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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Increasing Transparency In Government, Ann Florini Sep 2002

Increasing Transparency In Government, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The article focuses on the transparency in the government and investigates how transparency is related directly to achieving and maintaining international peace, by transforming the security relationship between countries. It also examines transparency's indirect role in contributing to legitimate and effective governance and explores the trends in transparency in national politics, international organizations, and environmental management. Information is the lifeblood of both democracies and markets. Without information, citizens have no basis upon which to evaluate their representatives or voice their opinions, and both elections and the very process of representation become a meaningless sham. Without information, the financial markets ...


The American People In Crisis: A Content Analysis, Roderick P. Hart, Sharon Jarvis, Elvin T. Lim Feb 2002

The American People In Crisis: A Content Analysis, Roderick P. Hart, Sharon Jarvis, Elvin T. Lim

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This study examines how images of the American electorate were deployed after the11 September 2001 terrorism incident and during the Clinton impeachment. Transcripts ofcongressional proceedings, news coverage, and presidential campaign addresses wereanalyzed to determine how the phrase the American people was used during these two crisesand in unrelated presidential campaign speeches. The analysis considered the roles, actions,qualities, and circumstances ascribed to the people, as well as the time orientation and theforces aligned against the people. The results show that (1) relative to presidential campaignrhetoric, both crises resulted in greater concentration on the electorate; (2) the crisesdiffered from one another ...


Five Trends In Presidential Rhetoric, Elvin T. Lim Feb 2002

Five Trends In Presidential Rhetoric, Elvin T. Lim

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Several political scientists have argued that the presidential recourse to public rhetoric as amode of political influence in the twentieth century represents a significant departure from apre-twentieth-century institutional norm where “going public” was both rare and frowned upon.This article looks specifically at the changes in the substance of rhetoric that have accompanied thisalleged institutional transformation. Applying computer-assisted content analysis to all the inaugural addresses and annual messages delivered between 1789 and 2000, the author identifies andexplores five significant changes in twentieth-century presidential rhetoric that would qualifiedlysupport the thesis of institutional transformation in its rhetorical dimension: presidential rhetorichas become more ...


Equality And Diversity, Chandran Kukathas Jan 2002

Equality And Diversity, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The foundations of human inequality lie in the fact of human diversity, or in the human tendency to differentiate from some while associating with others to form groups. The diversity which results from association and differentiation makes equality unattainable. Diversity and equality are incompatible, and attempts to promote one can only be made at the expense of the other. In these circumstances, we should abandon the ideal of equality as incapable of offering us an adequate understanding of the nature of the good society.


Reshaping World Politics: Ngos, The Internet, And Global Civil Society, Ann Florini Jan 2002

Reshaping World Politics: Ngos, The Internet, And Global Civil Society, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This largely descriptive book sets out three questions of interest to international relations scholars and policy-makers: What is global civil society? What are its origins? And what are the roles of individuals in creating and maintaining it? After a brief literature review, the book provides a definition: global civil society is 'a socially constructed and transnationally defined network of relationships that provides ideologically variable channels of opportunity for political involvement' (p. 19). This definition reflects the book's grounding in 'people-centered' International Relations theory, drawing on the English school of Wight and Bull and paralleling the American constructivist paradigm to ...


Survey Article: Multiculturalism As Fairness: Will Kymlicka's Multicultural Citizenship, Chandran Kukathas Jan 2002

Survey Article: Multiculturalism As Fairness: Will Kymlicka's Multicultural Citizenship, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

According to Will Kymlicka's book Multicultural Citizenship: A LiberalTheory of Minority Rights, `the liberal ideal is a society of free and equalindividuals'.1 But what, he goes on to ask, is the relevant `society'? The answer hesays most people would give is `their nation'. `The sort of freedom and equalitythey most value, and can make use of is freedom and equality within their ownsocietal culture'. Indeed, most people `are willing to forgo a wider freedom andequality to ensure the continued existence of their nation' (93). Thus few favouropen borders which allow people freely to settle, work and vote in ...