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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Signaling Illiberalism: Democratic Backsliding. A Case Study Of Germany And Hungary., Emily Schweitzberger Jan 2019

Signaling Illiberalism: Democratic Backsliding. A Case Study Of Germany And Hungary., Emily Schweitzberger

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past decade, the decline, or backsliding, of democracy has reemerged as a concern in international affairs with many leaders overstepping constitutional restraints to accumulate power in their hands. While democratic backsliding occurs in various ways and in regions all over the world, Europe has struggled to control its spread as populist parties become closer and closer to taking power with each election cycle. In this paper, I examine the cases of Germany and Hungary, which share similar historical and cultural backgrounds yet differ in their democratic strengths: Germany remains a strong beacon of Western, liberal democracy, but Hungary ...


The Role Of Public Opinion: Judicial Decision Making On Gay Rights Cases, Andrew Wise Jan 2019

The Role Of Public Opinion: Judicial Decision Making On Gay Rights Cases, Andrew Wise

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the United States, public opinion on gay rights has not always been favorable to gay Americans. Recently, this trend has been challenged and public opinion in support of gay rights has been growing. There is reason to believe that both the legislative and executive branches of government have responded to this increase accordingly, but what about the judicial branch? In this paper, I look at how public opinion on gay rights, specifically gay marriage, affects how individual state supreme court justices vote on gay rights cases, between the years 1981 and 2004. Additionally, I examine how the method of ...


Political Freedoms And Productive Firms: Exporters And Their Effect On Trade Policy In Democracies And Autocracies, Megan Elizabeth Roosevelt Jan 2018

Political Freedoms And Productive Firms: Exporters And Their Effect On Trade Policy In Democracies And Autocracies, Megan Elizabeth Roosevelt

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

What explains variation in trade policy openness across countries? Past explanations have hinged on individual-level preferences expressed through a voting channel, especially to account for more liberal trade policy in democracies, but recent survey data calls the plausibility of this mechanism into question. In this three-paper dissertation, I focus on firm-level variation in preferences for free trade or protection, rooted in a New New Trade Theory (NNTT) framework. This theoretical response to classic and new trade theories emphasizes the heterogeneity of firms, and particularly the fundamental differences between exporting firms and domestically-oriented or import-competing firms.

Before proceeding with a firm-level ...


Globalizing Media And International News, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 2018

Globalizing Media And International News, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

A project summary, listing all articles.


Judicial Reform Amid Violence In Latin America, Erin Terese Huebert Jan 2017

Judicial Reform Amid Violence In Latin America, Erin Terese Huebert

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

My dissertation investigates the puzzle of rising crime across Latin America amidst improvements in human development and democratic governance. While efforts have been made to reform the criminal justice system, we do not know the conditions under which judicial reform effectively deters homicide. Drawing on four months of fieldwork in Mexico as well as a novel cross-national dataset and a sub-national design in Mexico, I find that criminal procedure reforms aimed at improving due process are not sufficient for deterring homicide in places where non-state actors (i.e. drug cartels) effectively challenge the state’s monopoly of violence. In these ...


Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia Jan 2017

Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia

Undergraduate Honors Theses

What causes pro-life people to support an exception for an abortion in the case of pregnancy by rape? Given the arguments that usually surround protecting the fetus, support for the exception is logically inconsistent; what seems to matter, then, is whether women are guilt. After striving to understand why this exception exists and controlling for variables like sex, biblical fundamentalism, church attendance, education, and age, I find that the presence of empathy ultimately allows individuals within an extreme issue to compromise on their beliefs. Further it was established that other beliefs or behaviors such as authoritarianism and sexism were found ...


Education Inequality: An Examination Of The Political And Economic Factors Associated With Educational Disparities Around The World, Nichole Marie Torpey-Saboe Jan 2016

Education Inequality: An Examination Of The Political And Economic Factors Associated With Educational Disparities Around The World, Nichole Marie Torpey-Saboe

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Education is broadly recognized as a human right and is critical to the achievement of other individual and social goods. Yet despite widespread recognition of the importance of education, access is still very uneven. In some countries, education is available to all on a fairly equal basis, while in others, only the elite are educated. What explains this variation? While much attention has been paid to income inequality, education inequality is less understood. Drawing from theories on human capital and income inequality, I hypothesize that education inequality is shaped by the forces of modernization, globalization, and democratization. I construct a ...


Regime Type And Female Health In The World: A Study Of The Effects Of Democracy On Women's Access To Health Care, Maxwell Nathanson Jan 2015

Regime Type And Female Health In The World: A Study Of The Effects Of Democracy On Women's Access To Health Care, Maxwell Nathanson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper studies the relationship between maternal access to health care and democracy. Access to female health services is a critical metric in measuring the overall quality of health care globally, and is an indicator of a state’s cultural, social, and political development. Likewise, the degree of political freedom in a country is correlated with the amount of funding social welfare programs receive (Brown and Hunter, 1999; Navarro et al., 2006).

In this paper, I examine how states ranging from democratic to authoritarian provide health care for their female populations. Using data provided by the World Bank and Freedom ...


The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker Jan 2015

The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the effects of civil society’s involvement in the Tunisian democratic transition through a case study on its contributions to the constitution drafting process. Tunisia gained widespread international attention following its popular uprising against authoritarian leader Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and successful transition to democracy. Many, however, have dismissed Tunisia’s triumph as a lucky break aided by the country’s small size, religious and ethnic homogeneity, pre-existing liberal social values, and “relatively moderate” Islamist party. Those focused on such “Tunisian exceptionalism” conclude that the country’s transition has little to teach other countries in political flux ...


Beyond The Democratic State: Anti-Authoritarian Interventions In Democratic Theory, Brian Carl Bernhardt Jun 2014

Beyond The Democratic State: Anti-Authoritarian Interventions In Democratic Theory, Brian Carl Bernhardt

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Though democracy has achieved widespread global popularity, its meaning has become increasingly vacuous and citizen confidence in democratic governments continues to erode. I respond to this tension by articulating a vision of democracy inspired by anti-authoritarian theory and social movement practice. By anti-authoritarian, I mean a commitment to individual liberty, a skepticism toward centralized power, and a belief in the capacity of self-organization. This dissertation fosters a conversation between an anti-authoritarian perspective and democratic theory: What would an account of democracy that begins from these three commitments look like? In the first two chapters, I develop an anti-authoritarian account of ...


The Non-Solicitation Principle Of Democratic Legitimacy, James Michael Hall Jan 2014

The Non-Solicitation Principle Of Democratic Legitimacy, James Michael Hall

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

There are many problems with contemporary forms of democratic government. Apathy, factions, and the problem of legitimizing authority in a democracy plagued by both are among the most important of the problems democracies face today, especially in the United States. I propose a principle of non-solicitation for government positions. This principle solves the aforementioned problems by (i) widening the sphere of possible political participation, (ii) abating the problem of factions, and (iii) legitimizing authority as the right to rule under deliberative democracy, consent, reasonable consensus, and equality theories of legitimization.


Basic Democratic Rights And Global Institutional Responsibilities: Democracy, Development, International Law, And Transitional Justice, Eamon Thomas Aloyo Jan 2011

Basic Democratic Rights And Global Institutional Responsibilities: Democracy, Development, International Law, And Transitional Justice, Eamon Thomas Aloyo

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

If the practical effects of advancing the developmental and humanitarian aims of human rights are to be realized, the assignment and enforcement of institutional responsibilities for human rights must be improved. I defend this claim through normative and empirical arguments based on nonideal conditions that draw on aspects of political theory, international relations, comparative politics, and international law. Specifically, I defend an approach to justifying human rights by arguing that if everyone possesses an individual right to democracy, in order to actually exercise this right, a number of other rights must be guaranteed. In this way I present a unique ...


Seats At The Table: Civil Society And Participatory Governance In Brazilian Housing Policy, Maureen Mary Donaghy Jan 2011

Seats At The Table: Civil Society And Participatory Governance In Brazilian Housing Policy, Maureen Mary Donaghy

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Can democratic institutions be created to address social challenges? Democratic institutions should promote accountability of government officials to the needs of citizens. Civil society then plays a role in exposing corruption as well as in communicating the needs of low-income residents to officials. Neither the institutions of representative democracy nor the presence of civil society, however, appears to automatically guarantee adoption of social benefits for the poor. Scholars, development practitioners, donors, and activists propose participatory governance institutions as mechanisms to create accountability and responsiveness through a public forum incorporating civil society. To date, however, little comparative research exists to confirm ...


Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero Jan 2010

Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero

Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chapter 1. The Effects of Political Competition on the Feasibility of Economic Reform

This chapter shows that democracies may fail to enact desirable economic reforms even when such reforms Pareto dominate the status quo and there are no informational asymmetries. The key insight is that, even when reforms entail economic gains for all agents, electoral political losses cannot be compensated politically. Consequently, when the majority party has strong electoral support, minority parties pursue both low-gain reforms and high-gain reforms. Intermediate-gain reforms are harder to enact, since the electoral costs dominate welfare gains. In highly contested environments, only high-gain reforms succeed ...


Globalizing Terrorism And The Internet, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jun 2007

Globalizing Terrorism And The Internet, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The war of the decade is the war on terror. It is a war fought as surely in the public domain of communication and culture as on other battlefields. News organizations that aspire to a global audience constitute this public domain and bring it to the internet. They write and broadcast on the internet because it is their infrastructure for reaching a global audience. This paper assesses how this war is playing itself out in the globalizing media.


Globalizing Walls, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jul 2006

Globalizing Walls, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Globalization seems to homogenize the world as technology dissolves barriers of time and space. The proliferation of international actors and links appears to eat away at the very foundations of the Westphalian state system. Where the global meets the local is at the walls that define the external objective boundaries of political units and the internal subjective identities of their citizens.As globalizing media tell wall stories, they give the walls legitimacy and power. Wall stories in globalizing media imply that the walls are important news. Wall stories reflect and construct an important part of the myths--the dominant narratives-- of ...


North-South Globalization And Action Initiatives: Multiple News Media In The Emerging Global Communication Space, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Mar 2006

North-South Globalization And Action Initiatives: Multiple News Media In The Emerging Global Communication Space, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The news media are major purveyors of globalization. Globalization becomes present to the citizens of the world as news media reach out to a global audience. As improving communication technologies have made real time global communication possible, northern networks like CNN and BBC have used the technology to develop globally oriented television news programs. Their offerings, CNN WorldView and BBC World, attempt to connect with a global audience. The further development of the web has allowed organizations with considerably less funding than BBC and CNN to try for a global audience as well. The southern network Aljazeera, for example, recently ...


Globalizing Sympathy, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Apr 2004

Globalizing Sympathy, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The paper addresses two features of global disaster broadcasting: 1) the scope of disaster coverage and 2) the method of disaster performance, the way that disasters are turned into tragedies. This process is at the heart of "globalizing sympathy" --emotional connection with a global audience. Global media slowly, subtly, and inexorably expand our sympathy beyond the small screen and our local lives into the larger world.


Leading With Blood In The Streets: Global Broadcasters, Protesters, And Democratic Leaders, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 2004

Leading With Blood In The Streets: Global Broadcasters, Protesters, And Democratic Leaders, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Protesters attempt to broaden conflict by taking advantage of the news media's principle"if it bleeds it leads". Democratic leaders turn that rule back on the protesters. If there is no blood there is no story. All the democratic politicians have to do is disappear. There is no blood. And the protest is silenced. Globalizing media broadcasters and protesters lead with blood in the streets. Globalizing political leaders, on the other hand, can not lead with blood in the streets. Globalizing communication and political actors thus perform the interactive logic of globalization, playing out the mutually reinforcing incentives of ...


The Rhetoric Of Global Leadership: Cooperating, Crusading, And Preparing For War, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 2004

The Rhetoric Of Global Leadership: Cooperating, Crusading, And Preparing For War, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Global telecommunications technology and practice offer the permissive conditions for global political leadership and political rhetoric. Global media provide a new platform, an expanded public domain for talk and action. The medium, as Marshall McLuhan famously said, is the message; but media do not fully determine their own use. The players on the global stage follow their own scripts. Media elites have their own concerns, choosing stories that they feel appropriate for their tasks. Issues like Iraq ebb and flow as a focus of news attention. Political actors seize the stage to a greater or lesser degree. Though their speaking ...


Globalizing Terror, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 2002

Globalizing Terror, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The globalization of terror is something new. It goes hand in hand with the globalization of the media. The creation of new media technology has created a public space in which political actors may perform: Terrorists are some of the actors who can now play on a global stage. Kosovo, Israel/Palestine, the twin towers terror is not a sometime thing. Man's inhumanity toward his fellow men makes terror a constant in human affairs. Not very long ago most of the terror was hidden beyond our willingness to wait for the news. That is no longer true. We experience ...


Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 1999

Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Seattle, November-December 1999: the third meeting of the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization. President Clinton was the host. Political leaders came from around the world. The news media-global, national, and local-were there in full force. As were the protesters. For the political leaders who believed that freer trade would improve their economies this was the place to be. For those who believed that freer trade would have a detrimental impact on people and the environment this was also the place to be. It was the point of resistance. For reporters and camera crews the conflict between leaders and ...