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Articles 1 - 30 of 206

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Border Barometer, Border Policy Research Institute, Western Washington University, University At Buffalo, The State University Of New York, Cross-Border Institute, University Of Windsor Jul 2019

Border Barometer, Border Policy Research Institute, Western Washington University, University At Buffalo, The State University Of New York, Cross-Border Institute, University Of Windsor

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

Running 5,000 miles between two of the world's most interdependent nations, the Canada-U.S. border plays an important role, directly and indirectly, in the lives of millions of North Americans. Whether as separator or seam, obstruction or conduit, the border influences a wide range of economic social interactions. The precise influence depends on a variety of policies and the extent to which those policies facilitate the movement of goods, people, capital, and ideas while ensuring the individual and collective security of the two countries.


Perceptions Of Referendums And Democracy: The Referendum Disappointment Gap, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan Jun 2019

Perceptions Of Referendums And Democracy: The Referendum Disappointment Gap, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan

Political Science Faculty Publications

We examine the gap between perceptions of seeing referendums as an important democratic principle, versus perceiving how referendums are used in practice. We term this the “referendum disappointment” gap. We find support for referendums as a democratic principle is strongest among those most disaffected from the political system, and that the disaffected are more likely to perceive they are not given a say via referendums. We also find context-specific effects. Disappointment was greater in countries with higher corruption and income inequality. We also find higher disappointment among right-populist voters, those who distrusted politicians, and among people who viewed themselves at ...


American Political Culture And Sarah Palin: Motherhood, Femininity, And Masculinity In The 2008 Presidential Election, Maggie Newhouse Apr 2019

American Political Culture And Sarah Palin: Motherhood, Femininity, And Masculinity In The 2008 Presidential Election, Maggie Newhouse

Western Libraries Undergraduate Research Award

Sarah Palin’s Vice-Presidential run can be characterized by displays of motherhood, femininity, and masculinity, themes that reflect changes in American political culture as well as stationary expectations. Palin was praised and criticized for her role as a mother, indicating a shift in political culture that allows women to hold both public and private roles but not without being acceptably successful in both areas. Palin’s performance of traditional femininity and masculinity signifies that women’s political success is contingent on the confirmation and operation of traditional gender expectations such as motherhood and deference to husbands. She both reaffirmed and ...


The Effect Of The Canada-U.S. Border On The Vancouver, Bc, And Seattle, Wa, Music Network, Nabil Kamel, Lindsey Nordby, Henry Haro, Claire Swearingen Apr 2019

The Effect Of The Canada-U.S. Border On The Vancouver, Bc, And Seattle, Wa, Music Network, Nabil Kamel, Lindsey Nordby, Henry Haro, Claire Swearingen

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This Border Policy Brief examines the degree of connectivity between the two music scenes of Seattle, WA and Vancouver, BC, which are less than 150 miles apart and share similar socio-demographic, economic, and regional characteristics. This Brief focuses on the effect of the Canada – U.S. border on the degree of connectivity between those music scenes and points out some opportunities and challenges faced by independent music artists in the early stages of their career, including Indigenous artists. The research presented here includes highlights from a broader project (see sidebar).

The vitality of the music industry in the two city-regions ...


Seeking Asylum: Immigration Law In The Context Of Human Rights, Hannah Blank Apr 2019

Seeking Asylum: Immigration Law In The Context Of Human Rights, Hannah Blank

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

The purpose of this paper is to understand the dynamic between Latin American countries and the United States in relation to asylum, mass migration and the process of legally entering the country. This explores the implications of the United States’ current legislature in place and how this caters to the U.S.’s interests. Furthermore, the theoretical implementation of asylum and its political origins are evaluated in the context of organized crime and social issues that impact migration trends. While the movement of goods is acceptable the movement of people is heavily scrutinized and politically charged. My proposed argument is ...


Women's Agency In Movements Of Collective Violence, Juliet Knowles Apr 2019

Women's Agency In Movements Of Collective Violence, Juliet Knowles

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

Though not common in literature, women have frequently taken it upon themselves to form collective movements to address their grievances with society and their discontent within it. To demand change, and when the motivation of the group are strong enough, the methods through which women will achieve political representation will not stop short of violence.


The Subject(S) Of Feminism: Gender Identity, Emotion, And Deconstruction In Contemporary Feminist Politics, Gwen Frost Apr 2019

The Subject(S) Of Feminism: Gender Identity, Emotion, And Deconstruction In Contemporary Feminist Politics, Gwen Frost

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

The way we think, understand, and speak about gender is changing . In 2019, more people than ever are identifying as nonbinary or gender fluid. Feminism as theory and as political practice has long assumed the subject of ‘women’ as its primary and essential subject, but the issues and subjects that feminism speaks for are not necessarily self-identified or even perceived as ‘women.’ Through analyzing influential feminist works and thinkers, I aim to elucidate the identitarian commitment of canonical feminism, and to offer an alternative to the politics of feminism as always grounded in the subject of ‘women.’ My thesis develops ...


Passenger Flows Through The Cascade Gateway: Changes From 2013 To 2018, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2019

Passenger Flows Through The Cascade Gateway: Changes From 2013 To 2018, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

Every five years, the BPRI partners with the Whatcom Council of Governments to conduct a passenger vehicle intercept survey at four ports of entry between British Columbia and Washington State.Students from Western Washington University intercept drivers as they cross the border in both directions and ask them a variety of questions related to trip purpose and travel characteristics (see sidebar). This Border Brief provides a preliminary analysis of survey findings from the summer of 2018 and compares them to the responses collected in the summer of 2013. It also considers the impacts of changes in cross-border travel in the ...


Occam's Razor Vol. 9 - Full (2019) Jan 2019

Occam's Razor Vol. 9 - Full (2019)

Occam's Razor

No abstract provided.


Regional Cross-Border Collaboration Between The U.S. & Canada, Border Policy Research Institute Oct 2018

Regional Cross-Border Collaboration Between The U.S. & Canada, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

On October 24th, 2018, the BPRI hosted a one-day forum to assess the state of cross-border collaboration between British Columbia and Washington State. The forum brought together regional experts from government, academia, and private industry to discuss the successes, barriers, and opportunities for cross-border collaboration across three ‘sectors’: transportation/infrastructure, business/economics, and the environment (see sidebar). U.S. Congressman Rick Larsen provided opening remarks about the region and Canadian Coast Guard Regional Director Brian Wooton gave a keynote address on collaboration in the marine environment. This Border Policy Brief highlights some of the findings from the forum, which illustrate ...


International Laws And Norms Regarding Refugees: A Case Study Of The Palestinian Refugee Crisis, Michael Staight Jan 2018

International Laws And Norms Regarding Refugees: A Case Study Of The Palestinian Refugee Crisis, Michael Staight

The Hoover Prize

The international system of norms and values is under threat. As the numbers of refugees increases globally, the Palestinian refugee crisis serves as an example - and a warning.


Against The Psychoanalytic Unconscious: Deleuze, Guattari, And Desire As A Heuristic For Self-Regulating Biopolitics, Chris Coles Jan 2018

Against The Psychoanalytic Unconscious: Deleuze, Guattari, And Desire As A Heuristic For Self-Regulating Biopolitics, Chris Coles

Occam's Razor

1975 marked the release of Michel Foucault’s ''Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison" which his preceding lectures would later term 'biopolitics. Both "Discipline and Punish” and "The Birth of Biopolitics” represent some of the most important, impactful, and informative theories on the way in which surveillance functions; consequently, how its power works to materially produce the conditions for oppression.

In "Discipline and Punish,” Foucault utilizes genealogical analysis to trace the historical strands that come together in forming of disciplinary society; what Foucault articulates typifies the power formation and deployment of the contemporary sovereign. Foucault expands on this ...


Cannabis In Cascadia: Impacts Of Legalization In The Region, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2018

Cannabis In Cascadia: Impacts Of Legalization In The Region, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The policies regulating the use and sale of cannabis have historically been constructed differently in the United States and Canada, yet both countries had deemed recreational use to be illegal. Beginning in 2012, however, individual states in the U.S. began to legalize recreational cannabis, including Washington, Oregon, and most recently, California. In 2017, the Government of Canada passed similar legislation. If Canada’s legislation goes into effect in mid-2018, the West Coast of North America will become the only contiguous region where recreational consumption and sale of cannabis are permitted across multiple jurisdictions (see Map 1, next page). However ...


Occam's Razor Vol. 8 - Full (2018) Jan 2018

Occam's Razor Vol. 8 - Full (2018)

Occam's Razor

No abstract provided.


Canada—U.S. Trade And Travel Patterns In The Post-Recession Period, Border Policy Research Institute Oct 2017

Canada—U.S. Trade And Travel Patterns In The Post-Recession Period, Border Policy Research Institute

BPRI Border Policy Briefs

The United States and Canada are entering a new political relationship that may lead to changes in economic relations between the two nations in the near future. Understanding current bilateral trade trends between the U.S. and Canada can help to inform predictions of future trade patterns if relations remain constant and to determine impacts if changes do occur. This Border Policy Brief explores trade patterns at the national scale, as well as trends in top bilaterally traded commodities and the ports that process them. The Brief provides an update to a previous BPRI research project authored by Globerman and ...


Undocustudents: Our Untold Stories, Blue Group (Western Washington University), Emmanuel Camarillo Editor Sep 2017

Undocustudents: Our Untold Stories, Blue Group (Western Washington University), Emmanuel Camarillo Editor

A Collection of Open Access Books and Monographs

UndocuStudents: Our Untold Stories is a collection of essays, poetry, photographs, and artwork created by members of the Blue Group, an Associated Students Club at Western Washington University, whose mission is to provide undocumented students the opportunity to meet other undocumented students, find resources and services, and to build community.

As the Blue Group has grown from just a few students meeting informally into an official Western Washington University Associated Students club, into an organization that is now widely recognized in their local community, members of the Blue Group increasingly receive requests to give presentations to help people understand their ...


Comparing Education And Policy Outcomes In Brazil, India, And South Africa, Sarah Allen Apr 2017

Comparing Education And Policy Outcomes In Brazil, India, And South Africa, Sarah Allen

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

In my research I ask, "What features of education policies are conducive to successful educational outcomes, and what types of policies should be encouraged in developing countries to compliment their development efforts?" Discussions regarding education policy are highly polarized between supply-side and demand-side views. I engage in a comparative case study between three emerging BRICS countries who are dynamic economic and political players in their respective regions-Brazil, India, and South Africa-to analyze the extent to which each country has used supply-side and demand-side education policies and to what extent these policies have been effective. I conclude that either supply-side policies ...


The Effect Of Electoral Competitiveness On Voter Turnout, Joel Jordan Apr 2017

The Effect Of Electoral Competitiveness On Voter Turnout, Joel Jordan

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

This study is a quantitative analysis of the effect of campaign expenditures and turnout. It finds that expenditures can be a supplement to boosting turnout but would be ineffective on its own.


Crt Symposium Proceedings 2017, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2017

Crt Symposium Proceedings 2017, Border Policy Research Institute

BPRI Proceedings

In February of 2017, Western Washington University (WWU) and Northwest Indian College (NWIC) hosted a two-day symposium on the modernization of the CRT. The purpose of this event was to develop public awareness and inform treaty negotiators from the United States and diplomats from Canada of key issues. Presenters and panelists explored the history of the treaty, governance ideas, Indigenous perspectives, hydrology and climate, electric energy, ecosystem function, and flood risk management/irrigation. Panelists included representatives from tribes and First Nations, government agencies, non-government organizations, private industry, and universities. During the panels, many speakers said that there is a need ...


Occam's Razor Vol. 7 - Full (2017) Jan 2017

Occam's Razor Vol. 7 - Full (2017)

Occam's Razor

No abstract provided.


Changes In Canadian Shopping Visits To Northwest Washington, 2013-2016, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2017

Changes In Canadian Shopping Visits To Northwest Washington, 2013-2016, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

In 2013, the BPRI launched a long-term study to analyze the behavior of Canadians crossing the border to shop in Northwest Washington by counting the percentage of Canadian license plates in specified shopping locations along the Interstate 5 corridor. Our “license plate survey” includes data collected over the course of 6 weeks (3 days per week), for a total of 18 survey days in 2013 and 2016. This Border Policy Brief is a comparative analysis of the data collected in 2013, when the loonie averaged $0.97 USD, and data collected in 2016 in the same locations, when the loonie ...


Modernizing The Columbia River Treaty, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2017

Modernizing The Columbia River Treaty, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

In February of 2017, Western Washington University (WWU) and Northwest Indian College (NWIC) hosted a two-day symposium titled, “The Changing Environment and the Columbia River Treaty.” The purpose of the symposium was to develop public awareness and inform treaty negotiators from the U.S. and diplomats from Canada on key issues to address when modernizing the Treaty. This event brought together tribal and First Nations leaders, representatives from government and private industry, non-governmental organizations and academics to discuss the modernization of the Columbia River Treaty (CRT).


Practical Representation And The Multiracial Social Movement, Vernon D. Johnson, Kelsie Benslimane Jan 2017

Practical Representation And The Multiracial Social Movement, Vernon D. Johnson, Kelsie Benslimane

Journal of Educational Controversy

The issue of representation has been brought to us by scholars in social theory, ethnic and women’s studies, and literary and cultural criticism. In political science representation became an issue as various social movements became concerned with their empowerment. This work is focused on the social movement side of the study of representation. It is concerned with the political construction of racial identity and movements for empowerment based upon those identities. Utilizing Stuart Hall’s theory of representation (1997); and building upon Winant’s model of racial hegemonic projects (1990), this paper identifies ideas and practices of racial identity ...


Anne Of Green Gables: Childhood, Feminism, And The Canadian Story, Colin Carter May 2016

Anne Of Green Gables: Childhood, Feminism, And The Canadian Story, Colin Carter

Scholars Week

The novel Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maud Montgomery (L.M. Montgomery) follows the touching story of Anne Shirley, a young rebellious red-headed orphan. Anne, who is mistakenly sent to siblings Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert, and is begrudgingly adopted. Through the quirky trials and tribulations that follow in the quiet provincial town of Avonlea, a story about childhood, personal growth, and the female experience begins to emerge. Anne of Green Gables presents three unique, distinct, and incredibly important narratives that have implications for today’s society. First, Anne acts as a proto-essentialist feminist. By explicitly rejecting the objectification and ...


Spanish News Framing Of The Syrian Refugee Crisis, Ariana Hoyer Apr 2016

Spanish News Framing Of The Syrian Refugee Crisis, Ariana Hoyer

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

During 2015 and 2016, Europe dealt with the largest migratory crisis since WWII due to the escalation of the Syrian civil war and ongoing conflict and violence. When an issue as significant as the Syrian refugee crisis occurs, it is crucial to carefully examine the news framing of the issue due to its strong power to influence public discourse. This influence can originate from many different aspects of framing, but one of the most influential is word choice. The word choices used to refer to groups of people can change the feelings of identification or “otherness” among readers. This paper ...


Braided Freshwater Governance: A Case Study Of Regulation And Stewardship Of Riparian Areas And Wetlands In British Columbia And Washington State, Stacy Clauson, Laurie Trautman Jan 2016

Braided Freshwater Governance: A Case Study Of Regulation And Stewardship Of Riparian Areas And Wetlands In British Columbia And Washington State, Stacy Clauson, Laurie Trautman

BPRI Research Reports

Clean water from freshwater sources that flow into the Salish Sea is essential for maintaining a healthy ecosystem. Yet, the riparian and wetlands areas that help to protect upstream water quality are threatened by a number of stressors, which include land use and development practices, forestry activities, and agricultural operations. These practices have historically resulted in the removal of vegetated cover, hardening, straightening or culverting of stream bank features, increases in impervious area, and wetland fill. These changes can impact a variety of ecosystem functions and, as a result, are considered to have a high potential impact to watersheds and ...


Carbon Policy Transfer: Learning Across Borders, Thomas Webler, William Jones, Stefanie Neal Jan 2016

Carbon Policy Transfer: Learning Across Borders, Thomas Webler, William Jones, Stefanie Neal

BPRI Research Reports

Given the failure of the federal governments of the U.S. and Canada to pass national carbon policy, the learning and dissemination of carbon policy in innovative states becomes increasingly important. This paper seeks to understand international carbon policy transfer, focusing on the cross-border dialogues between British Columbia and Washington State as a case study. The authors apply policy transfer literature to determine how knowledge and experience with carbon policy in British Columbia influences carbon policy considerations in Washington. The methodologies used were interviews with primary policy actors and qualitative coding of interviews, key reports, websites, blogs, and articles. The ...


Perception And Policy: U.S. Sociological Attitudes And Policies Towards Guatemalans And Salvadorans In The Late 20th And Early 21st Centuries, Violeta Paredes Jan 2016

Perception And Policy: U.S. Sociological Attitudes And Policies Towards Guatemalans And Salvadorans In The Late 20th And Early 21st Centuries, Violeta Paredes

American Cultural Studies Capstone Research Papers

This paper looks into Guatemalan and Salvadoran history and immigration in the late 20th Century and identifies how these patterns compare to and continue to affect present day immigration policy. By examining the difference between how immigration policy was handled prior and after the events that occurred on 9/11, the reader will be able to distinguish how social perception of immigrants in the U.S. changed drastically with the span of a few months. By examining the history of immigration policy post-WWII, the reader will be able to identify that aid such as providing asylum has historically contributed ...


Occam's Razor Vol. 6 - Full (2016) Jan 2016

Occam's Razor Vol. 6 - Full (2016)

Occam's Razor

No abstract provided.


Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Cause To Treatment, Tavleen Aulakh Jan 2016

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Cause To Treatment, Tavleen Aulakh

Occam's Razor

Imagine two individuals, both suffering from severe liver damage. With excess fat molecules concentrated in the hepatic cells, their livers are inflamed and scarred. These deteriorating livers are also supplementing the development of chronic obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and hyperlipidemia. While one of these individuals is a middle-aged male with a long history of alcohol addiction and abuse, the other is only thirteen years old and has never consumed alcohol. This adolescent is suffering from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).