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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Policy Dilemmas And Political Unrest In Poland, David Mason Jan 2016

Policy Dilemmas And Political Unrest In Poland, David Mason

David S. Mason

The recent unrest in Poland is not simply a struggle between the workers and the regime over political freedom and economic reform. A basic cause of the unrest, as in past years, is the failure of the regime to balance adequately the conflicting policies of promoting long-term investment in industry, raising the standard of living, and reducing social class inequalities. Each of these policies represents a major goal of the regime, and of socialist ideology. The regime has not been able to emphasize all three goals simultaneously, and has shifted resources and attention from one to the other over the ...


The U.S. No Longer Makes The Grade: Economic Inequality Put An End To The 'American Century', David S. Mason Oct 2012

The U.S. No Longer Makes The Grade: Economic Inequality Put An End To The 'American Century', David S. Mason

David S. Mason

In his State of the Union address last January, U.S. President Barack Obama said that "anyone who tells you that America is in decline or that our influence has waned, doesn't know what they're talking about." Former Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman, when in the race for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, warned that unless Americans changed directions, they would see the "end of the American century by 2015." As bright and capable as both of these politicians are, they are both whistling in the wind. The American century - the post-World War II era of U.S. global ...


Winning Strategies From Ir All-Stars, Chad Bauman, Laura Behling, Jennifer Laherty, David Mason, Brad Matthies, James Mcgrath, Mark Newton, Charles Watkinson, David Stout Mar 2011

Winning Strategies From Ir All-Stars, Chad Bauman, Laura Behling, Jennifer Laherty, David Mason, Brad Matthies, James Mcgrath, Mark Newton, Charles Watkinson, David Stout

David S. Mason

Your faculty and students have been producing scholarly work for many years. Is it locked away in print format, getting very little use? Are you thinking about creating an Institutional Repository (IR) at your college or university to digitize these valuable resources and make them more widely accessible? If so, Butler University and bepress invite you to learn from game-winning IR specialists. This event will feature successful strategies for content acquisition and growth, distributing scholarship globally, and using metrics to take stock of your progress. Dave Stout (bepress Sales Director) will kick off the event with a brief introduction to ...


Entering A Systemic Revolution, David S. Mason Mar 2011

Entering A Systemic Revolution, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

The collapse of the United States as the global hegemon constitutes a “systemic revolution” that will transform both the U.S. and the rest of the globe. Such a revolution is different from “normal” political revolutions, which entail an overthrow of the government. A systemic revolution ushers in even broader and more enduring changes in economy, society and culture, and it also transcends national boundaries, affecting other countries and the global system itself. It is a global paradigm shift, and we are right smack in the middle of it.


Poland's New Trade Unions, David S. Mason Oct 2010

Poland's New Trade Unions, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

With the declaration of martial law in December 1981 and the formal banning of Solidarity in October 1982, the Polish regime created for itself a dilemma: how to provide a channel for participation by the workers without reactivating Solidarity and without allowing that participation to assume political dimensions. The Jaruzelski leadership professed a desire to achieve reconciliation and understanding in the aftermath of the heady days of Solidarity and the depressing denouement of martial law. One of the principal means to do this was through the creation of new institutions, allegedly independent, which would absorb some of the creative and ...


Solidarity, The Regime And The Public, David Mason Oct 2010

Solidarity, The Regime And The Public, David Mason

David S. Mason

This paper examines the extent to which Solidarity acted as a link between the population and the regime and as a representative of the interests of the workers. It looks first at the reasons for the emergence of Solidarity, and Solidarity's subsequent embodiment of the society's desire for a political and economic order more in line with the ideals of socialism, and more genuinely representative of the workers' interests. It concludes by assessing the charges against Solidarity made by the martial law authorities, the extent of current support for the union and the regime, and the possibilities for ...


To Increase Federal Revenue, Taxes Must Go Up, David S. Mason Sep 2010

To Increase Federal Revenue, Taxes Must Go Up, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

An opinion piece on tax cuts.


Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn Aug 2010

Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn

David S. Mason

As the People's Republic of China shifts toward a more market-oriented economic system, it has also begun exploring another Western institution: scientific public opinion polling. As Yang Guansan, one of China's leading pollsters, said recently in the Beijing Review: "Only five or six years ago, the public opinion poll was considered to be a 'bourgeois' or 'capitalist' method of social survey ... Now the taboo has been swept away in the strong tide of reform, which is challenging all of China's traditions, stereotypes and prejudices."


Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn Aug 2010

Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn

David S. Mason

As the People's Republic of China shifts toward a more market-oriented economic system, it has also begun exploring another Western institution: scientific public opinion polling. As Yang Guansan, one of China's leading pollsters, said recently in the Beijing Review: "Only five or six years ago, the public opinion poll was considered to be a 'bourgeois' or 'capitalist' method of social survey ... Now the taboo has been swept away in the strong tide of reform, which is challenging all of China's traditions, stereotypes and prejudices."


The Polish Party In Crisis, 1980-1982, David S. Mason Mar 2010

The Polish Party In Crisis, 1980-1982, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Over the last three years, the Polish United Workers' Party has suffered a major crisis, the most substantial crisis of any Communist party in any Communist party state. The disintegration of the party was at least partly responsible for both the development of Solidarity in the summer of 1980 and the imposition of martial law in December 1981. The lack of trust in the party and its authoritarian and unrepresentative character led the workers to demand an institution more responsive to their own needs. But the growth of Solidarity during 1981 and the continuing disintegration and fragmentation of the party ...


Attitudes Toward The Market And Political Participation In The Postcommunist States, David S. Mason Mar 2010

Attitudes Toward The Market And Political Participation In The Postcommunist States, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

In the aftermath of the anti-communist revolutions of 1989-1991, the new governments in eastern Europe faced the herculean task of attempting simultaneously to build market economies and democratic political institutions. Though capitalism and democracy are often considered to be natural allies, in the cases of these new states they sometimes pull against each other.


Public Opinion And The 1996 Elections In Russia: Nostalgic And Statist, Yet Pro-Market And Pro-Yeltsin, David S. Mason Mar 2010

Public Opinion And The 1996 Elections In Russia: Nostalgic And Statist, Yet Pro-Market And Pro-Yeltsin, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Between 1991 and 1996 Russia underwent a precipitous economic and social decline with decreases in production, gross national product, and wages, and increases in inequality, crime, and corruption. Most people experienced a decline in their standard of living, and many fondly recalled the security and stability of the communist era.


Stalemate And Apathy In Poland, David S. Mason Mar 2010

Stalemate And Apathy In Poland, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Focuses on the leadership of Polish Prime Minister General Wojciech Jaruzelski during the 1980s. Claims made by the leader's camp of the degree of stability and normalization achieved by the country in 1981; Issues of democracy, political participation and justice raised by the Solidarity party.


Perestroyka, Social Justice And Soviet Public Opinion, David S. Mason, Svetlana Sydorenko Mar 2010

Perestroyka, Social Justice And Soviet Public Opinion, David S. Mason, Svetlana Sydorenko

David S. Mason

Examines Mikhail Gorbachev's perspective of social justice that points to the unfairness of slothful workers' receiving the same pay as productive fellow workers. Focus on egalitarian version of social justice; Large number of people at bottom of social ladder; Justice in communist ideology; Aspects of the debate; Public opinion and social justice; Political justice or market justice?


Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn Mar 2010

Public Opinion Reform In China, David S. Mason, Ken Colburn

David S. Mason

As the People's Republic of China shifts toward a more market-oriented economic system, it has also begun exploring another Western institution: scientific public opinion polling. As Yang Guansan, one of China's leading pollsters, said recently in the Beijing Review: "Only five or six years ago, the public opinion poll was considered to be a 'bourgeois' or 'capitalist' method of social survey ... Now the taboo has been swept away in the strong tide of reform, which is challenging all of China's traditions, stereotypes and prejudices."


Romanian Autonomy And Arms Control Policies, David Mason Mar 2010

Romanian Autonomy And Arms Control Policies, David Mason

David S. Mason

Romania has proved to be an interesting case study of the limits of autonomy within the Soviet bloc. Romania's foreign policy has become increasingly independent of Soviet dictates over the last fifteen years, while domestic controls have remained as rigid as any in Eastern Europe.


The Polish Parliament And Labor Legislation During Solidarity, David S. Mason Apr 2009

The Polish Parliament And Labor Legislation During Solidarity, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Parliaments in communist party states are usually treated in Western literature as "rubber stamp" institutions that simply approve policies made elsewhere. As such, these bodies do not perform functions of interest articulation, representation, or policy-making that are characteristic of many Western legislatures.


Apathy And The Birth Of Democracy: The Polish Struggle, David S. Mason Mar 2009

Apathy And The Birth Of Democracy: The Polish Struggle, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Apathy, from the Greek words meaning "w ithout feeling," is at once a term denoting an individual's impassivity or indifference and a form of collective political behavior. Our concern is the la tter form of apathy in Poland from the Solidarity period of 1980-81 to the present.


Perestroika In Central Europe, David Mason Mar 2009

Perestroika In Central Europe, David Mason

David S. Mason

Syllabus for Political Science 380, "Perestroika in Central Europe".


The End Of The American Century, David Mason Sep 2008

The End Of The American Century, David Mason

David S. Mason

This compelling and persuasive book is the first to explore all of the interrelated aspects of America's decline. Hard-hitting and provocative, yet measured and clearly written, The End of the American Century demonstrates the phases of social, economic, and international decline that mark the end of a period of world dominance that began with World War II. David S. Mason convincingly shows that the war on terror and the Iraq War have exacerbated American domestic weakness and malaise, and its image and stature in the world community. As the dynamic economies of India and China and the revitalized European ...


Poland: A Young Democracy, David Mason, Krzysztof Jasiewicz Dec 2006

Poland: A Young Democracy, David Mason, Krzysztof Jasiewicz

David S. Mason

No abstract available.

Note: Link is to the catalog entry in WorldCat's catalog. Please see your local librarian for assistance in borrowing this item via interlibrary loan.


The Legitimation Of Capitalism In The Postcommunist Transition: Public Opinion About Market Justice, 1991-1996, James Kluegel, David Mason, Bernd Wegener Dec 1998

The Legitimation Of Capitalism In The Postcommunist Transition: Public Opinion About Market Justice, 1991-1996, James Kluegel, David Mason, Bernd Wegener

David S. Mason

This paper examines change in economic justice attitudes in five former communist states (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, eastern Germany, Hungary, and Russia), using data from opinion surveys conducted in 1991 and 1996. We examine the implications of theory and research concerning the popular legitimation of western capitalism for change in support for 'market justice' beliefs and norms among postcommunist publics. Our analyses show: first, that in the Czech Republic and eastern Germany, public opinion is moving closer to market justice as found in western capitalism, but socialist justice remains strong or is increasing in the other three countries; secondly, that ...


Social Justice And Political Change: Public Opinion In Capitalist And Post-Communist States, David Mason, James Kluegel, Bernd Wegener Dec 1994

Social Justice And Political Change: Public Opinion In Capitalist And Post-Communist States, David Mason, James Kluegel, Bernd Wegener

David S. Mason

Until recent times, analysis and debate about economic and political justice did not involve research on the views of the common person. Scholars often made assumptions about what common people think is fair, but for the most part they confined their thinking to a single country and argued on rational or moral grounds, with little supporting empirical data. The present volume, involving the collaboration of 30 social scientists in 12 countries, represents the most broad-ranging comparative research to date. The book is the first to grow out of the work of the International Social Justice Project (ISJP), a collaborative study ...


Poland, David Mason Dec 1992

Poland, David Mason

David S. Mason

No abstract available.

Note: Link is to the catalog entry in WorldCat's catalog. Please see your local librarian for assistance in borrowing this item via interlibrary loan.


Solidarity As A New Social Movement, David Mason Dec 1988

Solidarity As A New Social Movement, David Mason

David S. Mason

No abstract available.


Solidarity And The Greens: The Rise Of New Social Movements In East And West Europe, David Mason, Betsy Crighton Dec 1985

Solidarity And The Greens: The Rise Of New Social Movements In East And West Europe, David Mason, Betsy Crighton

David S. Mason

No abstract available.

Note: Link is to the catalog entry in WorldCat's catalog. Please see your local librarian for assistance in borrowing this item via interlibrary loan.


Public Opinion And Political Change In Poland, 1980-1982, David Mason Dec 1984

Public Opinion And Political Change In Poland, 1980-1982, David Mason

David S. Mason

This book deals with the importance of public opinion in Poland at the time of the rise of Solidarity and the workers' movement, when opinion polling and freedom of political debate were at their height. Dr Mason's analysis is based on the most open and revealing opinion polls ever to issue from a communist country, polls conducted by the government, the universities and Solidarity itself on fundamental political issues - the nature of the socialist state, the role of the party, popular confidence in Solidarity, the church and the regime. The lack of information about public attitudes is perhaps the ...