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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Citizens, Governments And Ngos: Is Three A Crowd?, Jami Nelson Nuñez Jul 2014

Citizens, Governments And Ngos: Is Three A Crowd?, Jami Nelson Nuñez

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The exponential growth of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in developing countries is highly linked to the belief that NGOs can forward human and economic development while engendering democratic development. The ability of NGOs to simultaneously fulfill these two roles remains an open question. Voices critical of NGOs allege that when NGOs that step in mainly to fill gaps in service provision, they ultimately prevent local governments from developing their own adequate service provision institutions, because citizens stop holding government accountable and local governments fail to the build the necessary capacity for service provision.

These critical concerns are the motivating impetus of ...


Politics, The Judeo-Christian Tradition, And The Modern West: Envisioning Political Liberalism Through An Arendtian Lens, Martin Anthony Denicolo Jun 2014

Politics, The Judeo-Christian Tradition, And The Modern West: Envisioning Political Liberalism Through An Arendtian Lens, Martin Anthony Denicolo

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

What role should religion play in the political deliberations and decisions of liberal democratic citizens? In light of recent political phenomena such as Quebec's proposed ban on the wearing of religious symbols in 2013, the constant theocratic threat posed by the religious right as perceived by the secular left and libertarian right in the United States, or the 2009 banning of minarets in Switzerland, this is a pressing question for modern democracy. In this dissertation I argue that religious citizens should be allowed to make recourse to comprehensive accounts of their positions in political debates and decisions, but that ...


Beyond The Democratic State: Anti-Authoritarian Interventions In Democratic Theory, Brian Carl Bernhardt Jun 2014

Beyond The Democratic State: Anti-Authoritarian Interventions In Democratic Theory, Brian Carl Bernhardt

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Though democracy has achieved widespread global popularity, its meaning has become increasingly vacuous and citizen confidence in democratic governments continues to erode. I respond to this tension by articulating a vision of democracy inspired by anti-authoritarian theory and social movement practice. By anti-authoritarian, I mean a commitment to individual liberty, a skepticism toward centralized power, and a belief in the capacity of self-organization. This dissertation fosters a conversation between an anti-authoritarian perspective and democratic theory: What would an account of democracy that begins from these three commitments look like? In the first two chapters, I develop an anti-authoritarian account of ...


The Dynamics Of Presidential Control And Agency Compliance, Joshua B. Kennedy Jan 2014

The Dynamics Of Presidential Control And Agency Compliance, Joshua B. Kennedy

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

For decades, presidential scholars have posed various theories of what makes the President of the United States an institution of such magnitude and influence. Executive power has long been taken as a given in the study of American institutions, but quantifying this power and determining what it looks like in practice has proven to be a more vexing endeavor. One particularly fruitful avenue of research into the study of presidential influence focuses on unilateral powers whereby the chief executive can set policy essentially without interference from Congress or the courts (though with some important exceptions). This dissertation expands upon our ...


Local School Boards: Different Institutional Designs, Different Outcomes?, Juliemarie Anjali Shepherd Jan 2014

Local School Boards: Different Institutional Designs, Different Outcomes?, Juliemarie Anjali Shepherd

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation considers the institutional designs of Colorado K-12 school boards and seeks to understand if increased student achievement and effective board processes are associated with variations in governance structures. Amidst growing critiques and calls for reform in public education, some school boards have adopted new governance rules that change their scope and accountability structures. In Colorado, over thirty school boards have adopted a model known as Policy Governance. This research compares the processes and outcomes of school boards using Policy Governance rules to the processes and outcomes of school boards not using this defined set of rules. Policy Governance ...


How Places Shape Partisanship, Jeffrey Lyons Jan 2014

How Places Shape Partisanship, Jeffrey Lyons

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Arguments that Americans are becoming increasingly polarized - ideologically and geographically - have become prevalent. The divide between red states and blue states is widening, and this is problematic for a country whose political system depends on compromise. What processes are driving this change? My dissertation explores how the places that we live and the social influences that they supply change our attitudes. Using long-term panel data with contextual identifiers as well as an original data collection from the Fall 2012 election season, I address how social pressures bring our views in line with those who surround us, and how social forces ...


Costs And Commitment: The Leverage Of International Institutions In Conflicts Between States, Johannes Lukas Karreth Jan 2014

Costs And Commitment: The Leverage Of International Institutions In Conflicts Between States, Johannes Lukas Karreth

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

How can international institutions reduce the occurrence of militarized conflict between states? This dissertation demonstrates that the costs that intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) can impose on member states for using force play a crucial role in answering this question. Scholars have suggested that IGOs are a useful tool to mitigate conflicts between states and to reduce the instances of war. However, empirical findings so far have been ambivalent, and scholars disagree about the causal mechanisms behind such a role of IGOs. My dissertation addresses this problem in three ways. First, it develops a theoretical model to identify a specific causal mechanism ...


The Theory Of Recognition And The Integration Of Immigrants, Gülay Uğur Göksel Jan 2014

The Theory Of Recognition And The Integration Of Immigrants, Gülay Uğur Göksel

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Immigration is a global trend, which increases the ethnic, racial and religious diversity in the immigrant-receiving countries. This diversity that immigrants bring is usually perceived as a threat to national security and social cohesion. In the face of these perceived threats, the term “integration” referring to commonality within diversity has come to the forefront as an ideal goal in the public debates on immigration. However, this dominant perspective on the issues of immigration orients us to understand the goal of integration from the receiving country’s perspective, approaching the integration of immigrants as a necessity for social cohesion and security ...


The Fatal Attraction Of Suicide Terrorism: An Empirical Analysis Of Suicide Terrorist Attacks In The Middle East And South Asia, Burcu Pinar Alakoc Jan 2014

The Fatal Attraction Of Suicide Terrorism: An Empirical Analysis Of Suicide Terrorist Attacks In The Middle East And South Asia, Burcu Pinar Alakoc

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines and explains three distinct aspects of suicide terrorism in the Middle East and South Asia: lethality, perpetrators and strategy selection. While suicide terrorism is a mechanically simple tactic of blowing one’s self up, it terrorizes indiscriminately by generating high numbers of fatalities. I first argue that the lethality of suicide terrorism is driven by its tactical characteristics, namely the amount of control that perpetrators have over the location and targets of the attack. Using original data, I show that where the unique tactical advantages of suicide terrorism are properly utilized, suicide attacks are likely to be ...


The Non-Solicitation Principle Of Democratic Legitimacy, James Michael Hall Jan 2014

The Non-Solicitation Principle Of Democratic Legitimacy, James Michael Hall

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

There are many problems with contemporary forms of democratic government. Apathy, factions, and the problem of legitimizing authority in a democracy plagued by both are among the most important of the problems democracies face today, especially in the United States. I propose a principle of non-solicitation for government positions. This principle solves the aforementioned problems by (i) widening the sphere of possible political participation, (ii) abating the problem of factions, and (iii) legitimizing authority as the right to rule under deliberative democracy, consent, reasonable consensus, and equality theories of legitimization.


Women Are Bitches, Men Are Leaders: How Men And Women Varied In Legislative Effectiveness In The 2014 Colorado State Legislature, Sarah Andrews Jan 2014

Women Are Bitches, Men Are Leaders: How Men And Women Varied In Legislative Effectiveness In The 2014 Colorado State Legislature, Sarah Andrews

Undergraduate Honors Theses

If you don’t have a seat at the table, you are probably on the menu. Many have said this before I have, but women will not be treated as equals to men until there are a greater number of women at the political table. This study tested legislative effectiveness through observing data from the Colorado General Assembly database. The data was then compared to differences in effectiveness, tested by conducting interviews with current state legislators. By conducting semi-structured interviews with Colorado state legislators, this study was able to investigate qualitative reasoning behind the gender gap in U.S. politics ...