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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Al-Qaeda Versus Boko Haram: Ideologies, Goals, And Outcomes, Radhika Shah Jun 2019

Al-Qaeda Versus Boko Haram: Ideologies, Goals, And Outcomes, Radhika Shah

International Journal of Security Studies

Since the 9/11 attacks, Islam has remained at the center of the global terrorism debate. In order to weaken Islamist terrorist groups, it is crucial to understand nuance differences in their ideologies and goals. This research focuses on two such groups, Boko Haram and al-Qaeda, and argues that despite the two groups’ Salafi-jihadist roots, the groups harbor sharply different ideologies and goals—and thus, different outcomes. The research finds that al-Qaeda adheres to a rigid organizational and goal-oriented structure, while Boko Haram’s bureaucracy is less clear and less organized. While al-Qaeda has a number of stated goals, Boko ...


The Canadian Cognitive Bias And Its Influence On Canada/U.S. Relations, Ken Holmes Jan 2015

The Canadian Cognitive Bias And Its Influence On Canada/U.S. Relations, Ken Holmes

International Social Science Review

Canada and the United States enjoy an intimate relationship like few countries in the world experience. However, both nations had many serious misunderstandings over domestic and world situations, largely due to their philosophical beginnings, the cornerstone of social and political bias. Canada’s foundation originates from the British Empire based on the tradition of “peace, order, and good government,” while the U.S. is built on individualism as expressed by “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” Consequently, both nations experienced varied disputes, all while engaging in extensive cooperation. This paper traces historical development of the Canadian cognitive bias toward ...