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Selected Works

2008

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Articles 181 - 201 of 201

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Princípio Republicano E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Princípio Republicano E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O presente artigo procura unir traços de aparente heterodoxia, recuperando, porém, paradigmas e tópicos que não são novos. Com efeito, nem as virtudes, nem a república, nem sequer a felicidade são novidades. O que talvez seja novo (new again) é o espírito de buscar outra vez as raízes, as fontes, para um intento de renovação do ambiente juspolítico. Somos naturalmente favorável a uma Constituição principial e valorativa, como a nossa. Mas parece-nos que há nela lugar a Virtudes (que já existem nela), e que a descoberta das Virtudes nas Constituições, e, logo, no Direito, é, afinal, um ovo de Colombo ...


Da Constituição Antiga À Constituição Moderna. República E Virtude, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Da Constituição Antiga À Constituição Moderna. República E Virtude, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Virtude e República necessariamente têm de levar-nos à Antiguidade: desde logo porque a primeira “começa” com a helénica "areté". Logo, é preciso ir, antes de mais, à Grécia Antiga, e especialmente ao legado ateniense. “Directly or indirectly, Athenian democracy as an extraordinary experiment in social history thus stimulates our own thinking about crucial issues of our own democracy and society, incomparably more complex though they are. The point is precisely that the ancients help us focus on the essentials" - como afirma Kurt A. Raaflaub.


Uma Filosofia Constitucional Comum (Luso-Brasileira), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Uma Filosofia Constitucional Comum (Luso-Brasileira), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Onde melhor se pode aquilatar de uma filosofia constitucional? Além do cunho da constitução, que já vimos ser liberal na fórmula política (porque moderna ecodificada) e social na social, cultural e económica, o que mais exprime uma filosofia constitucional é a ética constitucional, e, antes de mais, são os valores. A Constituição cidadão brasileira e a Constituição portuguesa de 1976 comungam, em grande medida, dos meus valores de liberdade, igualdade, justiça, e outros, progressivos e de cidadania.


Trying To Vote In Good Conscience, Elizabeth F. Brown Dec 2007

Trying To Vote In Good Conscience, Elizabeth F. Brown

Elizabeth F Brown

This Article analyses the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ statement, Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship: A Call to Political Responsibility from the Catholic Bishops of the United States, and how it addresses the economic and environmental issues raised during the 2008 Presidential election.


Quantitative Monitoring And Comparison Of Regional Integration Processes: Steps Towards Good Practice, Gaspare M. Genna, Philippe Delombaerde, Ettore Dorrucci, Francesco Paolo P. Mongelli Dec 2007

Quantitative Monitoring And Comparison Of Regional Integration Processes: Steps Towards Good Practice, Gaspare M. Genna, Philippe Delombaerde, Ettore Dorrucci, Francesco Paolo P. Mongelli

Gaspare M Genna

No abstract provided.


The Centennial Of The Boundary Waters Treaty: A Century Of United States–Canadian Transboundary Water Management, Noah D. Hall Dec 2007

The Centennial Of The Boundary Waters Treaty: A Century Of United States–Canadian Transboundary Water Management, Noah D. Hall

Noah D Hall

The Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 has now provided the foundation for transboundary United States-Canadian water management for a century. During the one hundred years that the Boundary Waters Treaty has been in place, both the law and the world in which the law operates have changed dramatically. Some of the most relevant and significant changes have been several fold increases in population and thousand fold increases in gross domestic product in North America with correlating increased environmental impacts, the growth of international law and governance institutions, the emergence of modern environmentalism and the resulting creation of domestic and international ...


Brief Report: Fostering Student Leadership In Tackling Community-Based Problems, Dari E. Sylvester Dec 2007

Brief Report: Fostering Student Leadership In Tackling Community-Based Problems, Dari E. Sylvester

Dari E. Sylvester

This brief report outlines the integration of a service-learning component into a required major course for undergraduate political science students entitled “Government in Action: Public Policy.”


Presidential Election Of 1980, José D. Villalobos Dec 2007

Presidential Election Of 1980, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Democracy And Constitutionalism In Nigeria Under The Fourth Republic, 1999-2007, Shola J. Omotola Dec 2007

Democracy And Constitutionalism In Nigeria Under The Fourth Republic, 1999-2007, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

No abstract provided.


Pacific Romanticism: Tahiti And The European Imagination, Alexander Bolyanatz - Review, Jon D. Carlson Dec 2007

Pacific Romanticism: Tahiti And The European Imagination, Alexander Bolyanatz - Review, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Histéresis Y Desempleo: El Caso De Francia Y Ee.Uu., Javier Agudo Dec 2007

Histéresis Y Desempleo: El Caso De Francia Y Ee.Uu., Javier Agudo

Javier Agudo

La histéresis es un fenómeno por el cual los shocks afectan a la tasa de desempleo de manera permanente, de manera que cuando la economía logra recuperarse no le es posible retomar los niveles de empleo existentes antes de la recesión. La literatura afirma que el mercado laboral europeo presenta una histéresis que no existe en Estados Unidos, donde los niveles tienden a retornar a la tasa natural de desempleo. La hipótesis de histéresis se asocia a la presencia de raíces unitarias mientras que la hipótesis de tasa natural de desempleo se corresponde con un proceso estacionario. En nuestro trabajo ...


The Crucial Role Of Civil Society In Disaster Recovery And Japan’S Preparedness For Emergencies, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2007

The Crucial Role Of Civil Society In Disaster Recovery And Japan’S Preparedness For Emergencies, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

This article is concerned with the empirical puzzle of why certain neighborhoods and localities recover more quickly than others following disasters. It illuminates four mainstream theories of rehabilitation and resilience, and then investigates a neglected factor, namely the role of social networks and civil society. Initial analyses underscore the important role of trust and connectivity among local residents in the process of rebuilding. After examining the role of civil society in Japan’s preparedness for emergencies, the article concludes with some policy recommendations for governments and nongovernmental actors involved in disaster relief.


Gender Politics In The Dominican Republic: Advances For Women, Ambivalence From Men, Jana Morgan, Rosario Espinal, Jonathan Hartlyn Dec 2007

Gender Politics In The Dominican Republic: Advances For Women, Ambivalence From Men, Jana Morgan, Rosario Espinal, Jonathan Hartlyn

Jana Morgan

A considerable body of research has analyzed the influence of the women’s movement, changes in women’s political representation, and policies promoting women’s interests in the developing world. However, we know comparatively less about the degree to which the attitudes and behaviors of the mass public mirror these national patterns. This article explores the evolution of gender differences in citizens’ political interest, civic engagement, and support for women in politics in the Dominican Republic over 1994–2004, a period important for the country’s democratization as well as one of significant changes in gender-related discourse and policies. We ...


Much Ado About Pluralities: Pride And Precedent Amidst The Cacophy Of Concurrences, And Re-Percolation After Rapanos, Donald J. Kochan, Melissa M. Berry, Matthew J. Parlow Dec 2007

Much Ado About Pluralities: Pride And Precedent Amidst The Cacophy Of Concurrences, And Re-Percolation After Rapanos, Donald J. Kochan, Melissa M. Berry, Matthew J. Parlow

Donald J. Kochan

Conflicts created by concurrences and pluralities in court decisions create confusion in law and lower court interpretation. Rule of law values require that individuals be able to identify controlling legal principles. That task is complicated when pluralities and concurrences contribute to the vagueness or uncertainty that leaves us wondering what the controlling rule is or attempting to predict what it will evolve to become. The rule of law is at least handicapped when continuity or confidence or confusion infuse our understanding of the applicable rules. This Article uses the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Rapanos v. United States ...


Globalization, Power, And Integration: The Political Economy Of Regional And Bilateral Trade Agreements In The Americas, Kenneth C. Shadlen Dec 2007

Globalization, Power, And Integration: The Political Economy Of Regional And Bilateral Trade Agreements In The Americas, Kenneth C. Shadlen

Ken Shadlen

This article explores the dynamics of regional economic integration in the Americas. Economic globalisation, or an increased volume of trade and investment and increased mobility of capital, presents developing countries with new opportunities and challenges. In particular, the emergence of south-east Asia as a major site for the production and export of manufactured goods has generated intense competition among developing countries for foreign investment and export-market shares. In this article, globalisation and ensuing competition is linked to the process of economic integration between the United States and countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Fundamental changes in global patterns of ...


An Introduction To Citizens Capital Accounts, Karl Widerquist Dec 2007

An Introduction To Citizens Capital Accounts, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


The Soft Power And Persuasion Of Translations In The War On Terror: Words And Wisdom In The Transformation Of Legal Systems, Donald J. Kochan Dec 2007

The Soft Power And Persuasion Of Translations In The War On Terror: Words And Wisdom In The Transformation Of Legal Systems, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

The power of words is the power of persuasion. The exportation of the foundational legal principles that helped form the American republic can serve as instrumental "soft power" tools in the war on terror. Efforts promoting projects like the Arabic Book Program are important vehicles to cross-cultural and cross-lingual international relations. This Article argues that an arsenal of words can be as, or more, powerful than an arsenal of artillery. The West has much to offer, but the rest of the world needs to be able to read it without getting lost in translation. Providing linguistic access to the documents ...


Intergovernmental Organization Memberships: Examining Political Community And The Attributes Of International Organizations, Charles R. Boehmer, Timothy Nordstrom Dec 2007

Intergovernmental Organization Memberships: Examining Political Community And The Attributes Of International Organizations, Charles R. Boehmer, Timothy Nordstrom

Charles Boehmer

Why are states jointly members in certain intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) but not others? Despite the proliferation of IGOs and renewed interest in this topic, we lack systematic research to answer this question. Our theory of political community explains why dyads of states are likely to be common members in particular types of IGOs. We analyze and compare functionalist and Deutschian communitarian perspectives about IGO memberships. We test our theory using newly available data on IGO mandates and institutional structure, which allows us to make specific predictions about the types of IGO to which dyads become members. We show that dyads ...


Democracia, Presidencialismo Y Partidos Políticos En América Latina: Evaluando La "Difícil Combinación", Daniel Chasquetti Dec 2007

Democracia, Presidencialismo Y Partidos Políticos En América Latina: Evaluando La "Difícil Combinación", Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

¿Qué son y qué papel han jugado las coaliciones de gobierno en América Latina durante las últimas dos décadas? ¿En qué se diferencian de los gobiernos de partido? ¿Qué resultado producen? ¿Qué elementos del sistema político las favorecen y cuáles las entorpecen? ¿Por qué pueden las coaliciones ser consideradas como estrategias óptimas para presidentes con minoría en el congreso? ¿Cuánto duran estos gobiernos y que factores determinan su ruptura? ¿Existe alguna relación entre la fragmentación partidaria y la estabilidad del proceso de gobierno? Éstas y otras preguntas encuentran respuesta en el libro Democracia, presidencialismo y partidos políticos en América Latina ...


Analytical Thomism: Traditions In Dialogue, Mario Šilar Dec 2007

Analytical Thomism: Traditions In Dialogue, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


The Developer’S Decision Calculus: An Agent-Based Model Of Commercial Development, Mirya R. Holman, Travis Coan Dec 2007

The Developer’S Decision Calculus: An Agent-Based Model Of Commercial Development, Mirya R. Holman, Travis Coan

Mirya R Holman

While considerable research has been devoted to understanding the impact local regulatory environments on housing development, few studies have examined the implications of land-use regulations for commercial development. The paucity of studies is unfortunate given that commercial development often provides municipalities with considerable economic benefits (e.g., employment) and a crucial source of tax revenue. This study presents a formal model of the commercial development process that explicitly incorporates the dynamic interaction of commercial developers and local cities. Specifically, we construct an agent-based model (ABM) of the commercial development process that represents some key features of the development process. We ...