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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Dna Evidence Of A Croatian And Sephardic Jewish Settlement On The North Carolina Coast Dating From The Mid To Late 1500s, Elizabeth C. Hirschman, James A. Vance, Jesse D. Harris Sep 2019

Dna Evidence Of A Croatian And Sephardic Jewish Settlement On The North Carolina Coast Dating From The Mid To Late 1500s, Elizabeth C. Hirschman, James A. Vance, Jesse D. Harris

International Social Science Review

While the British origins of North American colonization currently are widely accepted, there is new evidence that other countries and non-Christians may have been earlier in establishing permanent settlements on the North Atlantic coast. Using the new research tool of human genomics, this paper provides DNA evidence that Croatians and Sephardic Jews were absorbed into the ancestral population of the Lumbee Native American tribe of North Carolina during the mid- to late-1500s. We further propose that these Sephardic Jews originated, in part, from a subgroup of the Roanoke colonists of 1586. Given this, a new historical narrative of early European ...


The Ties That Bind: How Domestic Politics Influence Ties With Extraterritorial Courts—A Study Of The Jcpc, Harold Young Sep 2018

The Ties That Bind: How Domestic Politics Influence Ties With Extraterritorial Courts—A Study Of The Jcpc, Harold Young

International Social Science Review

During the last half century, extraterritorial courts and the number of acceding states have markedly increased. It is important to better understand the relationships between the extraterritorial court and the state. This paper posits that the governments of those states will seek a change or disengage from the extraterritorial court if they perceive a disconnection between themselves and the extraterritorial court. The perception of such a disconnection is influenced by changes in the political environment that make the state more sensitive to decisions that are unfavorable to it. To test this theory, this paper examines the Judicial Committee of the ...


Whiskey In Early America, Grace Bellino Apr 2018

Whiskey In Early America, Grace Bellino

International Social Science Review

Following the American Revolution (1775-1781), Americans turned to whiskey as their spirit of choice simply because it was readily available. Whiskey would shape the identity of the early republic after the Whiskey Rebellion (1791-1794) and set the precedent for frontier insurrection and the authority of the federal government. Whiskey became a crucial contributor to the budding economy of early America and the establishment of distilleries and the ease of distribution of the drink opened up the development of the West. Whiskey became so prolific in the first few decades of the United States that even today, it remains a significant ...


China, Rebalance, And The “Silent War”, John Linantud Apr 2016

China, Rebalance, And The “Silent War”, John Linantud

International Social Science Review

Based on Victor Corpus' Silent War (1989), this paper re-introduces strategic analysis and political geography to the study of nationalist-leftist insurgencies in the Philippines. National geography and changes in the geopolitics of Southeast Asia have, and will continue, to create the strategic context for guerilla wars and the rival end games of Manila and insurgents. In 1898-99 and 1941-45, for example, the geopolitical center of gravity passed over Central Luzon and led to the regime changes desired by insurgents. Since 1945, the geopolitical center of gravity has bypassed Luzon, an external development which has provided a tremendous advantage to counterinsurgents ...


Imagined Communities, Tangible Limits: Sendero Luminoso And The Incongruity Of Marxism And Nationalism, Dylan Maynard Sep 2015

Imagined Communities, Tangible Limits: Sendero Luminoso And The Incongruity Of Marxism And Nationalism, Dylan Maynard

International Social Science Review

Sendero Luminoso, or Shining Path, is considered to be one of the most violent insurgencies to originate in the Western Hemisphere. They caused destruction throughout Peru in order to incite a peasant uprising that would eventually engulf Lima, the capital, and introduce a “New Democracy.” Although the movement claimed to be based on an indigenous Peruvian identity, the presence of a Marxist framework creates a conflict with the nationalist sentiment. This paper examines the conflict between nationalist and Marxist ideologies in the context of the Shining Path insurgency in Peru. By examining the seminal work of Marx and Engels, along ...


Putting Transitional Justice On Trial: Democracy And Human Rights In Post-Civil War Societies, Brian K. Frederking Sep 2015

Putting Transitional Justice On Trial: Democracy And Human Rights In Post-Civil War Societies, Brian K. Frederking

International Social Science Review

This paper empirically tests the influence of transitional justice mechanisms (TJMs) – particularly truth commissions and war crimes tribunals – on post-civil war societies. The transitional justice literature advocates the effectiveness of such mechanisms in bringing about the reconciliation necessary to facilitate democratization and respect for human rights. However, few cross-national empirical studies exist to evaluate these claims. This article compares current levels of human rights abuses and democratization in post-civil war countries that have used TJMs with post-civil war countries that have not. These results support the advocates of war crimes tribunals: countries that have used tribunals have higher levels of ...


National Black Conventions And The Quest For African American Freedom And Progress, 1847-1867, Shawn C. Comminey Sep 2015

National Black Conventions And The Quest For African American Freedom And Progress, 1847-1867, Shawn C. Comminey

International Social Science Review

Through times of uncertainty, difficulty and hope, national black conventions represented conscientious self-help efforts to eradicate slavery and ameliorate the condition of free blacks. Concern over the status of blacks in the United States and black participation in the abolitionist movement was the impetus behind the national black convention movement. Between 1847 and 1864, at least five national conventions were held, during which free black delegates and leaders openly discussed the plight of African-Americans. Three major issues—the eradication of slavery, establishing a firm base in America while securing civil rights and emigration, in an attempt to acquire freedoms elsewhere ...


Fidel Castro's Grand Strategy In The Cuban Revolution: 1959-1968, Nicholas V. Boline Jul 2015

Fidel Castro's Grand Strategy In The Cuban Revolution: 1959-1968, Nicholas V. Boline

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

Grand strategy is the purposeful and coherent set of ideas about what a nation seeks to accomplish in both war and peacetime, and how it should go about doing so. In this paper, I analyze the grand strategy of Fidel Castro during the formative years of the Cuban Revolution (1959-1968), as he sought to carve out a place for Cuba at the vanguard of the International Communist Movement (ICM). Castro had four grand strategic aims: breaking Cuba’s historical ties with the United States, ensuring the stability of the Cuban Revolution domestically, maintaining Cuba’s ability to act independently of ...


Unstable Roots: The Precarious Bond Between Latin America And The Environment, Will G. Mundhenke Aug 2014

Unstable Roots: The Precarious Bond Between Latin America And The Environment, Will G. Mundhenke

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

This paper endeavors to identify and assess the most essential features of environmental degradation throughout Latin America. Specifically, it will discuss the aspects that create a proliferation of deforestation and destruction of the quality of Latin American coasts. The relationship between population, limited land and resources, weak institutions, and poverty lead to an intense economic battle in which economic necessity wages war against an ever-decreasing environmental quality. I will attempt to identify the factors that contribute to the destruction of forests and coasts, and what actions should be taken to develop policies within Latin American governments to promote the ever-elusive ...


The Wrong War: The Soviets And The Korean War, 1945-1953, Joel R. Campbell May 2014

The Wrong War: The Soviets And The Korean War, 1945-1953, Joel R. Campbell

International Social Science Review

For the Soviet Union, the Korean War was in many ways the wrong war, as it played a crucial, yet indirect, role in it. Whatever his motivations, which centered on a realist and pragmatic appraisal of both global and regional considerations, Stalin apparently gave tacit consent to, if not outright approval for, Kim II Sung's attack on South Korea. Like China, the USSR did not want U.S. forces on its border, and sought to maintain preeminent influence in North Korea. The war had begun when the North took aggressive action semi-independently of Moscow. Another Communist state, China, then ...