means for states to finance disputes, most empirical studies on conflicts have not factored in the financial costs of disputes. My study delves into the questions of what role government bondholders play in international disputes, and how they constrain or give leeway to states’ conflictual behaviors. My ...


The Macro Polity And Public Opinion In Religious Context, Kellen J. Gracey Aug 2017

The Macro Polity And Public Opinion In Religious Context, Kellen J. Gracey

Theses and Dissertations

How does religion influence politics in the United States? Religion and politics are intertwined because individual citizens often use their religious background to inform their political decisions. Scholars have studied how which religious group a person belongs to, how often they participate in religious activities, and how the strength of religious beliefs all shape political attitudes and opinions. Most research in this area, however, has been limited to examining religion of the individual, rather than religion of place. An overlooked aspect of the religion-politics link is the impact of the religious environment all around us, or the blending and mixing ...


Accessible Electoral Systems: State Reform Laws, Election Administration, And Voter Turnout, Michael James Ritter Aug 2017

Accessible Electoral Systems: State Reform Laws, Election Administration, And Voter Turnout, Michael James Ritter

Theses and Dissertations

Compared to most Western democracies, voter turnout in the United States is consistently lower. Individuals from disadvantaged groups such as the poor are also less likely to vote than more affluent citizens. To counteract these trends, American state governments since the 1970s have adopted election reform laws (early voting, no-excuse absentee or mail voting, and Same Day Registration [SDR] voting) to make voting easier for the citizen. Paradoxically, most research on election reform laws has found that these laws have a minimal effect on turnout, and do not reduce disparities between more and less advantaged voting groups. This study argues ...


The Political Origins Of Racial And Ethnic Inequality, Elizabeth Maltby Aug 2017

The Political Origins Of Racial And Ethnic Inequality, Elizabeth Maltby

Theses and Dissertations

Policy feedback theory argues that public policies shape mass political behavior by teaching citizens about their relationship to government. However, most studies assume that the entire public has a uniform reaction to policy. I reevaluate this assumption by examining how feedback from policy varies by groups and across contexts. I argue that, because policy sends different signals to those targeted by policy than those outside policy’s target group, these groups should have opposite reactions to the way policy is implemented in their community. And, for those targeted by policy, feedback effects should depend on how likely individuals’ are to ...


Connected Courts: The Diffusion Of Precedent Across State Supreme Courts, Abigail Anne Matthews Aug 2017

Connected Courts: The Diffusion Of Precedent Across State Supreme Courts, Abigail Anne Matthews

Theses and Dissertations

State supreme courts are autonomous institutions with significant power. Yet, despite this authority, state supreme courts routinely rely on one another to explain why and how they reached their decisions. This puzzle of why state supreme courts cite each other in their opinions led me to pose two questions. First, under what conditions do state supreme courts cite other states supreme courts? And second, to whom do they turn for guidance? To answer these questions, I propose a new theory for evaluating state supreme court citations, the social learning model. I borrow policy diffusion’s learning mechanism and I pair ...


Authoritarian Governance In China, Yingnan Joseph Zhou Aug 2016

Authoritarian Governance In China, Yingnan Joseph Zhou

Theses and Dissertations

What determines governance quality in authoritarian settings? The existing literature on governance concentrates on democratic governance and provides no ready answer. By focusing on the world’s largest authoritarian country, China, this study delineates an authoritarian model of governance quality. In the model, I argue that in order for good governance to occur, an authoritarian government must have both the ability and the desire to govern well, and the current authoritarian government in China has both. Specifically, its ability to govern well comes from 1) its sovereignty within the territory, 2) its fiscal resources, and 3) its party-state structure blended ...


Women And Gender In Local Government, Charlotte Lee Ridge Aug 2016

Women And Gender In Local Government, Charlotte Lee Ridge

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines whether men and women in rural local government differ on a number of demographic and attitudinal variables. Using survey data for city council members in rural Iowa, this dissertation used difference of means tests, cross-tabs and multiple regression modeling (OLS and logistic regression) to compare the responses of male and female town councilors. Scholarship on state legislatures and Congress often find that male and female legislators are different on a number of important demographic and attitudinal variables and many feminists argue that electing more women to office will change the way government institutions work. However, council members ...


Ethnocentrism In Russia And Ukraine, Christopher C. Anderson Aug 2016

Ethnocentrism In Russia And Ukraine, Christopher C. Anderson

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an investigation into the causes and consequences of ethnocentrism in Russia and Ukraine. It expands on the current literature in political science which has focused exclusively on data from the United States. By examining new countries, this work increases our knowledge about the characteristics of ethnocentrism and its effects. I also go beyond what has been done in previous work by examining ethnocentrism’s variable effects on different ethnic groups in a society.

The dissertation is broken down into two parts. The first half, chapters one, two and three, look at the relationship between ethnocentrism and different ...


Taming Factions In The Chinese Communist Party, Yang Zhang Aug 2016

Taming Factions In The Chinese Communist Party, Yang Zhang

Theses and Dissertations

How does the Chinese Communist Party tame factions from breaking it apart? Relying on thousands of biographies, the dissertation attempts to uncover the complex network of Chinese political elites and investigate how institutions constrain the expansion of factions.

First, it finds that the rule of avoidance has been effectively implemented. Native provincial officials are often assigned with secondary party positions, especially so in deeply indebted provinces that are heavily reliant on the central government for fiscal transfer. Second, the centralization of the disciplinary inspection system helps maintain the momentum of the anticorruption campaign since the 2012 leadership succession. Compared to ...


Policy Making At The Margins: The Modern Politics Of Abortion, Rebecca Jane Kreitzer Jul 2015

Policy Making At The Margins: The Modern Politics Of Abortion, Rebecca Jane Kreitzer

Theses and Dissertations

Scholars often argue that republican government works because elected representatives adopt policies favored by their constituents. Theoretically, this relationship is stronger with morality issues because such issues are technically simple, involve core values, and thus foster greater levels of citizen engagement. Since the U.S. Supreme Court cases of Casey and Webster, state legislatures have passed hundreds of policies that place cumulatively significant restrictions on women's access to abortion. The increasingly conservative nature of abortion policy might indicate an increasingly conservative electorate, but public opinion on abortion has remained stable since the 1970s with most Americans favoring legal abortion ...


Foreign Direct Investment Under Globalization Dilemma: Economic Insecurity, Tax Competition, And Funding For Social Welfare, Dongkyu Kim Jul 2015

Foreign Direct Investment Under Globalization Dilemma: Economic Insecurity, Tax Competition, And Funding For Social Welfare, Dongkyu Kim

Theses and Dissertations

My dissertation examines the question of how foreign direct investment (FDI) affects social welfare spending across countries. To date, there have been three important challenges to studies of the globalization-welfare state nexus. First, most scholars understand market internationalization in terms of the trade of goods and services while minimizing how other aspects of globalization fit into this discussion. Second, scholarly attention to economic globalization has been mistaken when understanding the relationship between demand- and supply-side mechanisms for social welfare provision. Thus, the argument that trade stimulates demand for social welfare has been incorrectly used to oppose the argument that capital ...


Parties Without Brand Names: The Causes And Consequences Of Party Relabeling, Mi-Son Kim Jul 2015

Parties Without Brand Names: The Causes And Consequences Of Party Relabeling, Mi-Son Kim

Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation explores the causes of party relabeling by focusing on four party systems: South Korea, France, Taiwan and the United States. The existing literature on political parties considers one of their primary functions to be providing a brand name. As a result, party name change has been viewed as an anomaly caused by internal and external shocks that disturb the status quo equilibrium or a phenomenon symptomatic of unstable, weakly institutionalized party systems. However, party name changes are not as rare as assumed in the existing literature. Therefore, my dissertation addresses the following questions: When and why do parties ...


A Study On Rebel Group Dynamics And Third Party Intervention, Kieun Sung Jul 2015

A Study On Rebel Group Dynamics And Third Party Intervention, Kieun Sung

Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzes the relationship between inter rebel group dynamics and rebel biased third party interventions. Concerning the considerable amount of multiparty civil conflicts and internationalized civil conflicts, prior studies largely overlook the cause and effect of inter rebel dynamics in terms of third party interventions. I delve into two related research questions; How do inter rebel dynamics influence a third party’s decision to intervene in a multiparty civil conflict? What kinds of rebel group interactions are facilitated by such third party interventions?

Existing rebel group interaction patterns play a key role in determining conflict process and, influence third ...


Party Duration : Examining The Effects Of Incumbent Party Tenure On Election Outcomes, Jason John Thomas Jul 2015

Party Duration : Examining The Effects Of Incumbent Party Tenure On Election Outcomes, Jason John Thomas

Theses and Dissertations

What consequences arise as a result of repeated control of the legislature by the same party or coalition? Are incumbent parties less likely to lose an election the longer they remain in power? Furthermore, as parties remain in power longer and longer, do the factors which electoral scholars have proposed influence elections have less of an impact on election outcomes?

The purpose of this project is to examine the electoral impact of repeated control of the legislature by the same party or ruling coalition. In this project, I argue that the length of time an incumbent party or coalition has ...


Reassessing Legislative Relationships: Capturing Interdependence In Legislative Position Taking And Votes, Emily Ursula Schilling Jul 2015

Reassessing Legislative Relationships: Capturing Interdependence In Legislative Position Taking And Votes, Emily Ursula Schilling

Theses and Dissertations

Since Woodrow Wilson's (1885) analysis of Congress, researchers assumed that members of Congress look to one another for information, cues, and advice on unfamiliar policy areas. The amount of time and effort that each legislator and their staffers would have to put in to make all of these voting decisions would be insurmountable. Fellow legislators are a resource to turn to for guidance or assistance. Legislators are able to influence their colleagues above and beyond each of their individual preferences. The members of Congress that are most influential will not necessarily be the same for every bill. The significant ...


The Diffusion Of Norms In The International System, Jonathan Jacob Ring Jul 2014

The Diffusion Of Norms In The International System, Jonathan Jacob Ring

Theses and Dissertations

Why do states express support for norms that go against their underlying beliefs? Scholars of policy diffusion have identified four social mechanisms -- coercion, competition, emulation, and learning -- that can lead to the spread of a common practice, a norm, in the international system. I build a formal model of the four mechanisms and apply them to actual cases of norm diffusion. The formal models are anchored by three variables that capture fundamental aspects of international society: hierarchy, neighborhood, and identity. The four different diffusion mechanisms operate on these variables, creating distinct over-time trajectories. Three important dynamic patterns are compared across ...


Politics Of Natural Disaster : How Governments Maintain Legitimacy In The Wake Of Major Disasters, 1990-2010, Zahidul Arefin Choudhury Dec 2013

Politics Of Natural Disaster : How Governments Maintain Legitimacy In The Wake Of Major Disasters, 1990-2010, Zahidul Arefin Choudhury

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about major natural disasters, and how they contribute to legitimacy crises of governments. Three major factors explain the emergence of a legitimacy crisis in a post-disaster context: the frequency of disaster occurrence, the quality of the government response to disasters, and the type of regime within which the government operates. Employing a large-N statistical analysis of data on major natural disasters and anti-government domestic political activities for the years between 1990 and 2010, I show that higher counts of disasters, as a rule, increase the risks of anti-government demonstrations, revolutions, riots, guerrilla warfare, and intrastate conflict. The ...


Take Two On Race And Politics: Reexamining The Origins And Consequences Of Electoral Structures In American Cities, Natasha Ernst Altema Mcneely Jul 2013

Take Two On Race And Politics: Reexamining The Origins And Consequences Of Electoral Structures In American Cities, Natasha Ernst Altema Mcneely

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide a comprehensive explanation of how race continues to affect the origins and consequences of electoral structures in American cities. The existing literature presents few answers regarding how race, specifically the racial context, affects attempts to modify the existing electoral structures at the local level. Although scholars have examined how electoral structures affect African American and Latino representation on city councils, few studies have evaluated how electoral structures determine the emergence of African American and Latino candidates in these elections. I address these gaps in the literature by providing a comprehensive examination of ...


Tell Me Who Your Friends Are: An Endogenous Model Of International Trade Network Formation And Effect On Domestic Political Outcomes, Olga Chyzh Jul 2013

Tell Me Who Your Friends Are: An Endogenous Model Of International Trade Network Formation And Effect On Domestic Political Outcomes, Olga Chyzh

Theses and Dissertations

What is the relationship between networks and unit-level outcomes, such as the international trade network among states and domestic rule of law or repression? Do these effects hold after accounting for actors' strategic selection of network ties? I explore these questions by building a multi-player game, in which players make two simultaneous decisions: (1) whether to form trade links and with who, and (2) whether to increase their trade benefits by improving their type, associated with the level of domestic economic risk factors. The model predicts an endogenous relationship between the number of direct trade partners and the probability of ...


The American Donor: An Exploration Of The Modern Individual Donor, Amanda Marie Frost Jul 2013

The American Donor: An Exploration Of The Modern Individual Donor, Amanda Marie Frost

Theses and Dissertations

Traditionally political donating behavior has been explained using socio-demographic and socialization-based models. The dramatic increase in the number of donors between 2000 and 2008 and the virtual elimination of structural barriers that limited donating to a select few suggest that this explanation is no longer adequate. What differentiates individuals who donate from those who do not? To answer this question I expand the traditional funnel of causality to develop a theoretical model that integrates biological, psychological, political behavior, and rational choice approaches. Using five samples, three nationally representative and two population-based surveys collected in 1990 and 2008, I investigate each ...


Competing Pathways Of The Internet & New Media's Influence On Women Political Candidates, Allison Joy Hamilton Jul 2013

Competing Pathways Of The Internet & New Media's Influence On Women Political Candidates, Allison Joy Hamilton

Theses and Dissertations

How does digital media and online news, especially blogs, influence support for women congressional and presidential candidates? From work on traditional print and television news we know women are framed differently than men, and are more likely to be framed as women (appearance, clothing, mother or wife, marital status, sex, gendered issues). I argue the transition to digital media (blogs and online news) is exacerbating these trends, increasing gender stereotype opinions of women candidates in the mass public, among both men and women. In turn I find gender stereotype opinions combined with use of online media reduces the probability of ...


Under The Influence Of Arms: The Foreign Policy Causes And Consequences Of Arms Transfers, Spencer L. Willardson May 2013

Under The Influence Of Arms: The Foreign Policy Causes And Consequences Of Arms Transfers, Spencer L. Willardson

Theses and Dissertations

How are arms export choices made within a state? In this dissertation I use a foreign policy analysis framework to examine this question. I focus on examining each of the three primary levels of analysis in international relations as it relates to the main question. I begin with a typical international relations level and examine the characteristics of the two states that dominate the world arms trade: The United States and Russia. I then examine the full network of relations among all states in the international system that are involved in the sale or purchase of arms. To do this ...


The Return On Social Bonds: The Effect Of Social Contracts On International Conflict And Economics, Mark David Nieman Jan 2013

The Return On Social Bonds: The Effect Of Social Contracts On International Conflict And Economics, Mark David Nieman

Theses and Dissertations

Hierarchical or asymmetrical power relationships among states have long been a focus of scholarly attention (e.g., asymmetrical alliances, trade dependencies). While the "power to hurt" is one expression of power, an alternative approach is to gain and exercise authority, or "rightful rule." One of the major impediments to the study of social concepts such as authority or legitimacy, however, is in their informal or intangible nature. This dissertation uses game theoretic and latent variable approaches to capture informal, social authority relationships, or social hierarchies, among international states and explores the effects of these hierarchies on security and economic behavior ...


System Polarities And Alliance Politics, Sung Woo Kim Dec 2012

System Polarities And Alliance Politics, Sung Woo Kim

Theses and Dissertations

The end of the Cold War in 1990 was followed by a shift from a bipolar to a unipolar world, profoundly transforming the nature of international alliance politics. Then, what are the systemic features of the unipolar system that have changed alliance relations in comparison to the previous bipolar and multipolar world? How can we explain the diverse reaction of the U.S. allies in different regions in response to the U.S. request for the modification of alliance functions and reshaping of the alliance burden sharing? How do we measure and interpret changes in the nature of alliance politics ...


Third-Party Intervention In Civil Wars: Motivation, War Outcomes, And Post-War Development, Sang Ki Kim Dec 2012

Third-Party Intervention In Civil Wars: Motivation, War Outcomes, And Post-War Development, Sang Ki Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Why do third-party interventions in civil wars sometimes positively contribute to fast conflict resolutions and post-war development and sometimes backfire? To solve this puzzle, I present a conceptual framework that links the motives and methods of intervention to civil war outcomes and post-war development. Two contrasting motives, self-interest and humanitarian concerns, lead to different intervention types. Self-interest prompts states to undertake unilateral and biased intervention. Humanitarian concerns encourage states to engage in multilateral intervention through the UN with a biased position. Interveners are more prudent in the use of force. They resort to violent methods only when critical security interests ...


Partisan Politics And Corporate Tax Competition For Foreign Investment, Hyeon Seok Park Jul 2012

Partisan Politics And Corporate Tax Competition For Foreign Investment, Hyeon Seok Park

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Political Consequences Of Elite And Mass Polarization, Jae Mook Lee Jul 2012

The Political Consequences Of Elite And Mass Polarization, Jae Mook Lee

Theses and Dissertations

Is the American electorate ideologically polarized as its representatives are polarized in Congress? How ordinary citizens have responded to growing elite polarization? The goal of this dissertation project is to answer these two questions. I conceptualize polarization here as having multi-dimensional characteristics and distinguish between polarization as a state and polarization as a process. Based on the conceptualization of polarization, I argue here that most existing literature has not only focused on polarization as a presence, but the empirical strategies adopted by previous research are more appropriate for assessing the existence rather than gradual polarization as a process. I assume ...


Bargaining For Peace? Strategic Forum Selection In Interstate Conflict Management, Vanessa Ann Lefler Jul 2012

Bargaining For Peace? Strategic Forum Selection In Interstate Conflict Management, Vanessa Ann Lefler

Theses and Dissertations

This project investigates states' strategies in the management of contentious interstate disputes asking why disputants select a particular approach, or forum, to serve as the stage for negotiations. The conflict bargaining process reveals incentives to reach peaceful solutions to war, but peace may be elusive due to bilateral bargaining problems (Fearon 1995; Schelling 1960). In general, third parties provide a useful service in interstate conflict management. However, not all third parties equally benefit the bargaining process. Recent research especially points to the efficacy of legal dispute resolution, such as arbitration and adjudication. The robustness of these results over different types ...


Motivating Parliament : The Policy Consequences Of Party Strategy, Zachary David Greene Jul 2012

Motivating Parliament : The Policy Consequences Of Party Strategy, Zachary David Greene

Theses and Dissertations

Scholars of party strategy and government accountability rarely directly connect the priorities of parties' principals, groups seeking to influence parties, to their theories of electoral strategy, parliamentary behavior and policy outputs. I develop a theory that links parties' goals to their behaviors in three areas: electoral strategy, parliamentary behavior and government policies. I build on previous theories by focusing on the issues included in parties' electoral campaigns and their principals.

In particular, I conceptualize policy platforms as a balance between parties' policy and electoral goals. I distinguish between statements reflecting these goals by considering the effect of the electoral context ...


The Policy Consequences Of Unequal Participation, William Walter Franko Jul 2012

The Policy Consequences Of Unequal Participation, William Walter Franko

Theses and Dissertations

As many political observers have pointed out, political participants in the United States are particularly unrepresentative of the population as a whole. Citizens who are politically active tend to be those on the upper end of the socioeconomic scale, for example, the wealthy and highly educated. This dissertation examines the ways in which inequalities in political participation lead to differences in the behavior of elected officials and their subsequent actions related to policy making. That is, politicians have the ability, and under certain circumstances the incentive, to vary how they govern and who they govern for, depending on how political ...