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SelectedWorks

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 187

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Oil Exploitation As A Factor Of Violent Conflict Between Sudan And South Sudan, Anne Hamilton Dec 2012

Oil Exploitation As A Factor Of Violent Conflict Between Sudan And South Sudan, Anne Hamilton

Anne Hamilton

Sudan was in a state of civil war for most of the years following independence in 1956, apart from a temporary respite between 1972 and 1983. After hostilities resumed, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) captured Leer from the government in March 1986, and the town became a stronghold of the rebel commander Riek Machar, who had been born there. In August 1991 Riek Machar broke away from John Garang's mainstream branch of the SPLM/A. Machar's breakaway faction was called the SPLM/A-Nasir faction from 1991 to 1993, and then the South Sudan Independence ...


Oil Exploitation As A Factor Of Violent Conflict Between Sudan And South Sudan, Anne Hamilton Dec 2012

Oil Exploitation As A Factor Of Violent Conflict Between Sudan And South Sudan, Anne Hamilton

Anne Hamilton

Sudan was in a state of civil war for most of the years following independence in 1956, apart from a temporary respite between 1972 and 1983. After hostilities resumed, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) captured Leer from the government in March 1986, and the town became a stronghold of the rebel commander Riek Machar, who had been born there. In August 1991 Riek Machar broke away from John Garang's mainstream branch of the SPLM/A. Machar's breakaway faction was called the SPLM/A-Nasir faction from 1991 to 1993, and then the South Sudan Independence ...


Transnational Models Of Citizen Participation: The Case Of Participatory Budgeting, Yves Sintomer, Carsten Herzberg, Anja Roecke Dec 2012

Transnational Models Of Citizen Participation: The Case Of Participatory Budgeting, Yves Sintomer, Carsten Herzberg, Anja Roecke

yves sintomer

This article pursues two main objectives. First, it provides a transnational overview and analysis of participatory budgeting, which has been central to the literature on democratic innovations in citizen participation. Second, it combines this broad empirical project with a theoretical approach based on the construction of ideal-types in the Weberian tradition. Namely, it presents six models of citizen participation: participatory democracy, proximity democracy, participative modernization, multi-stakeholder participation, community development and neo-corporatism. Although these models have evolved from participatory budgeting and the European context, it is our contention that they can help us to understand the socio-political and ideological dynamics, contexts ...


¿Qué Es Transparencia?, Rafael Ramírez Villaescusa Dec 2012

¿Qué Es Transparencia?, Rafael Ramírez Villaescusa

Rafael Ramírez Villaescusa

El reciente proceso de consolidación democrática experimentado por México en la última década ha estado acompañado de una serie de políticas públicas encaminadas a fortalecer la participación ciudadana dentro de la toma de decisiones, así como la rendición de cuentas gubernamental. Una de esas acciones consistió en la promulgación, durante el sexenio del Presidente Fox, de la Ley Federal de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información Pública Gubernamental. Lo anterior, además, se inscribió en el contexto de un movimiento global a favor del derecho a saber, impulsado por diversas organizaciones internacionales. Parece ser que la transparencia llegó para quedarse, lo ...


Replacing And Amending Constitutions: The Logic Of Constitutional Change In Latin America, Gabriel L. Negretto Dec 2012

Replacing And Amending Constitutions: The Logic Of Constitutional Change In Latin America, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

Since 1978, all countries in Latin America have either replaced or amended their constitutions. What explains the choice between these two substantively different means of constitutional transformation? This article argues that constitutions are replaced when they fail to work as governance structures or when their design prevents competing political interests from accommodating to changing environments. According to this perspective, constitutions are likely to be replaced when constitutional crises are frequent, when political actors lack the capacity to implement changes by means of amendments or judicial interpretation, or when the constitutional regime has a power-concentrating design. It is further argued that ...


Wie Verändert Das Internet Die Demokratie?, Ralf Lindner Dec 2012

Wie Verändert Das Internet Die Demokratie?, Ralf Lindner

Ralf Lindner

Obwohl seit dem Aufstieg des Internets zum Massenmedium in den 1990er Jahren Ernüchterung über die Demokratisierungswirkung der neuen Medien eingetreten ist, werden regelmäßig weitreichende Erwartungen über der politische Transformationspotenzial des Internets formuliert. So wird häufig postuliert, dass das Internet demokratische Politik über kurz oder lang fundamental verändern werde, indem universeller Informationszugang ermöglicht, etablierte Machtstrukturen unterminiert und politische Partizipation gesteigert werde. Der Beitrag erörtert zunächst die Hintergründe für populäre Fehlschlüsse, die die Debatte um elektronische Demokratie begleiten. Auf der Grundlage einer kritischen Reflexion mit den ideologisch-normativ imprägnierten Erwartungen an das Internet werden theoretisch wie empirisch robustere Überlegungen zum Beitrag der neuen ...


After Privacy: The Rise Of Facebook, The Fall Of Wikileaks, And Singapore’S Personal Data Protection Act 2012, Simon Chesterman Dec 2012

After Privacy: The Rise Of Facebook, The Fall Of Wikileaks, And Singapore’S Personal Data Protection Act 2012, Simon Chesterman

Simon Chesterman

This article discusses the changing ways in which information is produced, stored, and shared — exemplified by the rise of social-networking sites like Facebook and controversies over the activities of WikiLeaks — and the implications for privacy and data protection. Legal protections of privacy have always been reactive, but the coherence of any legal regime has also been undermined by the lack of a strong theory of what privacy is. There is more promise in the narrower field of data protection. Singapore, which does not recognise a right to privacy, has positioned itself as an e-commerce hub but had no law on ...


Indebted Dragon, Lynette H. Ong Dr Nov 2012

Indebted Dragon, Lynette H. Ong Dr

Lynette H Ong, Dr

No abstract provided.


Crimen Organizado Y Delitos Electorales, Raúl Manuel Flores Rodriguez Nov 2012

Crimen Organizado Y Delitos Electorales, Raúl Manuel Flores Rodriguez

Raúl Flores Rodriguez

Alguna vez nos hemos preguntado ¿en qué medida afecta la presencia de grupos criminales una elección?, existen muchas teorías que tratan de explicar el comportamiento electoral en estos escenarios tan descompuestos, sin duda hay quienes advierte que en México no pasa eso, pero es cuestión solo de reflexionar como ciudadanos y mirar un poco más al fondo del asunto, hay municipios que se deciden por sólo 10 votos de diferencia, alguna vez se han preguntado por qué hay significativos cambios en votaciones en algunos municipios de México, cooptado por el narcotráfico.


¿Qué Es El Populismo? Enfoques De Estudio Y Una Nueva Propuesta De Definición Como Un Estilo De Liderazgo, Flavia Freidenberg Nov 2012

¿Qué Es El Populismo? Enfoques De Estudio Y Una Nueva Propuesta De Definición Como Un Estilo De Liderazgo, Flavia Freidenberg

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Governance In Nigerian Universities: The Position Of The University Internal Auditor, Professor Ben C Osisioma Nov 2012

Governance In Nigerian Universities: The Position Of The University Internal Auditor, Professor Ben C Osisioma

Prof Ben Chuka Osisioma

The University system is committed to the principles of good governance which ensure that the Institution is ‚fit for its purpose‛ as an organization put in place for teaching, research and consultancy and professional services to the community. The principles demand a response to the challenge of operational dexterity, technical ingenuity, strategic relevance, African persona and political deftness as part of the task of modernization of the governance of higher education. The task of the Internal Auditor is five-fold – to provide transparency and act as an advisory body to senior management, to identify underperforming areas and opportunities for improvement and ...


Independent Leaners: Ideals, Myths, And Reality, Helmut Norpoth, Yamil R. Velez Nov 2012

Independent Leaners: Ideals, Myths, And Reality, Helmut Norpoth, Yamil R. Velez

Yamil R Velez

The ideal of the Independent citizen has not fared well in survey research. The study of party identification recast Independence from parties as a weakness rather than strength. Others, however, have derided the gloomy findings about Independents as a myth; those Independents who profess partisan leanings appear to deserve better. Our examination of partisan leaners then and now finds that, oddly enough, the gloomy conclusion about Independents then was off the mark. In 1952, partisan leaners surpassed party identifiers in being politically involved and informed. Nowadays, however, the reverse is true. The partisan leaners, let alone pure Independents, have handed ...


Attenti Al Gorilla, Sajjad Khaksari Nov 2012

Attenti Al Gorilla, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

Attenti al Gorilla; G8; Violenza della polizia Italia; La libertà;


Democracia E Controle Da Administração Pública No Brasil, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr. Nov 2012

Democracia E Controle Da Administração Pública No Brasil, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr.

Eduardo Meira Zauli

No abstract provided.


Party System Fragmentation And Pac Performance: The Case Of India, Riccardo Pelizzo, Gurprit Kindra Oct 2012

Party System Fragmentation And Pac Performance: The Case Of India, Riccardo Pelizzo, Gurprit Kindra

riccardo pelizzo

While the political consequences of party system fragmentation have extensively been discussed in the literature, little to no attention has been paid to whether the fragmentation of the party system affects the performance of public accounts committees. The purpose of this paper is to fill this gap by investigating the relationship between the fragmentation of the Indian party system on the one hand and the performance of the Indian public account committee. The evidence presented in the paper sustains the claim that such relationship is curvilinear which means that rising levels of fragmentation are beneficial to PAC performance up to ...


Breve Perspectiva Crítica Sobre El Gobierno Abierto Y El Open Data, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince Oct 2012

Breve Perspectiva Crítica Sobre El Gobierno Abierto Y El Open Data, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince

Lucas Jolías

Las ciberculturas y sus apóstoles aportan cada tanto tiempo y de forma incremental, nuevos conceptos o memes, es decir, unidades teóricas de información cultural transmisibles entre individuos, mentes o generaciones. Algunos de estos conceptos son vacíos, otros son comerciales, varios son sólo nuevos nombres de viejas ideas, pero todos de alguna manera connotan los cambios o tendencias de lo que en forma general podemos denominar la Sociedad del Conocimiento. Algunos de estos conceptos mueren a poco de nacer, otros cobran fuerza y vida propia (como la “web 2.0”), suman fans o detractores, y hasta se institucionalizan. De estos, y ...


Presupuesto Participativo En Argentina: Análisis De Su Evolución Y Estudio De Caso, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince, Ana Doria Oct 2012

Presupuesto Participativo En Argentina: Análisis De Su Evolución Y Estudio De Caso, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince, Ana Doria

Lucas Jolías

Las sociedades de los países occidentales con sistemas democráticos representativos están tendiendo, en los últimos tiempos, a implementar políticas públicas de Democracia Directa y Semi-Directa, a través de acciones y políticas participativas con la intervención de los ciudadanos en las decisiones de gobierno. El Presupuesto Participativo se convirtió en uno de los procesos más consolidados y genuinos de este tipo de ejercicio de democracia. En la Argentina, desde comienzos de siglo, algunos municipios han comenzado a implementar esta práctica, sin embargo, son al día de hoy experiencias esporádicas y no existe una marco común de acción que las agrupe. En ...


How Can Pacific Island Economies Benefits From The Advent Of Ict’S – Review Of Best Practices In Education, Deogratias Harorimana Sr Oct 2012

How Can Pacific Island Economies Benefits From The Advent Of Ict’S – Review Of Best Practices In Education, Deogratias Harorimana Sr

Dr Deogratias Harorimana

This paper explored implementation and use of information and communication technologies in Fiji, in order to gain insight into recent government initiatives to introduce computers and other ICTs for the community of Fiji. The focus of this paper in that it provided the framework for an in-depth exploration of e-learning centers around the country and the benefits from the advent of ICT’s in e-learning community centers in Fiji. Areas concentrated on are outcome of ICT’s in formal education to students and community as a whole in areas of agriculture, health, environment and infrastructure etc. The research sought understanding ...


Gandhi's Ideas On World Government, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Oct 2012

Gandhi's Ideas On World Government, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

No abstract provided.


Foreign Language Exposure, Cultural Threat, And Opposition To Immigration, Benjamin J. Newman, Todd K. Hartman, Charles S. Taber Oct 2012

Foreign Language Exposure, Cultural Threat, And Opposition To Immigration, Benjamin J. Newman, Todd K. Hartman, Charles S. Taber

Todd K. Hartman

In the present article, we extend the notion of cultural threat posed by immigrants beyond its current conceptualization as symbolic, collective-level threats to American culture and identity. Instead, we argue that routine encounters with non-English-speaking immigrants cause many individuals to feel threatened because of real barriers to interpersonal communication and exchange. We draw upon survey and experimental data to demonstrate that local contact with immigrants who speak little to no English, as well as incidental exposure to the Spanish language, heighten feelings of cultural threat, which increases anti-immigrant sentiment and policy preferences.

[Impact Factor: 1.614 (2011); Rank: 12 of ...


Yahudi Yerleşimleri: Postmodern Bir İşgal, Ali Balci Oct 2012

Yahudi Yerleşimleri: Postmodern Bir İşgal, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Η Σύγχρονη Τουρκική Στρατηγική Κουλτούρα Μέσα Από Τις Αραβικές Εξεγέρσεις [Contemporary Turkish Strategic Culture Through The Arab Uprisings], Zenonas Tziarras Oct 2012

Η Σύγχρονη Τουρκική Στρατηγική Κουλτούρα Μέσα Από Τις Αραβικές Εξεγέρσεις [Contemporary Turkish Strategic Culture Through The Arab Uprisings], Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

Το παρόν άρθρο επιζητεί την σύντομη παρουσίαση της τουρκικής στρατηγικής κουλτούρας - ή κουλτούρας ασφάλειας - μέσα από την ανάλυση των αντιδράσεων της Τουρκίας απέναντι στις εξεγέρσεις του αραβικού κόσμου. Για την επίτευξη αυτού του σκοπού ορίζεται αρχικά η έννοια «στρατηγική κουλτούρα» και στη συνέχεια εξετάζονται στοιχεία και παράγοντες που επηρέασαν και επηρεάζουν την τουρκική εξωτερική πολιτική, περιφερειακή πολιτική και στρατηγική συμπεριφορά. Το θεωρητικό και ιστορικό πλαίσιο της τουρκικής στρατηγικής κουλτούρας θα εφαρμοστεί στην περίπτωση της πολιτικής της Τουρκίας απέναντι στις αραβικές εξεγέρσεις σε μια προσπάθεια επεξήγησης των κινήσεων της Άγκυρας και των παραγόντων που επηρεάζουν τις στρατηγικές της επιλογές.


The Law Of The Sea Convention, The Eastern Mediterranean, And Clinton’S Testimony, Zenonas Tziarras Oct 2012

The Law Of The Sea Convention, The Eastern Mediterranean, And Clinton’S Testimony, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

Since the U.S. is still the world’s sole superpower, its participation in international conventions is very important for both itself and the better function and implementation of the various International Legal Frameworks. As such, a possible future ratification of the [Law of the Sea] Convention by the U.S. would have broad politico-legal implications for other states and areas in the world, where the Treaty has not been signed or ratified and maritime disputes are in place. One such region is the Eastern Mediterranean. This paper firstly looks at the development of the Law of the Sea, the ...


Migration And Disaster-Induced Displacement: European Policy, Practice, And Perspective, Michael D. Cooper Oct 2012

Migration And Disaster-Induced Displacement: European Policy, Practice, And Perspective, Michael D. Cooper

Michael D. Cooper, Esq.

Over the last decade, a series of devastating natural disasters have killed hundreds of thousands of people, displaced millions, and decimated the built environment across wide regions, shocking the public imagination and garnering unprecedented financial support for humanitarian relief efforts. Some suggest that disaster migration must be supported by the international community, first as an adaption strategy in response to climate-change, and second, as a matter of international protection. This study surveys the current state of law as it relates to persons displaced by natural disaster, with a specific focus on the 27 member states of the European Union plus ...


Precarity As Capture: A Conceptual Reconstruction And Critique Of The Worker-Slave Analogy, Franco Barchiesi Oct 2012

Precarity As Capture: A Conceptual Reconstruction And Critique Of The Worker-Slave Analogy, Franco Barchiesi

Franco Barchiesi

No abstract provided.


Pak Nukes: Frenzy In Western Media (Cpc Journal, No.1025, Us Air Force, Alabama), Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Sep 2012

Pak Nukes: Frenzy In Western Media (Cpc Journal, No.1025, Us Air Force, Alabama), Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

Focus on the reports published in the US media against Pakistani nuclear capability.


Ethical And Privacy Impact Assessment In The Big Data Era: An Oxymoron ?, Antoinette Rouvroy Sep 2012

Ethical And Privacy Impact Assessment In The Big Data Era: An Oxymoron ?, Antoinette Rouvroy

Antoinette Rouvroy

No abstract provided.


Camelia Florela Voinea - Ecpam2012-Conferencepresentation-Bribery-Scape-Presentation, Camelia Florela Voinea Dr., Camelia Florela Voinea Dr. Sep 2012

Camelia Florela Voinea - Ecpam2012-Conferencepresentation-Bribery-Scape-Presentation, Camelia Florela Voinea Dr., Camelia Florela Voinea Dr.

Camelia Florela Voinea

No abstract provided.


Paraguay Y Las Crisis Presidenciales En América Latina, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias Sep 2012

Paraguay Y Las Crisis Presidenciales En América Latina, Augusto Reina, Lucas Jolias

Augusto Reina

La elección de Lugo en el 2008 dio comienzo a una primavera de esperanza para la democracia paraguaya. Luego de 60 años de hegemonía del Partido Colorado, la oposición logró llegar al poder y se comenzó a abrir la puerta a la estabilización del régimen democrático. A solo 10 meses de la próxima elección presidencial y 3 años y medio de la elección de Lugo, esa primavera se diluyo con un destitución express. La debilidad de la coalición gobernante formada por Lugo y la hegemonía de la Alianza Nacional Republicana-Partido Colorado (ANR-PC), que cuenta con 9 de las 17 gobernaciones ...


Welk Recht Op Gezondheid? Over Moeilijke Keuzen In De Gezondheidszorg, Jurgen De Wispelaere, Kristof Uvijn Sep 2012

Welk Recht Op Gezondheid? Over Moeilijke Keuzen In De Gezondheidszorg, Jurgen De Wispelaere, Kristof Uvijn

Jurgen De Wispelaere

No abstract provided.