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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Yaljod Full Issue 2.1, Prince Ifoh Nov 2018

Yaljod Full Issue 2.1, Prince Ifoh

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The Young African Leaders Journal of Development (YALJOD) is a biennial journal and an official publication of the Young African Leaders Forum (YALF). It was established in 2015 to host scholarly analysis and competing viewpoints about the development of Africa; and it’s multidisciplinary approach makes it more formidable. YALJOD accepts papers from varied disciplinary areas — including Social Sciences, Physical Sciences and Humanities — that show direct relevance to the development of Africa. It publishes researches understood as the social, economic, political, cultural and technological processes of change in Africa. The intended audience of the journal remains the entire African people ...


Afcfta 2018: The Continental Free Trade Area, Neo-Liberalism And Africa's Resource Curses, Lenin Tinashe Chisaira Nov 2018

Afcfta 2018: The Continental Free Trade Area, Neo-Liberalism And Africa's Resource Curses, Lenin Tinashe Chisaira

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

In March 2018, 44 Member States of the African Union signed up to the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) in Kigali, Rwanda. There are many legal, social and policy issues to consider whenever Africa discusses either free trade or resource governance. There have been grave economic miscalculations in Africa's history. The article argues for a central emphasis on Pan-African economic and social solidarity and takes a frank look at some of the fundamental principles guiding contemporary neo-liberal economic institutions and critiques how these have treated Africa and African resources. The article describes some of the challenges and opportunities ...


2063 Prospects Of A Developed Africa: Cape To Cairo's Call To Harnessing And Utilizing Its Human Resource, Sensewell Chingwaramusee Nov 2018

2063 Prospects Of A Developed Africa: Cape To Cairo's Call To Harnessing And Utilizing Its Human Resource, Sensewell Chingwaramusee

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This paper shows a glimpse of Africa's current situation and a thorough analysis of the African perception, and how it can be changed by the year 2063. The researcher holds faith in the continent's youth in the transformative process as they are the equitable "human resource "of this time. Going back in history, Africa was enslaved and later on colonised, but today the situation of yesteryear is no longer as it was. Remarkably, this change was a product of the youth in the yesteryear who fought slavery and colonisation. Be that as it may, that generation of African ...


Historiography: Challenges And The Pertinence Of History, Onagbesan Adewale Nov 2018

Historiography: Challenges And The Pertinence Of History, Onagbesan Adewale

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The concept of historiography has been defined, explained and analyzed by various scholars, as its meaning and scope is varying. Also, the concept of historiography within historical scholarship has been faced by differing challenges in the writing and reconstruction of Africa's historical past, hence, making the discourse on the pertinence of History as a concept and discipline, a subject of bickering. This paper aims to concisely explain the concept of Historiography in respect to the views of different scholars, stressing the various challenges associated with the reconstruction of Africa's past events, as well as, establishing the level of ...


Effect Of Know-What-Learn Strategy On Senior Secondary School Students' Academic Achievement In Reading Comprehension, Eke Eke Ogbu Nov 2018

Effect Of Know-What-Learn Strategy On Senior Secondary School Students' Academic Achievement In Reading Comprehension, Eke Eke Ogbu

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This study investigated the effect of Know-What-Learn (KWL) on senior secondary school students' academic achievement in reading comprehension. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design - specifically a pretest posttest non-equivalent control group design. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The sample was made up of 80 students. The instruments for this study were 25 items multiple-choice reading comprehension achievement test. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the three research questions while ANCOVA was used to test the hypothesis at p < 0.05. The result revealed that students taught using KWL had a higher academic achievement gain score than those taught using lecture method. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made which include that English language teachers should be trained and versed on how best to develop and use KWL strategy so as to achieve their objectives of enhancing academic achievement in Reading comprehension.


Internally Displaced Persons-Idps Stereotypes And Perceptions In Nigeria, Raymond Inkabi Nwalieli Nov 2018

Internally Displaced Persons-Idps Stereotypes And Perceptions In Nigeria, Raymond Inkabi Nwalieli

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

As Nigeria continues to grapple with the unprecedented rise in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), interventions for IDPs is now a humanitarian priority. This paper examines the social perceptions of IDPs, humanitarian responses bordering around building long term solutions, provision of specific needs for integration, voluntary return, fighting trauma, and economic isolation. It further recommends how responses should be better harmonized for sustained impact, with an ultimate goal to have IDPs return back home to normal or improved levels oflife - providing safety and security, sustained livelihoods, employment, housing and shelter, as against settling perpetually in camps.


Youths And Peace-Building In Africa: Socio-Political & Economic Exclusion And The Role Youths Play In Peace-Building In Africa, Mungwe Regina Ekoa Mbella, Aquegho Felicitas Yari, Ruud Bedga Sama-Lang Nov 2018

Youths And Peace-Building In Africa: Socio-Political & Economic Exclusion And The Role Youths Play In Peace-Building In Africa, Mungwe Regina Ekoa Mbella, Aquegho Felicitas Yari, Ruud Bedga Sama-Lang

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Peacebuilding consists of a set of physical, social, and structural initiatives that are often an integral part of post-conflict reconstruction and rehabilitation. It actively works to promote a culture of peace, intercultural dialogue and non-violent conflict transformation. Because of social exclusion, lack of opportunities, slow implementation of public policies that promote reparation and reconciliation, young people become exposed and vulnerable to armed or political recruitment, as a result, they are considered perpetrators of crime instead of peacebuilders. This paper portrays the unique potentials and actual contributions the youths of Africa have demonstrated in building peace in different African communities.


Non-Governmental Organizations In Africa: Solutions For Building Sustainable Development And Creating Jobs For African Youth, Shawgei Salah Ahmed Ismaeil Nov 2018

Non-Governmental Organizations In Africa: Solutions For Building Sustainable Development And Creating Jobs For African Youth, Shawgei Salah Ahmed Ismaeil

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Everyone knows about the richness of Africa; the continent has an abundance of human and natural resources that is next to none. Unfortunately, it suffers from hunger and extreme poverty; most African countries suffer from inadequate infrastructure, poor education and health. Specific questions arise. Why are we in this situation? We have vast lands, multiple rivers and underground water. However, we import food, medicine and clothes. Where is the problem? How can we get out of this closed circle? This paper outlines a roadmap for a better future for the next generations in Africa. This task will be done by ...


Balancing Inward Oriented Strategies With Outward Oriented Strategies: A Case For Nigeria's Industrialization, Tosin K.W. Gbadegesin Nov 2018

Balancing Inward Oriented Strategies With Outward Oriented Strategies: A Case For Nigeria's Industrialization, Tosin K.W. Gbadegesin

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The World Bank has over the years urged poor nations to adopt development strategies which emphasize export promotion. The first group of developing countries to shift from an inward-oriented to outward-oriented approach to development were located in the far east, specifically Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. But, with export-led growth, firms produce according to their long-term comparative advantage. Nigeria in recognition of the importance of industrialization to economic growth and development has adopted various policies, incentives and schemes since her independence to promote industrialization. This paper therefore posited that there is more than one approach to the problem rocking Nigeria ...


The Batonga Traditional Dispute Resolution In Tonga Communities: Lessons From Lusulu Community, Grey Moyo Nov 2018

The Batonga Traditional Dispute Resolution In Tonga Communities: Lessons From Lusulu Community, Grey Moyo

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The article explores traditional perceptions of dispute resolution practices and strategies in resolving conflicts amongst the BaTonga communities in Binga which is in the north-western part of Zimbabwe. The paper follows a realization that the BaTonga community has an interesting dispute resolution mechanism which is predicated on the idea of Africa finding solutions to their problems in Africa's wisdom. The study on Zimbabwe endogenous conflict resolution mechanisms has received scant attention. The nature of disputes within the BaTonga community emanate mainly from resources competition characterized by competition over grazing lands during summer season, water scarcity, community boundary conflicts on ...


Hydropower Development And Regional Integration In The Greater Horn Of Africa, Temesgen Aschenek Zeleke Nov 2018

Hydropower Development And Regional Integration In The Greater Horn Of Africa, Temesgen Aschenek Zeleke

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Inadequate and poor regional infrastructure networks posed an impact for escalation of insecurity and political instability in the greater horn of Africa. To deal with such problems, filling resource gaps through sharing resources in the way that maximizes mutual benefit is the major approach to be implemented. In this respect, fostering interdependence through infrastructural development of power interconnections is a best mechanism for energy led integration in the region. The purpose of this article is to analyze the major roles that Ethiopian hydropower development is playing in regional integration schemes. To this end, qualitative research methodology is employed to investigate ...


The Impact Of Entrepreneurship Education On Self-Employment Initiatives Among Fourah Bay College Students, Kamara Abdulsalam Nov 2018

The Impact Of Entrepreneurship Education On Self-Employment Initiatives Among Fourah Bay College Students, Kamara Abdulsalam

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Entrepreneurship education is a catalyst for the diminution of unemployment in Sierra Leone. The study evaluates the causal nexus between entrepreneurship education and self-employment initiatives among Fourah Bay College students. Using regression analysis, data collected were primary data through the administration of questionnaires and simple percentage ranking techniques were used to analyze the questionnaires. The result shows that entrepreneurship education is an important policy and it has positive effect on self-employment initiatives. From the study, the following are some of the recommendations: The University of Sierra Leone should establish a center for entrepreneurship and innovation that will offer degree programs ...


The Key Constraints Facing African Countries In Mobilizing Their Resources For Development: A Case Study On Ghana And Zambia, Albert Mcbell Ninepence Nov 2018

The Key Constraints Facing African Countries In Mobilizing Their Resources For Development: A Case Study On Ghana And Zambia, Albert Mcbell Ninepence

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Domestic Resource Mobilization (DRM) is "the generation of government revenue from domestic resources, from tax and non-tax sources (royalties, licenses, levies or other income)" (European Commission, 2010). Major scholars have exchanged contrasting views on the barriers to resource mobilization in Africa. While Di John (2006) asserts weak state capacity to mobilizing resources and the need for reconstruction of a viable state, Von (2007) contends that neopatrimonialism has inhibited African state's revenue. Furthermore, Elbadawi (2000) maintains that low savings and investments are the impediments of resource generation and the declining performance of Africa. This paper therefore argues that the weak ...


Feminal Rights, Empowerment And Protection, Ugochukwu Mercy Prince-Hoh Nov 2018

Feminal Rights, Empowerment And Protection, Ugochukwu Mercy Prince-Hoh

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The rights of the girl child, her empowerment and protection have always been a major deliberation in the world - especially in Africa. The African cultures and traditions have greatly affected feminism; the woman's rights and her protection. Women and girl children residing in some northern parts of Africa are more affected because they have little or no protection at all. They also don't have access to education - whether quality or otherwise. There is the socioeconomic need to continually uphold the rights of the girl child and the average woman in Africa. My paper, above all, tries to emphasize ...


Escaping On Uncertain Tides To Uncertain Jurisdictions: Explaining Root Causes Of A Persistent Trend Across The Mediterranean, Thomas Brown Nov 2018

Escaping On Uncertain Tides To Uncertain Jurisdictions: Explaining Root Causes Of A Persistent Trend Across The Mediterranean, Thomas Brown

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Thousands have died in their quest to cross the Mediterranean to some countries in mainland Europe. These voyages have been attributed to many believable reasons: escaping violence or economic hardship according to reports by transnational non-governmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations. Can we attribute these voyages, wholly, to economic factors and conflicts? What is the root cause of these travels that defy rationality? I argue in this paper that accounts by migrants is just like showing us a storey building standing at its basement. And that the root cause of escaping on uncertain tides to uncertain jurisdictions is fundamentally the politics ...


When The State Turns Against Its Own Citizens: Revisiting Police Brutality As An Obstacle To Peace And Development In Zimbabwe, Tendaishe Tlou Nov 2018

When The State Turns Against Its Own Citizens: Revisiting Police Brutality As An Obstacle To Peace And Development In Zimbabwe, Tendaishe Tlou

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This analysis comes at a strategic yet uncertain period in Zimbabwe when the nation is going through a political transition. A lot ofuncertainty surrounds the outcome of this transition. Since the 1980s, Zimbabwe has been entrenched in a plethora of crises including vast human rights abuses hinged on pervasive police brutality. The police have increasingly become predatory against the Zimbabwean populace, followed by disappearances of human rights defenders and activists. Elections have always been marred by political violence perpetrated by both State and non-state actors to the detriment of human rights and good governance. Whilst the leadership in the governing ...


Policy Implications Of The Disruptive Impact Of China's Slowdown On Commodity Trade With The Developing World, Peaceful Mathebula Nov 2018

Policy Implications Of The Disruptive Impact Of China's Slowdown On Commodity Trade With The Developing World, Peaceful Mathebula

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The economic relations between China and developing mineral-rich countries have primarily been on the bases of the mineral resources of these developing countries. Hence, China's rapid economic growth ofrecent had positive disruptive impacts on these developing States. Conversely, China's economic recline more recently has had adverse, disruptive effects on these developing States. Based on the findings of the spillover effects of this decline in SA's mineral export value to China, this paper aims to instigate the policy-makers of these developing States (including SA) to see the need for their current policies to be re-assessed. This re-assessment is ...


Girl Child Education For Inclusive Sustainable Development, Mollin Mandaza Nov 2018

Girl Child Education For Inclusive Sustainable Development, Mollin Mandaza

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The socio-economic marginalization of females derived from gender disparities, lack of access and quality education leads to subsequent youth unemployment, working poverty, poor standards of living, diminished career choices, unequal salaries and economic exclusion. It is therefore imperative for leaders and governments to invest in girl-child education for Africa's development by castigating gender-based violence, sexual discrimination, gender stereotypes and obliterating early-child marriage. The blatant repudiation of girl's fundamental rights to access equal and quality education is the indictment of a continent that has failed young women and their broader continuous struggle for emancipation, equality and power. This paper ...


Employability Education: The Nexus Between Education And Market Needs, Elmohanad Elsayad Nov 2018

Employability Education: The Nexus Between Education And Market Needs, Elmohanad Elsayad

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This paper aims to focus on the literature of employability skills education. The research done investigates the compelling reasons behind the need for employability skills education as a means to achieving economic development. First, the research shows us evidence that there is a gap between education and market needs. It uncovers how the phenomenon of a massive increase in enrollment rates did not actually achieve the desired outcomes in terms of economic development. Following this, the research shows us that the need for anew strategy to connect studying with reality has become pressing. Next, the research further digs into the ...


Foreign Direct Investment Regulation: Should Africa Avoid Performance Requirement?, Marga F. Angerasa Nov 2018

Foreign Direct Investment Regulation: Should Africa Avoid Performance Requirement?, Marga F. Angerasa

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This article assesses how African states should regulate Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). In particular, it focuses on whether African states should employ or avoid performance requirements as mechanism of regulation of FDI. The imposition of performance requirements, also known as operational requirements, in IIAs remains controversial. There is no consensus either on their effectiveness in helping countries to promote development, or in their distorting effects. Some host developing countries consider performance requirements to be an effective policy tool for enhancing the benefits of FDI and consider their disciplining to be undue interference with their policy space. In this paper argues ...


Front Matter, Yaljod 2.1, Prince Ifoh Nov 2018

Front Matter, Yaljod 2.1, Prince Ifoh

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Includes: Forewords from Amb. Dr. Salah Siddig Hammad (Ag Head, African Governance Architecture, African Union Commission), Dr. Patricia Rodney, MPH (Chair, The Walter Rodney Foundation; Adjunct Professor, Morehouse School of Medicine; Atlanta, GA, USA), and Vasu Gounden (Founder and Executive Director, The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Dispute, Durban, South Africa); Introduction from Prince Ifoh (Founder, YALF); and Acknowledgements.


Sustainable Prosperity And Human Potentials, Sara Haddou Amar Nov 2018

Sustainable Prosperity And Human Potentials, Sara Haddou Amar

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Sustainable prosperity is a new concept combining various principals such as providing basic needs, dignity, life satisfaction and happiness. It is an indicator used to measure and evaluate social progress among communities. In fact, the purpose behind the aggregation between the terms of sustainability and prosperity is the rehabilitation of the environmental strength and health system while providing an effective comfort and welfare system to the human being. In this paper, we explore the impact of human potential on reaching and achieving a high level of prosperity. We discuss, also, the evolution and automation effect on the improvement of human ...


Emerging Trends Of African Women's Involvement In Politics, Tochukwu Benedict Ezeifekwuaba Nov 2018

Emerging Trends Of African Women's Involvement In Politics, Tochukwu Benedict Ezeifekwuaba

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Women have been deprived from the structures of countries that determine legislative and political priorities. In the past years, Africa has experienced an increase in political representation of female. This paper emphasizes on the emerging trends that have been observed in women political involvement in Africa. These changes have resulted to the potential for the rise of women's entry to political post. The present trends of women involvement in politics have been successful by an amalgamation of various factors. This paper looked at the factors that have resulted to the optimistic changes in the political involvement of women. Africa ...


Youth Education, Unemployment And Entrepreneurship In Nigeria: Pointers For Accessing Sdg Goal 8, Tomilade Olominu Nov 2018

Youth Education, Unemployment And Entrepreneurship In Nigeria: Pointers For Accessing Sdg Goal 8, Tomilade Olominu

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

There exist a link between the youth and education-employment-entrepreneurship. This link expresses an age-long interaction and futuristic tendencies. It is such that the education of the youth determines their employability. Youth unemployment has however pervaded the make-up of the Nigerian society as such youth have resorted to entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship or entrepreneurship education has gained general empathy as the solution to tackling unemployment. In the event of Sustainable Development Goal 8 which aims at promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all men and women regardless of their capabilities and incapabilities, how can ...


The African Human Rights System: An Overview Of The Admissibility Of Ngos Applications Before The African Court, Yusuf Sulayman Esq., Llm Nov 2018

The African Human Rights System: An Overview Of The Admissibility Of Ngos Applications Before The African Court, Yusuf Sulayman Esq., Llm

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Rights are sacrosanct and one of the most cardinal functions/objectives of the African Union (AU), being a regional organization, is the protection of rights of citizens of member states. The African Court on Human and People's Rights is the channel through which the African Union entertains and determines complaints of human rights in frin gements/abuses within the region. Among other categories of applicants, relevant NGOs can invoke the jurisdiction of the Court upon satisfaction requisite pre-conditions. Adopting a doctrinal approach, this paper seeks to shed light on the extent of the admissibility of applications by NGOs before ...


Determinants And Impact Of Urbanization On Household Livelihoods In Lilongwe District: Evidence From Integrated Household Survey, Wisdom Richard Mgomezulu, Innocent Pangapanga Phiri Nov 2018

Determinants And Impact Of Urbanization On Household Livelihoods In Lilongwe District: Evidence From Integrated Household Survey, Wisdom Richard Mgomezulu, Innocent Pangapanga Phiri

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Urbanization has, in recent years, become an interesting issue all over the world. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) number eleven on promoting sustainable cities and communities emphasizes on the need for enhancing inclusive and sustainable urbanization. According to , urbanization is an inevitable issue as statistics have shown that urban growths are increasing with 70 million new urban residents every year in developing countries. For the purpose of this study, urbanization can be defined as the rising number of people living in urban areas, (UNDP, 2016).


Leveraging Technology To Achieve Food Security In Nigeria, Femi Royal Nov 2018

Leveraging Technology To Achieve Food Security In Nigeria, Femi Royal

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

In Nigeria today, hunger prevalence is on the rise and in paying attention to the country's food production level, the difficulty experienced in meeting domestic food needs and the challenge in exporting our local products, it is easy to conclude that Nigeria Is food insecure. The petroleum based economic model of the Nigerian economy has made it lose its force as an export led economy and as the government makes effort to diversify the economy towards achieving food security, it is important to learn about how technology can help achieve this objective. This paper reviews recent attempts by some ...


Challenges Of Sustainable Urban Governance In Africa, Urban Informality In Zimbabwe, Darlington Tshuma, Clifton Dawanyi Nov 2018

Challenges Of Sustainable Urban Governance In Africa, Urban Informality In Zimbabwe, Darlington Tshuma, Clifton Dawanyi

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The paper discusses the challenges associated with sustainable urban governance in Zimbabwe. Urban formality in Zimbabwe, while it has roots in the colonial period, intensified in the last decade of the 20th century with the adoption of Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) that sought to restructure the economy through massive cost cutting budgetary measures. It later exacerbated post-2000 with the decline of the formal economy which threw thousands into the informal economy. In the face of growing urban informality, the governement of Zimbabwe has exhibited a hostile attitude towards the informal sector, often inconsistent with the situtation obtaining on the ground ...


A Literature Significance Of Formal Education, Informal Education And Religion As A Growth Mechanism In Africa, Aliu Olamide Oyedun Nov 2018

A Literature Significance Of Formal Education, Informal Education And Religion As A Growth Mechanism In Africa, Aliu Olamide Oyedun

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This paper aims to give a literature view on the importance of religion, formal tertiary education and informal education on the communal growth and human development in Africa. The study shows that different religions in Africa have similar ethical standards and preaches the fundamental principles of good morals. Also, formal and informal education has a pivotal role in the collective development of human minds leading the subsequent national development. Again, if these principles of good morals and good human values are upheld in every human rather than the religious background which these morals came from, it will give a levelled ...


Young African Leaders Forum (Yalf) Projects, Teresa Abila Nov 2018

Young African Leaders Forum (Yalf) Projects, Teresa Abila

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The Young African Leaders Forum (YALF) is an independent pan-African organisation whose major objective is to effectuate sustainable development in every African nation. We achieve this by detecting the root causes of Africa's developmental problems, researching and proffering workable solutions to them as well as executing these strategic solutions. We also work to empower Africa's young people to participate actively in the society so that they can improve their own lives by representing and solving their needs whilst also advocating for those of others. Our organization is incorporated and headquartered in South Africa - and has members and representations ...