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Research Collection School of Social Sciences

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Articles 211 - 217 of 217

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A New Role For Transparency, Ann Florini Aug 1997

A New Role For Transparency, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Arms control has traditionally dealt with limiting the means of destruction. When the greatest threa to security came from the potential for organized violence inflicted by an external enemy against a state, arms control logically sought to limit that danger. But as the threats to security have become more diffuse, policy-makers will need to draw on a wider repertoire of tools to reduce the potential destructiveness of less organiized threats, and even emerging unintended dangers. The article examines the problems of nuclear proliferation and environmental toxification over the long term, describes why these problems will require a transparency-based approach, and ...


Hong Kong In United States-China Relations: The International Politics Of Hong Kong's Reversion To Chinese Sovereignty, James T. H. Tang Jan 1997

Hong Kong In United States-China Relations: The International Politics Of Hong Kong's Reversion To Chinese Sovereignty, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article examines the implications of the political transition of Hong Kong onUS-China relations in strategic, political and economic dimensions. It evaluates the impactof Hong Kong's changing status in the context of the engagement-containment debate onChina policy in the US. It suggests that US concerns over questions such as democracy andhuman rights and China's rejection of foreign interference' in Hong Kong would turn theterritory into a source of political conflict between the US and China. Finally it points outthat any major trade confrontation between the two countries would have serious implicationsfor the territory. The article concludes by arguing ...


The Evolution Of International Norms, Ann Florini Sep 1996

The Evolution Of International Norms, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article puts forward a theoretical explanation for why norms of international behavior change over time. It argues that the mainstream neorealist and neoliberal arguments on the static nature of state interests are implausible, as the recent empirical work of the growing constructivist school has convincingly shown. But the constructivists have not yet provided a theoretical basis for understanding why one norm rather than another becomes institutionalized, nor has learning theory yet provided an adequate explanation. An evolutionary approach that draws its hypotheses from an analogy to population genetics offers a promising alternative. This article briefly outlines the constructivist critique ...


From Empire Defence To Imperial Retreat: Britain's Postwar China Policy And The Decolonization Of Hong Kong, James T. H. Tang May 1994

From Empire Defence To Imperial Retreat: Britain's Postwar China Policy And The Decolonization Of Hong Kong, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Attempts to examine Hong Kong as an issue in British postwar colonialpolicy often emphasize the unique nature of the colony, andtherefore a special case in British decolonization. Hong Kong hasbeen regarded as an unconventional colonial entity, an anachronismin the modern world. But others argue that the word colony is not anappropriate term to describe it, except in the most severely technicallegal sense, because of its spectacular industrial and economicdevelopment since the end of the Second World War.' Nonetheless,Hong Kong has existed as a British crown colony since I842, and itscolonial political structures have remained more or less the same ...


Come Spy The Friendly Skies, Ann Florini Mar 1990

Come Spy The Friendly Skies, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Discusses support for Open Skies, a 1955 proposal made by President Dwight Eisenhower and recently resuscitated by President George Bush. The proposal would allow the super powers to make unrestricted flights over each other's territory on short notice


Remote Sensing And Diplomacy, Ann Florini Apr 1989

Remote Sensing And Diplomacy, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The advent of a variety of commercial and national remote-sensing satellites has eliminated a long-standing superpower monopoly on a key source of information about global events. As these systems proliferate, it will become increasingly difficult to maintain secrecy about certain sensitive activities. Nations other than the superpowers will be able independently to verify compliance with arms control accords, and to monitor global “hot spots.” These new capabilities both reflect and contribute to an inevitable diffusion of power among nations. Although there will be adjustment costs, particularly for the superpowers, the enhanced global transparency is likely to promote global stability and ...


The Opening Skies: Third-Party Imaging Satellites And U.S. Security, Ann Florini Sep 1988

The Opening Skies: Third-Party Imaging Satellites And U.S. Security, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Earth observation satellites, long a mainstay of U.S. intelligence-gathering, are now presenting new challenges for U.S. national security. The United States and the Soviet Union have long since reconciled themselves to being spied on by each other from space. Now, however, the advent of imaging satellite systems owned and operated by a variety of third parties, including governments other than the superpowers (France, Canada, the European Space Agency, India, and China) and private companies, is raising new concerns for U.S. peacetime foreign relations and military activities, and for crisis management and war- time operations. These new satellites ...