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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Tracking And Reflecting On Hate And Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis And Survey Experiment Depicting Perceptions Of Sikh Americans And The Sikh Faith In The United States, Serene Singh Jan 2019

Tracking And Reflecting On Hate And Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis And Survey Experiment Depicting Perceptions Of Sikh Americans And The Sikh Faith In The United States, Serene Singh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: Sikhs have been largely ignored in the literature surrounding criminal justice and religious tolerance. The many pressures faced by this group, including hate crimes, present an urgent need for political scientists to understand the issues this community faces and further, to challenge those issues to ensure their well-being. This research examines both of these concepts through two separate analyses: a meta-analysis and a survey experiment. In the meta-analysis, the Sikh experience is contextualized by assessing trends in media coverage and representation of turbans in the United States. This section reports a meta-analysis of 81 published journals, articles, and studies ...


What Unites The States? Examining Modernity And American Nationhood Through The Eyes Of The European New Right, Sara Canetto Jan 2019

What Unites The States? Examining Modernity And American Nationhood Through The Eyes Of The European New Right, Sara Canetto

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis uses the lens of the European New Right to analyze the development of American nationhood in the era of reinvigorated nationalism and identity politics. To do so, this project uses the 5 processes of modernity (individualization; rationalization; massification; desacralization; universalization) which the New Right describes as the systems that together threaten authentic community and meaning. By using the grounding texts of Against Democracy and Equality and Homo Americanus, this thesis analyzes the points of view of the New Right as well as their contribution to the appeal of nationalism and anti-liberalism.


Search For A Heavy Resonance Decaying To A Pair Of Higgs Bosons In The Four B-Quark Final State With The Cms Experiment, Michael D. Krohn Jan 2018

Search For A Heavy Resonance Decaying To A Pair Of Higgs Bosons In The Four B-Quark Final State With The Cms Experiment, Michael D. Krohn

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A search for a massive resonance decaying into a pair of standard model Higgs bosons, in a final state consisting of two b quark-antiquark pairs, is performed using proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the Compact Muon Solenoid detector at the Large Hadron Collider and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb-1. The Higgs bosons are highly Lorentz-boosted and are each reconstructed as a single large-area jet. The signal is characterized by a peak in the dijet invariant mass distribution, above a background from the standard model multijet production. The observations are ...


Low-Thrust Many-Revolution Trajectory Optimization, Jonathan David Aziz Jan 2018

Low-Thrust Many-Revolution Trajectory Optimization, Jonathan David Aziz

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents a method for optimizing the trajectories of spacecraft that use low-thrust propulsion to maneuver through high counts of orbital revolutions. The proposed method is to discretize the trajectory and control schedule with respect to an orbit anomaly and perform the optimization with differential dynamic programming (DDP). The change of variable from time to orbit anomaly is accomplished by a Sundman transformation to the spacecraft equations of motion.

Sundman transformations to each of the true, mean and eccentric anomalies are leveraged for fuel-optimal geocentric transfers up to 2000 revolutions. The approach is shown to be amenable to the ...


Study Of Redox Reactions For Solar Thermochemical Cycles, Ibraheam Abdulrahman Alshankiti Jan 2018

Study Of Redox Reactions For Solar Thermochemical Cycles, Ibraheam Abdulrahman Alshankiti

Chemical & Biological Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Solar thermal splitting of water or carbon dioxide is a promising technology for producing hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide. In a two-step cycle, a metal oxide is thermally reduced with concentrated solar radiation to release oxygen. The reduced metal oxide is then re-oxidized with steam or carbon dioxide to produce hydrogen or carbon monoxide. The two-step redox cycle can be operated either as a temperature swing where there is a temperature difference between the reduction and oxidation steps or isothermally. This work discusses various aspects of operating the redox cycle isothermally including redox cycle thermodynamics and overall system efficiency and ...


Sum Over Histories Representation Of Chemical Kinetics: An Interpretive And Predictive Method For Modeling Chemical Kinetics Using Time-Dependent Pathways, Shirong Bai Jan 2018

Sum Over Histories Representation Of Chemical Kinetics: An Interpretive And Predictive Method For Modeling Chemical Kinetics Using Time-Dependent Pathways, Shirong Bai

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Chemical kinetics can be viewed as an intricate network of inter-related chemical reactions that work cooperatively to convert reagent species into product species. The network is in general time dependent reacting the non-steady state nature of the chemistry. When it comes to interpreting and predicting chemical kinetics, the history of chemical moieties can play vital roles. In order to study the histories of chemical substances using time-dependent chemical network, this thesis focuses on developing a Sum Over Histories Representation (SOHR for short) of chemical kinetics.

The description of time-dependent chemistry of a reaction network is provided by chemical pathways defined ...


High-Fidelity Simulation Of Small-Body Lander/Rover Spacecraft, Stefaan Van Wal Jan 2018

High-Fidelity Simulation Of Small-Body Lander/Rover Spacecraft, Stefaan Van Wal

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The scientific return of spacecraft missions that explore solar system small bodies can be increased through the inclusion of surface exploration with deployed probes. In this dissertation, a methodology is presented that allows for fast, parallel simulation of bouncing trajectories of arbitrary-shaped ballistic probes in the small-body environment. This enables planning of probe deployment and operation, and supports their inclusion on future missions.

The coarse small-body shape is modeled using an implicit signed distance field (SDF) that allows for fast collision detection. Statistical features are included onto the SDF using procedural generation techniques. The small-body gravity field is captured using ...


Low-Rank, Multi-Fidelity Methods For Uncertainty Quantification Of High-Dimensional Systems, Hillary Ruth Fairbanks Jan 2018

Low-Rank, Multi-Fidelity Methods For Uncertainty Quantification Of High-Dimensional Systems, Hillary Ruth Fairbanks

Applied Mathematics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Characterizing and incorporating uncertainties when simulating physical phenomena is essential for improving model-based predictions. These uncertainties may stem from a lack of knowledge regarding the underlying physical processes or from imprecise measurements of quantities that describe properties of the physical system. Uncertainty quantification (UQ) is a tool that seeks to characterize the impact of these uncertainties on solutions of computational models, resulting in improved predictive models. In practice, these uncertainties are either treated as random parameters to inform the statistics of the solution of interest (forward UQ), or their statistics are inferred from noisy observations of the solutions (inverse UQ ...


Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr Jan 2018

Representational Effects Of Campaign Spending In U.S. Congressional Primaries, Patrick Buhr

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The average member of Congress is increasingly wealthier than the average citizens they represent, despite evidence that voters disapprove of wealthy candidates. This paper advances a potential explanation: wealthy legislators have advantages during party primaries, thereby limiting the pool of viable candidates in a general election. By combining F.E.C. donor files from the 2006-2016 congressional elections with demographic data from the U.S. Census Bureau, I find that congressional candidates come overwhelmingly from a district's wealthiest neighborhoods. Wealthy candidates are successful in congressional primaries primarily because of their fundraising advantage--which is driven by donors from their same ...


Changing Confidence In The News Media: Political Polarization On The Rise, Robert Reedy Jan 2018

Changing Confidence In The News Media: Political Polarization On The Rise, Robert Reedy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A large number of Americans no longer have confidence in the news medias ability to report the news accurately. With ongoing anti-media rhetoric and presence of "fake news" in the political climate, Americans remain divided on the topic of the media, and believe the news media is biased in their coverage of President Trump's administration. Historically, a free and open press is vital for healthy democracies around the world, and is well protected under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. Negative views towards the press can have dire consequences with regards to the political scene. This research ...


Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson Jan 2018

Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study analyzes the effects of counter-stereotypical depictions of drug users in popular media and film, and the abilities of these media exemplars in eliciting positive attitudes towards drug users and progressive drug policy. Psychological theories of framing and priming effect were used to understand the mechanisms of how beliefs in media are communicated and absorbed in audience members, and their historical use in demonizing drug users in the past. Through content analysis of Moonlight and Orange is the New Black, I use Exemplification Theory to show the profound effects of stereotypical and counter-stereotypic characters in films to incite new ...


Review Of Railgun Modeling Techniques: Computation Of Railgun Force And Other Key Factors, Nathan James Eckert Jan 2017

Review Of Railgun Modeling Techniques: Computation Of Railgun Force And Other Key Factors, Nathan James Eckert

Aerospace Engineering Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Currently, railgun force modeling either uses the simple “railgun force equation” or finite element methods. It is proposed here that a middle ground exists that does not require the solution of partial differential equations, is more readily implemented than finite element methods, and is more accurate than the traditional force equation. To develop this method, it is necessary to examine the core railgun factors: power supply mechanisms, the distribution of current in the rails and in the projectile which slides between them (called the armature), the magnetic field created by the current flowing through these rails, the inductance gradient (a ...


Estimating Education Quality Capitalization Using Time Series Modelling, Jared L. Wold Jan 2017

Estimating Education Quality Capitalization Using Time Series Modelling, Jared L. Wold

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper attempts to determine the degree to which variation in property values can be explained by variation of the quality of the public school district in which the property is located using time-conditional econometric modelling.


Thermal Analysis Of Ventilated Wall Cavities With Spray Evaporative Cooling Systems, Alaa Ali Alaidroos Jan 2016

Thermal Analysis Of Ventilated Wall Cavities With Spray Evaporative Cooling Systems, Alaa Ali Alaidroos

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

For low-rise buildings, it is well known that envelope systems are the main contributors to heating and cooling energy consumption. Over the last decades, there have been significant research efforts to improve the performance of building envelope systems by integrating passive cooling strategies to reduce cooling loads and maintain acceptable indoor thermal comfort. The ventilated wall cavity system is one of these passive-cooling strategies that have received considerable attention recently due to the significant benefits of reducing building thermal loads. In particular, evaporative cooling inside ventilated wall cavities is an attractive passive cooling technique especially in hot and dry climates ...


Modeling Of Post-Tensioned Rocking Bridge Columns, Brandon William Bowman Jan 2016

Modeling Of Post-Tensioned Rocking Bridge Columns, Brandon William Bowman

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Two separate columns were studied for this thesis. The first column was a column designed and tested by Marriot (2009) this column had energy dissipating (ED) links (or dissipators) and four internal unbonded tendons which served as a self-centering mechanism for the rocking column. The second column was a column designed and tested by (Sideris, 2012). This column did not include ED links and had eight internal unbonded tendons that served as a self-centering mechanism for the rocking column. The column by Sideris also included sliding at the segmental joints, which was not considered herein, as this thesis focuses solely ...


Voter Identification Laws And Their Effects On Voter Turnout, Joseph Javier Mabrey Jan 2016

Voter Identification Laws And Their Effects On Voter Turnout, Joseph Javier Mabrey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Voter identification (voter ID) requirements have become a salient political issue recently as more states have moved to implement increasingly strict voter ID requirements. I conjecture that, especially due to the politicized debate surrounding voter ID, conservatives rationally propose the laws to produce a negative effect on poor and minority turnout. I empirically evaluate these claims surrounding voter ID laws. Specifically, I examine the impact of voter ID laws on overall turnout and on racial and socioeconomic gaps in turnout. I find no results when examining the effect of voter ID on levels of turnout in states or their racial ...


Labor Unions, Race And The Changing Face Of The Post War Democratic Party, Walter Koch Jan 2016

Labor Unions, Race And The Changing Face Of The Post War Democratic Party, Walter Koch

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Over the past half century America’s two party system has undergone significant geographic, ideological and demographic shifts. The Democratic Party that once had a strong support base of working class whites and southerners, has now become a party comprised of mostly progressives and racial minorities. I expected that the decline of private sector unions over the past fifty years was contributing to a pattern of working class whites abandoning the contemporary Democratic Party. Moreover I expected the fall in labor membership numbers along with a rise in white collar unions at the expense of traditional manufacturing organizations, to affect ...


Persistent Policy Pathways: Inferring Diffusion Networks In The American States, Bruce A. Desmarais, Jeff Harden, Frederick J. Boehmke May 2015

Persistent Policy Pathways: Inferring Diffusion Networks In The American States, Bruce A. Desmarais, Jeff Harden, Frederick J. Boehmke

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The transmission of ideas, information, and resources forms the core of many issues studied in political science, including collective action, cooperation, and development. While these processes imply dynamic connections among political actors, researchers often cannot observe such interdependence. One example is public policy diffusion, which has long been a focus of multiple subfields. In the American state politics context, diffusion is commonly conceptualized as a dyadic process whereby states adopt policies (in part) because other states have adopted them. This implies a policy diffusion network connecting the states. Using a dataset of 187 policies, we introduce and apply an algorithm ...


Taking The Lead: Congressional Staffers And Their Role In The Policy Process, Sara Lynn Hagedorn Jan 2015

Taking The Lead: Congressional Staffers And Their Role In The Policy Process, Sara Lynn Hagedorn

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The world of congressional staff is largely an unseen one, both in the media and within political science. Little scholarship exists on their role in Congress, with nearly none on their role in the policy process and agenda setting. Most of the research on Congressional agenda setting and policy development ignores the role staff play in the process, assuming members do all of the work themselves and staff handle menial tasks. This dissertation looks at the role Congressional staff play in the agenda setting process in Congress. Using the data acquired from an original survey of over 500 current and ...


Drinking Water Provision In Rural China, Elise Pizzi Jan 2015

Drinking Water Provision In Rural China, Elise Pizzi

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Why do governments succeed in delivering services to some communities but not to others? To assess the factors that explain cross-community variation in public goods provision, I examine government spending on water infrastructure and drinking water outcomes in China. I find that connections from villagers to individuals and officials outside the village affect drinking water provision. Despite the lack of elections and associated need to cater to voter demands, the Chinese government spends more on water provision to the politically dominant ethnic group. I find that the dominant group is favored because officials rely on network connections for policy implementation ...


History And Politics In The Work Of Jacques Derrida, Oriel Eisner Jan 2015

History And Politics In The Work Of Jacques Derrida, Oriel Eisner

Comparative Literature Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis will address three of Jacques Derrida's later works, which are also some of his more explicitly political texts, in order to delineate what type of political thought or engagement Derrida's work both takes on, and promotes. The three texts are: "Force of Law", Specters of Marx, and Rogues: Two Essays on Reason. Discussions of history are significant in all three of these works and foreground the politics Derrida is concerned with. Derrida's discussion of history seeks to respond to a dominant/traditional understanding of history as teleological or linear. This understanding of history also determines ...


Estimating Dynamic Ideal Points For State Supreme Courts, Jason H. Windett, Jeff Harden, Matthew E.K. Hall Jan 2015

Estimating Dynamic Ideal Points For State Supreme Courts, Jason H. Windett, Jeff Harden, Matthew E.K. Hall

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Courts of last resort in the American states offer researchers considerable leverage to develop and test theories about how institutions influence judicial behavior. One measure critical to this research agenda is the individual judges’ preferences, or ideal points, in policy space. Two main strategies for recovering this measure exist in the literature: Brace, Langer, and Hall’s (2000) Party-Adjusted Judge Ideology (PAJID) and Bonica and Woodruff’s (2015) judicial CFscores. Here we introduce a third measurement strategy that combines CFscores with item response (IRT) estimates of judicial voting behavior in all 52 state courts of last resort from 1995–2010 ...


Colorado Farmer's Influence On Flexible Water Policy Decisions: A Uniform Political Bloc?, Tyreen L. Livingston Jan 2015

Colorado Farmer's Influence On Flexible Water Policy Decisions: A Uniform Political Bloc?, Tyreen L. Livingston

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Water in the western United States is a controversial topic because of the decreased supplies due to urban and population growth, climatic changes such as drought, and continued disagreements about how existing water supplies should be allocated. The agricultural community in Colorado uses approximately 85% of the existing water supplies and a majority of Colorado’s water is located on the Western Slope. The Eastern Plains and Front Range areas are projected to see the majority of the population and development growth over the next thirty years and water supplies will continue to dwindle as more users demand more water ...