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University of Colorado, Boulder

2017

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Review Of Railgun Modeling Techniques: Computation Of Railgun Force And Other Key Factors, Nathan James Eckert Jan 2017

Review Of Railgun Modeling Techniques: Computation Of Railgun Force And Other Key Factors, Nathan James Eckert

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Currently, railgun force modeling either uses the simple “railgun force equation” or finite element methods. It is proposed here that a middle ground exists that does not require the solution of partial differential equations, is more readily implemented than finite element methods, and is more accurate than the traditional force equation. To develop this method, it is necessary to examine the core railgun factors: power supply mechanisms, the distribution of current in the rails and in the projectile which slides between them (called the armature), the magnetic field created by the current flowing through these rails, the inductance gradient (a ...


Beyond Secularism: Radical Orthodoxy In Conversation With Radical Democracy, Matthew Raymond Bradney Jan 2017

Beyond Secularism: Radical Orthodoxy In Conversation With Radical Democracy, Matthew Raymond Bradney

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In my dissertation, I set for myself three basic tasks. First, I try to show that much radical democratic theory results in nihilism. Second, I draw out the consequences of nihilism. Put briefly, the major consequence of nihilism is the unreasonable character of almost all of our deeply held moral and political beliefs, such as the dignity of human beings, the value of democracy, the importance of rights, and so forth. The nihilistic conclusion, then, is that the West cannot justify its own values. Third, and most importantly, I examine how the conclusion of nihilism might be avoided. Is there ...


The Morality Of National Defense: An Aristotelian-Thomist Account, Craig Michael White Jan 2017

The Morality Of National Defense: An Aristotelian-Thomist Account, Craig Michael White

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In current just war theory debates, some scholars claim that a moral right to defend a nation cannot be demonstrated. Others claim that any case for the morality of even defensive war must reflect standards of interpersonal morality. This dissertation goes back to the natural law tradition behind just war theory to offer a moral argument in favor of national defense that is not based on an individualist account, but also rejects absolute accounts of national sovereignty, with its attendant problems. National defense is usually but not always just.

I defend arguing from “a tradition” in MacIntyre’s sense, and ...


Judicial Reform Amid Violence In Latin America, Erin Terese Huebert Jan 2017

Judicial Reform Amid Violence In Latin America, Erin Terese Huebert

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

My dissertation investigates the puzzle of rising crime across Latin America amidst improvements in human development and democratic governance. While efforts have been made to reform the criminal justice system, we do not know the conditions under which judicial reform effectively deters homicide. Drawing on four months of fieldwork in Mexico as well as a novel cross-national dataset and a sub-national design in Mexico, I find that criminal procedure reforms aimed at improving due process are not sufficient for deterring homicide in places where non-state actors (i.e. drug cartels) effectively challenge the state’s monopoly of violence. In these ...


Insulating For Investment: Regulatory Institutions And The Multinational Firm In Infrastructure Industries, Andrew Frazer Hart Jan 2017

Insulating For Investment: Regulatory Institutions And The Multinational Firm In Infrastructure Industries, Andrew Frazer Hart

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Why do some countries obtain more foreign direct investment (FDI) in infrastructure industries than others? Previous explanations for FDI have emphasized that host states mustprovide foreign investors with a credible commitment to alleviate concerns about political risks. Building on this insight, this project argues that countries’ sectoral regulatory institutions – a frequently overlooked factor in FDI research – can help states produce this commitment. The main argument is that sectoral regulatory agencies that are designed to be politically independent insulate foreign investors in the telecommunications and electricity industries from political risks, thereby increasing FDI into these sectors. I also identify that the ...


The Politics Of Local Privatization: Privatized Service Delivery And The Strength Of Local Democracy, Ryan C. Dawkins Jan 2017

The Politics Of Local Privatization: Privatized Service Delivery And The Strength Of Local Democracy, Ryan C. Dawkins

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Privatized service delivery is an increasingly prominent feature of local governance, especially as local governments across the country are seeking greater efficiency in the face of perpetual fiscal crisis. However, as local governments outsource more of its responsibilities to private companies, many argue that it shrinks the size of the public sphere, attenuates the bonds that tie people to their governments, and ultimately undermines the quality of local representative government. While democratic theorists have long warned against the dangers of privatization, such warnings have often lacked empirical support. In other words, relatively little is known about the effect that privatization ...


Border Corridors: Mobility, Containment, And Infrastructures Of Development Between Nepal And China, Galen Murton Jan 2017

Border Corridors: Mobility, Containment, And Infrastructures Of Development Between Nepal And China, Galen Murton

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines infrastructure development between Nepal and China to argue that infrastructure is a symbol of national development imaginaries, a process and practice of state making, and a vector for the spatial operations of geopolitical power. Starting with the construction of a small trans-border road in Nepal’s northern district of Mustang, I examine how a local infrastructure project has evolved into and been incorporated within larger, international transportation networks, border regimes, trade and tax policies, and humanitarian programs. In making this analysis, I introduce the concept of border corridors to examine how highways, fences, bureaucracies, and aid are ...


The Brazilian Paradox: Lgbt Legislation Improvements Versus High Violence Rates Against Lgbt People, Julia Melasipo Jan 2017

The Brazilian Paradox: Lgbt Legislation Improvements Versus High Violence Rates Against Lgbt People, Julia Melasipo

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past couple of decades, much of the world shifted into embracing LGBT rights as human rights. Brazil followed this trend and passed federal laws ensuring rights for the LGBT community. However, the Brazilian society has not fully accepted the LGBT people, as evidenced by Brazil having one of the highest violence rates against LGBT members in the world. This thesis uses the established United Nations international legal framework that defines LGBT rights as human rights worldwide under international law to show how this framework influenced the advancements Brazil made in the 2000s to introduce LGBT-friendly laws within the ...


Transboundary Integrated Conservation And Development Projects In Latin America: Exploring The Complexities Of Stakeholder Participation, Sheamus Croke Jan 2017

Transboundary Integrated Conservation And Development Projects In Latin America: Exploring The Complexities Of Stakeholder Participation, Sheamus Croke

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Within the past thirty years, nation-states, inter-governmental, and non-governmental organizations have implemented numerous integrated conservation and development projects (abbreviated as ICDPs) across Central and South America. These initiatives have sought to conserve natural environments while simultaneously improving socioeconomic conditions through development. Within these ICDPs, stakeholder participation – defined for the purposes of this paper as the active participation of local and community actors who are directly affected by or can affect project activities – served as a representative element of the successes and complexities of an ICDP. This paper focuses on transboundary ICDPs (projects that are implemented within multiple nation-states), and asks ...


Discrepancies In Voter Turnout: American Primary Election Types, Sophia E. Jean Jan 2017

Discrepancies In Voter Turnout: American Primary Election Types, Sophia E. Jean

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Voter turnout in the United States is low in comparison to other modern democracies. Turnout also varies significantly from state to state and from year to year. This study seeks to examine why these discrepancies in voter turnout exist on both the aggregate (state) and individual (voter) level. Many recent legislative attempts to reconcile low voter turnout have been unsuccessful. In learning why voter turnout is lower in some years and states compared to others, we might be able to implement relevant policies in order to increase turnout. In order to learn why voter turnout is low, I analyzed two ...


The Limits Of Cooperation: Social Conflict And The Collapse Of The Democratic Party-Organized Labor Alliance, Isaac Effner Jan 2017

The Limits Of Cooperation: Social Conflict And The Collapse Of The Democratic Party-Organized Labor Alliance, Isaac Effner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The historic Democratic Party-organized labor alliance, created during the New Deal and strengthened during the postwar era, has become increasingly strained. Scholars of various disciplines have identified causal mechanisms for this decay, focusing on the role that the Party, neoliberal ideology and labor unions have played in facilitating this decline. Rather than select the most salient explanation or promote an alternative causal mechanism, I argue that these factors are all the result of an inevitable social conflict underlying the alliance. By synthesizing the different casual mechanisms, I illustrate how these factors reinforce each other and develop an understanding of the ...


Giving Up On The Supreme Court: The Role Of Political Grievance And Betrayal, Lauren Strauss Jan 2017

Giving Up On The Supreme Court: The Role Of Political Grievance And Betrayal, Lauren Strauss

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Miller-Citrin debate, inspired by the widespread distrust of the U.S. government in the early 1970s, has tended to focus on whether trust has implications for alienation from the system or whether people simply distrust incumbents. My theory is that distrust alone is not a measure of alienation because this measure does not distinguish between people who have become alienated and those that are merely superficially distrustful. Using diffuse support for the U.S. Supreme Court as the dependent variable, I have used original data from Mechanical Turk to do a pilot study on the role of political betrayal ...


International Social Support And Intervention: The Uyghur Movement -Xinjiang Province, China, Isabella Steinhauer Jan 2017

International Social Support And Intervention: The Uyghur Movement -Xinjiang Province, China, Isabella Steinhauer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), locally and historically recognized as East Turkestan, in northwestern China has been experiencing rising ethnic tension between the ethnically Turkic-Muslim Uyghur population and the Chinese majority population, the Han. Due to China's means to fully integrate the region and silence opposition, the Uyghurs have been severely harmed by China's accelerated repressive policies, human rights violations, rapid infrastructure development, and incentivized Han migration. Just south of Xinjiang in Tibet, the Tibetan population has been experiencing similar circumstances of oppression inflicted by the Chinese state and have been able to obtain international social support ...


Anti-Muslim Sentiment In Developed Nations: A Comparative Study, Eman Bensreiti Jan 2017

Anti-Muslim Sentiment In Developed Nations: A Comparative Study, Eman Bensreiti

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper is a comparative study that aims to explore why anti-Muslims sentiment varies among 32 developed, democratic nations. I delve into the theory that the presence of more Muslims in developed nations leads to a higher anti-Muslim Sentiment. I also delve into the theory that a country with a poor state of economic well-being leads to a higher presence of anti-Muslim sentiment. Anti-Muslim sentiment can be measured numerous ways. A lot of previous research examines anti-Muslim sentiment in developed nations solely on the basis of public opinion polling. This paper will look at three different indicators of anti-Muslim sentiment ...


Mean Tweets: An Analysis Of Average Negativity In The 2016 Us Presidential Campaign, Aaron Chesler Jan 2017

Mean Tweets: An Analysis Of Average Negativity In The 2016 Us Presidential Campaign, Aaron Chesler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The 2016 US Presidential Election is not just notable for its result, but for the historic mediated setting that provided the backdrop. This was not the first election to see widespread adoption of social media as campaign tools, but 2016 arguably saw some of the highest attention paid to the activity of the candidates in this medium. This paper will explore how the major party candidates used the micro-blogging website, Twitter, and more precisely how campaign negativity was expressed by both the candidates and the rest of the tweeting population. Conducted from the 26th of September to the 9 ...


A National Security Threat: Washington's Conflicting Response To Climate Change In Northern Pakistan, Katherine Henjum Jan 2017

A National Security Threat: Washington's Conflicting Response To Climate Change In Northern Pakistan, Katherine Henjum

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Developing countries such as Pakistan are particularly susceptible to the negative implications of changing climates as they face regional and in-country terrorism and violence, as well as infrastructure and government institutions that are still evolving. This thesis examines the intersection of climate change and national security through an analysis of shifting monsoon patterns and the subsequent impacts on vulnerable and displaced populations in northern Pakistan.

Over the past decade, the United States has chosen to act through two primary foreign policy methods: a military oriented approach focused on drone strikes and a humanitarian approach focused on foreign aid and development ...


Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia Jan 2017

Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia

Undergraduate Honors Theses

What causes pro-life people to support an exception for an abortion in the case of pregnancy by rape? Given the arguments that usually surround protecting the fetus, support for the exception is logically inconsistent; what seems to matter, then, is whether women are guilt. After striving to understand why this exception exists and controlling for variables like sex, biblical fundamentalism, church attendance, education, and age, I find that the presence of empathy ultimately allows individuals within an extreme issue to compromise on their beliefs. Further it was established that other beliefs or behaviors such as authoritarianism and sexism were found ...


"Frack Off!" Strategic Framing In Colorado's Grassroots Challenge To Oil And Gas, Grant Stringer Jan 2017

"Frack Off!" Strategic Framing In Colorado's Grassroots Challenge To Oil And Gas, Grant Stringer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With the arrival of the 2000s oil and gas boom in Colorado, a robust coalition of grassroots and professional organizations emerged as a challenge. However, this coalition is very diverse, and some fractures have emerged in the movement. This thesis studied the anti-fracking movement in Colorado through interviews with leaders (co-founders or committee members) of organizations that are involved in further regulating or banning oil and gas development in their communities. Specifically, I studied how this diverse group of organizations “frames,” or presents, the issue of fracking to the public, and what the role of geographic factors (political party affiliation ...


Measuring Vulnerability: Addressing The Prevention Of Trafficking And Forced Labor Of Refugees In Jordan, Allison K. Dudley Jan 2017

Measuring Vulnerability: Addressing The Prevention Of Trafficking And Forced Labor Of Refugees In Jordan, Allison K. Dudley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The intersection of trafficking, forced labor, and refugees is well-cited in the international human rights community yet is rarely studied academically, especially in the Middle East. Given the massive Syrian refugee crisis that began in 2011, which increased the total global population of refugees to the largest total in history, it is more important than ever to study and better understand how refugees are vulnerable to trafficking and forced labor, particularly in impacted countries. The purpose of this research is to answer the question why refugees are vulnerable and how anti-trafficking and anti-forced labor initiatives can use vulnerability indicators as ...


An Examination Of The Public's Perceptions Towards Transgender Populations, Free Roath Jan 2017

An Examination Of The Public's Perceptions Towards Transgender Populations, Free Roath

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Issues concerning transgender rights have become more salient in the present-day political atmosphere; this is largely due to well-publicized ordinances which restrict bathroom use per an individual’s assigned gender at birth. While transgender individuals make up a small minority of the population, their rights and treatment by society sit at the front of civil rights debates. In this study, I evaluate possible factors associated with the public’s support or opposition to the implementation of transgender rights policies. First, using original pre-election survey data collected from citizens in the state of Colorado, I examine how elements like party identification ...


Economic Empowerment For Women In Francophone Africa, Raleigh Sneeringer Jan 2017

Economic Empowerment For Women In Francophone Africa, Raleigh Sneeringer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the relationship between microfinance and women, specifically in the case of Senegal and how being a predominantly Muslim country relates to microfinance and women. I focus on how microfinance can improve the lives of women and help alleviate poverty around the world. I show that women are more likely to make investments that improve both their own and their children’s lives than men. Further, women are reliable borrowers with high repayment rates and less risk than men. The social and macroeconomic structures in francophone Africa are shown to provide a fruitful environment for microfinance ventures. These ...


What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko Jan 2017

What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The European Court of Justice as it stands today is is one of the most influential transnational judicial institutions. The court exercises an unusually expansive range of jurisdiction over the member states of the European Union, and has played a creative role in expanding its own competencies through the process of constitutionalization. The mechanisms through which the court embellishes its own abilities, especially its ability to supersede the law of its member states, is a point of concern when analyzing the court’s legitimacy and democratic deficit within the European Union. This study follows trends of public support for the ...


Manufacturing Discrimination: A Quantitative Analysis Of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws, Andrew Chiang Jan 2017

Manufacturing Discrimination: A Quantitative Analysis Of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws, Andrew Chiang

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Felon disenfranchisement laws pose a unique threat to the fundamental ideal of our democracy that every individual deserves equal representation in government. Drawing from the literature on felon disenfranchisement, these laws have racially discriminatory effects by disproportionately depriving black and other minority voters of their voting rights. This paper analyzes the claims made by the academic community through the use of statistical techniques to assess their overall effectiveness at predicting both patterns of felon disenfranchisement laws across states today and the changing strictness of felon disenfranchisement laws since the turn of the century. Ultimately, this paper finds the claims made ...


Living Well: A Holistic Approach To Development, Jordan Thomas Jan 2017

Living Well: A Holistic Approach To Development, Jordan Thomas

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

The effectiveness of development work has traditionally been measured through economic indicators such as Gross Domestic Product. However, GDP and other macro-measures of economic growth are inadequate to assess the positive impacts of development projects among those meant to benefit. In my thesis I argue that in order for development work to have a positive impact, development agencies must act through local lenses of “living well”. Living well is a concept that provides a more holistic approach to measuring development by taking into account not only economic principles but more anthropological notions of wellbeing tied to local community and ...


Estimating Education Quality Capitalization Using Time Series Modelling, Jared L. Wold Jan 2017

Estimating Education Quality Capitalization Using Time Series Modelling, Jared L. Wold

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper attempts to determine the degree to which variation in property values can be explained by variation of the quality of the public school district in which the property is located using time-conditional econometric modelling.