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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Participatory Mechanisms And Inequality Reduction: Searching For Plausible Relations, Vera Schattan Ruas Pereira Coelho, Laura Waisbich Oct 2016

Participatory Mechanisms And Inequality Reduction: Searching For Plausible Relations, Vera Schattan Ruas Pereira Coelho, Laura Waisbich

Journal of Public Deliberation

Brazil is known for being one of the most unequal countries in the world. Since the 1990s many scholars, both in Brazil and those analyzing the country¹s trajectories from abroad, have been describing a decrease in country¹s inequalities. In this article we discuss the possible role of expanding citizen participation in policy making processes and overseeing their implementation in inequality reduction. To do so we explore the connections between the participatory mechanisms and the implementation of policies that are expected to reduce inequalities in two different participatory experiments that have taken place in Brazil: São Paulo municipal health councils and ...


Equity Through Learning To Listen: The Case Of Public Discussion On Body-Worn Cameras In Madison, Wisconsin, Katherine J. Cramer Oct 2016

Equity Through Learning To Listen: The Case Of Public Discussion On Body-Worn Cameras In Madison, Wisconsin, Katherine J. Cramer

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article analyzes practitioners’ attempt to achieve equity in a public input process on a local racial justice issue: whether or not the police department should implement body-worn video cameras. The insights of the two practitioners who led the public input process reveal 4 main lessons. First, equity in public deliberation is achieved sometimes by intentionally excluding some voices. Second, members of marginalized groups are motivated at times by the potential to be heard. Third, the case suggests that for some people public talk is not about achieving democracy; it is instead about life and survival. Finally, the case suggests ...


Budgeting For Equity: How Can Participatory Budgeting Advance Equity In The United States?, Madeleine Pape, Josh Lerner Oct 2016

Budgeting For Equity: How Can Participatory Budgeting Advance Equity In The United States?, Madeleine Pape, Josh Lerner

Journal of Public Deliberation

Participatory budgeting (PB) has expanded dramatically in the United States (US) from a pilot process in Chicago’s 49th ward in 2009 to over 50 processes in a dozen cities in 2015. Over this period, scholars, practitioners, and advocates have made two distinct but related claims about its impacts: that it can revitalize democracy and advance equity. In practice, however, achieving the latter has often proven challenging. Based on interviews with PB practitioners from across the US, we argue that an equity-driven model of PB is not simply about improving the quality of deliberation or reducing barriers to participation. While ...


Facilitating Inclusion: Austrian Wisdom Councils As Democratic Innovation Between Consensus And Diversity, Hans Asenbaum Oct 2016

Facilitating Inclusion: Austrian Wisdom Councils As Democratic Innovation Between Consensus And Diversity, Hans Asenbaum

Journal of Public Deliberation

Democratic innovations face the challenge of realizing deliberative democratic ideals in the context of structural inequality. Consensus decision making and expertise have been said to have exclusive effects on marginalized groups like women and ethnic and sexual minorities, which obstructs diversity. Wisdom Councils as practiced in Austria attempt to counter inequalities by including marginalized groups through the moderation technique dynamic facilitation. Exploratory participatory observations and interviews with a moderator and the participants of two Wisdom Councils in Austria provide a deeper understanding of the inclusive processes at work in Wisdom Councils facilitating a productive combination of consensus and diversity.


Affinity Groups, Enclave Deliberation, And Equity, Carolyne Abdullah, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael Oct 2016

Affinity Groups, Enclave Deliberation, And Equity, Carolyne Abdullah, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael

Journal of Public Deliberation

There is growing appreciation for the value of holding enclave dialogue and deliberation among marginalized peoples in their own affinity groups, as one stage in a larger conversation with the broader public or with public officials. These enclaves may be disempowered by enduring political inequalities, or in relation to a particular issue under discussion, or by the act of deliberation itself. Recent research and practice has demonstrated that well-structured dialogue and deliberation in enclaves can increase the inclusion, participation, and influence of members of society who have been excluded from public discourse, while avoiding the dangers of coercion, sectarianism, conformism ...


A Conversation With Jane J. Mansbridge And Martha Mccoy, Carolyne Abdullah, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael Oct 2016

A Conversation With Jane J. Mansbridge And Martha Mccoy, Carolyne Abdullah, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael

Journal of Public Deliberation

Jane J. Mansbridge, Charles F. Adams Professor of Political Leadership and Democratic Values, and Martha McCoy, Executive Director of Everyday Democracy, discuss deliberative equity and equality in theory and practice. They identify potential tensions and trade-offs between the two values and between these values and other deliberative aims. They discuss how practitioners have attempted to promote equal and equitable deliberative processes and the challenges of measuring these concepts in deliberative settings. Their conversation provides insights into best practices for enabling marginalized groups to engage in deliberation and the persistent challenges that remain. Together, Mansbridge and McCoy outline opportunities for future ...


Ideals Of Inclusion In Deliberation, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael Oct 2016

Ideals Of Inclusion In Deliberation, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael

Journal of Public Deliberation

Building on prior thinking about political representation in democratic deliberation, we argue for four ideals of inclusion, each of which is most appropriate to a different situation. These principles of inclusion depend not only on the goals of a deliberation, but also on its level of empowerment in the political system, and its openness to all who want to participate. Holistic and open deliberations can most legitimately incorporate and decide for the people as a whole if they are open to all who want to participate and affirmatively recruit perspectives that would be underrepresented otherwise. Chicago Community Policing beat meetings ...


Taking The Goals Of Deliberation Seriously: A Differentiated View On Equality And Equity In Deliberative Designs And Processes, Edana Beauvais, Andre Baechtiger Oct 2016

Taking The Goals Of Deliberation Seriously: A Differentiated View On Equality And Equity In Deliberative Designs And Processes, Edana Beauvais, Andre Baechtiger

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberation must be immunized against coercive power by a baseline of equality. But what does the requirement of equality mean, in practice, for organizers designing deliberative events and forums? This question is complicated by the fact that equality is fundamentally about two—at times contradictory—values. On the one hand, the value of universal moral equality, which requires abstracting from social circumstances. On the other hand, the value of equity, which requires attending to social circumstances. Deliberative institutions vary in their capacity to promote one value over the other, or in their capacity to compromise between the two. We argue ...


Equality And Equity In Deliberation: Introduction To The Special Issue, Carolyne Abdullah, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael Oct 2016

Equality And Equity In Deliberation: Introduction To The Special Issue, Carolyne Abdullah, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article introduces the special issue focused on equality and equity in deliberative democracy. The essay proposes some initial working definitions of equity and equality and offers reasons why scholars and practitioners should attend to both. We outline the basic structure of the issue's three sections and preview the contributors’ articles, with special attention to the opportunities and the challenges of achieving equality and equity within the deliberative system.


Review Of Do-It-Yourself Democracy By Caroline Lee (Oxford University Press, 2015), Christopher Beem Jun 2016

Review Of Do-It-Yourself Democracy By Caroline Lee (Oxford University Press, 2015), Christopher Beem

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Do-It-Yourself Democracy by Caroline Lee (Oxford University Press, 2015)


Tracing The Impact Of Proposals From Participatory Processes: Methodological Challenges And Substantive Lessons, Joan Font, Sara Pasadas Del Amo, Graham Smith Jun 2016

Tracing The Impact Of Proposals From Participatory Processes: Methodological Challenges And Substantive Lessons, Joan Font, Sara Pasadas Del Amo, Graham Smith

Journal of Public Deliberation

Our understanding of participatory processes is increasing rapidly. However, one area that has received sparse attention is the impact of the proposals from participatory processes on the policy and practice of public administrations. Which proposals are converted into actual policy and practice; which are modified or simply ignored? The field lacks a systematic understanding of the fate of proposals. This paper reflects on the methodological strategy adopted by the Cherry-picking project to analyze the fate of proposals from participatory processes in Spanish municipalities. The innovative project studied the impact of 611 proposals from 39 participatory processes across 25 municipalities. The ...