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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Breaking The Bonds Of Blood: The Politics Of Family Migration In Europe, Aubrey L. Westfall Jan 2011

Breaking The Bonds Of Blood: The Politics Of Family Migration In Europe, Aubrey L. Westfall

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Family migration accounts for the majority of migrant movement to the developed world. In response, European states change family migration policy provisions in an attempt to balance national interests with their human rights obligation to respect family life. This dissertation explains variation across European family migration polices and discovers politics is the primary policy determinant. The findings suggest public support for immigration control and radical anti-immigrant parties trumps humanitarian, economic, and demographic concerns when it comes to explaining variance in family migration policy. Indicators of political conservativism also describe variation in labor and family migrant policy, in family immigration and ...


Seats At The Table: Civil Society And Participatory Governance In Brazilian Housing Policy, Maureen Mary Donaghy Jan 2011

Seats At The Table: Civil Society And Participatory Governance In Brazilian Housing Policy, Maureen Mary Donaghy

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Can democratic institutions be created to address social challenges? Democratic institutions should promote accountability of government officials to the needs of citizens. Civil society then plays a role in exposing corruption as well as in communicating the needs of low-income residents to officials. Neither the institutions of representative democracy nor the presence of civil society, however, appears to automatically guarantee adoption of social benefits for the poor. Scholars, development practitioners, donors, and activists propose participatory governance institutions as mechanisms to create accountability and responsiveness through a public forum incorporating civil society. To date, however, little comparative research exists to confirm ...


Spending On Stability: The Relationship Between Public Goods Provision And Regime Survival, Curtis Bell Jan 2011

Spending On Stability: The Relationship Between Public Goods Provision And Regime Survival, Curtis Bell

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Under what conditions can leaders use government spending to reduce the incidence of coup d'├ętat and civil war? My dissertation addresses this question by considering when leaders might use public goods (public health, education, etc.) and private goods (graft, elite pacts, etc.) to co-opt potential revolutionaries and coup plotters. The dissertation begins with a formal model of the strategic environment in which leaders decide to allocate resources and challengers opt whether to fight the regime (Chapter 2). The model is solved for two sets of hypotheses that are tested with quantitative analyses in subsequent chapters. The third chapter turns ...


Policy Agendas And Procedural Avoidance In The Lower Federal Courts, Shelley Pierce Murphey Jan 2011

Policy Agendas And Procedural Avoidance In The Lower Federal Courts, Shelley Pierce Murphey

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis explores tools used by federal lower court judges when deciding cases in the face of divergent political preferences. I show that judges make use of procedural "outs," doctrines to do with judicial power, as a means of dealing with political conflict. This manifests both as a response to collegial conflict, allowing judges to come to agreement on a single opinion, and also as a response to hierarchical conflict, allowing lower court judges to assert power over the policy agendas of higher court judges by limiting issues before the court. Analysis of behavior in appellate panels supports the theory ...


The Proximate Polity: Exit, Voice, And Space In Local Development Politics, Scott Louis Minkoff Jan 2011

The Proximate Polity: Exit, Voice, And Space In Local Development Politics, Scott Louis Minkoff

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

People have the power to change where they live, where they work, where they vote, and where they spend their money. This geographic uncertainty has important implications for the policies cities pursue as it impacts the relative value of local goods provision. In this dissertation I examine how the potential movement of people within metropolitan areas influences developmental goods provision and production.

The proximate polity theory begins with the assumption that city officials aim to maximize the economic and political benefits of developmental policies while also minimizing the economic and political risks of policy failure. Accordingly, local leaders strike this ...


Treaty Content And Costs: Explaining State Commitment To The International Criminal Court, Yvonne Marie Dutton Jan 2011

Treaty Content And Costs: Explaining State Commitment To The International Criminal Court, Yvonne Marie Dutton

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The International Criminal Court is the first permanent, treaty-based international criminal court established to help end impunity for perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. More than 100 countries have ratified the treaty creating the court. By doing so, they have agreed to cede to an independent prosecutor the power to prosecute the state's own nationals for mass atrocities when the prosecutor and the ICC court determine the state is unwilling or unable to do so domestically. But, why have states committed to an institution like the ICC which has serious enforcement mechanisms to punish noncompliant behavior ...


Basic Democratic Rights And Global Institutional Responsibilities: Democracy, Development, International Law, And Transitional Justice, Eamon Thomas Aloyo Jan 2011

Basic Democratic Rights And Global Institutional Responsibilities: Democracy, Development, International Law, And Transitional Justice, Eamon Thomas Aloyo

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

If the practical effects of advancing the developmental and humanitarian aims of human rights are to be realized, the assignment and enforcement of institutional responsibilities for human rights must be improved. I defend this claim through normative and empirical arguments based on nonideal conditions that draw on aspects of political theory, international relations, comparative politics, and international law. Specifically, I defend an approach to justifying human rights by arguing that if everyone possesses an individual right to democracy, in order to actually exercise this right, a number of other rights must be guaranteed. In this way I present a unique ...


Bicameral Bargaining And Resolution In The United States, Joshua M. Ryan Jan 2011

Bicameral Bargaining And Resolution In The United States, Joshua M. Ryan

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In most bicameral systems, both legislative chambers must agree on a bill before it may become law. In the United States Congress, agreement often comes during negotiations which occur after each chamber has passed an initial version of the bill. Our understanding of the post-passage resolution process is very limited and has traditionally been limited to question of "who wins" in conference committees. The post-passage bargaining process is more complex and more important than this work suggests. For example, it is not well understood why the House and Senate must sometimes bargain and why they can sometimes agree on legislation ...


Between The Veil And The Vote: Exploring Incentives To Politically Incorporate Women In The Arab World, Bozena Christina Welborne Jan 2011

Between The Veil And The Vote: Exploring Incentives To Politically Incorporate Women In The Arab World, Bozena Christina Welborne

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) renewed debate on proposed mechanisms to enhance women's political influence across the developing and developed world. Despite common perceptions that women's political opportunities are uniformly limited in the Arab world, considerable variation exists. This dissertation explores the incentives behind this unexpected variation through both cross- national statistical and case study analysis, relying on data gathered over two years of fieldwork and from 100 interviews across Bahrain, Morocco, and Jordan. I demonstrate that international capital plays a key role in creating incentives to incorporate women ...


Government Services Under Democracy How Particularism Drives Public (And Private) Goods Provision, Glenn Daniel Wright Jan 2011

Government Services Under Democracy How Particularism Drives Public (And Private) Goods Provision, Glenn Daniel Wright

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Two theories argues that differences in public goods provision can often be explained by governments' levels of democracy, with more democratic governments spending more on public goods. These theoretical approaches are empirically well-supported but disagree on the mechanisms involved. On the one hand, democracy may operate by making it easier to remove leaders, thereby limiting waste and rent-seeking behavior. On the other hand, democracy may function through a process of particularistic exchange, such that supporters are rewarded with goods but non-supporters are excluded. Here, I test these contending theories statistical data analysis. I find that both theoretical approaches appear to ...