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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Pocketbook In Private? How Observability Causes Individuals To Behave Sociotropically In Political Economy, James Michael Pripusich Jan 2018

Pocketbook In Private? How Observability Causes Individuals To Behave Sociotropically In Political Economy, James Michael Pripusich

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Why do individuals engage in political economy egocentrically at some times and sociotropically at others? I claim that human beings will be more likely to demonstrate attitudes and behaviors that are in their own self-interest when in private, and those that are in the interests of others when in public. A survey of the research in mass political economy shows a major divide over whether individuals are selfish actors or hold strong motivations to benefit the collective. While there is merit to both of these approaches, neither is a panacea. Furthermore, I demonstrate that conflicting findings in existing research need ...


Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr Jan 2018

Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The average member of Congress is increasingly wealthier than the average citizens they represent, despite evidence that voters disapprove of wealthy candidates. This paper advances a potential explanation: wealthy legislators have advantages during party primaries, thereby limiting the pool of viable candidates in a general election. By combining F.E.C. donor files from the 2006-2016 congressional elections with demographic data from the U.S. Census Bureau, I find that congressional candidates come overwhelmingly from a district's wealthiest neighborhoods. Wealthy candidates are successful in congressional primaries primarily because of their fundraising advantage--which is driven by donors from their same ...


External Negotiations, Internal Credibility: Investment Treaties And Autocratic Decision Making, Frank Hannigan Jan 2018

External Negotiations, Internal Credibility: Investment Treaties And Autocratic Decision Making, Frank Hannigan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis seeks to understand why some policymakers sign international agreements governing the rights of investors by looking at the effects of winning coalitions on state leaders. The two empirical sections of this thesis examine the mechanisms through which political institutions, and the policymakers within them, shape executive level policy toward bilateral investment treaties in autocratic states. I find that signing agreements with highly developed OECD states contributes to the credibility of policymakers within the regime, which ultimately incentivizes the signing of international agreements.


Power And Insecurity: Foucauldian Biopolitics In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", Tyler Smith Jan 2018

Power And Insecurity: Foucauldian Biopolitics In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", Tyler Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines Mary Shelley’s 1818 novel Frankenstein using Michel Foucault’s theories of biopolitics. It interprets each of its primary characters as analogous to the groups and institutions involved in political power, and assesses the decisions and behaviors of the primary characters as expressions of various forms of authority as described by Foucault. The thesis finds that the characters’ inconsistent employment of power generates significant instability throughout the text, and concludes that the novel ultimately condemns capriciousness and lack of self-knowledge.


Potential Fighting Capability And State Concessions: A Study Of Violent Rebellion And Nonviolent Resistance, Christopher Joseph Cyr Jan 2015

Potential Fighting Capability And State Concessions: A Study Of Violent Rebellion And Nonviolent Resistance, Christopher Joseph Cyr

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation examines the reasons that some non-state actors choose to engage in nonviolent resistance while others, with similar goals, engage in violent rebellion. I then look why, among groups that do use violence, some see longer and more intense conflicts than others. I argue that the variance in the potential that these groups have to grow in strength during the process of fighting has an impact on all three of these variables, with groups that have less potential being more likely to use violence, and fighting longer and more intense conflicts. I test my hypotheses quantitatively with several indicators ...


Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero Jan 2010

Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero

Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chapter 1. The Effects of Political Competition on the Feasibility of Economic Reform

This chapter shows that democracies may fail to enact desirable economic reforms even when such reforms Pareto dominate the status quo and there are no informational asymmetries. The key insight is that, even when reforms entail economic gains for all agents, electoral political losses cannot be compensated politically. Consequently, when the majority party has strong electoral support, minority parties pursue both low-gain reforms and high-gain reforms. Intermediate-gain reforms are harder to enact, since the electoral costs dominate welfare gains. In highly contested environments, only high-gain reforms succeed ...


Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 1999

Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Seattle, November-December 1999: the third meeting of the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization. President Clinton was the host. Political leaders came from around the world. The news media-global, national, and local-were there in full force. As were the protesters. For the political leaders who believed that freer trade would improve their economies this was the place to be. For those who believed that freer trade would have a detrimental impact on people and the environment this was also the place to be. It was the point of resistance. For reporters and camera crews the conflict between leaders and ...