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University of Colorado, Boulder

2018

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Morality Of National Defense: An Aristotelian-Thomist Account, Craig M. White May 2018

The Morality Of National Defense: An Aristotelian-Thomist Account, Craig M. White

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In current just war theory debates, some scholars claim that a moral right to defend a nation cannot be demonstrated. Others claim that any case for the morality of even defensive war must reflect standards of interpersonal morality. This dissertation goes back to the natural law tradition behind just war theory to offer a moral argument in favor of national defense that is not based on an individualist account, but also rejects absolute accounts of national sovereignty, with its attendant problems. National defense is usually but not always just.

I defend arguing from “a tradition” in MacIntyre’s sense, and ...


Search For A Heavy Resonance Decaying To A Pair Of Higgs Bosons In The Four B-Quark Final State With The Cms Experiment, Michael D. Krohn Jan 2018

Search For A Heavy Resonance Decaying To A Pair Of Higgs Bosons In The Four B-Quark Final State With The Cms Experiment, Michael D. Krohn

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A search for a massive resonance decaying into a pair of standard model Higgs bosons, in a final state consisting of two b quark-antiquark pairs, is performed using proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the Compact Muon Solenoid detector at the Large Hadron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb-1. The Higgs bosons are highly Lorentz-boosted and are each reconstructed as a single large-area jet. The signal is characterized by a peak in the dijet invariant mass distribution, above a background from the standard model multijet production. The observations are ...


Study Of Redox Reactions For Solar Thermochemical Cycles, Ibraheam Abdulrahman Alshankiti Jan 2018

Study Of Redox Reactions For Solar Thermochemical Cycles, Ibraheam Abdulrahman Alshankiti

Chemical & Biological Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Solar thermal splitting of water or carbon dioxide is a promising technology for producing hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide. In a two-step cycle, a metal oxide is thermally reduced with concentrated solar radiation to release oxygen. The reduced metal oxide is then re-oxidized with steam or carbon dioxide to produce hydrogen or carbon monoxide. The two-step redox cycle can be operated either as a temperature swing where there is a temperature difference between the reduction and oxidation steps or isothermally. This work discusses various aspects of operating the redox cycle isothermally including redox cycle thermodynamics and overall system efficiency and ...


Sum Over Histories Representation Of Chemical Kinetics: An Interpretive And Predictive Method For Modeling Chemical Kinetics Using Time-Dependent Pathways, Shirong Bai Jan 2018

Sum Over Histories Representation Of Chemical Kinetics: An Interpretive And Predictive Method For Modeling Chemical Kinetics Using Time-Dependent Pathways, Shirong Bai

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Chemical kinetics can be viewed as an intricate network of inter-related chemical reactions that work cooperatively to convert reagent species into product species. The network is in general time dependent reacting the non-steady state nature of the chemistry. When it comes to interpreting and predicting chemical kinetics, the history of chemical moieties can play vital roles. In order to study the histories of chemical substances using time-dependent chemical network, this thesis focuses on developing a Sum Over Histories Representation (SOHR for short) of chemical kinetics.

The description of time-dependent chemistry of a reaction network is provided by chemical pathways defined ...


High-Fidelity Simulation Of Small-Body Lander/Rover Spacecraft, Stefaan Van Wal Jan 2018

High-Fidelity Simulation Of Small-Body Lander/Rover Spacecraft, Stefaan Van Wal

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The scientific return of spacecraft missions that explore solar system small bodies can be increased through the inclusion of surface exploration with deployed probes. In this dissertation, a methodology is presented that allows for fast, parallel simulation of bouncing trajectories of arbitrary-shaped ballistic probes in the small-body environment. This enables planning of probe deployment and operation, and supports their inclusion on future missions.

The coarse small-body shape is modeled using an implicit signed distance field (SDF) that allows for fast collision detection. Statistical features are included onto the SDF using procedural generation techniques. The small-body gravity field is captured using ...


Low-Thrust Many-Revolution Trajectory Optimization, Jonathan David Aziz Jan 2018

Low-Thrust Many-Revolution Trajectory Optimization, Jonathan David Aziz

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents a method for optimizing the trajectories of spacecraft that use low-thrust propulsion to maneuver through high counts of orbital revolutions. The proposed method is to discretize the trajectory and control schedule with respect to an orbit anomaly and perform the optimization with differential dynamic programming (DDP). The change of variable from time to orbit anomaly is accomplished by a Sundman transformation to the spacecraft equations of motion.

Sundman transformations to each of the true, mean and eccentric anomalies are leveraged for fuel-optimal geocentric transfers up to 2000 revolutions. The approach is shown to be amenable to the ...


Identity, Civic Duty And Electoral Participation: Causes Of Variation In Electoral Participation, Matthew Fitzgerald Foster Jan 2018

Identity, Civic Duty And Electoral Participation: Causes Of Variation In Electoral Participation, Matthew Fitzgerald Foster

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

What causes variation in the turnout of an individual from election to election? Most individual level predictors of turnout can account for the propensity of an individual to vote but fail to account for changes in turnout behavior. Broad aggregate factors can account for variation in turnout trends from election to election but fail to account for changes in turnout at the individual level. In this dissertation I argue that civic duty can capture the variation that typical predictors of voter turnout cannot. Civic duty can account for variation in the turnout of high and low propensity voters, as well ...


Pocketbook In Private? How Observability Causes Individuals To Behave Sociotropically In Political Economy, James Michael Pripusich Jan 2018

Pocketbook In Private? How Observability Causes Individuals To Behave Sociotropically In Political Economy, James Michael Pripusich

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Why do individuals engage in political economy egocentrically at some times and sociotropically at others? I claim that human beings will be more likely to demonstrate attitudes and behaviors that are in their own self-interest when in private, and those that are in the interests of others when in public. A survey of the research in mass political economy shows a major divide over whether individuals are selfish actors or hold strong motivations to benefit the collective. While there is merit to both of these approaches, neither is a panacea. Furthermore, I demonstrate that conflicting findings in existing research need ...


Political Freedoms And Productive Firms: Exporters And Their Effect On Trade Policy In Democracies And Autocracies, Megan Elizabeth Roosevelt Jan 2018

Political Freedoms And Productive Firms: Exporters And Their Effect On Trade Policy In Democracies And Autocracies, Megan Elizabeth Roosevelt

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

What explains variation in trade policy openness across countries? Past explanations have hinged on individual-level preferences expressed through a voting channel, especially to account for more liberal trade policy in democracies, but recent survey data calls the plausibility of this mechanism into question. In this three-paper dissertation, I focus on firm-level variation in preferences for free trade or protection, rooted in a New New Trade Theory (NNTT) framework. This theoretical response to classic and new trade theories emphasizes the heterogeneity of firms, and particularly the fundamental differences between exporting firms and domestically-oriented or import-competing firms.

Before proceeding with a firm-level ...


Another Pathway To Foreign Direct Investment: Diaspora Engagement Policies, Seungbin Park Jan 2018

Another Pathway To Foreign Direct Investment: Diaspora Engagement Policies, Seungbin Park

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In the post-Washington consensus world, developing countries consider foreign direct investment (FDI) economically beneficial. Although these capital-scarce countries have competed for FDI to promote economic development, they have not attracted much FDI. Instead, FDI has been concentrated in certain countries. Recently, an increasing number of developing countries have employed various diaspora engagement policies (DEPs) for the promotion of FDI, yet these policies' impact on FDI is not well understood. Hence, in this dissertation, I examine the role of DEPs in promoting FDI. I propose three questions. First, do DEPs increase FDI into developing countries? Second, how do DEPs increase FDI ...


Low-Rank, Multi-Fidelity Methods For Uncertainty Quantification Of High-Dimensional Systems, Hillary Ruth Fairbanks Jan 2018

Low-Rank, Multi-Fidelity Methods For Uncertainty Quantification Of High-Dimensional Systems, Hillary Ruth Fairbanks

Applied Mathematics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Characterizing and incorporating uncertainties when simulating physical phenomena is essential for improving model-based predictions. These uncertainties may stem from a lack of knowledge regarding the underlying physical processes or from imprecise measurements of quantities that describe properties of the physical system. Uncertainty quantification (UQ) is a tool that seeks to characterize the impact of these uncertainties on solutions of computational models, resulting in improved predictive models. In practice, these uncertainties are either treated as random parameters to inform the statistics of the solution of interest (forward UQ), or their statistics are inferred from noisy observations of the solutions (inverse UQ ...


Ethno-Symbolism And Decommunization In The Post-Maidan Ukraine, Jasper David Schneider Jan 2018

Ethno-Symbolism And Decommunization In The Post-Maidan Ukraine, Jasper David Schneider

Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This paper closely examines trends surrounding Ukrainian nationalism following the events of the Maidan Revolution, and applies modernist nationalist thinking, including Benedict Anderson's theory of Imagined Communities and Anthony Smith’s theory of Ethno-Symbolism, to explain how the Ukrainian Nation is fundamentally changing at a core level. Anderson’s theory states that modern nations are defined by perceived shared connections between each individual member of a nation, and that these connections are often dictated by language, religion and other cultural icons. The Ukrainian nation has been under the control of Russia and the USSR for the better part of ...


Reflexive Control And Disinformation In Putin's Wars, Francis King Jan 2018

Reflexive Control And Disinformation In Putin's Wars, Francis King

Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The use of reflexive control (RC) and disinformation in the Russian conduct of kinetic and non-kinetic warfare is evident in conflicts from the Second Chechen War to Russian meddling in the U.S. 2016 presidential election. The original Soviet theory of RC has been refined and expanded into new dimensions of warfare including the concepts of information warfare and cyberwarfare, thus becoming a major weapon of the Russian military in its influence campaigns against the West. The technique of feeding disinformation or selecting the information an opponent receives in order to influence his voluntary decisions has been exploited by Russia ...


Globalizing Media And International News, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 2018

Globalizing Media And International News, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

A project summary, listing all articles.


Studies Of War And Peace: Summary Of An Academic Career, Francis A. Beer Jan 2018

Studies Of War And Peace: Summary Of An Academic Career, Francis A. Beer

Political Science Faculty Contributions

A personal profile that summarizes the academic career and research findings of the author.


Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha Battey Jan 2018

Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha Battey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper is a broad case study attempting to reconcile how structural realism can use different liberal theories and concepts to accomplish realist ends. That being said, the current situation in the Arctic has real-world significance that draws equal importance with the theoretical implications of this thesis. As climate change is opening the Arctic to economic exploitation in the near future, this paper addresses the rising importance of the Arctic and the issue of how the U.S. and its allies should respond to Russian militarization of the Arctic while ensuring their own interests. By the utilization of structural realism ...


Social Media And Political Participation, Isabelle Granger-Frye Jan 2018

Social Media And Political Participation, Isabelle Granger-Frye

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Social media use is becoming increasingly prevalent in the United States, and its uses are becoming more politicized. Since Barack Obama’s campaign for presidency in 2008 to the 2016 presidential election, the conversation around how social media is impacting our political environment has grown. Through this thesis, I examine how using social media politically affects the likelihood that someone will participate in politics. I look at four different acts of political participation: contacting a political official, donating to a political campaign, participating in a political activity like a rally, and voting. I also look at the timeline of Facebook ...


National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin Jan 2018

National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The pharmaceutical medicines in one member state of the European Union do not belong in any other member state unless that member state’s national medicines agency has approved them. In this paper I look at the two procedures that exist, the mutual recognition procedure and the decentralized procedure. I ask what affects the variation in ease and stringency within the regulatory decisions of the national competent authorities when acting as the reference member state. I hypothesize that institutions and economic political ideology influence the regulatory decisions, leading to more or less finalized procedures. Multi-variate regressions confirm the permeability of ...


Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr Jan 2018

Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The average member of Congress is increasingly wealthier than the average citizens they represent, despite evidence that voters disapprove of wealthy candidates. This paper advances a potential explanation: wealthy legislators have advantages during party primaries, thereby limiting the pool of viable candidates in a general election. By combining F.E.C. donor files from the 2006-2016 congressional elections with demographic data from the U.S. Census Bureau, I find that congressional candidates come overwhelmingly from a district's wealthiest neighborhoods. Wealthy candidates are successful in congressional primaries primarily because of their fundraising advantage--which is driven by donors from their same ...


Faith, Physiography, And Fallacy: Understanding Stigmatization Towards Individuals With Hiv And Aids In Botswana, Arianna Rose Copito Jan 2018

Faith, Physiography, And Fallacy: Understanding Stigmatization Towards Individuals With Hiv And Aids In Botswana, Arianna Rose Copito

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores various possible answers to the question, “Why are some people in Botswana more tolerant of individuals with HIV/AIDS than others?” A disease that impacts a large percentage of people in Botswana, this research aims to focus on reasons why intolerance exists as a means to alleviate negative consequences on individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS. This study explores religiosity, urbanism, gender, age, and education in order to accomplish this. The results of the research through a multiple regression shows that an increase in both religiosity and urbanism are statistically significant when explaining higher levels of tolerance towards ...


Help Wanted? Examining Individual Support For Government Aid In Crises, Leigh Francia Jan 2018

Help Wanted? Examining Individual Support For Government Aid In Crises, Leigh Francia

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Faced with the current opioid crisis, United States citizens do not agree as to what kind of aid, if any, the federal government should offer to help solve this problem. Therefore, using the current drug crisis as a lens, this paper explores what causes variation in public support for government intervention in crises. I hypothesize that punitive attitudes, helping behavior, personal well-being, and general support for welfare are all significant factors. To test this, I employ logistic regression models using data from the 2016 General Social Survey. Then, I compare the findings from this quantitative analysis to a case study ...


Power And Insecurity: Foucauldian Biopolitics In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", Tyler Smith Jan 2018

Power And Insecurity: Foucauldian Biopolitics In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", Tyler Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines Mary Shelley’s 1818 novel Frankenstein using Michel Foucault’s theories of biopolitics. It interprets each of its primary characters as analogous to the groups and institutions involved in political power, and assesses the decisions and behaviors of the primary characters as expressions of various forms of authority as described by Foucault. The thesis finds that the characters’ inconsistent employment of power generates significant instability throughout the text, and concludes that the novel ultimately condemns capriciousness and lack of self-knowledge.


External Negotiations, Internal Credibility: Investment Treaties And Autocratic Decision Making, Frank Hannigan Jan 2018

External Negotiations, Internal Credibility: Investment Treaties And Autocratic Decision Making, Frank Hannigan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis seeks to understand why some policymakers sign international agreements governing the rights of investors by looking at the effects of winning coalitions on state leaders. The two empirical sections of this thesis examine the mechanisms through which political institutions, and the policymakers within them, shape executive level policy toward bilateral investment treaties in autocratic states. I find that signing agreements with highly developed OECD states contributes to the credibility of policymakers within the regime, which ultimately incentivizes the signing of international agreements.


Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire Jan 2018

Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire

Undergraduate Honors Theses

How do voters behave when faced when faced with direct democracy measures? What informational cues do voters rely on when, unlike candidate races there is no explicit labeling of an “R” or a “D” on the ballot? I used election results from the 2014 midterm and 2016 presidential elections in Colorado to determine 1) if people do indeed vote on initiatives according to their political affiliation, 2) to what degree people vote in a partisan manner, and 3) what factors within and outside of an initiative impact the partisanship of their vote. I found that, to a high degree, a ...


Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha B. Battey Jan 2018

Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha B. Battey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper is a broad case study attempting to reconcile how structural realism can use different liberal theories and concepts to accomplish realist ends. That being said, the current situation in the Arctic has real-world significance that draws equal importance with the theoretical implications of this thesis. As climate change is opening the Arctic to economic exploitation in the near future, this paper addresses the rising importance of the Arctic and the issue of how the U.S. and its allies should respond to Russian militarization of the Arctic while ensuring their own interests. By the utilization of structural realism ...


Civic Stratification In Independent Candidacies: A Typology Of Independent Candidates To Executive Office In Mexico, Antonio Huizar Jan 2018

Civic Stratification In Independent Candidacies: A Typology Of Independent Candidates To Executive Office In Mexico, Antonio Huizar

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Reading Mexico’s recently established figure of independent candidates (ICs) in 2014 as an expansion of democratic political rights, I develop a typology of ICs to executive office that illustrates the differentiated access to political rights within a wider context of civic stratification. I argue this electoral mechanism has benefited particular social groups with more economic resources and political capital, and not the average citizen it was purported to benefit. My findings present six main categories of ICs: citizens/activists, entrepreneurs, politicians, bureaucrats, media figures, and oficialistas.


Renegade Neoliberalism And Reactionary Politics: Donald Trump, Higher Education, And The Public Sphere, Emily Anderson Jan 2018

Renegade Neoliberalism And Reactionary Politics: Donald Trump, Higher Education, And The Public Sphere, Emily Anderson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Neoliberalism is undoubtedly the hegemonic governing rationality of the early 21st century. However, despite its apparent infiltration into various spheres, such as education, scholars have often understood it as a monolithic phenomenon. Because of this, the rise of Donald Trump has been difficult to explain. While Trump certainly fits into the standard neoliberal definition in many regards, there are areas where his political ideology is less explicable–his positions on trade, and his authoritarianism, for example. This thesis argues that Trump represents a new trend in neoliberalism –renegade neoliberalism. Using higher education as a case study, it argues that renegade ...


What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson Jan 2018

What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past several decades right-wing populism has reshaped European politics. The late 20th and early 21st centuries are experiencing the rise of several right-wing populist parties in countries including France, Norway, Switzerland, Finland, Poland, Britain, and many others. This rise in right-wing populism is not a new phenomenon, and many of these parties trace their roots back to the 1970s as globalization permeated Europe. In this paper, I will examine the peculiar phenomena regarding the varying levels of success these right-wing populist parties have experienced. Specifically, I focus on the success of both the Norwegian and Swiss populist parties ...


Communists And Soldiers: Comparing Gendered Rhetoric In Different Crises, Helen Stritzel Jan 2018

Communists And Soldiers: Comparing Gendered Rhetoric In Different Crises, Helen Stritzel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The post-World War II era ushered in the beginning of Cold War politics. In this shifting political landscape, the United States government had to face accusations that some State Department employees were disloyal, as well as confront a shortage of troops to fight in potential conflicts arising from the Cold War. In this paper, I classify the former as a bureaucratic conflict and the latter as a military crisis. There has been considerable research conducted on how gender is used as a tool by politicians, but in this paper, I examine the differences in how gender operates in a bureaucratic ...


On The Military’S Normative Commitment To Assist In Revolution, Sebastian Awatramani Jan 2018

On The Military’S Normative Commitment To Assist In Revolution, Sebastian Awatramani

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Locke held that the People reserve a right of revolution in the case that a government egregiously violates the social contract to such an extent that it renders itself illegitimate. At the time of his writing, revolution was a potentially feasible endeavor insofar as the technological war making capabilities of a citizenry were on, or at least on something close to, equal footing with those of the government. As technology advanced over the following centuries, however, a disparity between the war making capability of advanced states and their citizenry arose, wherein the governments of modern, advanced states gained access to ...