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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Why Does Variance Occur In The Composition Of The House Armed Services Committee Compared To Whole House?, Vincent Wroble Jan 2019

Why Does Variance Occur In The Composition Of The House Armed Services Committee Compared To Whole House?, Vincent Wroble

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: What factors cause legislators to be members of the House Armed Services Committee? This paper looks at factors that may impact membership on this committee. Factors examined include constituency characteristics as well as the legislators’ previous careers in the Armed Services. The results show that while constituency characteristics play the largest role in predicting membership on the House Armed Services Committee, veteran status, as well as differences in members’ military careers (including whether they served on active duty, and whether they served as an officer) were also significant in increasing the probability of membership. In addition, political party affiliation ...


Communists And Soldiers: Comparing Gendered Rhetoric In Different Crises, Helen Stritzel Jan 2018

Communists And Soldiers: Comparing Gendered Rhetoric In Different Crises, Helen Stritzel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The post-World War II era ushered in the beginning of Cold War politics. In this shifting political landscape, the United States government had to face accusations that some State Department employees were disloyal, as well as confront a shortage of troops to fight in potential conflicts arising from the Cold War. In this paper, I classify the former as a bureaucratic conflict and the latter as a military crisis. There has been considerable research conducted on how gender is used as a tool by politicians, but in this paper, I examine the differences in how gender operates in a bureaucratic ...


Local Economies And National Politics: How Members Of Congress Respond To Economic Crisis, Adam Forrest Cayton Jan 2016

Local Economies And National Politics: How Members Of Congress Respond To Economic Crisis, Adam Forrest Cayton

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines the nature of dyadic representation in the House of Representatives during the contemporary era of elite polarization and nationalized political conflict. Members of the House are each accountable to a unique geographic constituency but face pressures from polarized national parties. How do lawmakers balance these competing pressures? I argue that members of Congress are responsive to the needs of their districts, but that the nature of the representational relationship depends on the characteristics of the district, level of intra-party consensus on the issue at hand, and the visibility of the behavior in question. I have compiled a ...


The Advantage Of Wealth: How Partisan Success Is Affected By Rising Income Inequality In The United States, Aaron Carpenter Jan 2016

The Advantage Of Wealth: How Partisan Success Is Affected By Rising Income Inequality In The United States, Aaron Carpenter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

After the end of the Second World War, the United States when through a period of great growth. As the economy grew, income inequality also grew within the country. Parallel to this, as income inequality increased, Republicans began to break the stronghold of Democratic congressional control. This begs the question, what happens to politics as income inequality increases in the United States? Can Republican success be explained by increased inequality? In order to answer this question, I theorize that income inequality increases the power of the Republican core support base, while it mitigates the power of the Democratic support base ...


Taking The Lead: Congressional Staffers And Their Role In The Policy Process, Sara Lynn Hagedorn Jan 2015

Taking The Lead: Congressional Staffers And Their Role In The Policy Process, Sara Lynn Hagedorn

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The world of congressional staff is largely an unseen one, both in the media and within political science. Little scholarship exists on their role in Congress, with nearly none on their role in the policy process and agenda setting. Most of the research on Congressional agenda setting and policy development ignores the role staff play in the process, assuming members do all of the work themselves and staff handle menial tasks. This dissertation looks at the role Congressional staff play in the agenda setting process in Congress. Using the data acquired from an original survey of over 500 current and ...


Bipartisan Cosponsorship And District Partisanship: How Members Of Congress Respond To Changing Constituencies, Wilson Scarbeary Jan 2015

Bipartisan Cosponsorship And District Partisanship: How Members Of Congress Respond To Changing Constituencies, Wilson Scarbeary

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research in this area has focused on how MCs specifically change their voting behavior to respond to constituents. For this paper, I chose to focus specifically on MCs who were particularly vulnerable to changes in their district. These MCs serve in politically volatile districts that are close to, or already have flipped to supporting the opposing party. While changes in voting behavior can help explain how some MCs are able to hold despite changes in their districts, this is only part of the picture. Another equally important way that MCs can adapt to changing districts is by changing their ...


Bicameral Bargaining And Resolution In The United States, Joshua M. Ryan Jan 2011

Bicameral Bargaining And Resolution In The United States, Joshua M. Ryan

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In most bicameral systems, both legislative chambers must agree on a bill before it may become law. In the United States Congress, agreement often comes during negotiations which occur after each chamber has passed an initial version of the bill. Our understanding of the post-passage resolution process is very limited and has traditionally been limited to question of "who wins" in conference committees. The post-passage bargaining process is more complex and more important than this work suggests. For example, it is not well understood why the House and Senate must sometimes bargain and why they can sometimes agree on legislation ...