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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Evolution Of Norms And Their Influence On Performance Among Self-Governing Irrigation Systems In The Southwestern United States, Kelsey C. Cody Apr 2019

The Evolution Of Norms And Their Influence On Performance Among Self-Governing Irrigation Systems In The Southwestern United States, Kelsey C. Cody

Environmental Studies Graduate Contributions

Irrigation is important for global food supply and is vulnerable to cli- mate change. Internalized cultural norms are important for the performance of Common Pool Resource (CPR) regimes such as irrigation systems, but much is unknown about the role of norms in shaping irrigation performance. This paper applies multi-level selection (MLS) theory and CPR theory to a stratified, semi- random sample of 71 irrigation systems of distinct cultural origins in the Upper Rio Grande Basin of the United States to test hypotheses related to the role of norms in irrigation system form and function. Results show that internalized norms of ...


Tracking And Reflecting On Hate And Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis And Survey Experiment Depicting Perceptions Of Sikh Americans And The Sikh Faith In The United States, Serene Singh Jan 2019

Tracking And Reflecting On Hate And Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis And Survey Experiment Depicting Perceptions Of Sikh Americans And The Sikh Faith In The United States, Serene Singh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: Sikhs have been largely ignored in the literature surrounding criminal justice and religious tolerance. The many pressures faced by this group, including hate crimes, present an urgent need for political scientists to understand the issues this community faces and further, to challenge those issues to ensure their well-being. This research examines both of these concepts through two separate analyses: a meta-analysis and a survey experiment. In the meta-analysis, the Sikh experience is contextualized by assessing trends in media coverage and representation of turbans in the United States. This section reports a meta-analysis of 81 published journals, articles, and studies ...


Xi Jinping And Confucianism: Legitimacy And A National Moral Identity, Makenna Zoglmann Jan 2019

Xi Jinping And Confucianism: Legitimacy And A National Moral Identity, Makenna Zoglmann

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Decades after the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) demonized Confucianism as a backwards philosophy, Confucianism has once again become popular in Chinese political culture and society. This paper investigates how the president of the People's Republic of China, Xi Jinping, is using Confucian rhetoric to legitimize himself and the CCP. The paper explores the Chinese people's search for a national moral identity, the resurgence of Confucianism, and finally examines the speech Xi gave on the 40th Anniversary of the Reforms and Opening-up.


National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin Jan 2018

National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The pharmaceutical medicines in one member state of the European Union do not belong in any other member state unless that member state’s national medicines agency has approved them. In this paper I look at the two procedures that exist, the mutual recognition procedure and the decentralized procedure. I ask what affects the variation in ease and stringency within the regulatory decisions of the national competent authorities when acting as the reference member state. I hypothesize that institutions and economic political ideology influence the regulatory decisions, leading to more or less finalized procedures. Multi-variate regressions confirm the permeability of ...


Faith, Physiography, And Fallacy: Understanding Stigmatization Towards Individuals With Hiv And Aids In Botswana, Arianna Rose Copito Jan 2018

Faith, Physiography, And Fallacy: Understanding Stigmatization Towards Individuals With Hiv And Aids In Botswana, Arianna Rose Copito

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores various possible answers to the question, “Why are some people in Botswana more tolerant of individuals with HIV/AIDS than others?” A disease that impacts a large percentage of people in Botswana, this research aims to focus on reasons why intolerance exists as a means to alleviate negative consequences on individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS. This study explores religiosity, urbanism, gender, age, and education in order to accomplish this. The results of the research through a multiple regression shows that an increase in both religiosity and urbanism are statistically significant when explaining higher levels of tolerance towards ...


Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire Jan 2018

Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire

Undergraduate Honors Theses

How do voters behave when faced when faced with direct democracy measures? What informational cues do voters rely on when, unlike candidate races there is no explicit labeling of an “R” or a “D” on the ballot? I used election results from the 2014 midterm and 2016 presidential elections in Colorado to determine 1) if people do indeed vote on initiatives according to their political affiliation, 2) to what degree people vote in a partisan manner, and 3) what factors within and outside of an initiative impact the partisanship of their vote. I found that, to a high degree, a ...


What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson Jan 2018

What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past several decades right-wing populism has reshaped European politics. The late 20th and early 21st centuries are experiencing the rise of several right-wing populist parties in countries including France, Norway, Switzerland, Finland, Poland, Britain, and many others. This rise in right-wing populism is not a new phenomenon, and many of these parties trace their roots back to the 1970s as globalization permeated Europe. In this paper, I will examine the peculiar phenomena regarding the varying levels of success these right-wing populist parties have experienced. Specifically, I focus on the success of both the Norwegian and Swiss populist parties ...


Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson Jan 2018

Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study analyzes the effects of counter-stereotypical depictions of drug users in popular media and film, and the abilities of these media exemplars in eliciting positive attitudes towards drug users and progressive drug policy. Psychological theories of framing and priming effect were used to understand the mechanisms of how beliefs in media are communicated and absorbed in audience members, and their historical use in demonizing drug users in the past. Through content analysis of Moonlight and Orange is the New Black, I use Exemplification Theory to show the profound effects of stereotypical and counter-stereotypic characters in films to incite new ...


When Party Policies Do Not Matter: Examining The Ambivalence Of Voting Behaviors In The Zambian Presidential Elections, Gregory Gondwe Jan 2018

When Party Policies Do Not Matter: Examining The Ambivalence Of Voting Behaviors In The Zambian Presidential Elections, Gregory Gondwe

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Debates on whether people in Zambia cast their votes for a presidential candidate based on the good policies of the party or the qualifications of their candidate are peppered with tales of ethnicity, tribalism, corruption, and the education levels of the voters. These problems have undermined the credibility of the winning candidates as being put into office based not on their qualifications, but on the desire for individual voters to have someone of their tribe as president. While some scholars have argued that people are not naïve to vote for a candidate irrationally, others hanker on the fact that ...


Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia Jan 2017

Understanding The Effect Of Empathy On Decision-Making Within Extremist Issues Framed Around The Exception For An Abortion In The Instance Of Rape, Chandler Ciernia

Undergraduate Honors Theses

What causes pro-life people to support an exception for an abortion in the case of pregnancy by rape? Given the arguments that usually surround protecting the fetus, support for the exception is logically inconsistent; what seems to matter, then, is whether women are guilt. After striving to understand why this exception exists and controlling for variables like sex, biblical fundamentalism, church attendance, education, and age, I find that the presence of empathy ultimately allows individuals within an extreme issue to compromise on their beliefs. Further it was established that other beliefs or behaviors such as authoritarianism and sexism were found ...


What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko Jan 2017

What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The European Court of Justice as it stands today is is one of the most influential transnational judicial institutions. The court exercises an unusually expansive range of jurisdiction over the member states of the European Union, and has played a creative role in expanding its own competencies through the process of constitutionalization. The mechanisms through which the court embellishes its own abilities, especially its ability to supersede the law of its member states, is a point of concern when analyzing the court’s legitimacy and democratic deficit within the European Union. This study follows trends of public support for the ...


The American Space Exploration Narrative: Evolution Of Space Exploration In The United States From The Cold War To Today, Dora Holland Jan 2016

The American Space Exploration Narrative: Evolution Of Space Exploration In The United States From The Cold War To Today, Dora Holland

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper documents how the narrative of space exploration in the United States (U.S.) has changed from the Cold War to today. It examines the policy and rhetoric of eight U.S. presidential administrations in regards to space exploration: Eisenhower, Kennedy, Nixon, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush, and Obama. The paper also discusses how the overall field of space exploration has changed over time. To investigate this narrative, the paper first examines the history of U.S. space exploration from the Cold War to today, and also examines three current conditions of the field of ...


Polisee, Polido? Examining The Inter-Municipal Communication Of Climate Action Policy And Strategy, Emily Raquel Sandoval Jan 2015

Polisee, Polido? Examining The Inter-Municipal Communication Of Climate Action Policy And Strategy, Emily Raquel Sandoval

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This undergraduate thesis provides an examination of inter-city communication regarding climate change policy in the United States. It examines some of the existing literature regarding municipal climate action, policy dissemination, and existing formal communication networks for cities. Through the results of a 20-question survey sent to municipal employees specializing in climate action policy design and implementation, this thesis analyzes whether communication exists between cities and if so, how such communication relates to other city characteristics. The thesis finds that cities are in general communicating directly with and researching the policies of their peers using a variety of media and methods ...


Differentiated College-Prep Course Access: An Analysis Of Colorado Public Schools, Alexandra Wolk Jan 2015

Differentiated College-Prep Course Access: An Analysis Of Colorado Public Schools, Alexandra Wolk

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis makes the case that the United States has an education system that provides different access to different kinds of students. More specifically, this paper questions whether or not students have differentiated access to classes that would realistically prepare them for and help them get accepted to college. The question this thesis attempts to answer is: Are schools systematically shunting low socio-economic status students into non-college tracks compared to students with higher socio-economic statuses? Through original data collection and data obtained from a case study it is clear that there is an achievement gap between low income and high-income ...


The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson Jan 2015

The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses a combination of foreign aid data and development proxies to assess the value of health related foreign aid and the achievements of the global community during times of increased aid focus. It uses regression models to present a statistically significant relationship between aid and health outcomes, and then utilizes three case studies comparing similar countries in order to reinforce the argument, and account for any inconsistencies within the models. Both the models and the case studies support aid as an asset in the health development of a state, and the implication is that, if this is indeed ...


The Impacts And Implications Of Whale Shark Ecotourism: A Case Study Of Three Ecotourism Sites, Laura B. Korman Jan 2015

The Impacts And Implications Of Whale Shark Ecotourism: A Case Study Of Three Ecotourism Sites, Laura B. Korman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The biggest fish in the sea the whale shark, Rhincodon typus, still remains one of the biggest mysteries. This species named the whale shark, after it’s size, is one of the most charismatic shark species in the world. This colossal, yet harmless shark surfaces in certain areas across the globe. The sites where these sharks surface and aggregate are transforming into ecotourism hotspots. Globally, these ecotourism sites are valued at US$ 66 million (Higman, Luck, & CABI, 2008). However, a growing problem with these sites is the absence of positive management strategies that protect the sharks, and allow humans to ...


Selectivity Of Television Media: The Effects Of Quasi-Social Networks On Voter Participation, Mykala Keuter Jan 2015

Selectivity Of Television Media: The Effects Of Quasi-Social Networks On Voter Participation, Mykala Keuter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Television has changed the way average citizens receive information. It has made expressing opinions to a mass amount of people very quickly a possibility. Conventional wisdom suggests that most forms of television depress political participation. However, as the forms of media change and the types of shows change to function more as a social network than simply entertainment, then perhaps television has the capacity to persuade people and to make them more likely to participate. This can potentially change the way in which election seasons function and political parties spend their funds. The only way to get at this is ...


Regime Type And Female Health In The World: A Study Of The Effects Of Democracy On Women's Access To Health Care, Maxwell Nathanson Jan 2015

Regime Type And Female Health In The World: A Study Of The Effects Of Democracy On Women's Access To Health Care, Maxwell Nathanson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper studies the relationship between maternal access to health care and democracy. Access to female health services is a critical metric in measuring the overall quality of health care globally, and is an indicator of a state’s cultural, social, and political development. Likewise, the degree of political freedom in a country is correlated with the amount of funding social welfare programs receive (Brown and Hunter, 1999; Navarro et al., 2006).

In this paper, I examine how states ranging from democratic to authoritarian provide health care for their female populations. Using data provided by the World Bank and Freedom ...


Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver Jan 2015

Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis takes a deep historical look at the adaptation of Mohandas Gandhi’s nonviolent ideology and strategy in the civil rights movement in the American South in order to understand the composition, construction, and behavior of the modern nonviolent movement known as 15M in Spain. The complete translation of Gandhi’s repertoire resulted in the formation of subversive groups, or contentious communities, which shared the common goal of desegregation and cultural integration of the southern black population. These contentious communities regrouped in nonviolent efforts, and interacted as a groupuscule with the same ideology.

This adaptation of nonviolent ideology and ...


The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker Jan 2015

The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the effects of civil society’s involvement in the Tunisian democratic transition through a case study on its contributions to the constitution drafting process. Tunisia gained widespread international attention following its popular uprising against authoritarian leader Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and successful transition to democracy. Many, however, have dismissed Tunisia’s triumph as a lucky break aided by the country’s small size, religious and ethnic homogeneity, pre-existing liberal social values, and “relatively moderate” Islamist party. Those focused on such “Tunisian exceptionalism” conclude that the country’s transition has little to teach other countries in political flux ...


The Role Of Interstate Policy Organizations In State Higher Education Policy Processes: Perceptions Of Policymakers And Policy Shapers, Demaree K. Michelau Apr 2010

The Role Of Interstate Policy Organizations In State Higher Education Policy Processes: Perceptions Of Policymakers And Policy Shapers, Demaree K. Michelau

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Political science offers rich explanations for how different types of organizations that are focused on public policy decisions (e.g., boundary organizations, interest groups, policy networks (or communities), and think tanks) influence public policy processes (Cash, Clark, Alcock, Dickson, Eckley, Guston, Jager, and Mitchell 2003; Guston 2001; Kingdon 1995; Mintrom and Vergari 1998; Stone 2000; Weaver 1989). They serve as information sources, promote dialogue, foster the diffusion of innovations, bridge gaps between research and policy, and set policy agendas, all with the intent of influencing public policy. Their goals, approaches, and abilities, however, vary from one another, and interstate policy ...