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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade's Vestiges: Exploring Proposed Forms Of Restitution 2016, Patricia M. Muhammad Apr 2017

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade's Vestiges: Exploring Proposed Forms Of Restitution 2016, Patricia M. Muhammad

International Social Science Review

The issue of restitution has garnered conventional legitimacy as various countries including the United States, have witnessed a resurgence of the reparations debate based on the institutionalized and societal discrimination against descendants of the African Diaspora in the West. However, scholars, historians, as well as grassroots organizations and mainstream leaders have yet to prepare sufficient plans and recommendations regarding the form and estimated amount of restitution. This article will discuss areas in which state actors must provide for Black Americans as a result of historical attenuation of current social and economic maladies that plague Black Americans due to the vestiges ...


Putting Transitional Justice On Trial: Democracy And Human Rights In Post-Civil War Societies, Brian K. Frederking Sep 2015

Putting Transitional Justice On Trial: Democracy And Human Rights In Post-Civil War Societies, Brian K. Frederking

International Social Science Review

This paper empirically tests the influence of transitional justice mechanisms (TJMs) – particularly truth commissions and war crimes tribunals – on post-civil war societies. The transitional justice literature advocates the effectiveness of such mechanisms in bringing about the reconciliation necessary to facilitate democratization and respect for human rights. However, few cross-national empirical studies exist to evaluate these claims. This article compares current levels of human rights abuses and democratization in post-civil war countries that have used TJMs with post-civil war countries that have not. These results support the advocates of war crimes tribunals: countries that have used tribunals have higher levels of ...