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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Perception Of Corrupt Acts: East Vs. West, Singapore Management University Jan 2019

Perception Of Corrupt Acts: East Vs. West, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Corruption is a major threat faced by China and anyone who wants to do business in the country. In recent years, the Chinese government’s crackdowns in corruption has led to some success. In the Berlin-based non-profit Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2017, China ranked 77th with a score of 41 out of 100, a slight improvement from the score of 36 in 2014. The index ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and businesspeople with a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is ...


Process-Tracing Research Designs: A Practical Guide, Jacob Ricks, Amy H. Liu Oct 2018

Process-Tracing Research Designs: A Practical Guide, Jacob Ricks, Amy H. Liu

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Process-tracing has grown in popularity among qualitative researchers. However, unlike statistical models and estimators—or even other topics in qualitative methods—process-tracing is largely bereft of guidelines, especially when it comes to teaching. We address this shortcoming by providing a step-by-step checklist for developing a research design to use process-tracing as a valid and substantial tool for hypothesis testing. This practical guide should be of interest for both research application and instructional purposes. An online appendix containing multiple examples facilitates teaching of the method.


Conceptualizing And Measuring Women’S Political Leadership: From Presence To Balance, Devin K. Joshi, Ryan Goehrung Sep 2018

Conceptualizing And Measuring Women’S Political Leadership: From Presence To Balance, Devin K. Joshi, Ryan Goehrung

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article conceptualizes an innovative understanding and measurement of women's political leadership, theoretically justifies its application, and analyzes contemporary variation in its patterns through comparative case studies. In recent years, scholars of comparative government have studied with great interest the election of female prime ministers and presidents (e.g., Derichs and Thompson 2013; Jalalzai 2013) and cross-national variation in female members of parliaments (MPs) and cabinets (e.g., Bauer and Tremblay 2011; Paxton and Hughes 2017; Suraj, Scherpereel, and Adams 2014). Yet, when it comes to regions beyond Europe and the Americas, comparative empirical analysis of women's political ...


Conceptualizing And Measuring Women’S Political Leadership: From Presence To Balance, Devin K. Joshi, Ryan Goehrung Sep 2018

Conceptualizing And Measuring Women’S Political Leadership: From Presence To Balance, Devin K. Joshi, Ryan Goehrung

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article conceptualizes an innovative understanding and measurement of women's political leadership, theoretically justifies its application, and analyzes contemporary variation in its patterns through comparative case studies. In recent years, scholars of comparative government have studied with great interest the election of female prime ministers and presidents (e.g., Derichs and Thompson 2013; Jalalzai 2013) and cross-national variation in female members of parliaments (MPs) and cabinets (e.g., Bauer and Tremblay 2011; Paxton and Hughes 2017; Suraj, Scherpereel, and Adams 2014). Yet, when it comes to regions beyond Europe and the Americas, comparative empirical analysis of women's political ...


Street-Level Bureaucrats And Irrigation Policy Reform In Southeast Asia, Jacob I. Ricks Apr 2017

Street-Level Bureaucrats And Irrigation Policy Reform In Southeast Asia, Jacob I. Ricks

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Policy reforms are difficult for developing states, especially when they are meant to improve cooperation and collaboration between private citizens and state officials, such as in the case of education, health care provision, business-state relations, and policing. A large part of this challenge is that the policy reforms required for coproduction of services necessitate development of state capacity in new directions. Using the substantive issue of irrigation reforms, especially those aimed at improving service provision and farmer participation, I identify three lessons for reformers regarding the implementation of policy for the coproduction of services. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in Thailand ...


Asean's Role In Asia Pacific: In The Driver's Seat Or Just A Back-Seat Driver?, Sudhir Devare May 2015

Asean's Role In Asia Pacific: In The Driver's Seat Or Just A Back-Seat Driver?, Sudhir Devare

Asian Management Insights

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has often been described as the fulcrum around which the security, political and economic architecture of AsiaPacific will be built. But can ASEAN play that role?


Risk Regulation In China, Singapore Management University Nov 2014

Risk Regulation In China, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Local political power poses a formidable challenge to Beijing's efforts to enforce regulation...and shore up popular support for the regime


Debate On Bernard Yack’S Book Nationalism And The Moral Psychology Of Community, Jonathan Hearn, Chandran Kukathas, David Miller, Bernard Yack Jun 2014

Debate On Bernard Yack’S Book Nationalism And The Moral Psychology Of Community, Jonathan Hearn, Chandran Kukathas, David Miller, Bernard Yack

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Bernard Yack's Nationalism and the Moral Psychology of Community (2012) was the subject of the eighth in a long‐running series of debates hosted by the Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism (ASEN) and the journal Nations and Nationalism in November of 2013. These debates bring together the authors of recent important works in the study of nationalism and ethnicity with appropriate scholars to explore the questions they have provoked. On this occasion Professor Yack was joined by Professor Chandran Kukathas and Professor David Miller.


Show Me The Money!, Singapore Management University Jan 2013

Show Me The Money!, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Governments worldwide are accumulating reserves to guard against financial turmoil. Could they be contributing to it?


Will The Obama Administration Change Tack On Protectionism Before Things Get Worse?, Singapore Management University Jun 2012

Will The Obama Administration Change Tack On Protectionism Before Things Get Worse?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The new American government under President Barrack Obama is not the biggest cheerleader for free trade. With its own domestic economy entering this steep downturn, talks of protectionism in one form or another have been voiced every now and then. Catchy buzzwords like “Buy America” are gaining traction. The temptation to turn inwards, driven by the obligation to votes is growing stronger.


Adaptability In Socio-Political Contexts: Moving Beyond Ability And Intelligence, Singapore Management University May 2012

Adaptability In Socio-Political Contexts: Moving Beyond Ability And Intelligence, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The ability to adapt in an ever-changing environment is critical for success, if not, survival. Most people would acknowledge that change management can sometimes be a discomforting and bumpy process. This applies not just with individuals and organisations, but also with governments. While the former two may adapt privately, governments, represented by politicians and public officers, often have the unenviable task of demonstrating adaptability under the watchful eyes of their public. Slip-ups, trips and falls thus come at greater costs, which go well beyond mere embarrassment.


From Boardroom To Parliament, Singapore Management University Apr 2012

From Boardroom To Parliament, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Everyone has different motivations for working, . But the primary incentive for slogging it out in the corporate jungle would be money— at least that is what employers believe. This helps explain why companies are often willing to shell out wads of cash to outbid one another in the labour market for top executives.


Of Government, Innovation And The Social Sector: An Interview With Ngiam Tong Dow, Tong Dow Ngiam Jan 2009

Of Government, Innovation And The Social Sector: An Interview With Ngiam Tong Dow, Tong Dow Ngiam

Social Space

With homelessness and unemployment looming large in the 1960s, the pioneer public service team turned the situation around within a span of 10 years. Veteran civil servant Ngiam Tong Dow shares his insights from the days of coming nose-to-nose with social breakdown – a time when creative resourcefulness was the only option. Retired and with the benefit of hindsight, he shares with Social Space his thoughts on innovation, government and the way forward for the social sector.


Who? Whom? Reparations And The Problem Of Agency, Chandran Kukathas Jul 2006

Who? Whom? Reparations And The Problem Of Agency, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

If a person is wronged, whether by a physical violation of his person or by having his property unjustly taken, or even by the besmirching of his reputation, he is, most people agree, entitled to some form of compensation or restitution from the person or persons responsible for the wrong. What form the reparation should take, and how great it should be, are sometimes difficult problems, but this does not change the fact that something is owed and someone must be held to account. If a restaurant goes bust because a supplier fails to fulfill his commitments and a newspaper ...


Survey Article: Multiculturalism As Fairness: Will Kymlicka's Multicultural Citizenship, Chandran Kukathas Jan 2002

Survey Article: Multiculturalism As Fairness: Will Kymlicka's Multicultural Citizenship, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

According to Will Kymlicka's book Multicultural Citizenship: A LiberalTheory of Minority Rights, `the liberal ideal is a society of free and equalindividuals'.1 But what, he goes on to ask, is the relevant `society'? The answer hesays most people would give is `their nation'. `The sort of freedom and equalitythey most value, and can make use of is freedom and equality within their ownsocietal culture'. Indeed, most people `are willing to forgo a wider freedom andequality to ensure the continued existence of their nation' (93). Thus few favouropen borders which allow people freely to settle, work and vote in ...


Can A Liberal Society Tolerate Illiberal Elements?, Chandran Kukathas Jan 2001

Can A Liberal Society Tolerate Illiberal Elements?, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Libertarians believe that all individuals are entitledto live as they choose, free from interference byother persons or by the state. They also believethat in the absence of such interference, whether bygovernment or other agents of the state intent ondesigning or planning for society as a whole, order willnonetheless prevail. Given the freedom to contract andexchange, markets will coordinate the production anddistribution of goods — and indeed do so better thanany other institution can.


Tolerating The Intolerable, Chandran Kukathas Jan 1999

Tolerating The Intolerable, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Presenting a lecture[1] on the virtue of toleration anywhere, let alone in the chambers of the Australian Senate department, should strike most people as a peculiarly pointless kind of exercise. Would anyone not in favour of toleration bother to turn up? (And what is the point of preaching to the converted? Would anyone against it bother to listen? And could such a person be converted?) In truth, it might not be easy to find anyone who openly professed intolerance. Almost everyone is in favour of tolerance; though of course, each will hasten to add, this does not mean that ...


The Asian Way And Modern Liberalism: A Hayekian Perspective, Chandran Kukathas Jan 1999

The Asian Way And Modern Liberalism: A Hayekian Perspective, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

F.A. Hayek was a European economist and socialphilosopher who first came to scholarly prominencefor his work on trade cycles and his disagreementswith John Maynard Keynes; and who earned widerintellectual notice (if not notoriety) for hispolemics warning of the threat to westerncivilisation posed by modern socialism. Hiseconomic writings in the 1930s aimed,more than anything, at exposing the flawsand contradictions in socialism as aneconomic system. His polemic, The Roadto Serfdom, published in 1944 with adedication to ‘The Socialists of All Parties’,was an attempt to turn around the thinkingof western policy-makers he thought tooeasily seduced by the claims of centraleconomic ...


Liberalism And Multiculturalism: The Politics Of Indifference, Chandran Kukathas Jan 1998

Liberalism And Multiculturalism: The Politics Of Indifference, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

In modern societies, particularly the societies of the liberal democratic West, cultural diversity poses a challenge not only to the makers of government policy, but also to the philosopher looking to understand how it might be possible-in principle-for people of different ways to live together. The challenge is posed because society's institutions have been challenged, as the members of different groups have demanded "recognition." They have demanded not simply recognition of their claims to a (just) share of the social pie but, more important, recognition of their distinct identities as members of particular cultural communities within society. The persistence ...


Conservatism, Liberalism And Ideology, Chandran Kukathas Jan 1987

Conservatism, Liberalism And Ideology, Chandran Kukathas

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

All societies are more or less complex systems of rules, of symbols andsigns directing and constraining individual behavior. The task of thesocial theorist is to analyze and uncover what order may underlie suchstructures. In this regard he faces at least two major problems. First, hehas to determine how far the rules or norms which govern human action define the distribution of power, responsibility and resources, andso determine the relative value placed upon such goods as education, art and scientific inquiry, and how far the existing structure of distribution of power and resources is itself responsible for the prevalence ofparticular rules ...