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Articles 271 - 287 of 287

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Overhauling The Wto: Opportunity At Doha And Beyond, John Audley, Ann Florini Oct 2001

Overhauling The Wto: Opportunity At Doha And Beyond, John Audley, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The world's trade ministers, who will meet at a WTOministerial in November 2001 in Doha, Qatar, are wrong to think that only a newround of negotiations will save the much-maligned international trade system.Carnegie senior associates John Audley and Ann M. Florini argue that theyshould, instead, simultaneously tackle internal and external reform of the WTOto make it a truly equitable institution. Internally, industrial countries muststart treating developing countries as equal partners in making the rules thatgovern global trade, and where necessary provide technical assistance to makethat equality possible. Externally, to satisfy legitimate public demands,members should improve the transparency ...


Intelligent Island Discourse: Singapore’S Discursive Negotiation With Technology, Alwyn Lim Jun 2001

Intelligent Island Discourse: Singapore’S Discursive Negotiation With Technology, Alwyn Lim

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The small nation-state of Singapore has increasingly been referred to in the popular media as the Intelligent Island of the future. With significant state investment in the promotion and dissemination of information-communications technology and attendant social ramifications, this has become an area that can no longer be ignored or taken for granted. This article intends to map the conditions of possibility on which Singapore can be conceived of as an Intelligent Island, in situating the role of information technology and Intelligent Island discourse within the discourses of postcoloniality, technocapitalism, late modernity, and globalization. In particular, this article attempts to show ...


Foreign Policy Issues Facing The New Administration: Introduction [Randolph W. Thrower Symposium], Howard Hunter Jun 2001

Foreign Policy Issues Facing The New Administration: Introduction [Randolph W. Thrower Symposium], Howard Hunter

Research Collection School Of Law

No abstract provided.


Does The Invisible Hand Need A Transparent Glove?, Ann Florini Jan 2000

Does The Invisible Hand Need A Transparent Glove?, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Transparency is on the rise, touted as the solution to such disparate problems asfinancial volatility, environmental degradation, money laundering, and corruption. Buttransparency faces much opposition, particularly from those under scrutiny. Such actorsoften have strong incentives to avoid providing information. To explain the growingdemand for transparency and to assess its prospects for success requires attention tomatters of politics – that is, power. Power is often needed to induce disclosures orrestructure incentives. And the information thus revealed can shift power from the formerholders of secrets to the newly informed. This paper explores the politics of transparency– why it is emerging, and what are ...


Secrets For Sale: How Commercial Satellite Imagery Will Change The World, Yahya Dehqanzada, Ann Florini Jan 2000

Secrets For Sale: How Commercial Satellite Imagery Will Change The World, Yahya Dehqanzada, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Secrets for Sale presents the first in-depth analysis of the emerging commercial remote sensing industry. This timely publication examines the benefits and dilemmas created by the new industry, and provides badly needed policy recommendations on how and why to handle the new transparency right.


Commercial Satellite Imagery Comes Of Age, Ann Florini, Yahya Dehqanzada Aug 1999

Commercial Satellite Imagery Comes Of Age, Ann Florini, Yahya Dehqanzada

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Since satellites started photographing Earth from space nearly four decades ago, their images have inspired excitement, introspection, and, often, fear. Like all information, satellite imagery is in itself neutral. But satellite imagery is a particularly powerful sort of information, revealing both comprehensive vistas and surprising details. Its benefits can be immense, but so can its costs.


The First Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Legislative Council Elections, James T. H. Tang Mar 1999

The First Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Legislative Council Elections, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The Legislative Council (Legco) Elections in Hong Kong on May 24, 1998, isthe first open multiparty electoral competition in the People's Republic of China(PRC). Since Chinese leaders have repeatedly rejected Western-style democracyor multiparty competition for China, the extent to which the Hong Kong experiencewould serve as a model for political developments on the mainland isclearly limited. Nonetheless, political changes in Hong Kong has to be seen aspart of China's experience following their reunion. Under the "one country, twosystems" formula, Hong Kong is given the freedom to conduct its own internalaffairs as a Special Administrative Region (SAR), but ...


No More Secrets?: Policy Implications Of Commercial Remote Sensing Satellites, Ann Florini, Yahya A. Dehqanzada Jan 1999

No More Secrets?: Policy Implications Of Commercial Remote Sensing Satellites, Ann Florini, Yahya A. Dehqanzada

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Ever since the earliest satellites and astronauts started taking pictures of the Earth from space nearly four decades ago, those images have inspired excitement, introspection, and, often, fear. Like all information, satellite imagery is in itself neutral. But satellite imagery is a particularly powerful sort of information, showing both comprehensive vistas and surprising detail. Its benefits can be immense—but so can its costs. The same images that remind us that we all share a fragile planet also enable those who have the images to more accurately aim their weapons at adversaries near and far.


China's Reunification And International Security In Northeast Asia: After Hong Kong What?, James T. H. Tang Mar 1998

China's Reunification And International Security In Northeast Asia: After Hong Kong What?, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This paper examines the implications of Hong Kong's reunification with China oncross-strait relationship between mainland China and Taiwan. It begins with adiscussion of the international security situation in the region and the increasingimportance of the People's Republic of China on regional security. The paper thenaddresses the political and economic consequences of the sovereignty change overHong Kong on regional security, identifying the added strength to China on the onehand, and the Special Administrative Region's moderating influences on the other.Finally, it evaluates possible changes of the Beijing government's Taiwan policy. Inconclusion, the paper argues that China's ...


The End Of Secrecy, Ann Florini Jan 1998

The End Of Secrecy, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Two standards of behavior are slugging it out around the world. Advocates of well-established norms such as corporate privacy and national sovereignty want to hide information from prying eyes, while promoters of transparency tout it as the solution to everything from international financial crises to arms races and street crime. Just what is transparency? Put simply, transparency is the opposite of secrecy. Secrecy means deliberately hiding your actions; transparency means deliberately revealing them. This element of volition makes the growing acceptance of transparency much more than a resigned surrender to the technologically facilitated intrusiveness of the Information Age. Transparency is ...


A New Role For Transparency, Ann Florini Aug 1997

A New Role For Transparency, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Arms control has traditionally dealt with limiting the means of destruction. When the greatest threa to security came from the potential for organized violence inflicted by an external enemy against a state, arms control logically sought to limit that danger. But as the threats to security have become more diffuse, policy-makers will need to draw on a wider repertoire of tools to reduce the potential destructiveness of less organiized threats, and even emerging unintended dangers. The article examines the problems of nuclear proliferation and environmental toxification over the long term, describes why these problems will require a transparency-based approach, and ...


Hong Kong In United States-China Relations: The International Politics Of Hong Kong's Reversion To Chinese Sovereignty, James T. H. Tang Jan 1997

Hong Kong In United States-China Relations: The International Politics Of Hong Kong's Reversion To Chinese Sovereignty, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article examines the implications of the political transition of Hong Kong onUS-China relations in strategic, political and economic dimensions. It evaluates the impactof Hong Kong's changing status in the context of the engagement-containment debate onChina policy in the US. It suggests that US concerns over questions such as democracy andhuman rights and China's rejection of foreign interference' in Hong Kong would turn theterritory into a source of political conflict between the US and China. Finally it points outthat any major trade confrontation between the two countries would have serious implicationsfor the territory. The article concludes by arguing ...


The Evolution Of International Norms, Ann Florini Sep 1996

The Evolution Of International Norms, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article puts forward a theoretical explanation for why norms of international behavior change over time. It argues that the mainstream neorealist and neoliberal arguments on the static nature of state interests are implausible, as the recent empirical work of the growing constructivist school has convincingly shown. But the constructivists have not yet provided a theoretical basis for understanding why one norm rather than another becomes institutionalized, nor has learning theory yet provided an adequate explanation. An evolutionary approach that draws its hypotheses from an analogy to population genetics offers a promising alternative. This article briefly outlines the constructivist critique ...


From Empire Defence To Imperial Retreat: Britain's Postwar China Policy And The Decolonization Of Hong Kong, James T. H. Tang May 1994

From Empire Defence To Imperial Retreat: Britain's Postwar China Policy And The Decolonization Of Hong Kong, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Attempts to examine Hong Kong as an issue in British postwar colonialpolicy often emphasize the unique nature of the colony, andtherefore a special case in British decolonization. Hong Kong hasbeen regarded as an unconventional colonial entity, an anachronismin the modern world. But others argue that the word colony is not anappropriate term to describe it, except in the most severely technicallegal sense, because of its spectacular industrial and economicdevelopment since the end of the Second World War.' Nonetheless,Hong Kong has existed as a British crown colony since I842, and itscolonial political structures have remained more or less the same ...


Come Spy The Friendly Skies, Ann Florini Mar 1990

Come Spy The Friendly Skies, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Discusses support for Open Skies, a 1955 proposal made by President Dwight Eisenhower and recently resuscitated by President George Bush. The proposal would allow the super powers to make unrestricted flights over each other's territory on short notice


Remote Sensing And Diplomacy, Ann Florini Apr 1989

Remote Sensing And Diplomacy, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The advent of a variety of commercial and national remote-sensing satellites has eliminated a long-standing superpower monopoly on a key source of information about global events. As these systems proliferate, it will become increasingly difficult to maintain secrecy about certain sensitive activities. Nations other than the superpowers will be able independently to verify compliance with arms control accords, and to monitor global “hot spots.” These new capabilities both reflect and contribute to an inevitable diffusion of power among nations. Although there will be adjustment costs, particularly for the superpowers, the enhanced global transparency is likely to promote global stability and ...


The Opening Skies: Third-Party Imaging Satellites And U.S. Security, Ann Florini Sep 1988

The Opening Skies: Third-Party Imaging Satellites And U.S. Security, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Earth observation satellites, long a mainstay of U.S. intelligence-gathering, are now presenting new challenges for U.S. national security. The United States and the Soviet Union have long since reconciled themselves to being spied on by each other from space. Now, however, the advent of imaging satellite systems owned and operated by a variety of third parties, including governments other than the superpowers (France, Canada, the European Space Agency, India, and China) and private companies, is raising new concerns for U.S. peacetime foreign relations and military activities, and for crisis management and war- time operations. These new satellites ...