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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier Sep 2015

Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier

Luisa Blanco

Latin American politics has taken a left-hand turn in the last decade, with an increasing number of chief executives hailing from left-of-center parties. We investigate the political and socio-economic factors explaining political ideology of the chief executive in a sample of 100 elections taking place between 1975 and 2007 in eighteen Latin American countries. We find that the commodity booms in agricultural, mining and oil are positively and significantly related to the probability that a country will have a chief executive from a left-of-center political party. However, for oil exports, we observe that this effect only holds for Venezuela. We ...


Cuba: Behind The Embargo (2nd Edition), Jason R. Old Jun 2015

Cuba: Behind The Embargo (2nd Edition), Jason R. Old

Jason R. Old

Most people who live in the United States have heard the media and the U.S. Government demonize Cuba, its leaders, and its system. However, have you ever wanted to know what Cuba is really like? If the U.S. media and government have been guilty of fabricating other misconceptions and covering up covert operations in order to deceive the American public, could it be possible that Cuba is another such case? Why would the U.S. continue disseminating Cold War rhetoric about a tiny island nation like Cuba? Who is benefiting from perpetuating a decades-old economic embargo against a ...


The Standard Of Civilization In Regional Perspective: A South-South Comparison, Lukas Danner, Nicolás Terradas Aug 2014

The Standard Of Civilization In Regional Perspective: A South-South Comparison, Lukas Danner, Nicolás Terradas

Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


The Security Dilemma In South Asia, East Asia, And Latin America's Southern Cone: A Cross-Regional Comparison, Bibek Chand, Lukas Danner, Nicolas Terradas Mar 2014

The Security Dilemma In South Asia, East Asia, And Latin America's Southern Cone: A Cross-Regional Comparison, Bibek Chand, Lukas Danner, Nicolas Terradas

Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Elected Kings With The Name Of Presidents. On The Origins Of Presidentialism In The United States And Latin America, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2012

Elected Kings With The Name Of Presidents. On The Origins Of Presidentialism In The United States And Latin America, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

The leaders of the independence in the Americas chose their institutions in a context of high territorial tensions, which moved them to create a potential anchor in the figure of a powerful central executive. Presidential regimes were endogenously shaped as elected monarchies by rulers who were army chiefs. The military-presidential nexus is not accidental, but constitutive and substantial. Some legacies of those choices include the frequency of military rulers as chief executives and long-standing attempts at life appointments or indefinite reelections by incumbent presidents.


Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2012

Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

Although there is a lively academic debate about contemporary populism in Europe and Latin America, almost no cross-regional research exists on this topic. This article aims to fill this gap by showing that a minimal and ideological definition of populism permits us to analyse current expressions of populism in both regions. Moreover, based on a comparison of four prototypical cases (FN/Le Pen and FPÖ/Haider in Europe and PSUV/Chávez and MAS/Morales in Latin America), we show that it is possible to identify two regional subtypes of populism: exclusionary populism in Europe and inclusionary populism in Latin America.


Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

This paper makes an assessment of the technical and social motivations that drive some governments to promote and implement e-voting mechanisms. Success stories mentioned, especially those in Latin America, and contrasted with those cases where e-voting implementation has failed, as has happened in some European countries. Finally, the relationship between new technologies that promote e-voting and the nature of the elections as a part of democracy is analyzed. It could be argued that voting is not solely a technical exercise, it is an element that merges different political and social elements that e-voting promoters should not ignore.


Gestión Electoral Comparada Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2010

Gestión Electoral Comparada Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

No se puede hablar de una buena elección si no existe una buena administración. Los organismos electorales, especialmente en América Latina, desempeñan un rol central en el proceso de legitimación de las principales autoridades políticas. A partir de los procesos de democratización en la región se ha privilegiado la gestión electoral encomendada a órganos electorales independientes del ejecutivo y legislativo, autónomos en su funcionamiento y altamente especializados para llevar a cabo procesos electorales eficaces y sobre todo para evitar fraudes electorales. Pero, comparativamente ¿Qué tan eficientes son estas instituciones? ¿En qué medida su arquitectura institucional y desempeño generan confianza de ...


International Terrorism In Latin America: Effects On Foreign Investment And Tourism, James Lutz, Brenda Lutz Sep 2010

International Terrorism In Latin America: Effects On Foreign Investment And Tourism, James Lutz, Brenda Lutz

James M Lutz

No abstract provided.


Organismos Electorales Y Calidad De La Democracia En América Latina. Un Esquema De Análisis, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Mar 2008

Organismos Electorales Y Calidad De La Democracia En América Latina. Un Esquema De Análisis, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

The institutional design and the operation of state institutions are expressions of political culture in a society. As such, they are also indicators of the quality of democracy in terms of results. Within the transition and consolidation processes of democracy in Latin America, the design and operation of Electoral Management Bodies (EMB’s) have been of exceptional importance. In order to overcome lack of credibility towards elections -a result of authoritarianisms in many Latin-American countries- the independent EMB model reinforced by Electoral Courts to solve electoral quarrels has been widely promoted in Latin America. How can this choice be explained ...


The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank Dec 2006

The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank

Benjamin Goldfrank

No abstract provided.


Essay: The Transition From The Inquisitorial To The Accusatorial System Of Trial Procedure: Why Some Latin American Lawyers Hesitate, Leonard Cavise Dec 2006

Essay: The Transition From The Inquisitorial To The Accusatorial System Of Trial Procedure: Why Some Latin American Lawyers Hesitate, Leonard Cavise

Leonard Cavise

The article is born of my experience teaching American-style trial advocacy to over 15 groups of Latin American lawyers coming from countries in transition from the inquisitorial to the accusatorial model. The first part of the article reviews the principal differences in the two systems as it affects trial procedure. The article then reviews those aspects of accusatorial trial proceedings that caused the greatest degree of discomfort to the foreign lawyers. Finally, the article attempts to posit a few recommendations that should help not only to ease the transition process but also to anticipate the next level of procedural and ...


The Left-Right Dimension In Latin America, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2004

The Left-Right Dimension In Latin America, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

We present voters' self-placement and 68 political party locations on the left-right dimension in 17 Latin American countries. Innovative calculations are based on data from Latinobarometer annual surveys from 1995 to 2002. Our preliminary analysis of the results suggests that most Latin American voters are relatively highly ideological and rather consistently located on the left-right dimension, but they have very high levels of political alienation regarding the party system.


La Segunda Vuelta Electoral Y La Gobernabilidad En Los Sistemas Políticos Latinoamericanos, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2003

La Segunda Vuelta Electoral Y La Gobernabilidad En Los Sistemas Políticos Latinoamericanos, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

En los últimos años varios países latinoamericanos han adoptado el sistema de elección directa con umbrales fijos y Segunda Vuelta Electoral (SVE) con la finalidad de asegurar la mayoría absoluta en la elección presidencial. La SVE se considera un tipo de sistema electoral que sirve para maximizar la legitimidad de origen. No obstante los efectos de la SVE son cuestionables, porque a la luz de los años los resultados han mostrado que tiende a operar en sentido contrario a los objetivos para los que se adoptó. La elección presidencial en dos vueltas en países latinoamericanos, caracterizados por graves contrastes y ...