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Selected Works

2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 75

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson Dec 2004

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson

R. James Ferguson

A compilation of many of the papers presented at the PIPSA conference on the theme Pacific Islands security : old challenges, new threats.


The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield Nov 2004

The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield

Gillian K Hadfield

One of the fundamental contributions of transaction cost theory and institutional economics has been to focus attention on opening the "black box" of contract enforcement, drawing attention to the institutions required to achieve effective and low-cost contract enforcement. The idea that the effectiveness of contract law is critical to the growth of economic activity is widespread in the literature on development and transition economies. Recent studies attempting to document toe relative strength of contract enforcement in different settings (La Porta, et al., 19982; Djankov, et al., 2003), however, have focused on relatively abstract notions of "courts" and "legal systems" and ...


Fire, Metaphor, And Constitutional Myth-Making, Robert Tsai Oct 2004

Fire, Metaphor, And Constitutional Myth-Making, Robert Tsai

Robert L Tsai

From the standpoint of traditional legal thought, metaphor is at best a dash of poetry adorning lawyerly analysis, and at worst an unjustifiable distraction from what is actually at stake in a legal contest. By contrast, in the eyes of those who view law as a close relative of ordinary language, metaphor is a basic building block of human understanding. This article accepts that metaphor helps us to comprehend a court’s decision. At the same time, it contends that metaphor plays a special role in the realm of constitutional discourse. Metaphor in constitutional law not only reinforces doctrinal categories ...


Güç Ve Çıkarı Aşan Birlik, Engin Erdem Oct 2004

Güç Ve Çıkarı Aşan Birlik, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

Avrupa'da yaşanan ve bugünün 25 üyeli AB'sini oluşturan büyük dönüşüm, tarihin en girift gelişmelerinden biri. İki 'dünya savaşı' yaşayan kıta, eşsiz bir ekonomik ve siyasi birlik kurabildi.


La Educación Superior Transnacional En México: El Caso Sylvan-Universidad Del Valle De México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Sep 2004

La Educación Superior Transnacional En México: El Caso Sylvan-Universidad Del Valle De México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

This paper discusses the impact of transnationalisation on Mexican higher education system in four steps: First, it examines the Mexican government position about the global international trade. Second, it exposes the general Mexican position about the educative transnationalisation. Third, it refers the Mexican legal frame about direct foreign investment in education. Fourth, it displays data about the volume of direct foreign investment in the Mexican educative sector. Finally, the attention turns to a specific case of transnationalisation: the presence of a partnership between Sylvan Learning Systems and the University of the Valley of Mexico, private institution that offers education of ...


Don't Vote Out Of Fear, Sherrie Steiner Sep 2004

Don't Vote Out Of Fear, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Church Activities And Socialization On African-American Religious Commitment, Peter Wielhouwer Aug 2004

The Impact Of Church Activities And Socialization On African-American Religious Commitment, Peter Wielhouwer

Peter W. Wielhouwer

Objective. This article examines religious commitment (church involvement, private devotionalism, and religious salience) among African Americans as a function of being served by a religious congregation, perception of the historical role of the church in relation to the group, and religious and racial socialization. Methods. Drawing on traditional Christian expectations of the church, hypotheses are tested using the 1979–1980 National Survey of Black Americans. Three alternative models are tested that explicitly compare the effects of church activities with conventional socialization and demographic models of religious commitment. Results. The results show that the church's fulfillment of its normative roles ...


Donning The Hat Of Chief Legislator: The President, Congress, And The State Of The Union Address, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard Aug 2004

Donning The Hat Of Chief Legislator: The President, Congress, And The State Of The Union Address, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard


Intimately tied to our perception of presidential leadership is the influence a president wields inthe legislative process. Setting the nation on a path, outlining an agenda, and using the art ofpersuasion to achieve success while in office are all at the heart of providing leadership. These are all things that presidents seek to do with a State of the Union address. The public looks to the president to solve a host of problems; expectations on the part of the public are high. Whether or not the president is able to address these needs through legislation is a critical component of ...


Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2004

Community Determinants Of Volunteer Participation: The Case Of Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Why are some communities more civically engaged than others? Why do some communities provide services with volunteer labor whereas others rely primarily on government provision? When communities provide both volunteer and paid labor for the same service, how do they motivate and organize those volunteers? This article addresses these questions through quantitative tests of prevailing explanations for levels of civic engagement (e.g., education, TV viewing, urbanization) and qualitative analyses of case studies of three medium-sized cities in Japan, focusing particularly on the service areas of firefighting and elder care. The statistical analyses demonstrate that current explanations that rely on ...


America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke Jul 2004

America The Virtuous: The Crisis Of Democracy And The Quest For Empire (2003), Christopher H. Hoebeke

Christopher H Hoebeke

No abstract provided.


Best Practices To Address The Demand Side Of Sex Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Jul 2004

Best Practices To Address The Demand Side Of Sex Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Each year, hundreds of thousands of women and children around the world become victims of the global sex trade. They are recruited into prostitution, often using tactics involving force, fraud, or coercion. Criminals working in organized networks treat the victims like commodities, buying and selling them for profit. This modern-day form of slavery is called sex trafficking.

This report will describe efforts to address the demand side of sex trafficking. It will define the demand and describe its different components. It will describe laws, policies, and programs aimed at reducing the demand for prostitution in communities and entire countries. It ...


Democracia Electrónica E Incertidumbre Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2004

Democracia Electrónica E Incertidumbre Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

¿Son realmente seguros los sistemas de voto electrónico?, ¿Qué retos suponen para la sociedad y la política los sistemas de votación electrónica?, ¿Cuáles son sus alcances, desventajas y dilemas?, ¿Qué aporte puede hacer la tecnología a la calidad de la democracia?, ¿Es realmente posible una democracia electrónica?


Have Gun, Will Travel: The Dispute Between The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention And The National Rifle Association On Firearm Violence As A Public Health Problem, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez May 2004

Have Gun, Will Travel: The Dispute Between The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention And The National Rifle Association On Firearm Violence As A Public Health Problem, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

This article presents a case study of the political controversy in 1995 and 1996 between the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Rifle Association (NRA) over whether the CDC should conduct policy research on firearm-related violence as a public health issue. In 1996, largely as a result of the NRA's lobbying efforts, Congress curtailed the CDC's authority in addressing firearm violence as a public health problem by redirecting funding toward research on traumatic brain injuries. In essence, the CDC was relegated to the domain of compiling and reporting statistical nationwide data on ...


Political Economy Of Evolution, Howard J. Sherman May 2004

Political Economy Of Evolution, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

No abstract provided.


Food Based Approaches For A Healthy Nutrition In Africa, Mamoudou Hama Dicko May 2004

Food Based Approaches For A Healthy Nutrition In Africa, Mamoudou Hama Dicko

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

The latest estimates of the FAO demonstrate the problems of the fight against hunger. These problems are manifested by the ever-increasing number of chronically undernourished people worldwide. Their numbers during the 1999-2001 period were estimated at about 840 million of which 798 million live in developing countries. Sub-Saharan Africa alone represented 198 million of those. In this part of Africa the prevalence of undernourishment ranges from 5-34%, causing growth retardation and insufficient weight gain among one third of the children under five years of age and resulting in a mortality of 5-15% among these children. Malnutrition resulting from undernourishment is ...


Friends, Brokers, And Transitivity: Who Informs Whom In Washington Politics?, Daniel Carpenter, Kevin Esterling, David Lazer Jan 2004

Friends, Brokers, And Transitivity: Who Informs Whom In Washington Politics?, Daniel Carpenter, Kevin Esterling, David Lazer

David Lazer

Why and how do groups share information in politics? Most studies of information exchange in politics focus on individual-level attributes and implicitly assume that communication between any two policy actors is independent of the larger communication network in which they are embedded. We develop a theory stating that the decision of any lobbyist to inform another lobbyist is heavily conditioned upon their mutual relationships to third parties. We analyze over 40,000 dyadic relationships among lobbyists, government agencies, and congressional staff using sociometric data gathered in the 1970s health and energy policy domains. The results cohere with recent findings that ...


Place Matters And Multi-Level Governance: Perspectives On A New Urban Policy Paradigm, Neil Bradford Jan 2004

Place Matters And Multi-Level Governance: Perspectives On A New Urban Policy Paradigm, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

No abstract provided.


Taxation And The Scientization Of Politics, Mindy Peden Dec 2003

Taxation And The Scientization Of Politics, Mindy Peden

Mindy Peden

No abstract provided.


Raymond Baldwin, Brian Glenn Dec 2003

Raymond Baldwin, Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.


Power And Identity In Flux: American Foreign Policy Toward The Middle East, Engin Erdem Dec 2003

Power And Identity In Flux: American Foreign Policy Toward The Middle East, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

No abstract provided.


Islam And Democracy, Anthony Chase Dec 2003

Islam And Democracy, Anthony Chase

Anthony Chase

No abstract provided.


Interest Groups And The Party Networks: Views From Inside The Beltway, Richard Skinner Dec 2003

Interest Groups And The Party Networks: Views From Inside The Beltway, Richard Skinner

Richard M. Skinner

A series of interviews with interest-group representatives in Washington, DC supports the proposition that many such politically active organizations are members of Democratic or Republican “party networks” – webs of relationships between individuals, groups and party committees. These networks assist candidates, share information and plot strategy. Personnel move between entities within the same network, but not between those in opposing ones. In an atmosphere of polarized parties and narrow margins of control, many interest groups appear to be strengthening their ties to their favored party.


American Baptist Convention, Sherrie Steiner, Donald Gray Dec 2003

American Baptist Convention, Sherrie Steiner, Donald Gray

Sherrie M Steiner

This chapter from the national data set identifies the political activities and attitudes of American Baptist clergy in the 2000 national election.


Who Will Watch The Watchdogs?: International Human Rights Nongovernmental Organizations And The Case For Regulation, Robert Blitt Dec 2003

Who Will Watch The Watchdogs?: International Human Rights Nongovernmental Organizations And The Case For Regulation, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

Human rights nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have become a fixture within the international system and a driving force for creating and enforcing human rights norms at international law. This essay examines the growth of human rights NGOs and argues that the industry is in urgent need of formal regulation. After assessing the failure of informal market controls for ensuring accountability within the human rights NGO sector, this paper applies a law and economics consumer protection model to underscore the need for more formal regulation. However, rather than advance a case for government intervention, this paper proposes that human rights NGOs themselves ...


'Curvilinearity', 'Modeling', 'Skewed', And 'Threshold Effect', Ross Burkhart Dec 2003

'Curvilinearity', 'Modeling', 'Skewed', And 'Threshold Effect', Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

No abstract provided.


Gender Equity: Illusion Or Reality For Men And Women In The Federal Executive Service?” 2004. Public Administration Review 64(3): 299-308, Julie Dolan Dec 2003

Gender Equity: Illusion Or Reality For Men And Women In The Federal Executive Service?” 2004. Public Administration Review 64(3): 299-308, Julie Dolan

Julie Dolan

No abstract provided.


Review Of Robert Brookey’S "Reinventing The Male Homosexual: The Rhetoric And Power Of The Gay Gene.”, Adrienne Christiansen Dec 2003

Review Of Robert Brookey’S "Reinventing The Male Homosexual: The Rhetoric And Power Of The Gay Gene.”, Adrienne Christiansen

Adrienne Christiansen

No abstract provided.


"Preface", Michael Budde Dec 2003

"Preface", Michael Budde

Michael Budde

No abstract provided.


Conflicting Allegiances: The Church Based University Within A Liberal Democratic Society, Michael Budde Dec 2003

Conflicting Allegiances: The Church Based University Within A Liberal Democratic Society, Michael Budde

Michael Budde

Michael L. Budde and John Wright's (editors) Conflicting Allegiances: The Church-Based University in a Liberal Democratic Society is the result of a conference of Christian scholars held in March 2002 at Point Loma Nazarene University (CA). At the request of Point Loma professor John Wright, Christian scholars from various traditions, academic institutions, and disciplines met on the Point Loma campus to discuss the relationship the Church shares with Christian institutions of higher education. Several scholars who contributed essays to this volume are members of the Ekklesia Project-a group seeking to invite "all Christians and churches to reclaim their vocation ...


Cultural Politics: Legislating Morality In The States, Elizabeth Stiles, Jolly Emrey Dec 2003

Cultural Politics: Legislating Morality In The States, Elizabeth Stiles, Jolly Emrey

Elizabeth A. Stiles

No abstract provided.