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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Effect Of The Internet On The Civic Engagement And Voting Behavior Of Young Americans, Katherine Anne Mcnitt Jan 2008

The Effect Of The Internet On The Civic Engagement And Voting Behavior Of Young Americans, Katherine Anne Mcnitt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Election returns from 2004 show increased voter turnout amongst 18 to 29 year olds. Is this reversal symptomatic of a larger trend? This paper examines what, if any, connection exists between the Internet, civic engagement, and turnout of young citizens. I test the hypothesis that increased use of the Internet to obtain news and political information will have a positive effect on civic engagement and voter turnout.


Dyadic Power Shifts And Alliance Credibility: Analysis Of Gap Of The Threat Perception, Inhan Yeo Jan 2008

Dyadic Power Shifts And Alliance Credibility: Analysis Of Gap Of The Threat Perception, Inhan Yeo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A host of scholars have made great contributions to establishing a theory regarding potential causes on alliance credibility in areas including a quantitative and qualitative approach. Previous empirical findings support that taking account of only one ally in alliance power increase or decrease, which is a monadic power shift, regardless of the other ally's power shift is likely to affect alliance credibility; thus the power shift considering only one ally may be a significant contributor for decline of alliance credibility. Morrow and Leeds argue monadic power shifts might trigger a decline of alliance credibility providing a reasoning that one ...


Presidential Leadership From Presidents Washington To Bush And Beyond: Assessing Presidents Within The Cycled Circumstances Of Institutional Expectations, Christopher Halverson Untiet Jan 2008

Presidential Leadership From Presidents Washington To Bush And Beyond: Assessing Presidents Within The Cycled Circumstances Of Institutional Expectations, Christopher Halverson Untiet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A revealing way of assessing Presidential leadership comes through interpreting a President's time in office within the six-step cycled circumstances of institutional expectations. Using historical biographies and reinterpreting the patterns of Presidential political time from Stephen Skowronek's The Politics Presidents Make: Leadership from John Adams to George Bush, I develop leadership cycles of Reconstructive, Great-Son Articulator, Preemption-One, Grandson Articulator, Preemption-Two, and Disjunctive Presidents. I develop the thesis through a literature review and chapter describing Presidential history from 1789-1829. From here, I use the Presidential leadership types in my Washington, Jackson, Lincoln, McKinley/Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, and Reagan ...


In Search Of Growth: Neoliberal And Institutional Models For Economic Growth In An Age Of Globalization, Mark David Nieman Jan 2008

In Search Of Growth: Neoliberal And Institutional Models For Economic Growth In An Age Of Globalization, Mark David Nieman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following study is an examination of the effects of globalization, regime type and macroeconomic policy on economic growth. 90 countries are examined between the years 1975-2003. While there are issues with the use of the proxy variable, the general effects can be explored. These effects are found to differ between high-income and low-income countries. The analysis finds that low-income countries should focus on improving inefficient distribution of services. High-income countries are able to choose from a range macroeconomic policies and are not forced to converge around any one policy.


Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung Jan 2008

Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Vicuna fiber has a high value in the textile and fashion industry and is seen on the runways of the most selective and luxurious clothing designers in Europe. However, the vicuna fiber process and commodity chain are little known. This thesis presents the commodity chain of vicuna fiber and the positive and negative impacts that vicuna fiber commercialization generates in Peruvian peasant communities. The research, based on in-depth interviews and document analysis, studies the development of this buyer-driven chain, the social actors' roles, and the policies and legislation implemented to preserve vicuna species. In response to consumption demands, the marketing ...


Youth Voter Mobilization Techniques And Their Effectiveness In The 2008 Iowa Democratic Caucuses, Jacqueline Amy Dycke-Norris Jan 2008

Youth Voter Mobilization Techniques And Their Effectiveness In The 2008 Iowa Democratic Caucuses, Jacqueline Amy Dycke-Norris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory research addresses youth voter mobilization techniques and their effectiveness in the 2008 Iowa Democratic caucuses.


Post-Cold War Japan-Rok Relations: A Pluralist Approach, Yong Ouk Cho Jan 2008

Post-Cold War Japan-Rok Relations: A Pluralist Approach, Yong Ouk Cho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The relationship between Japan and the ROK has been volatile in the post-Cold War period. Accounting for why the Japanese-South Korean relationship has combined cooperation and conflict in unexpected ways is a challenging task for international relations theory. The variations of the Japan-ROK relations in the post-Cold War are accounted for if we selectively use and combine different IR theoretical perspectives. This leads us to favor a pluralist approach.


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Decision Making Limitations From Communication Barriers In Government Structures In Chinese Rural Energy Projects, Nathan Gregory Johnson Jan 2008

Decision Making Limitations From Communication Barriers In Government Structures In Chinese Rural Energy Projects, Nathan Gregory Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Field research was conducted in the Li Cheng District (about 1,200 km 2) of Shan Dong Province. Data collection occurred during a two-week period in July 2006. At that time, seven villages represented all relevant sites in the district that contained gasification technologies. Small-group interviews with village leaders, station managers, and community members were conducted locally. Contact with external government agencies and technology scientists completed the set of potential stakeholders.;This study analyzes the failure of state-owned energy development initiatives in China. Communication barriers in bureaucratic structures and culturally prescribed patterns of interaction were revealed as inhibiting information transfer ...


Neoclassical Realism And The Collapse Of The 1994 Agreed Framework, Chase O. Davidson Jan 2008

Neoclassical Realism And The Collapse Of The 1994 Agreed Framework, Chase O. Davidson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The collapse of the 1994 Agreed Framework in early 2003 has had far reaching consequences for the diplomatic relationship of the United States and North Korea. In the following thesis, neoclassical realist theory is applied to the collapse of the Agreed Framework in an effort to gain insight on the importance of domestic level variables in the successful implementation of foreign policy. The thesis also provides a roadmap for American policy makers toward the successful construction of a lasting nuclear agreement between the United States and Democratic People's Republic of Korea.


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


Hezbollah's Nasrallah: The "Great Man" Of The Levant, Nathan William Swanson Jan 2008

Hezbollah's Nasrallah: The "Great Man" Of The Levant, Nathan William Swanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since its founding in the early 1980s, Hezbollah has become a major political player in Middle East politics. Attempts at explaining the organization's behavior, however, has been largely limited to one theory---that the group's actions are driven by long-time allies and benefactors Iran and Syria. This thesis challenges this "proxy" view of Hezbollah and explores, under the "great men" theory, the influence of the organization's Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah, a charismatic leader with celebrity status across the entire Arab world. This study finds that, while Iran and Syria were defining forces in Hezbollah's early ideologies and actions ...


Greenpeace Cyberadvocacy: Message Strategies And The Framing Of The "Say No To Genetic Engineering" Campaign, Avril Adrianne B. De Guzman Jan 2008

Greenpeace Cyberadvocacy: Message Strategies And The Framing Of The "Say No To Genetic Engineering" Campaign, Avril Adrianne B. De Guzman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A content analysis was conducted to examine campaign message characteristics and the framing of genetic engineering (GE) in news articles published in sites dedicated to two countries with different policy stances toward GE---Australia (precautionary) and Philippines (permissive).;The findings show the intent to generate awareness and encourage information seeking among audiences. Logical reasoning that highlighted risks using negative appeals indicate latent and aware publics as target audiences. The Australian and Philippine sites showed spikes in news items published preceding the commercial release of GM crops. In both countries, biotechnology policy was the most dominant frame used. The Philippines used significantly ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


Political Culture's Effect On Voter Turnout: The 2004 Election And Beyond, Narren J. Brown Jan 2008

Political Culture's Effect On Voter Turnout: The 2004 Election And Beyond, Narren J. Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

I provide an account of the psychological elements that combine within an actor, motivating them to vote. Political scientists have written extensively on voter turnout, however, no one has attempted to explain turnout based primarily on political culture. Political culture has improved our understanding of states, parties, and elections alike. This thesis uses political culture in an ordinal scale as the primary explanatory variable in an OLS regression. Political culture has rarely been used as an explanatory variable and to my knowledge never as an ordinal scale. I posit that political culture, like a sense of civic duty, or any ...


Framing China: How U.S. Media Reported Eight U.S. State Visits By Top Chinese Leaders, Yao Chang Jan 2008

Framing China: How U.S. Media Reported Eight U.S. State Visits By Top Chinese Leaders, Yao Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined ways in which eight Chinese leaders' state visits to the United States have been portrayed in terms of coverage and news framing in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Time, and Newsweek. This study included content analysis of both text and photos. It was expected that the content would match the underlying political and economic situations. However, results show coverage does not always fit into economic and political categories. Exceptions occurred when unexpected incidents took place such as protests in the Tiananmen Square Incident. Generally, text coverage was balanced, with positive and negative items in most ...


The Nature Of Polish-Russian Relationships After The Year Of 1989: The Legacy Of The Past, Agata Ewa Kosuda Jan 2007

The Nature Of Polish-Russian Relationships After The Year Of 1989: The Legacy Of The Past, Agata Ewa Kosuda

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This work explores post-1989 relations between Republic of Poland and Russian Federation. It is argued that the nature of those relations is the legacy of the past. Foreign policies of those states seem to be shaped by what has happened between those two countries in the past.


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


Latino/A Business Owners In Ames, Iowa, Mario A. Iñiguez Jan 2007

Latino/A Business Owners In Ames, Iowa, Mario A. Iñiguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As more Latino/as become employers, their economic vitality will grow further, and assume a stronger position in the U.S. economy. In this study I have focused on the city of Ames, Iowa, and the personal stories of its Latino/a business owners. From their individual stories, insight can be gained into what if any common themes they have in starting, and maintaining their businesses, how much family plays a role, and how connected the owners are to the business community. In sum, the purpose of this study is to document the story of each Latino/a owner. Each ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


Evo Morales And The Indigenous Peoples In Bolivia: An Analysis Of The 2002 And 2005 Presidential Elections, Basil Riad Mahayni Jan 2007

Evo Morales And The Indigenous Peoples In Bolivia: An Analysis Of The 2002 And 2005 Presidential Elections, Basil Riad Mahayni

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the relationship between the indigenous peoples and the electoral success of Evo Morales in the 2002 and 2005 Bolivian presidential elections. Morales earned a surprising 20% of the vote in 2002 enough for second place. In 2005, Morales earned over 50% of the presidential vote. He is the first indigenous president of Bolivia and is the first to receive over 50% of the vote since the re-transition to democracy. The electoral success of Morales has been framed in the context of the indigenousness in Bolivia, the country with the highest proportions of indigenous peoples in South America ...


The Influence Of Public Relations On News Coverage And Public Perceptions Of Foreign Countries, Hye Hyun Hong Jan 2007

The Influence Of Public Relations On News Coverage And Public Perceptions Of Foreign Countries, Hye Hyun Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate (1) how government PR activities influence the image of that country in foreign media and publics; and (2) how the public perception of foreign countries is influenced by news coverage. Based on discussions on public diplomacy and second-level agenda-setting theory, this study hypothesized relationships among international public relations, news coverage of foreign countries, and public perceptions of foreign countries.;Secondary data were analyzed from the Foreign Agency Registration Act (FARA) report, and the results of the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (CCFR) survey. Newspaper content analysis was also conducted to reveal the ...


Us Media And Foreign Policy Making: The Case Study Of The Us Media Coverage On Taiwan, Zhuo Sun Jan 2007

Us Media And Foreign Policy Making: The Case Study Of The Us Media Coverage On Taiwan, Zhuo Sun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How does the American press view Taiwan? It is my contention that in foreign policy, the press supports the government, and therefore, the US press echoes the US government. The acknowledgment of the media's political linkage provides a foundation for discussions on the relationship between the media and policy making. In order to answer the question of role of the press in foreign policy making in US with respect to Taiwan, there are three sub-questions I wish to examine: (1) what was American foreign policy toward Taiwan between the years of 1995-2005? (2) What was the attitude of the ...


Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush Jan 2007

Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was conceived on the premise that a good evaluation plan for a program begins with explicating the program's essential conceptual underpinnings, namely the program theory. Theory-based evaluation is generally recognized as enhancing the quality of evaluation. However, the theory-based approach remains underutilized in evaluation of federal competitive grants programs. The goal of the research was to depict a coherent description of program theory for the Higher Education Challenge (HEC) grants program grounded on core aspects of theories developed in two studies. The research used quantitative content analysis to systematically study the texts of Request for Application (RFA ...


The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali Jan 2006

The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many countries claim that foreign cultural goods threaten their national identities and culture and engage in protectionism. In this dissertation, I analyze the economics of trade protection in cultural services, focusing on domestic cultural content protection in terrestrial television and radio broadcasting, and cultural tariffs in the movie industry. My the first essay considers the impact of cultural quota imposed of radio stations in increasing consumption of domestic programs. Domestic content requirement may reduce (increase) consumption of domestic programs when consumer's demand is highly elastic (inelastic), the degree of preference for foreign content over domestic content is high (low ...


Surviving Alone: The Relationship Between Economic Resources And Health Status In The Unmarried Later In Life And What Public Policymakers Can Learn From This Relationship , Susan M. Olson Jan 2006

Surviving Alone: The Relationship Between Economic Resources And Health Status In The Unmarried Later In Life And What Public Policymakers Can Learn From This Relationship , Susan M. Olson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As current social trends to delay marriage and age demographics continue to change, the number of single adults surviving into old and very old age will increase proportionately. This demographic change represents one of the most important challenges for public policymakers, government leaders and employers alike as they work to balance the policy implications of what it means to survive alone in later in live. The purpose of this research was to compare three unmarried groups (e.g., never married, divorced, and widowed) and three age groups (e.g., 65-74 years of age, 75-84 years of age, and 85 years ...


States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay Jan 2006

States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis attempts to answer what causes dissent in state supreme courts. It also approaches the normative questions of whether dissent in state supreme courts is good or bad for democracy. Within I review relevant literature on state supreme courts, judicial voting behavior and dissent. I also conduct my own study of state supreme courts. I find that limited resources affect nonconsensual opinion writing on state supreme courts. I do this by creating an OLS regression model showing that the employment of law clerks causes more nonconsensual opinions and a larger caseload causes less nonconsensual opinion writing. I also find ...


Elements Of Representation Within Iowa Soil , Bronwyn Beatty-Hansen Jan 2006

Elements Of Representation Within Iowa Soil , Bronwyn Beatty-Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Representation is key to the field of Political Science. Behavior of representatives and conditional factors affect representation. Previous research is lacking in information about representation on a small scale. This paper hypothesizes that representation at the local rural level is also affected by behavior and conditional factors. This paper uses Iowa rural community and city council data to explore the relationship between behavioral and environmental factors and citizen satisfaction ratings. Correlation and regression analysis was run on data from the RDI project and CCS project. The results show relationships between economic factors and population and the dependent variables, citizen satisfaction ...


Be-Coming Subjects: Reclaiming A Politics Of Location As Radical Political Rhetoric , Catherine Olive-Marie Fox Jan 2004

Be-Coming Subjects: Reclaiming A Politics Of Location As Radical Political Rhetoric , Catherine Olive-Marie Fox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation I theorize and analyze the rhetorical deployment of a "politics of location" within the context of poststructural theories of discourse, subjectivity, and agency. In her book, Blood Bread and Poetry, Adrienne Rich coins the phrase "a politics of location," which marks an effort to move away from a hegemonic Western feminism that universalizes all women's experiences and constructs a normative (and hence limiting and exclusionary) subject of feminism. Rich forwards a politics of location as a radical materialist political stance that grounds feminist theory in accountability for the situatedness of knowledge production. I extend Rich's ...