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Articles 1 - 30 of 412

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Salient Ballot Measures And The Millennial Vote, Scott J. Lacombe, Courtney Juelich Jun 2019

Salient Ballot Measures And The Millennial Vote, Scott J. Lacombe, Courtney Juelich

Department of Political Science Publications

We explore the relationship between ballot measures on issues salient to Millennials and their turnout in presidential and midterm elections. Both scholars and observers in the media have worried about decreasing levels of citizen participation, particularly among young voters. We demonstrate that one way to engage Millennials into traditional forms of political participation is through ballot measures that focus on issues salient to their generation (marijuana liberalization and higher education reform). We show that not only do these measures increase Millennial voting, but they erase difference in turnout levels between Millennials and older generations. This effect is primarily concentrated in ...


Public Support For Higher Taxes On The Wealthy: California’S Proposition 30, Caroline J. Tolbert, Christopher Witko, Cary Wolbers Jun 2019

Public Support For Higher Taxes On The Wealthy: California’S Proposition 30, Caroline J. Tolbert, Christopher Witko, Cary Wolbers

Department of Political Science Publications

It has long been argued that growing inequality would lead to growing demands for redistribution, especially from less affluent individuals who would benefit most from redistribution. Yet, in many countries we have not seen tax increases and even when ballot initiatives allow individuals to directly vote to raise taxes on the wealthy they decline to do so. This raises the question of how economic self-interest shapes voting on tax proposals, and what factors may weaken the links between economic self-interest and tax policy preferences. In the U.S. context partisanship is a factor that has a major influence on attitudes ...


Wisdom (Hikmah) As Perceived By Iranian Muslim Scholars: Reflections On Ibn Sina, Ghazali, And Suhrawardi, Leyla H. Tajer, Amir H. Zekrgoo Apr 2019

Wisdom (Hikmah) As Perceived By Iranian Muslim Scholars: Reflections On Ibn Sina, Ghazali, And Suhrawardi, Leyla H. Tajer, Amir H. Zekrgoo

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

The evolution of the concept of spiritual/religious wisdom (ḥikamt) by the Iranian Muslim philosophers from the 10th to 12th century, may be studied under three main trends namely Mashā’i (Peripatetic), Kalām (theology), and Ishrāq (Illumination). Despite the correlation among these trends each of them grew independently. Among the three, the Hikmat-i Ishrāq (Illumination Wisdom) which is also known as Ḥikamt-i Dhawqi (Intuitive Wisdom) of Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (1153-1191) found a special place as it tended to bring together the philosophical and theological aspects of wisdom. This survey would address the development of ikmat (wisdom) among ...


How Asylum Policy In France Contributes To A Gap In Perceptions Between French Nationals And Asylees, Caitlin Chenus Jan 2019

How Asylum Policy In France Contributes To A Gap In Perceptions Between French Nationals And Asylees, Caitlin Chenus

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Abstract

Asylum seekers in France are suffering both socially and economically due to a legal structure in place that blocks them from obtaining work during the first six months of their asylum claim processing. Interviews conducted during the summer of 2018 with French nationals, refugees and asylum seekers indicates that if asylum seekers were granted access to work after one month or less, negative attitudes between migrants and French nationals would be drastically reduced.

The six month timeline is new. Until September 10th, 2018, asylum seekers had to wait nine months before being allowed to search for work. If lawmakers ...


God And Caesar In Symbiosis: Russian Church And State Relationship, Kyle Chapman Jan 2018

God And Caesar In Symbiosis: Russian Church And State Relationship, Kyle Chapman

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Using primarily news articles from 2000-2018, legislation of the Russian state, and official stances of the Russian Orthodox Church. I seek to answer what motives are at play in the relationship between the Russian state under President Putin and Russian Orthodox Church. Literature on the subject views the relationship as one in which the Church is a mere tool of the state. Viewing it in this way restricts analyses through the lens of the Russian state’s domestic and international interests. This view underappreciates that the Russian Orthodox Church is an institution with its own ends. Through an examination of ...


Determinants Of Attitudes Toward The Affordable Care Act In Kentucky, Ohio, And Tennessee, Nathan Kilian Micatka Jan 2018

Determinants Of Attitudes Toward The Affordable Care Act In Kentucky, Ohio, And Tennessee, Nathan Kilian Micatka

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

While many scholars have explored the individual determinants of attitudes toward the ACA and healthcare reform more generally, few have concentrated on the policy environment at the state level. This is a significant oversight given that many of the policy specifics of the ACA, such as the creation of insurance exchanges and the expansion of Medicaid, are decided at the subnational level. I take a first step in understanding how the policy design of the ACA influences opinions by looking at Kentucky, Ohio, and Tennessee because they differ in significant ways regarding their policy decisions toward the ACA. Using a ...


Accessible Electoral Systems: State Reform Laws, Election Administration, And Voter Turnout, Michael James Ritter Aug 2017

Accessible Electoral Systems: State Reform Laws, Election Administration, And Voter Turnout, Michael James Ritter

Theses and Dissertations

Compared to most Western democracies, voter turnout in the United States is consistently lower. Individuals from disadvantaged groups such as the poor are also less likely to vote than more affluent citizens. To counteract these trends, American state governments since the 1970s have adopted election reform laws (early voting, no-excuse absentee or mail voting, and Same Day Registration [SDR] voting) to make voting easier for the citizen. Paradoxically, most research on election reform laws has found that these laws have a minimal effect on turnout, and do not reduce disparities between more and less advantaged voting groups. This study argues ...


Connected Courts: The Diffusion Of Precedent Across State Supreme Courts, Abigail Anne Matthews Aug 2017

Connected Courts: The Diffusion Of Precedent Across State Supreme Courts, Abigail Anne Matthews

Theses and Dissertations

State supreme courts are autonomous institutions with significant power. Yet, despite this authority, state supreme courts routinely rely on one another to explain why and how they reached their decisions. This puzzle of why state supreme courts cite each other in their opinions led me to pose two questions. First, under what conditions do state supreme courts cite other states supreme courts? And second, to whom do they turn for guidance? To answer these questions, I propose a new theory for evaluating state supreme court citations, the social learning model. I borrow policy diffusion’s learning mechanism and I pair ...


The Macro Polity And Public Opinion In Religious Context, Kellen J. Gracey Aug 2017

The Macro Polity And Public Opinion In Religious Context, Kellen J. Gracey

Theses and Dissertations

How does religion influence politics in the United States? Religion and politics are intertwined because individual citizens often use their religious background to inform their political decisions. Scholars have studied how which religious group a person belongs to, how often they participate in religious activities, and how the strength of religious beliefs all shape political attitudes and opinions. Most research in this area, however, has been limited to examining religion of the individual, rather than religion of place. An overlooked aspect of the religion-politics link is the impact of the religious environment all around us, or the blending and mixing ...


Politics Of Economic Inequality In China: Government Propaganda And Public Opinion, Shuai Jin Aug 2017

Politics Of Economic Inequality In China: Government Propaganda And Public Opinion, Shuai Jin

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines Chinese citizens’ awareness, perceptions of economic inequality, preferences for redistribution, as well as how the Chinese government portrays inequality and how citizens respond to propaganda. I theorize that the low-, middle- and high-income classes will observe different realities of inequality, have different opinions of inequality, and that lead to different reactions to propaganda. The low-income class is expected to be unaware of inequality and their attitudes toward inequality should be affected by the government rhetoric because of their low levels of education and exposure to inequality. The educated and informed middle class should observe the reality and ...


Political Clout Of Government Bondholders: How Government Bondholders Expect And Affect States’ Conflictual Behaviors, Kyu Young Lee Aug 2017

Political Clout Of Government Bondholders: How Government Bondholders Expect And Affect States’ Conflictual Behaviors, Kyu Young Lee

Theses and Dissertations

How do government bond markets expect and affect states’ conflictual behaviors? Many assume that interstate disputes harm states’ credit; however, existing research on finance have sparingly investigated specifically through what channel international disputes disturb government bondholders and the extent of the effect. On the contrary, although government bonds have been used as primary means for states to finance disputes, most empirical studies on conflicts have not factored in the financial costs of disputes. My study delves into the questions of what role government bondholders play in international disputes, and how they constrain or give leeway to states’ conflictual behaviors. My ...


The Political Origins Of Racial And Ethnic Inequality, Elizabeth Maltby Aug 2017

The Political Origins Of Racial And Ethnic Inequality, Elizabeth Maltby

Theses and Dissertations

Policy feedback theory argues that public policies shape mass political behavior by teaching citizens about their relationship to government. However, most studies assume that the entire public has a uniform reaction to policy. I reevaluate this assumption by examining how feedback from policy varies by groups and across contexts. I argue that, because policy sends different signals to those targeted by policy than those outside policy’s target group, these groups should have opposite reactions to the way policy is implemented in their community. And, for those targeted by policy, feedback effects should depend on how likely individuals’ are to ...


Analysis Of Parental Leave Policies For Staff At Big Ten Schools, Rachel Zuckerman Jan 2017

Analysis Of Parental Leave Policies For Staff At Big Ten Schools, Rachel Zuckerman

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This thesis uses a case study approach to develop an understanding of how the University of Iowa’s parental leave policies and practices compare to those of its peers in the Big Ten Conference. This paper ultimately argues that the University of Iowa should modernize its staff parental leave policy for the well-being of its employees and to be competitive with other institutions. The first part of this thesis reviews my motivations for this research, which is the fact that evidence overwhelmingly supports paid parental leave policies. Next, I provide an overview of the University of Iowa’s history and ...


Politics Beyond The Personal: Reading Wolin In The Age Of Trump, Christopher Jackson Jan 2017

Politics Beyond The Personal: Reading Wolin In The Age Of Trump, Christopher Jackson

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This thesis argues that the root cause of both climate change and the decline of democracy in the West is neoliberalism’s pervasive marginalization of faith in public action. It responds to the election of Donald Trump by critically analyzing how noted democratic theorist Sheldon Wolin interpreted the election of Ronald Reagan and the lessons to be learned from it. It argues that Wolin is right to ascribe great importance to historical memory in democratic citizenship, but wrong to highlight localism as the primary venue for contestation, especially in the context of global climate change. The antidote to these problems ...


Human Water Security: It Boils Down To State Bureaucratic Capacity, Seth Howard Jan 2017

Human Water Security: It Boils Down To State Bureaucratic Capacity, Seth Howard

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Contemporaneous global demographic, environmental, and economic trends have elevated water issues to the fore of human rights and national security debates. Ipso facto, a profusion of research has attempted to explicate water insecurity causes and effects. This article examines the foremost theoretical explanations, data, and discrepancies. It then proposes and quantitatively tests a more parsimonious and evidentially coherent state bureaucratic capacity theory of water security. The results support the proposed theory and reveal three significant conclusions. Times series analyses reveal mixed-type regimes produce reduced water security compared to autocracies and democracies, with closed anocracies performing worst; this finding persists when ...


The Moroccan Jurist Al-Khamlīshī: Can A Woman Become A Legislator (Mujtahid)?, Nayel A. Badareen Nov 2016

The Moroccan Jurist Al-Khamlīshī: Can A Woman Become A Legislator (Mujtahid)?, Nayel A. Badareen

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

The idea of deducing legal rulings in Islamic law, or ijtihād, as well as the qualifications of the person who practices ijtihād, known as the mujtahid, has been a complex issue among Muslim ʿulamāʾ for centuries. Many Muslim ʿulamāʾ and Western scholars have maintained that the gate of ijtihād was closed. The title of mujtahid was therefore impossible to attain. The Moroccan intellectual al-Khamlīshī maintains that the strenuous conditions put forth by some of the Sunni jurists to qualify an individual to become a mujtahid actually contributed to the demise of ijtihād. These qualifications, according to al-Khamlīshī, were proven to ...


Ethnocentrism In Russia And Ukraine, Christopher C. Anderson Aug 2016

Ethnocentrism In Russia And Ukraine, Christopher C. Anderson

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an investigation into the causes and consequences of ethnocentrism in Russia and Ukraine. It expands on the current literature in political science which has focused exclusively on data from the United States. By examining new countries, this work increases our knowledge about the characteristics of ethnocentrism and its effects. I also go beyond what has been done in previous work by examining ethnocentrism’s variable effects on different ethnic groups in a society.

The dissertation is broken down into two parts. The first half, chapters one, two and three, look at the relationship between ethnocentrism and different ...


Taming Factions In The Chinese Communist Party, Yang Zhang Aug 2016

Taming Factions In The Chinese Communist Party, Yang Zhang

Theses and Dissertations

How does the Chinese Communist Party tame factions from breaking it apart? Relying on thousands of biographies, the dissertation attempts to uncover the complex network of Chinese political elites and investigate how institutions constrain the expansion of factions.

First, it finds that the rule of avoidance has been effectively implemented. Native provincial officials are often assigned with secondary party positions, especially so in deeply indebted provinces that are heavily reliant on the central government for fiscal transfer. Second, the centralization of the disciplinary inspection system helps maintain the momentum of the anticorruption campaign since the 2012 leadership succession. Compared to ...


Authoritarian Governance In China, Yingnan Joseph Zhou Aug 2016

Authoritarian Governance In China, Yingnan Joseph Zhou

Theses and Dissertations

What determines governance quality in authoritarian settings? The existing literature on governance concentrates on democratic governance and provides no ready answer. By focusing on the world’s largest authoritarian country, China, this study delineates an authoritarian model of governance quality. In the model, I argue that in order for good governance to occur, an authoritarian government must have both the ability and the desire to govern well, and the current authoritarian government in China has both. Specifically, its ability to govern well comes from 1) its sovereignty within the territory, 2) its fiscal resources, and 3) its party-state structure blended ...


Women And Gender In Local Government, Charlotte Lee Ridge Aug 2016

Women And Gender In Local Government, Charlotte Lee Ridge

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines whether men and women in rural local government differ on a number of demographic and attitudinal variables. Using survey data for city council members in rural Iowa, this dissertation used difference of means tests, cross-tabs and multiple regression modeling (OLS and logistic regression) to compare the responses of male and female town councilors. Scholarship on state legislatures and Congress often find that male and female legislators are different on a number of important demographic and attitudinal variables and many feminists argue that electing more women to office will change the way government institutions work. However, council members ...


Shapes And Noise: Does Border Geometry And Capital Location Affect The Prevalence Of Insurgency In A State?, Ryan B. Hall Jan 2016

Shapes And Noise: Does Border Geometry And Capital Location Affect The Prevalence Of Insurgency In A State?, Ryan B. Hall

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

The destruction brought by World War II fashioned an intense fear of any instability in the international system. The primary result of this fear is the institution of the United Nations, which, in turn, has been compelled to undertake a number of state building and peace keeping operations. While the international community has seen success in these operations, many states continue to fail – for these states all variables should be on the table. Among the most under-explored variables in state failure is state geometry; for years, a select few political scientists have attempted to explore the relationship between the two ...


Blogging, Nationhood, And The Egyptian Revolution: Rethinking Bridgeblogging, Katherine R. Sacco Sep 2015

Blogging, Nationhood, And The Egyptian Revolution: Rethinking Bridgeblogging, Katherine R. Sacco

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

The common interpretation of “bridgeblogs,” or blogs written in English by bloggers in countries where English is not the primary audience, understands them as primarily serving to explain the local political context for an international audience. This article aims to complicate the existing understanding of bridgeblogs through ethnographic research into five Egyptian bridgeblogs. Specifically, this paper considers bloggers’ engagement in discussions about nationhood in 2011, in the wake of the Egyptian uprising that overthrew Hosni Mubarak. This paper argues that by participating in conversations about the future and shape of the Egyptian nation, bridgebloggers are highly engaged in domestic political ...


Emigration As A Political Stance? Moroccan Migrants' Narratives Of Dignity, Human Rights And Minority Identities In Transnational Context, Anna Virkama Jul 2015

Emigration As A Political Stance? Moroccan Migrants' Narratives Of Dignity, Human Rights And Minority Identities In Transnational Context, Anna Virkama

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

The protest movements known as the Arab Spring brought the frustration and disappointment of the North African citizens with their governments to the world's attention. Five years after the Arab Spring, the issues of human rights and individual freedom remain important issues in the democratic transition of the Arab societies. Since the countries in North Africa have also been important migrant sending countries for decades, the connection between mass emigration and human right issues forms an interesting research area. This empirical article aims to bring a new perspective to the debate by analysing the narratives dignity, human rights and ...


The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", Hamza Tayebi Jul 2015

The Independent Press After The "Moroccan Spring", Hamza Tayebi

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

The wave of Arab Spring that started in Tunisia and Egypt arrived to Morocco in 2011 paving the way to unprecedented organized mass-protests all over the country. Among the demands raised by the 20 February Movement protesters was the demand for free and independent media outlets, especially the press. King Mohammed VI, the Commander of the Faithful and the highest authority in Morocco, promised in a televised speech on March 9th to introduce "radical" and "genuine" constitutional reforms that would democratize the country. In fact, King Mohammed VI has so far succeeded in calming down and co-opting the demonstrations, but ...


Reassessing Legislative Relationships: Capturing Interdependence In Legislative Position Taking And Votes, Emily Ursula Schilling Jul 2015

Reassessing Legislative Relationships: Capturing Interdependence In Legislative Position Taking And Votes, Emily Ursula Schilling

Theses and Dissertations

Since Woodrow Wilson's (1885) analysis of Congress, researchers assumed that members of Congress look to one another for information, cues, and advice on unfamiliar policy areas. The amount of time and effort that each legislator and their staffers would have to put in to make all of these voting decisions would be insurmountable. Fellow legislators are a resource to turn to for guidance or assistance. Legislators are able to influence their colleagues above and beyond each of their individual preferences. The members of Congress that are most influential will not necessarily be the same for every bill. The significant ...


A Study On Rebel Group Dynamics And Third Party Intervention, Kieun Sung Jul 2015

A Study On Rebel Group Dynamics And Third Party Intervention, Kieun Sung

Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzes the relationship between inter rebel group dynamics and rebel biased third party interventions. Concerning the considerable amount of multiparty civil conflicts and internationalized civil conflicts, prior studies largely overlook the cause and effect of inter rebel dynamics in terms of third party interventions. I delve into two related research questions; How do inter rebel dynamics influence a third party’s decision to intervene in a multiparty civil conflict? What kinds of rebel group interactions are facilitated by such third party interventions?

Existing rebel group interaction patterns play a key role in determining conflict process and, influence third ...


Foreign Direct Investment Under Globalization Dilemma: Economic Insecurity, Tax Competition, And Funding For Social Welfare, Dongkyu Kim Jul 2015

Foreign Direct Investment Under Globalization Dilemma: Economic Insecurity, Tax Competition, And Funding For Social Welfare, Dongkyu Kim

Theses and Dissertations

My dissertation examines the question of how foreign direct investment (FDI) affects social welfare spending across countries. To date, there have been three important challenges to studies of the globalization-welfare state nexus. First, most scholars understand market internationalization in terms of the trade of goods and services while minimizing how other aspects of globalization fit into this discussion. Second, scholarly attention to economic globalization has been mistaken when understanding the relationship between demand- and supply-side mechanisms for social welfare provision. Thus, the argument that trade stimulates demand for social welfare has been incorrectly used to oppose the argument that capital ...


Policy Making At The Margins: The Modern Politics Of Abortion, Rebecca Jane Kreitzer Jul 2015

Policy Making At The Margins: The Modern Politics Of Abortion, Rebecca Jane Kreitzer

Theses and Dissertations

Scholars often argue that republican government works because elected representatives adopt policies favored by their constituents. Theoretically, this relationship is stronger with morality issues because such issues are technically simple, involve core values, and thus foster greater levels of citizen engagement. Since the U.S. Supreme Court cases of Casey and Webster, state legislatures have passed hundreds of policies that place cumulatively significant restrictions on women's access to abortion. The increasingly conservative nature of abortion policy might indicate an increasingly conservative electorate, but public opinion on abortion has remained stable since the 1970s with most Americans favoring legal abortion ...


Parties Without Brand Names: The Causes And Consequences Of Party Relabeling, Mi-Son Kim Jul 2015

Parties Without Brand Names: The Causes And Consequences Of Party Relabeling, Mi-Son Kim

Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation explores the causes of party relabeling by focusing on four party systems: South Korea, France, Taiwan and the United States. The existing literature on political parties considers one of their primary functions to be providing a brand name. As a result, party name change has been viewed as an anomaly caused by internal and external shocks that disturb the status quo equilibrium or a phenomenon symptomatic of unstable, weakly institutionalized party systems. However, party name changes are not as rare as assumed in the existing literature. Therefore, my dissertation addresses the following questions: When and why do parties ...


Party Duration : Examining The Effects Of Incumbent Party Tenure On Election Outcomes, Jason John Thomas Jul 2015

Party Duration : Examining The Effects Of Incumbent Party Tenure On Election Outcomes, Jason John Thomas

Theses and Dissertations

What consequences arise as a result of repeated control of the legislature by the same party or coalition? Are incumbent parties less likely to lose an election the longer they remain in power? Furthermore, as parties remain in power longer and longer, do the factors which electoral scholars have proposed influence elections have less of an impact on election outcomes?

The purpose of this project is to examine the electoral impact of repeated control of the legislature by the same party or ruling coalition. In this project, I argue that the length of time an incumbent party or coalition has ...