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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Psychological Mechanisms Of Deliberative Transformation: The Role Of Group Identity, Luisa Maria Batalha, Simon Niemeyer, John S. Dryzek, John Gastil Apr 2019

Psychological Mechanisms Of Deliberative Transformation: The Role Of Group Identity, Luisa Maria Batalha, Simon Niemeyer, John S. Dryzek, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

Democratic deliberation has been shown to lead to shifts in people’s preferences for particular issues. The psychological mechanisms that underpin such shifts are not well understood. Against the backdrop of a deliberative forum we examined participants’ preferences for various types of political systems, how these preferences changed as deliberations proceeded and how the final preferences were associated with different levels of inclusiveness of a social identity. The results showed that at the end of the deliberations people’s preferences moved in the direction of satisfaction with the political system, and that this preference was positively associated with identification with ...


Stealth Democracy: Authoritarianism And Democratic Deliberation, Peter Muhlberger Dec 2018

Stealth Democracy: Authoritarianism And Democratic Deliberation, Peter Muhlberger

Journal of Public Deliberation

In Stealth Democracy, Hibbing and Theiss-Morse seek to show that much of the American public desires "stealth democracy"--a democracy run like a business with little deliberation or public input. The authors maintain that stealth democracy beliefs are largely reasonable preferences, and the public does not want and would react negatively to a more deliberative democracy. This paper introduces an opposing "authoritarian stealth democrats thesis" that suggests that stealth democracy beliefs may be driven by authoritarianism and a variety of related orientations including poor political perspective taking and low cognitive engagement. These orientations may be ameliorated through democratic deliberation. Hypotheses ...


Political Deliberation, Interest Conflict, And The Common Knowledge Effect, C. Daniel Myers Jun 2018

Political Deliberation, Interest Conflict, And The Common Knowledge Effect, C. Daniel Myers

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberation depends on the ability of deliberators to learn from each other through the exchange of information. However, the Common Knowledge Effect (CKE) finding, a well-established phenomenon affecting small-group discussion, shows that when people talk in groups they tend to ignore novel information and instead discuss commonly known information; things that everyone knew before discussion started. Some theorists have worried that the CKE makes small group discussion - one of the most common features of recent democratic innovations - a poor tool for making deliberative democracy a reality. However, most research on the CKE is limited to situations where group members share ...


Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins Nov 2017

Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberative (and educational) theories typically predict knowledge gains will be enhanced by information structure and discussion. In two studies, we experimentally manipulated key features of deliberative public engagement (information, instructions, and discussion) and measured impacts on cognitive-affective engagement and knowledge about nanotechnology. We also examined the direct and moderating impacts of individual differences in need for cognition and gender. Findings indicated little impact of information (organized by topic or by pro-con relevance). Instructions (prompts to think critically) decreased engagement in Study 1, and increased it in Study 2, but did not impact post-knowledge. Group discussion had strong positive benefits for ...


Synthesising The Outputs Of Deliberation: Extracting Meaningful Results From A Public Forum, Kieran C. O'Doherty Apr 2013

Synthesising The Outputs Of Deliberation: Extracting Meaningful Results From A Public Forum, Kieran C. O'Doherty

Journal of Public Deliberation

Recent years have seen an increase in empirical studies of public deliberation. This has led to important advances in thinking through issues such as who to include, how best to inform lay audiences about a particular topic, and how to maximise the perceived legitimacy of deliberation. An important issue that has not received much attention is how to define, identify, and report the results of deliberation. The conversations among individuals that occur over the course of a deliberation can be understood as a large and complex set of qualitative data. The deliberative discourse that is produced over the course of ...