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Western Michigan University

1980

International Relations

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The 1973 Oil Embargo Arab Oil Diplomacy, Amal Mustafa Shamma Dec 1980

The 1973 Oil Embargo Arab Oil Diplomacy, Amal Mustafa Shamma

Master's Theses

The Arab oil producing countries, following years of a stalemate in the Arab-Israeli dispute,- decided to put their oil resource in the service of the Arab cause using it as an instrument of pressure against the West. Their objective was to induce a change in the Western world Middle East policy and to work toward achieving a lasting and peaceful solution for the Arab-Israeli problem.

The purpose of this thesis is to show that the application of Arab oil diplomacy has been effective into producing a more even handed policy in the area, and into breaking the deadlock in the ...


Nonviolent Agencies In The Northern Ireland Struggle: 1968-1979, Alfred Mcclung Lee Jul 1980

Nonviolent Agencies In The Northern Ireland Struggle: 1968-1979, Alfred Mcclung Lee

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Northern Ireland struggle has enlisted or given birth to a great many social welfare organizations allegedly dedicated to the nonviolent solution of the area’s problems. These consist principally of three types: (1) agencies of religious denominations or groups of denominations, (2) voluntary social work, demonstration, and protest societies, and (3) political actionist bodies. Those of the first two types face the pitfalls of the ready middleclass recourse to conscience-soothing rituals and to compromise at the expense of lowerclass and ethnic outgroup interests. Those of the third type include ones that are effective, but some tend to fall into ...