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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Impact Of Third-Generation Biofuels Versus Fossil Fuels On Interstate And Intrastate Conflicts, Ursula Grunwald Jan 2018

The Impact Of Third-Generation Biofuels Versus Fossil Fuels On Interstate And Intrastate Conflicts, Ursula Grunwald

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Oil is the most traded item in the world, and previous research has shown a link between oil and the intensity and duration of conflicts. However, work has not compared and contrasted the impact of oil on interstate versus intrastate conflict. Additionally, the world's fuel demands will increase in the coming decades. As a way to encourage more peaceful relations, the question was posed if third-generation biofuels could solve some of the problems of fuel demand and conflict over fossil fuel resources. The research found that oil serves as different motivation in interstate and intrastate conflict. In interstate conflict ...


Lines In The Water: Why Do Some Maritime Disputes Linger While Others Get Resolved?, Benjamin Swift Purser Iii Jan 2015

Lines In The Water: Why Do Some Maritime Disputes Linger While Others Get Resolved?, Benjamin Swift Purser Iii

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

To explore potential policy opportunities for managing the disputes of the South China Sea and the Arctic, this multi-method research combines quantitative and qualitative analysis of the population of all modern maritime disputes (since 1900). This inquiry engages multivariate analysis of a unique data set and comparative case studies in order to examine how different factors (of both the disputed areas and the claimant nation-states) can explain dispute duration, escalation, and resolution. While extant literature treats maritime disputes as the unexplained error term of territorial conflict, this project argues that there are three distinct types of maritime disputes and that ...


Post-Election Violence In Kenya: Place-Based Explanations Of Con Ict, Andrew Martin Linke Jan 2013

Post-Election Violence In Kenya: Place-Based Explanations Of Con Ict, Andrew Martin Linke

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

When and where do contentious politics become violent politics? How does election violence emerge from, and operate through, formal and informal social institutions? What are the impacts of this electoral violence for the people and places it affects? Focusing on the conflict that followed Kenya's December 27th 2007 national election, I use a geographical conceptual framework and mixed quantitative-qualitative methods to understand a phenomenon that plagues many African societies. I find evidence that local level social circumstances - contextual effects - influence the observed rate of conflict. These settings are measured in terms of ethnic community relations, socioeconomic status, and the ...


Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero Jan 2010

Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero

Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chapter 1. The Effects of Political Competition on the Feasibility of Economic Reform

This chapter shows that democracies may fail to enact desirable economic reforms even when such reforms Pareto dominate the status quo and there are no informational asymmetries. The key insight is that, even when reforms entail economic gains for all agents, electoral political losses cannot be compensated politically. Consequently, when the majority party has strong electoral support, minority parties pursue both low-gain reforms and high-gain reforms. Intermediate-gain reforms are harder to enact, since the electoral costs dominate welfare gains. In highly contested environments, only high-gain reforms succeed ...