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University of Colorado, Boulder

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 33

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Before The Blacklist: How The New York Jazz Community Promoted Radical Politics As An Agent Of Social Change Leading Up To The Mccarthy Era, Brian Casey May 2016

Before The Blacklist: How The New York Jazz Community Promoted Radical Politics As An Agent Of Social Change Leading Up To The Mccarthy Era, Brian Casey

Thompson Jazz Studies Program Graduate Theses & Dissertations

As a musical form that is inextricably linked with the story of race in America, jazz has had a long-standing connection to American politics. While the most obvious period of these connections according to the common narrative of jazz history is the Civil Rights era, there are other periods in which jazz and politics have told an equally compelling story. Overlooked by many jazz historians, the important role of radical politics in the jazz of the 1930s and 1940s creates an impressive precursor to the jazz of the 1950s and 1960s in terms of activism, and should be considered a ...


War Weariness : Within The 21st Century & In The Global War On Terror, Kenny Van Nguyen Apr 2016

War Weariness : Within The 21st Century & In The Global War On Terror, Kenny Van Nguyen

Political Science Undergraduate Contributions

By the end of the 2010s, the United States of America had been in several military campaigns in the Global War on Terror. In the past, U.S. interventions often were swift and decisive campaigns and rarely lasted more than five years. This research paper’s main purpose is to publicize attitudes in relation to military and foreign policies within the 21st century. This was accomplished by analyzing two primary variables. This research paper looks into the correlation between military casualties in the War on Terror starting from 2004 to the present. The independent variables of this paper will be ...


Do Campaign Donors Influence Polarization? Evidence From Public Financing In The American States, Jeff Harden, Justin H. Kirkland Feb 2016

Do Campaign Donors Influence Polarization? Evidence From Public Financing In The American States, Jeff Harden, Justin H. Kirkland

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Does the source of campaign funds influence legislative polarization? We develop competing theoretical expectations regarding the effects of publicly-financed elections on legislative voting behavior. To test these expectations, we leverage a natural experiment in the New Jersey Assembly in which public financing was made available to a subset of members. We find that public financing exerts substantively negligible effects on roll call voting. We then find a similar result in an examination of state legislatures. We conclude that, counter to the logic of the U.S. Supreme Court, pundits, and reformers, the source of campaign funds exerts minimal influence on ...


Education Inequality: An Examination Of The Political And Economic Factors Associated With Educational Disparities Around The World, Nichole Marie Torpey-Saboe Jan 2016

Education Inequality: An Examination Of The Political And Economic Factors Associated With Educational Disparities Around The World, Nichole Marie Torpey-Saboe

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Education is broadly recognized as a human right and is critical to the achievement of other individual and social goods. Yet despite widespread recognition of the importance of education, access is still very uneven. In some countries, education is available to all on a fairly equal basis, while in others, only the elite are educated. What explains this variation? While much attention has been paid to income inequality, education inequality is less understood. Drawing from theories on human capital and income inequality, I hypothesize that education inequality is shaped by the forces of modernization, globalization, and democratization. I construct a ...


Thermal Analysis Of Ventilated Wall Cavities With Spray Evaporative Cooling Systems, Alaa Ali Alaidroos Jan 2016

Thermal Analysis Of Ventilated Wall Cavities With Spray Evaporative Cooling Systems, Alaa Ali Alaidroos

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

For low-rise buildings, it is well known that envelope systems are the main contributors to heating and cooling energy consumption. Over the last decades, there have been significant research efforts to improve the performance of building envelope systems by integrating passive cooling strategies to reduce cooling loads and maintain acceptable indoor thermal comfort. The ventilated wall cavity system is one of these passive-cooling strategies that have received considerable attention recently due to the significant benefits of reducing building thermal loads. In particular, evaporative cooling inside ventilated wall cavities is an attractive passive cooling technique especially in hot and dry climates ...


Modeling Of Post-Tensioned Rocking Bridge Columns, Brandon William Bowman Jan 2016

Modeling Of Post-Tensioned Rocking Bridge Columns, Brandon William Bowman

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Two separate columns were studied for this thesis. The first column was a column designed and tested by Marriot (2009) this column had energy dissipating (ED) links (or dissipators) and four internal unbonded tendons which served as a self-centering mechanism for the rocking column. The second column was a column designed and tested by (Sideris, 2012). This column did not include ED links and had eight internal unbonded tendons that served as a self-centering mechanism for the rocking column. The column by Sideris also included sliding at the segmental joints, which was not considered herein, as this thesis focuses solely ...


Limits To Human Rights Protection: Regime Type And Asylum Recognition, Leslie Ochreiter Jan 2016

Limits To Human Rights Protection: Regime Type And Asylum Recognition, Leslie Ochreiter

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Why do states provide protection to asylum seekers? Throughout the literature, regime type and human rights are consistently related: democracies are better at protecting and promoting human rights, both at home and abroad. Yet, little is known about how states engage in human rights protection when the externalities of rights violations abroad, asylum seekers, arrive at a state’s borders seeking its protection and assistance in a formal legal capacity. In spite of the existence of several international instruments pertaining to refugees and political asylum, considerable variation in the acceptance of refugees exists across host states. My research explores the ...


Advanced Search Than Others?: An Explanation For Pta Bargaining Delay, Kim-Lee Grant Tuxhorn Jan 2016

Advanced Search Than Others?: An Explanation For Pta Bargaining Delay, Kim-Lee Grant Tuxhorn

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Why do some trade agreements take longer to conclude than others? PTAs have increasingly grown in number over the last 30 years, and nearly every country is member to one, if not dozens. Yet despite the popularity and the associated costs of interstate bargaining, substantial variation exists in the length of negotiation times. Some preferential trade agreement (PTA) negotiations take over a decade to conclude while others are implemented in less in two years. More puzzling, my data show that on average PTA negotiations require more time to conclude than World Trade Organization (WTO) rounds. This finding runs contrary to ...


Local Economies And National Politics: How Members Of Congress Respond To Economic Crisis, Adam Forrest Cayton Jan 2016

Local Economies And National Politics: How Members Of Congress Respond To Economic Crisis, Adam Forrest Cayton

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines the nature of dyadic representation in the House of Representatives during the contemporary era of elite polarization and nationalized political conflict. Members of the House are each accountable to a unique geographic constituency but face pressures from polarized national parties. How do lawmakers balance these competing pressures? I argue that members of Congress are responsive to the needs of their districts, but that the nature of the representational relationship depends on the characteristics of the district, level of intra-party consensus on the issue at hand, and the visibility of the behavior in question. I have compiled a ...


Untested Membership: Reputation, Ambiguity And International Relations, Thomas Richard Cook Jan 2016

Untested Membership: Reputation, Ambiguity And International Relations, Thomas Richard Cook

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

International actors face a dilemma. While agreements with other states can yield substantial benefits, actors are often left uncertain as to whether their potential partners will follow-through on their commitments. Actors attempt to reduce this uncertainty by assessing their partners reputation. Scholars characterize a states reputation with an international actor as the outcome of a specific sequence of events wherein the state (1) joins an agreement (2) demonstrates compliance or non-compliance with its obligations under the agreement (3) is observed demonstrating compliance/non-compliance by the international actor and (4) comes to have a reputation for reliability with that actor.

But ...


The Political Determinants Of Sovereign Wealth Funds, Cody Daniel Eldredge Jan 2016

The Political Determinants Of Sovereign Wealth Funds, Cody Daniel Eldredge

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Over the past half-century, roughly one-quarter of states in the international system have created Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs). As a case of sovereign states investing public money mostly in private markets across borders, it is not altogether clear why SWFs have proliferated to this extent. What explains their spread in recent decades? In this dissertation, I argue that states create SWFs as a type of insurance against external risks that arise from participating in global markets. I reason that relatively vulnerable, medium powers presided over by secure leaders are the states most likely to create this type of institution. This ...


Preserving The Integrity Of Courts: Can State Courts Influence Public Knowledge And Perceptions Of The Judicial Branch?, Corey Michael Barwick Jan 2016

Preserving The Integrity Of Courts: Can State Courts Influence Public Knowledge And Perceptions Of The Judicial Branch?, Corey Michael Barwick

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Although the total number of incoming cases at the federal-level in 2013 was over 350,000, the total number of incoming cases at the state-level hovered between 90 and 100 million. To say that state courts are important to the American political system is an understatement. They determine, to paraphrase former Justice William Brennan, whether the United States truly lives up to the ideal of equal justice for all. It is therefore surprising that very little research has examined what people know or how people feel about these institutions. In this dissertation, I attempt to uncover the extent of the ...


Carrying The Torch: The Continuation Of Fascist Legacies In The European New Right, Michael Lawrence Colletta Jan 2016

Carrying The Torch: The Continuation Of Fascist Legacies In The European New Right, Michael Lawrence Colletta

Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The European New Right is an intellectual think tank that was established in the late 1960s, as a counter intellectual, right leaning school of thought that opposes liberalism, egalitarianism, equality, capitalism, communism, and multiculturalism in contemporary European society and politics. They link their philosophies back to historically conservative thinkers who have associations with fascism. I examine the continuing legacies of fascism in the ENR’s depiction of religion, political correctness in Germany, and multiculturalism and race.


It Takes More Than A Village: Governance & Public Services In Developing Countries, Alan Zarychta Jan 2016

It Takes More Than A Village: Governance & Public Services In Developing Countries, Alan Zarychta

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Many developing countries face persistent challenges in providing public services to poor, rural communities: health clinics do not have the doctors or medications needed to treat patients, teachers do not show up on a regular basis, and environmental resources are left unmanaged. In response, development organizations have prescribed various public sector governance reforms. These reforms, the most prominent of which is decentralization, aim to improve services by shifting authorities, responsibilities, and resources away from locally-elected governments and toward a multitude of organizations and individuals forming broader governance systems. This dissertation investigates the social, institutional, and relational factors that shape the ...


Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick Jan 2016

Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Modern Lebanon’s political sectarian system is the result of many years of external forces molding the territory and its sociopolitical structures to align with international interests. Civic spaces in Lebanon, and women’s activity within these spaces, is dictated by sectarian dynamics within its politics and society. This paper explores the evolution of the Lebanese state and sectarianized experiences of citizenship in relation to the external forces that shaped the “Lebanese System” in place today.

Beginning in the late Ottoman and French Mandate periods, it identifies the key players in state formation both under colonial rule and later, as ...


The Inefficacious Electorate: Political Powerlessness And Vote Choice, Ryan W. Bell Jan 2016

The Inefficacious Electorate: Political Powerlessness And Vote Choice, Ryan W. Bell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Non--traditional parties have had newfound success across European democracies contributing to increasing electoral volatility. Drawing from the literature on social movements, voting for an unconventional party can be a form of contentious politics. Support for non--mainstream parties is the institutional manifestation of the factors that contribute to social movements. Perceptions of political power and grievances extend beyond non--institutional actions, shaping how individuals cast their ballot, with the inefficacious and dissatisfied voters engaging in electoral disorder. An attitude--ideology approach to non--traditional party support is tested with Bayesian inference using Dutch Parliamentary Election Studies from 1977 to 2006. Voters' perceived influence in ...


The Advantage Of Wealth: How Partisan Success Is Affected By Rising Income Inequality In The United States, Aaron Carpenter Jan 2016

The Advantage Of Wealth: How Partisan Success Is Affected By Rising Income Inequality In The United States, Aaron Carpenter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

After the end of the Second World War, the United States when through a period of great growth. As the economy grew, income inequality also grew within the country. Parallel to this, as income inequality increased, Republicans began to break the stronghold of Democratic congressional control. This begs the question, what happens to politics as income inequality increases in the United States? Can Republican success be explained by increased inequality? In order to answer this question, I theorize that income inequality increases the power of the Republican core support base, while it mitigates the power of the Democratic support base ...


Voter Turnout: Ideologically Swayed? Exploring Effects Of Ideologically Extreme Parties On Oecd Countries, Nathaniel L. Pressnall Jan 2016

Voter Turnout: Ideologically Swayed? Exploring Effects Of Ideologically Extreme Parties On Oecd Countries, Nathaniel L. Pressnall

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract:

This paper sets out to explore how voter turnout varies across countries. People turning out to vote are a vital part of any democracy. The people who turn out to vote tend to set the trend for how the country will be run. A lot of the research out there examines how voter turnout varies across nations in an institutional context. I examine how the idea that the amount of political parties has an impact on voter turnout may be better understood in a rational choice framework. This paper looks into how certain types of political parties may have ...


A Function Of Nuclear Capability: India's Emergence As A Global Power, Alleman F. Zech Jan 2016

A Function Of Nuclear Capability: India's Emergence As A Global Power, Alleman F. Zech

Undergraduate Honors Theses

India is a growing economic, military, and technological force in the twenty-first century. It is now the fastest growing state in Asia, and subsequently increased its military budget, allowing for the development of better nuclear technology and capability. India’s recent geopolitical engagement includes attempting to establish relations with powerful neighboring China, establish itself as a global power, and continual tensions with Pakistan. These elements of economic and military development and geopolitical relations together create the conditions for India’s current rising geopolitical profile.

Nuclear capability is a primary focus in twenty-first century international affairs, and through the primary lens ...


It’S Not Easy Being Green: The Effectiveness Of Environmental Provisions In Preferential Trade Agreements, Marguerite Rose Jan 2016

It’S Not Easy Being Green: The Effectiveness Of Environmental Provisions In Preferential Trade Agreements, Marguerite Rose

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Do environmental provisions actually have an effect on the environmental quality of a state? Trade and the environment have a complicated relationship, as states don’t have a concrete way to resolve environmental issues that are associated with gains from trade—increased avenues for pollution, threatened conservation efforts, and the lack of incentives to improve environmental quality threaten a state’s abilities to address environmental threats. However, the inclusion of environmental provisions in preferential trade agreements provides both an economic and legal incentive to improve environmental quality. In this paper, I argue that environmental provisions have a positive quantitative effect ...


Voter Identification Laws And Their Effects On Voter Turnout, Joseph Javier Mabrey Jan 2016

Voter Identification Laws And Their Effects On Voter Turnout, Joseph Javier Mabrey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Voter identification (voter ID) requirements have become a salient political issue recently as more states have moved to implement increasingly strict voter ID requirements. I conjecture that, especially due to the politicized debate surrounding voter ID, conservatives rationally propose the laws to produce a negative effect on poor and minority turnout. I empirically evaluate these claims surrounding voter ID laws. Specifically, I examine the impact of voter ID laws on overall turnout and on racial and socioeconomic gaps in turnout. I find no results when examining the effect of voter ID on levels of turnout in states or their racial ...


A United State Of Injustice, Alexa L. Wach Jan 2016

A United State Of Injustice, Alexa L. Wach

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: There are actions carried out by government under the guise of political authority that are immoral and unjust. I hope to show that the fact that government is the entity carrying out the morally questionable action is not sufficient to satisfy conditions that make prima facie wrong actions morally permissible. I will explore some political theories that attempt to explain why government has political authority, then challenge those theories. In an attempt to make clear why political authority is unjustified, I provide an argument in the form of a variety of extreme examples in which political authority might be ...


Governmental Agricultural Policy And Its Affect On Population Health, Alexander Steinbach Jan 2016

Governmental Agricultural Policy And Its Affect On Population Health, Alexander Steinbach

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper I attempt to establish a link between government agricultural policies of subsidies and the increasing obesity epidemic that is seen across the globe. I attempt to design a research project that explores these dynamics and uses three distinct regional areas for comparison. In this paper I compare the United States, the European Union, and Japan and South Korea to see if government agricultural policy as well as trade implications play a role in rising body mass index (BMI) and obesity. The reason for comparison is due to the level of development coupled with a unique comparison of ...


Deciphering The Effects Of Decentralization On Water Rights: State To Urban Inconsistencies In Bolivia, Kyle G. Webber Jan 2016

Deciphering The Effects Of Decentralization On Water Rights: State To Urban Inconsistencies In Bolivia, Kyle G. Webber

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In a country that is internationally praised for its recent economic success, how has the decentralized government of Bolivia left the responsibility to the local department in securing their own basic human needs? Is the disconnection beneficial in that it provides communities with a propitious autonomy? Or does a decentralized government provide benefits for both national and local sectors? This project demonstrates the benefits and drawbacks of a decentralized Bolivian government that has intended to rely on the role of small-scale grassroots organizations and NGO’s to fill the sobering gap between state and local governments.

Using an urban political-ecology ...


Private Governance In Our Galaxy: Consuming Mars Through Colonization, Jamie Michal Jan 2016

Private Governance In Our Galaxy: Consuming Mars Through Colonization, Jamie Michal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

On popular media sites, like Reddit there has been over a hundred articles posted about two private companies with plans to colonize Mars (Lansdrop 2016). In this research I begin to address some of the ethical implications of a private company colonizing an entirely new planet. I focus on the company’s ethical relationship to its participants or future colonists. Space is our environmental salvation; I believe it is important to understand patterns of private colonization and what consequences it will have for society. There are colonization practices of private entities, with governing powers; historically and today. How do private ...


Civil Society In The Arab Spring: Tunisia, Egypt, And Libya, Danielle Meltz Jan 2016

Civil Society In The Arab Spring: Tunisia, Egypt, And Libya, Danielle Meltz

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The emphasis of civil society during a revolution could not have been made clearer when Tunisia’s National Dialogue Quartet, a coalition of NGOs, won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize for the coordination of civil society organizations leading to a peaceful revolution. This research aims to understand the connection between higher levels of civil society, and lower levels of revolutionary violence during a revolution, specifically in the Arab Spring countries of; Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. Moreover, it looks at how the strength of a civil society is limited by the institutions within a state.


The End Of The State Of Autonomies? An Analysis Of The Controversy Surrounding The 2010 Spanish Constitutional Court Ruling On Catalonia's 2006 Statute Of Autonomy, Kevin Mermel Jan 2016

The End Of The State Of Autonomies? An Analysis Of The Controversy Surrounding The 2010 Spanish Constitutional Court Ruling On Catalonia's 2006 Statute Of Autonomy, Kevin Mermel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, many citizens in the Spanish region of Catalonia have mobilized in favor of independence, a desire previously far outside the mainstream. As of the spring of 2016, separatists control the majority of seats in Catalan parliament. This study seeks to explain why independence is so widely supported in Catalonia, and focuses specifically on the region’s 2006 Statute of Autonomy, which the Spanish Constitutional Court modified in a 2010 ruling. The struggles that the statute faced both before and after the court’s 2010 ruling provided a crucial turning point in the debate over Catalan independence. The ...


An Explanation Of The Enactment Of Nonconsensual Pornography Policies Within States: External And Internal Pressures, Michaela M. Weber Jan 2016

An Explanation Of The Enactment Of Nonconsensual Pornography Policies Within States: External And Internal Pressures, Michaela M. Weber

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Nonconsensual pornography entails the sharing of intimate images, along with personal information and details, within the Internet realm. It is commonly referred to as “revenge porn” because of its vindictive nature. Out of all 50 states, only 27 states have a policy criminalizing the distribution of nonconsensual pornography in effect. For a policy that associates Internet usage with a question of women’s rights, and a theme denoting a sexual connotation, why haven’t more states taken up efforts to enact this particular policy? I argue that the studies of policy diffusion and policy dispersion help explain the enactment of ...


Black Republicans: A Minority Within A Minority, Scout D. Ennis Jan 2016

Black Republicans: A Minority Within A Minority, Scout D. Ennis

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Black Republicans are a rarity in United States politics, as illustrated by the 2008 presidential election when 95 percent of black Americans voted for Barack Obama while only four percent of black Americans voted for John McCain. Despite their relative obscurity, black Republicans are nonetheless important and influential. However, the literature on black Republicans has been neither well informed nor satisfying, typically portraying black Republicans as adherents to a single strain of Republican thought. In response, this thesis aims to document the diverse array of thoughts, opinions, and experiences among black Republicans. Nineteen black Republicans from Colorado, Georgia, and Iowa ...


The Effects Of Political Framing: Who Is A “Refugee?”, Giulia Barnhisel Jan 2016

The Effects Of Political Framing: Who Is A “Refugee?”, Giulia Barnhisel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis is examining the question: what causes changes in the definition of the concept of “refugee” over time? The refugee is often considered a humanitarian concept that creates an exception to traditional, security-oriented forms of managing irregular migration. However, by analyzing the evolving definition of the refugee, this discourse analysis shows how it is a political concept in that it has no single, universally accepted definition and therefore, it can be politically manipulated. This is what W. B. Gallie identifies as an “essentially contested concept” – a concept that is internally complex and has a variety of contrasting definitions that ...